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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444618/rna-dna-co-analysis-on-aged-bloodstains-from-adhesive-tapes-used-for-gunshot-residue-collection-from-hands
#1
Melanie Grabmüller, Christian Schyma, Burkhard Madea, Tim Eichhorst, Cornelius Courts
In cases of firearm related fatalities a systematic investigation at the scene of death is indispensable to differentiate between self-inflicted and homicidal gunshot injuries. A common method to preserve gunshot residues (GSR) is their collection using adhesive tapes. However, the biological material gathered at the same time by the tapes would be of special interest if backspatter, ejected from the entrance wound against the direction of fire, could be detected. In the present study we examined the success rate of co-analysis of RNA and DNA recovered from biological traces sampled with adhesive tapes...
April 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444559/effectiveness-of-an-interdisciplinary-medical-hospital-admission-center-the-role-of-the-dental-section-in-the-interdisciplinary-system-for-perioperative-management-of-patients-awaiting-surgery
#2
Akifumi Enomoto, Eri Morikage, Takeshi Shimoide, Kazuhide Matsunaga, Suguru Hamada
Perioperative oral functional management (POFM) involves total oral management of a patient before surgery. Considerable benefits have been reported, but POFM remains scarce in medical settings. An interdisciplinary Medical Hospital Admission Center (MHAC) opened in our hospital in December 2014, and has since provided unified perioperative management for patients. This study reports on the clinical system and contributions of the systematized, standardized POFM applied through the MHAC. Patients awaiting surgery undergo oral screening before admission, with patients classified into three groups: red, needing surgical oral management (tooth extraction or other oral surgery) before surgery; yellow, needing non-surgical oral management before surgery, due to the planned surgery or the risk of tooth injury in connection with general anesthesia; or green, patients with good oral hygiene considered capable of suitable oral self-management...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444481/peer-victimization-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-depressed-adolescents
#3
Jeremy G Stewart, Linda Valeri, Erika C Esposito, Randy P Auerbach
Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth worldwide, and depressed adolescents are at a significantly elevated risk to report suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts. Peer victimization is a robust predictor of adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but little research has focused on why bullying leads to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. To address this empirical gap, we recruited 340 (246 female) depressed adolescents ages 13-19 (M = 15.59, SD = 1.41) within 48 h of admission for acute psychiatric treatment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442078/knee-pain-in-adolescents-prevalence-risk-factors-and-functional-impairment
#4
Mirelle O Saes, Maria C F Soares
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knee pain prevalence, associated factors, and functional impairment among adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2014 with a random sample of 619 adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Knee pain prevalence was investigated using the Nordic Questionnaire for Osteomuscular Symptoms and a number of independent variables (demographic data, nutritional status, form of carrying backpacks, and pain during and after walking) obtained by self-report questionnaires...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442074/predictors-of-perceived-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-the-general-adult-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yaneth Herazo-Beltrán, Yisel Pinillos, José Vidarte, Estela Crissien, Damaris Suarez, Rafael García
BACKGROUND: The perception of personal barriers to physical activity varies according to the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of the perception of barriers to physical activity in the adult population. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 1066 adult women and 1036 adult men. The sociodemographic variables (age, gender, marital status, socioeconomic level, level of education), the perception of barriers that do not allow performance of physical activity (i...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440193/neurocognitive-correlates-in-driving-under-the-influence-of-cannabis
#6
Francesco Paolo Busardò, Manuela Pellegrini, Julia Klein, Natale Mario di Luca
Delta (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis and is commonly identified in blood samples from arrested drivers assumed to drive under the influence of drugs. Changing social norms towards cannabis and higher acceptability towards the drug emphasize the need for comprehensive understanding of the severe neurocognitive and psychomotor effects caused by cannabis and how these effects are correlated to driving skills and performance. In this review, PubMed, Cochrane Central, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct and EMBASE databases were used to identify and select publications up to January 2017 dealing with acute and chronic neurocognitive effects induced by cannabis and ability to drive...
April 23, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438464/association-of-medial-prefrontal-cortex-connectivity-with-consciousness-level-and-its-outcome-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury
#7
Xiaoyan Liu, Jingqi Li, Jian Gao, Zhen Zhou, Fanxia Meng, Gang Pan, Benyan Luo
Medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is usually known for participating in virtually all self related processing. However, few have investigated the role of mPFC in modulating conscious awareness. This study aimed to depict the relationship between the mPFC connectivity and the severity and outcome of the disorders of consciousness (DOC) among patients with acquired brain injury. Thirty-four patients with DOC (17 in a minimally conscious state and 17 in an unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state) and 11 healthy controls were recruited, underwent clinical assessment and resting-state functional MRI scan, and were further followed up to evaluate recovery outcome using the Glasgow Outcome Scale...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437567/people-with-patellofemoral-oa-walk-with-different-pelvic-and-hip-kinematics-compared-to-healthy-aged-matched-controls
#8
Kay M Crossley, Anthony G Schache, Hannah Ozturk, Jonathan Lentzos, Melissa Munanto, Marcus G Pandy
Objective, Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is common, yet little is known about how this condition influences lower-limb biomechanical function. This study compared pelvis and lower-limb kinematics in people with and without PFJOA., Methods, Sixty-nine participants (64% women, mean age 56±10 years) with anterior knee pain aggravated by PFJ loaded activities (stair ambulation, rising from sitting, squatting) and radiographic lateral PFJOA on skyline radiographs were compared with 18 controls (78% women, mean age 53±7 years) with no lower-limb pain or radiographic OA...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437268/anisocoria-after-repair-of-blowout-fracture
#9
Kyung Ah Lee
Anisocoria may indicate a life-threatening neurosurgical emergency, unlike bilateral mydriasis. In patients with periorbital fracture, anisocoria can be caused by direct or indirect injury to the oculomotor nerve, excessive retraction of the orbital contents, or constriction of the muscles responsible for eyeball movement. Herein, the author reports a patient, 15-year-old boy, who developed anisocoria after an operation for a blowout fracture. The anisocoria was improved, self-limiting, and transient. The author has also reviewed the literature regarding anisocoria...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436930/a-framework-for-ethical-decision-making-in-the-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-anosognosia
#10
Anna Rita Egbert
Currently, the number of patients diagnosed with impaired self-awareness of their own deficits after brain injury-anosognosia-is increasing. One reason is a growing understanding of this multifaceted phenomenon. Another is the development and accessibility of alternative measurements that allow more detailed diagnoses. Anosognosia can adversely affect successful rehabilitation, as often patients lack confidence in the need for treatment. Planning such treatment can become a complex process full of ethical dilemmas...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436730/a-new-approach-to-managing-work-related-road-traffic-injury-the-development-of-a-health-investment-framework
#11
Amanda Warmerdam, Sharon Newnam, Dianne Sheppard, Mark Griffin, Mark Stevenson
Objective Statistics indicate that employees commuting or travelling as part of their work are over-represented in workplace injury and death. Despite this, many organisations are unaware of the factors within their organisations that are likely to influence potential reductions in work-related road traffic injury. Methods This paper presents a multi-level conceptual framework that identifies health investment as the central feature in reducing work-related road traffic injury. Within this framework, we explore factors operating at the individual-driver, workgroup-supervisor and organisational-senior management levels that create a mutually reinforcing system of safety...
February 7, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436144/unacylated-ghrelin-enhances-satellite-cell-function-and-relieves-the-dystrophic-phenotype-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-mdx-model
#13
Simone Reano, Elia Angelino, Michele Ferrara, Valeria Malacarne, Hana Sustova, Omar Sabry, Emanuela Agosti, Sara Clerici, Giulia Ruozi, Lorena Zentilin, Flavia Prodam, Stefano Geuna, Mauro Giacca, Andrea Graziani, Nicoletta Filigheddu
Muscle regeneration depends on satellite cells, quiescent precursors that, in consequence of injury or in pathological states such as muscular dystrophies, activate, proliferate, and differentiate to repair the damaged tissue. A subset of satellite cells undergoes self-renewal, thus preserving the satellite cell pool and its regenerative potential. Unacylated ghrelin (UnAG) is a circulating hormone that protects muscle from atrophy, promotes myoblast differentiation, and enhances ischemia-induced muscle regeneration...
April 24, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435743/effects-of-overground-locomotor-training-on-the-ventilatory-response-to-volitional-treadmill-walking-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#14
Gino S Panza, Andrew A Guccione, Lisa M Chin, Jared M Gollie, Jeffery E Herrick, John P Collins
INTRODUCTION: Although there has been substantial emphasis on the neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations following rehabilitation, pulmonary adaptations in individuals with incomplete SCI (iSCI) in response to locomotor training have been less frequently studied. In healthy individuals, effective transition from rest to work is accomplished by a hyperpneic response, which exhibits an exponential curve with three phases. However, the degree to which our current understanding of exercise hyperpnea can be applied to individuals with iSCI is unknown...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435649/improvement-in-excoriation-skin-picking-with-use-of-risperidone-in-a-patient-with-developmental-disability
#15
Cody Roi, Alessandra Bazzano
Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder present with a heterogeneous mix of features beyond the core symptoms of the disorder. These features can be emotional, cognitive or behavioral. Behavioral symptoms often include self-injury, and this may take the form of repetitive skin-picking. The prevalence of skin-picking disorder in Autism is unknown. Skin-picking may lead to significant medical and psychosocial complications. Recent data suggest that behavioral interventions may be more effective than medications at reducing skin-picking in neurotypical patients...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434160/repeated-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-is-not-associated-with-volumetric-differences-in-former-high-school-football-players
#16
Douglas P Terry, L Stephen Miller
We investigated potential brain volumetric differences in a sample of former high school football players many years after these injuries. Forty community-dwelling males ages 40-65 who played high school football, but not college or professional sports, were recruited. The experimental group (n = 20) endorsed experiencing two or more mTBIs on an empirically validated mTBI assessment tool (median = 3, range = 2-15). The control group (n = 20) denied ever experiencing an mTBI. Participants completed a self-report index of current mTBI symptomatology and underwent high-resolution T1-weighted MRI scanning, which were analyzed using the Freesurfer software package...
April 22, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432516/the-tower-of-london-tol-in-italy-standardization-of-the-tol-test-in-an-italian-population
#17
Maddalena Boccia, Dario Marin, Giovanni D'Antuono, Paola Ciurli, Chiara Incoccia, Gabriella Antonucci, Cecilia Guariglia, Laura Piccardi
Deficit in planning and problem-solving, affecting a wide range of neuropsychological patients, has been widely investigated using the Tower of London (ToL) test, as developed by Shallice (Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 298:199-209, 1). The ToL taps on several executive functions (EF), such as planning, time for planning or rule breaks, which may be usefully indexed by different ToL measurements. However, in its original version, the different aspects involved in ToL are not evaluated in a specific way...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430718/trauma-collaborative-care-intervention-effect-on-surgeon-confidence-in-managing-psychosocial-complications-following-orthopaedic-trauma
#18
Stephen Wegener, Eben Carroll, Joshua Gary, Todd McKinley, Robert O'Toole, Debra Sietsema, Renan Castillo, Katherine Frey, Daniel Scharfstein, Yanjie Huang, Susan Collins, Ellen MacKenzie
OBJECTIVES: The impact of the Trauma Collaborative Care (TCC) program on surgeon confidence in managing the psychosocial sequelae of orthopaedic trauma was evaluated as part of a larger prospective, multisite, cluster clinical trial. We compared confidence and perceived resource availability among surgeons practicing in trauma centers that implemented the TCC program with orthopaedic trauma surgeons in similar trauma centers that did not implement the TCC. DESIGN: Prospective cohort design SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma Centers PARTICIPANTS:: Attending surgeons and Fellows...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427336/protocol-for-the-home-hazards-removal-program-harp-study-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-and-implementation-study
#19
Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu, Yan Yan
BACKGROUND: Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational therapists, can reduce falls among high-risk community-dwelling older adults by 39%. However, home-modification implementation is not standard practice in the United States. The goal of the Home Hazard Removal Program (HARP) study is to implement an evidence-based home modification intervention for older adults designed to reduce the incidence of falls through an aging services network...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426710/change-in-iron-metabolism-in-rats-after-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#20
Guang-Liang Xie, Lin Zhu, Yan-Min Zhang, Qian-Nan Zhang, Qing Yu
Previous studies have indicated that hepcidin, which can regulate iron efflux by binding to ferroportin-1 (FPN1) and inducing its internalization and degradation, acts as the critical factor in the regulation of iron metabolism. However, it is unknown whether hepcidin is involved in acute renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). In this study, an IRI rat model was established via right renal excision and blood interruption for 45 min in the left kidney, and iron metabolism indexes were examined to investigate the change in iron metabolism and to analyze the role of hepcidin during IRI...
2017: PloS One
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