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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679850/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-prevalence-forms-functions-and-body-image-correlates
#1
Sandra Pérez, Jos H Marco, Montse Cañabate
INTRODUCTION: More than one third of patients with eating disorders report NSSI. Moreover, negative attitudes and feelings toward the body, body dissatisfaction, and body image disturbances have been linked to NSSI in community and clinical samples. However, there is a lack of studies exploring NSSI frequency and functions and the specific relationship between multidimensional body image dimensions and NSSI in eating disorder patients. OBJECTIVES: First, we explored the frequency, types, and functions of NSSI in a sample of 226 Spanish female participants with eating disorders (ED)...
April 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679240/a-case-of-tension-faecopneumothorax-after-delayed-diagnosis-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#2
Tien Yew Chern, Allan Kwok, Soni Putnis
BACKGROUND: Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries from blunt or penetrating trauma are difficult to detect in the acute setting and, if missed, can result in significant morbidity and mortality in the future. We present a case demonstrating the natural progression of this resulting in faecopneumothorax, which is a rare but serious presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old young man presented with left upper quadrant and chest pain, nausea, vomiting, and intermittent obstipation with a background of previous lower chest wall stabbings...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#3
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675625/multidetector-ct-of-iatrogenic-and-self-inflicted-vascular-lesions-and-infections-at-the-groin
#4
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Domenico Laganà
The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditional common femoral artery remains the preferred access site in a variety of cardiac, aortic, oncologic and peripheral vascular procedures. Both transarterial and venous cannulation (for electrophysiology, intravenous laser ablation and central catheterisation) at the groin may result in potentially severe vascular access site complications (VASC)...
April 19, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673755/understanding-liver-regeneration-from-mechanisms-to-regenerative-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Hélène Gilgenkrantz, Alexandra Collin de l'Hortet
Liver regeneration is a complex and unique process. When two-thirds of a mouse liver is removed, the remaining liver recovers its initial weight in approximately 10 days. The understanding of the mechanisms responsible for liver regeneration may help patients needing large liver resections or transplantation and may be applied to the field of regenerative medicine. All differentiated hepatocytes are capable of self-renewal, but different subpopulations of hepatocytes seem to have distinct proliferative abilities...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672474/active-epilepsy-and-seizure-control-in-adults-united-states-2013-and-2015
#6
Niu Tian, Michael Boring, Rosemarie Kobau, Matthew M Zack, Janet B Croft
Approximately 3 million American adults reported active epilepsy* in 2015 (1). Active epilepsy, especially when seizures are uncontrolled, poses substantial burdens because of somatic, neurologic, and mental health comorbidity; cognitive and physical dysfunction; side effects of antiseizure medications; higher injury and mortality rates; poorer quality of life; and increased financial cost (2). Thus, prompt diagnosis and seizure control (i.e., seizure-free in the 12 months preceding the survey) confers numerous clinical and social advantages to persons with active epilepsy...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672077/use-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-among-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Marisa J Perera, Michelle A Meade, Lisa DiPonio
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Despite increased interest in the topic of resilience in rehabilitation, there has been no psychometric investigation of the Flourishing Scale (FS) in a sample of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study examined the reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure of the FS. Research Method/Design: Data for this project were extracted from a larger study on happiness and quality of life after SCI. For this study, information was collected using a cross-sectional mail survey design of adults with SCI...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670666/passive-cushiony-biomechanics-of-head-protection-in-falling-geckos
#8
Hao Wang, Wenbo Wang, Yi Song, Lei Cai, Zhendong Dai
Gekko geckos are capable to crawl on the steep even on upside-down surfaces. Such movement, especially at great altitude, puts them at high risks of incidentally dropping down and inevitable body or head impactions, though they may trigger air-righting reaction (ARR) to attenuate the landing shocks. However, the air-righting ability (ARA) in Gekko geckos is not fully developed. The implementation of ARR in some geckos is quite slow; and for those without tails, the ARR is even unobservable. Since ARA is compromised in Gekko geckos , there must be some other mechanisms responsible for protecting them from head injuries during falls...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669185/distinct-trauma-types-in-military-service-members-seeking-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Brett T Litz, Ateka A Contractor, Charla Rhodes, Katherine A Dondanville, Alexander H Jordan, Patricia A Resick, Edna B Foa, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jim Mintz, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson
We examined the frequency of trauma types reported in a cohort of service members seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and compared symptom profiles between types. In this observational study, 999 service members (9.2% women; Mage = 32.91 years; 55.6% White) were evaluated using a standardized assessment procedure to determine eligibility for clinical trials. Participants were evaluated for DSM-IV-TR-defined PTSD using the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview; all participants reported a Criterion A event...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667905/essential-role-of-mohawk-for-tenogenic-tissue-homeostasis-including-spinal-disc-and-periodontal-ligament
#10
Ryo Nakamichi, Kensuke Kataoka, Hiroshi Asahara
Tendons and ligaments play essential roles in connecting muscle and bone and stabilizing the connections between bones. The damage to tendons and ligaments caused by aging, injury, and arthritis induces the dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system and reduces the quality of life. Current therapy for damaged tendons and ligaments depends on self-repair; however, it is difficult to reconstruct normal tissue. Regeneration therapy for tendons and ligaments has not been achieved, partly because the mechanism, cell biology, and pathophysiology of tendon and ligament development remain unclear...
April 18, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667429/quadriceps-function-knee-pain-and-self-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Adam S Lepley, Brian Pietrosimone, Marc L Cormier
CONTEXT:   Interactions among muscle strength, pain, and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are not well understood. Clarifying these interactions is of clinical importance because improving physical and psychological function is thought to optimize outcomes after ACLR. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationships among neuromuscular quadriceps function, pain, self-reported knee function, readiness to return to activity, and emotional response to injury both before and after ACLR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666389/attenuated-dna-damage-responses-and-increased-apoptosis-characterize-human-hematopoietic-stem-cells-exposed-to-irradiation
#12
Shahar Biechonski, Leonid Olender, Adi Zipin-Roitman, Muhammad Yassin, Nasma Aqaqe, Victoria Marcu-Malina, Melanie Rall-Scharpf, Magan Trottier, M Stephen Meyn, Lisa Wiesmüller, Katia Beider, Yael Raz, Dan Grisaru, Arnon Nagler, Michael Milyavsky
Failure to precisely repair DNA damage in self-renewing Hematopoietic Stem and early Progenitor Cells (HSPCs) can disrupt normal hematopoiesis and promote leukemogenesis. Although HSPCs are widely considered a target of ionizing radiation (IR)-induced hematopoietic injury, definitive data regarding cell death, DNA repair, and genomic stability in these rare quiescent cells are scarce. We found that irradiated HSPCs, but not lineage-committed progenitors (CPs), undergo rapid ATM-dependent apoptosis, which is suppressed upon interaction with bone-marrow stroma cells...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#13
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665561/the-functions-and-addictive-features-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-in-a-university-sample
#14
Camille Guérin-Marion, Jodi Martin, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Marie-France Lafontaine, Jean-François Bureau
The Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI) is a comprehensive self-report measure of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In an effort to build on past research and further validate the OSI, this study presents a confirmatory factor analysis of the OSI's subscales measuring the functions and addictive features of NSSI using a university sample. Participants were 316 university students aged 17-25 years (84.8% female) who had engaged in NSSI at least once in their lifetime. Consistent with past research, results confirmed the four-factor structure of the Functions items (Internal Emotion Regulation, Social Influence, External Emotion Regulation, Sensation Seeking), as well as the single-factor structure of Addictive Features items...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665047/neural-reward-responsiveness-in-children-who-engage-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-an-erp-study
#15
Aliona Tsypes, Max Owens, Greg Hajcak, Brandon E Gibb
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in children is important for the identification and prevention of future suicide risk. However, although abnormalities in reward responsiveness might constitute one potential transdiagnostic mechanism of risk for NSSI, no studies have examined initial response to reward in children with a history of NSSI. The goal of the present study was to address this important gap in the literature. To objectively assess initial response to reward, we utilized the feedback negativity (FN) event-related potential, a well-established psychophysiological marker of reward responsiveness...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665016/underreporting-of-fall-injuries-of-older-adults-implications-for-wellness-visit-fall-risk-screening
#16
Geoffrey J Hoffman, Jinkyung Ha, Neil B Alexander, Kenneth M Langa, Mary Tinetti, Lillian C Min
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of and factors affecting the accuracy of self-reported fall-related injuries (SFRIs) with those of administratively obtained FRIs (AFRIs). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study SETTING: United States PARTICIPANTS: Fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older (N=47,215). MEASUREMENTS: We used 24-month self-report recall data from 2000-2012 Health and Retirement Study data to identify SFRIs and linked inpatient, outpatient, and ambulatory Medicare data to identify AFRIs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664851/minimally-displaced-isolated-radial-head-and-neck-fractures-do-not-require-formal-physical-therapy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#17
Kenneth A Egol, Jack M Haglin, Ariana Lott, Nina Fisher, Sanjit R Konda
BACKGROUND: Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck. METHODS: Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial head or neck and presented to 1 of 2 providers were enrolled prospectively between January 2014 and August 2016...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664233/positive-predictive-value-of-a-register-based-algorithm-using-the-danish-national-registries-to-identify-suicidal-events
#18
Christiane Gasse, Andreas Aalkjaer Danielsen, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Ole Mors, Jakob Christensen
PURPOSE: It is not possible to fully assess intention of self-harm and suicidal events using information from administrative databases. We conducted a validation study of intention of suicide attempts/self-harm contacts identified by a commonly applied Danish register-based algorithm (DK-algorithm) based on hospital discharge diagnosis and emergency room contacts. METHODS: Of all 101 530 people identified with an incident suicide attempt/self-harm contact at Danish hospitals between 1995 and 2012 using the DK-algorithm, we selected a random sample of 475 people...
April 17, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663898/electrospun-fibers-for-cartilage-tissue-regeneration
#19
Guo Li, Sirong Shi, Shiyu Lin, Tengfei Zhou, Xiaoru Shao, Qiao Huang, Bofeng Zhu, Xiaoxiao Cai
BACKGROUND: Due to its poor self-repair ability, the cartilage injury has been a great challenge in clinical work. OBJECTIVE: The conventional therapies for cartilage injury mostly form fibrocartilage with weaker strength and flexibility compared to natural cartilage. The development of tissue engineering technology provides a new approach for cartilage repair and regeneration. RESULTS: An appropriate scaffold is one of key factors in cartilage tissue engineering...
April 17, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661941/mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-compared-with-their-peers
#20
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Yuan Liu, Rebecca Nash, Lee Cromwell, W Dana Flanders, Darios Getahun, Shawn V Giammattei, Enid M Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, David E Sandberg, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude of mental health problems, particularly life-threatening ones, experienced by transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth can lead to improved management of these conditions. METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify a cohort of 588 transfeminine and 745 transmasculine children (3-9 years old) and adolescents (10-17 years old) enrolled in integrated health care systems in California and Georgia. Ten male and 10 female referent cisgender enrollees were matched to each TGNC individual on year of birth, race and/or ethnicity, study site, and membership year of the index date (first evidence of gender nonconforming status)...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
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