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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223043/affect-toward-the-self-and-self-injury-stimuli-as-potential-risk-factors-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#1
Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro, Evan M Kleiman, Jill M Hooley, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Few risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) have been identified. This study investigated diminished aversion toward self-injury (i.e., NSSI, suicide/death stimuli) and self-criticism as unique NSSI risk factors. After terminating a treatment study, 154 adults with a recent and frequent NSSI history completed self-report and computer-based measures of psychopathology, implicit and explicit self-criticism, and implicit aversion to NSSI and suicide/death. Participants were then contacted 4 weeks later to test factors predicting NSSI frequency over this follow-up period...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218849/reconstruction-of-full-thickness-cheek-defect-with-chimeric-facial-artery-free-flap-a-case-report
#2
Olindo Massarelli, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Roberta Gobbi, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Giacomo De Riu
Full-thickness cheek defects represent a difficult challenge for reconstructive surgeons. Multiple techniques have been described, including local, regional, and free flaps. In this report, the reconstruction of a through and through left cheek defect, resulting from a self-inflicted gunshot injury, with a chimeric facial artery free flap is presented. The patient underwent reconstruction with a chimeric full-thickness facial artery free flap, with 9 × 3 cm diameter skin paddle and a 6 × 5 cm myomucosal paddle, was harvested on the contralateral cheek with a 7-cm length of facial pedicle...
December 8, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218673/results-of-endoscopic-vacuum-assisted-closure-device-for-treatment-of-upper-gi-leaks
#3
Marc Bludau, Hans F Fuchs, Till Herbold, Martin K H Maus, Hakan Alakus, Felix Popp, Jessica M Leers, Christiane J Bruns, Arnulf H Hölscher, Wolfgang Schröder, Seung-Hun Chon
BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforations and postoperative leakage of esophagogastrostomies are considered to be life-threatening conditions due to the potential development of mediastinitis and consecutive sepsis. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) techniques, a well-established treatment method for superficial infected wounds, are based on a negative pressure applied to the wound via a vacuum-sealed sponge. Endoluminal VAC (E-VAC) therapy as a treatment for GI leakages in the rectum was introduced in 2008...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218277/effect-of-multimedia-self-care-education-on-quality-of-life-in-burn-patients
#4
Fatemeh Mohaddes Ardebili, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Mehri Bozorgnejad, Mohammadreza Zarei, Hooman Ghorbani, Farzad Manafi
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries can have adverse effects on quality of life of patients and can disturb their physiological, psychological, social and spiritual well-being. This study aimed to investigate the effect of multimedia self-care program on quality of life in burn patients. METHODS: This Randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted from November 2015 to December 2016. The samples were hospitalized burn patients with 10% to 45% of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree burns of total body surface area (TBSA)...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217672/digital-ischemia-after-application-of-self-adherent-elastic-wrap-dressing-a-case-series
#5
Christopher A Makarewich, Penelope Lang, Douglas T Hutchinson
Self-adherent elastic wrap dressings are a convenient option to manage pediatric hand and finger injuries. However, when improperly applied, they have the potential to cause devastating complications. We detail in this report 5 cases of dressing-induced ischemic injury to the hand in pediatric patients with a review of the literature. All patients were treated by the senior author between 2007 and 2015 and were retrospectively reviewed for initial injury, frequency of dressing changes, presence of pain, time to evaluation by the orthopedic hand team, treatment, and outcome...
December 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216755/explicit-motives-antecedents-and-consequences-of-direct-self-injurious-behaviors
#6
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216753/the-impact-of-safety-plans-in-an-outpatient-clinic
#7
Jess Zonana, Jessica Simberlund, Paul Christos
BACKGROUND: Safety plans are recommended as tools to mitigate suicide risk; however, their effectiveness remains unclear. AIM: To evaluate the impact of safety plans on patient care at an outpatient mental health clinic. METHOD: In this retrospective chart review, patients' treatment engagement, health-care utilization, and risk behaviors were measured. Patients served as their own historical controls, and we compared outcomes in the 6 months before and 6 months after creation of safety plans...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216013/bio-inspired-synthesis-of-a-hierarchical-self-assembled-zinc-phosphate-nanostructure-in-the-presence-of-cowpea-mosaic-virus-in-vitro-cell-cycle-proliferation-and-prospects-for-tissue-regeneration
#8
Koushi Kumar, Vasudevarao Penugurti, Gila Levi, Yitzhak Mastai, Bramanandam Manavathi, Pradip Paik
Self-assembly is an important auto-organization process used in designing structural biomaterials which have the potential capability to heal tissues after traumatic injury. Although various materials having the ability to heal after injury are available, there is still a substantial need to develop new improved materials. To address this issue, we have developed hierarchical three-dimensional (3D) self-assembled zinc phosphate (Zn3(PO4)2) in the presence of cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV). Zn3(PO4)2 nanoparticles are self-assembled into nanosheets with a high degree of isotropy and then self-organized into a 3D structure that can enhance surface interactions with biological entities...
December 7, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215914/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-parenting-programme-for-mexican-parents-of-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-case-report
#9
Clara Chavez-Arana, Cathy Catroppa, Guillermina Yáñez Téllez, Celia Godfrey, Belén Prieto-Corona, Miguel A de León, Antonio García, Vicki Anderson
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) during childhood typically causes behaviour problems in the child and high levels of stress in the family. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a parenting programme to: improve behaviour and self-regulation (SR) in Mexican children with ABI, enhance parenting skills, and decrease parental stress in parents of children with ABI; (2) to explore the impact of parent SR on child. METHODS: Case study design with four participants post-ABI, aged 7-12 years, recruited in Mexico City...
December 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#10
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212087/knowledge-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-emergency-management-of-dental-avulsion-among-parents-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lolwa Alyahya, Sarah Alkandari, Saitah Alajmi, Asma Alyahya
<br>Objectives: To evaluate the parent's knowledge of first aid measures of a permanent tooth avulsion among parents in Kuwait and to assess the effect of different sociodemographic characteristics. <br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 554 parents who visited five dental specialty centers in Kuwait. Participants' sociodemographic data and responses to avulsion management questions were collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
December 6, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211918/decellularized-human-placenta-supports-hepatic-tissue-and-allows-rescue-in-acute-liver-failure
#13
Zurab Kakabadze, Anne Kakabadze, David Chakhunashvili, Lika Karalashvili, Ekaterine Berishvili, Yogeshwar Sharma, Sanjeev Gupta
Tissue engineering with scaffolds to form transplantable organs is of wide interest. Decellularized tissues have been tested for this purpose, although supplies of healthy donor tissues, vascular recellularization for perfusion and tissue homeostasis in engineered organs pose challenges. We hypothesized decellularized human placenta will be suitable for tissue engineering. The universal availability and unique structures of placenta for accommodating tissue, including presence of embedded vessels, were major attractions...
December 6, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211502/physical-activity-perceptions-of-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-living-in-the-community
#14
Penelope Analytis, Adam McKay, Megan Hamilton, Gavin Williams, Narelle Warren, Jennie Ponsford
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity (PA) among people with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents an important long-term rehabilitation goal. To design effective interventions to promote PA, the factors associated with PA engagement post-TBI need to be understood. RESEARCH DESIGN: A qualitative study design was employed to investigate the factors influencing PA engagement in people with severe TBI living in the community. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with eight people with severe TBI three to five years post-injury...
December 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208552/controlling-human-corneal-stromal-stem-cell-contraction-to-mediate-rapid-cell-and-matrix-organization-of-real-architecture-for-3-dimensional-tissue-equivalents
#15
Dev Mukhey, James Phillips, Julie T Daniels, Alvena K Kureshi
The architecture of the human corneal stroma consists of a highly organized extracellular matrix (ECM) interspersed with keratocytes. Their progenitor cells; corneal stromal stem cells (CSSC) are located at the periphery, in the limbal stroma. A highly organized corneal ECM is critical for effective transmission of light but this structure may be compromised during injury or disease, resulting in loss of vision. Re-creating normal organization in engineered tissue equivalents for transplantation often involves lengthy culture times that are inappropriate for clinical use or utilisation of synthetic substrates that bring complications such as corneal melting...
December 2, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207887/burn-care-and-rehabilitation-in-australia-health-professionals-perspectives
#16
Rachel Kornhaber, Greg Rickard, Loyola McLean, Rick Wiechula, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To understand health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation. DESIGN: Qualitative and semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Australian burn and rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two clinicians working in burns units across disciplines and healthcare settings. RESULTS: The data portrayed the health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation in Australia...
December 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206306/nail-extracting-behavior-as-an-unusual-manifestation-of-adjustment-disorder-confused-with-onychotillomania
#17
H Lee, W S Lee
Nails are the subject of various psychocutaneous disorders. This spectrum of disorders includes onychophagia, nail tic disorder, onychotillomania, and nail destruction associated with psychiatric disorders.[1] Although self-induced nail injuries, such as biting and rubbing, are common, there was an extraordinary case of self-inflicted, nail-extracting behaviors in an unusual presentation of adjustment disorder. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 5, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206195/psychological-distress-and-zika-dengue-and-chikungunya-symptoms-following-the-2016-earthquake-in-bah%C3%A3-a-de-car%C3%A3-quez-ecuador
#18
Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Anita Hargrave, Avriel Diaz, Aileen Kenneson, David Madden, Moory M Romero, Juan Pablo Molina, David Macias Saltos
On 16 April 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck coastal Ecuador, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity, damages to infrastructure, and psychological trauma. This event coincided with the first outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) and co-circulation with dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We tested whether the degree of psychological distress was associated with the presence of suspected DENV, CHIKV, ZIKV (DCZ) infections three months after the earthquake. In July 2016, 601 household members from four communities in Bahía de Caráquez, Manabí Province, Ecuador, were surveyed in a post-disaster health evaluation...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205605/coaching-parents-to-assess-and-treat-self-injurious-behaviour-via-telehealth
#19
S S Benson, A F Dimian, M Elmquist, J Simacek, J J McComas, F J Symons
The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205147/medico-legal-aspects-on-neuromonitoring-in-thyroid-surgery-informed-consent-on-malpractice-claims
#20
R Demontis, M R Pittau, A Maturo, P Petruzzo, G Calò
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to provide a forensic profile framework of neuromonitoring in thyroid surgery, regarding the information given to the patient and its classification as part of professional liability in the event of recurrent injury. METHOD: Evaluation and reflections on the required behaviour of the surgeon on providing details on the operation before the informed consent is given and to outline the possible legal implications regarding professional liability as a result of recurrent injury...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
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