keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mental health, drugs, medicine, public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473307/the-rsvp-project-factors-related-to-disengagement-from-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-among-persons-in-san-francisco
#1
Susan Scheer, Miao-Jung Chen, Maree Kay Parisi, Maya Yoshida-Cervantes, Erin Antunez, Viva Delgado, Nicholas J Moss, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, an estimated two-thirds of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection do not achieve viral suppression, including those who have never engaged in HIV care and others who do not stay engaged in care. Persons with an unsuppressed HIV viral load might experience poor clinical outcomes and transmit HIV. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the Re-engaging Surveillance-identified Viremic Persons (RSVP) project in San Francisco, CA, was to use routine HIV surveillance databases to identify, contact, interview, and reengage in HIV care persons who appeared to be out of care because their last HIV viral load was unsuppressed...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471043/clozapine-and-concomitant-medications-assessing-the-completeness-and-accuracy-of-medication-records-for-people-prescribed-clozapine-under-shared-care-arrangements
#2
Kate Murphy, Ian Coombes, Vikas Moudgil, Susan Patterson, Amanda Wheeler
RATIONALE, AIM, AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the completeness and accuracy of medication records held by stakeholders (secondary care, general practice, and community pharmacy) for clozapine consumers managed in a shared care programme. METHODS: This was an exploratory, descriptive study examining secondary and primary care medication records in a large, urban, public mental health service setting in Queensland, Australia. Consumers (18-65 years old) prescribed clozapine under shared care management with capacity to consent were eligible (n = 55) to participate...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246265/considering-benefits-and-harms-of-duloxetine-for-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-study-reports
#3
Emma Maund, Louise Schow Guski, Peter C Gøtzsche
BACKGROUND: The European Medicines Agency makes clinical study reports publicly available and publishes reasons for not approving applications for marketing authorization. Duloxetine has been approved in Europe for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. The reported adverse effects of duloxetine include mental health problems and suicidality. We obtained clinical study reports from the European Medicines Agency concerning use of this drug for stress urinary incontinence...
February 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074569/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-implications-of-samhsa-s-sbirt-initiative-for-substance-abuse-policy-and-practice
#4
Thomas F Babor, Frances Del Boca, Jeremy W Bray
AIMS: This paper describes the major findings and public health implications of a cross-site evaluation of a national Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) demonstration program funded by the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). METHODS: Eleven multi-site programs in two cohorts of SAMHSA grant recipients were each funded for 5 years to promote the adoption and sustained implementation of SBIRT. The SBIRT cross-site evaluation used a multi-method evaluation design to provide comprehensive information on the processes, outcomes and costs of SBIRT as implemented in a variety of medical and community settings...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#5
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968886/recreational-drug-use-among-chinese-msm-results-from-a-national-wide-cross-sectional-study
#6
Peizhen Zhao, Songyuan Tang, Cheng Wang, Ye Zhang, John Best, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Weiming Tang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, recreational drug use has considerably increased among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). This increase has a great potential to worsen the scenario of the heavy burden of HIV among Chinese MSM. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use, and to explore the association between poppers use and testing history for HIV or STIs, gay app use, and other sexual behaviours. METHODS: We recruited MSM who were born male and were aged 16 years or older through a nation-wide online survey in 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968885/disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Weiming Tang, Jessica Mao, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Katie Mollan, Terrence Wong, Ye Zhang, Michael Hudgens, Yilu Qin, Baoli Ma, Meizhen Liao, Bin Yang, Wei Ma, Dianmin Kang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Most men who have sex with men (MSM) in China do not publicly disclose their sexual orientation. This low rate of disclosure may affect sexual behaviours, testing for HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and disease transmission. This study examined factors associated with overall sexual orientation disclosure and disclosure to a healthcare professional. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional online survey of MSM in China from September 23, 2014, to October 8, 2014, through three national websites...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943261/efavirenz-or-nevirapine-in-three-drug-combination-therapy-with-two-nucleoside-or-nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-for-initial-treatment-of-hiv-infection-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#8
REVIEW
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Sara Mursleen, James H Irlam, Alicen B Spaulding, George W Rutherford, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality due to HIV infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) ART guidelines focus on three classes of antiretroviral drugs, namely nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and protease inhibitors. Two of the most common medications given as first-line treatment are the NNRTIs, efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP)...
December 10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#9
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636104/toward-a-global-roadmap-for-precision-medicine-in-psychiatry-challenges-and-opportunities
#10
Shareefa Dalvie, Nastassja Koen, Nathaniel McGregor, Kevin O'Connell, Louise Warnich, Raj Ramesar, Caroline M Nievergelt, Dan J Stein
Mental disorders represent a major public health burden worldwide. This is likely to rise in the next decade, with the highest increases predicted to occur in low- and middle-income countries. Current psychotropic medication treatment guidelines focus on uniform approaches to the treatment of heterogeneous disorders and achieve only partial therapeutic success. Developing a global precision medicine approach in psychiatry appears attractive, given the value of this approach in other fields of medicine, such as oncology and infectious diseases...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462857/-drug-use-in-the-public-health-debate
#11
REVIEW
Andrés Felipe Tirado-Otálvaro
This article addresses illegal drug use within the current debate in traditional public health and in proposals from Latin America, while emphasizing the need to approach the issue from an alternative public health perspective centered on individual users, groups, and social movements as protagonists. This counterhegemonic approach thus aims to orient the discussion on the need for inclusive and democratic public policies. Illegal drug use has been addressed from various perspectives: clinical medicine, viewing it as a problem that generates mental disorders and infectious diseases, both through risky sexual practices and/or use of injecting paraphernalia; from a legal perspective, as a problem related to delinquency; and according to traditional public health, as a problem that generates school dropout and work absenteeism and increases the demand on health services, in addition to increasing violence and death...
July 21, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121539/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-release-naltrexone-versus-daily-buprenorphine-naloxone-for-opioid-dependence-in-norway-ntx-sbx
#12
Nikolaj Kunøe, Arild Opheim, Kristin Klemmetsby Solli, Zhanna Gaulen, Kamni Sharma-Haase, Zill-E-Huma Latif, Lars Tanum
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for opioid dependence recommend daily maintenance of physical dependence with methadone or buprenorphine, and discourage abstinence due to the high risk of relapse and overdose. Extended-release formulations of the opioid antagonist naltrexone (XR-NTX) block heroin and other opioid agonists competitively for around 4 weeks per administration. XR-NTX thus enables opioid users to experience abstinence from opioid agonists with greatly reduced risk of overdose compared to medication-free abstinence...
April 28, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081970/the-availability-of-essential-medicines-for-mental-healthcare-in-sofala-mozambique
#13
Bradley H Wagenaar, Andy Stergachis, Deepa Rao, Roxanne Hoek, Vasco Cumbe, Manuel Napúa, Kenneth Sherr
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the availability of essential medicines for mental healthcare (MH) across levels of the public healthcare system to aid in future systems planning. DESIGN: Non-expired MH medications were assessed in 24 public health facilities and 13 district warehouses across Sofala Province, Mozambique, from July to August 2014. Medication categories included: antipsychotics, antidepressants, benzodiazepines, antiepileptics and mood stabilizers, and anticholinergics and antihistamines...
2015: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25392289/dual-diagnosis-among-physicians-a-clinical-perspective
#14
REVIEW
María Dolores Braquehais, Pilar Lusilla, Miquel Jordi Bel, María Cecilia Navarro, Viviana Nasillo, Albert Díaz, Sergi Valero, Jaume Padrós, Eugeni Bruguera, Miquel Casas
Co-occurrence of mental disorders and substance use disorders (dual diagnosis) among doctors is a cause of serious concern due to its negative personal, professional, and social consequences. This work provides an overview of the prevalence of dual diagnosis among physicians, suggests a clinical etiological model to explain the development of dual diagnosis in doctors, and recommends some treatment strategies specifically for doctors. The most common presentation of dual diagnosis among doctors is the combination of alcohol use disorders and affective disorders...
2014: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25345619/morphine-and-codeine-in-oral-fluid-after-controlled-poppy-seed-administration
#15
Marta Concheiro, Matthew N Newmeyer, Jose Luiz da Costa, Ron Flegel, David A Gorelick, Marilyn A Huestis
Opiates are an important drug class in drug testing programmes. Ingestion of poppy seeds containing morphine and codeine can yield positive opiate tests and mislead result interpretation in forensic and clinical settings. Multiple publications evaluated urine opiate concentrations following poppy seed ingestion, but only two addressed oral fluid (OF) results; neither provided the ingested morphine and codeine dosage. We administered two 45 g raw poppy seed doses, each containing 15.7 mg morphine and 3.1 mg codeine, 8 h apart to 17 healthy adults...
July 2015: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25287804/health-needs-of-detainees-in-police-custody-in-england-and-wales-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Tatyana Rekrut-Lapa, Alexander Lapa
The aim of this systematic is to review and analyse the literature concerned with the health needs of detainees in police custody in England and Wales. The healthcare of detainees in police custody is regulated by the England and Wales Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. The Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians also sets quality standards for the provision of custodial healthcare. The provision of healthcare in custody presents a number of challenges including the patient group, the setting and the overlap between the legal and medical concerns that are addressed by the medical team...
October 2014: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25264416/prevention-family-and-community
#17
Shu-Lung Yang, Louise Ann Rohrbach, Dennis Daley
The "Prevention, Family, and Community" session was chaired by Dr. Joseph Jror-Serk Cheng, who is an expert in community psychiatry and mental health policy and is superintendent of the Bali Psychiatric Center in Taipei. Dr. Shu-Lung Yang, dean of Student Affairs and Professor/Director of the Crime Research Center, National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan, served as the discussant. The two presenters were Dr. Louise Ann Rohrbach, who presented on "Prevention of Alcohol and other Drug Abuse: Science, Practice, Critical Issues, and Future Direction," and Dr...
December 2013: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25127073/facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementing-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-primary-care-in-integrated-health-care-settings
#18
Alanna Kulchak Rahm, Jennifer M Boggs, Carmen Martin, David W Price, Arne Beck, Thomas E Backer, James W Dearing
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse in the United States is a serious public health concern impacting morbidity and mortality. However, systematic screening and intervention has not been widely adopted into routine practice by health care organizations and routine screening and intervention is not currently in place for primary care at Kaiser Permanente Colorado. Therefore, a formative evaluation was conducted to explore and enhance implementation of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) approach in the organization...
2015: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25031627/intersection-of-suicidality-and-substance-abuse-among-young-asian-american-women-implications-for-developing-interventions-in-young-adulthood
#19
Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Stephanie Tzu-Han Chang, Hui Qi Tong, Michelle Ann Meneses, Rojda Filiz Yuzbasioglu, Denise Hien
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the current literature uncovering specific factors associated with self-harm and suicidality among young Asian American women, as well as to present the Fractured Identity Model as a framework for understanding these factors. This paper offers concrete suggestions for the development of culturally competent interventions to target suicidality, substance abuse, and mental illness among young Asian American women. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Empirical studies and theory-based papers featured in peer-reviewed journals between 1990 and 2014 were identified through scholarly databases, such as PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, JSTOR, and Google Scholar...
2014: Advances in Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24981856/consumption-of-antidepressants-in-italy-recent-trends-and-their-significance-for-public-health
#20
Maria Rosaria Gualano, Fabrizio Bert, Alice Mannocci, Giuseppe La Torre, Patrizia Zeppegno, Roberta Siliquini
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the consumption of antidepressants in Italy between 2000 and 2011 and identified trends in use. METHODS: Data on use of antidepressant drugs between 2000 and 2011 were collected from the Italian Medicines Agency database. Data were expressed as the daily defined dose (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants. Trends in drug consumption were ascertained by logarithmic transformation of incidence rates by using the formula ln(y)=b × x, where y is the incidence rate, b is the regression coefficient, and x represents the calendar years...
October 2014: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
keyword
keyword
32375
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"