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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530049/examining-the-effects-of-hiv-self-testing-compared-to-standard-hiv-testing-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Cheryl C Johnson, Caitlin Kennedy, Virginia Fonner, Nandi Siegfried, Carmen Figueroa, Shona Dalal, Anita Sands, Rachel Baggaley
INTRODUCTION: HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a discreet and convenient way to reach people with HIV who do not know their status, including many who may not otherwise test. To inform World Health Organization (WHO) guidance, we assessed the effect of HIVST on uptake and frequency of testing, as well as identification of HIV-positive persons, linkage to care, social harm, and risk behaviour. METHODS: We systematically searched for studies comparing HIVST to standard HIV testing until 1 June 2016...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530015/the-relationship-between-internalized-stigma-and-quality-of-life-among-people-with-mental-illness-are-self-esteem-and-sense-of-coherence-sequential-mediators
#2
Piotr Świtaj, Paweł Grygiel, Anna Chrostek, Izabela Nowak, Jacek Wciórka, Marta Anczewska
PURPOSE: To elucidate the mechanism through which internalized stigma reduces the quality of life (QoL) of people with mental illness by exploring the mediating roles of self-esteem and sense of coherence (SOC). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 229 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective disorders was undertaken to test a sequential mediation model assuming that more severe internalized stigma is related to lower self-esteem, which is associated with weaker SOC, which in turn relates to worse QoL...
May 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528246/the-canadian-hypoglycemia-assessment-tool-program-insights-into-rates-and-implications-of-hypoglycemia-from-an-observational-study
#3
Ronnie Aronson, Ronald Goldenberg, Damir Boras, Rasmus Skovgaard, Harpreet Bajaj
OBJECTIVE: The true prevalence of hypoglycemia in insulin-treated patients with diabetes and its impact on patients, employers and healthcare providers is poorly appreciated owing to a paucity of real-world data. The global Hypoglycemia Assessment Tool (HAT) study addressed this issue, and here we report data from the Canadian cohort of patients. METHODS: This noninterventional, 6-month retrospective and 4-week prospective study enrolled patients aged ≥18 years receiving insulin treatment for >12 months from community endocrinology practices...
May 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527647/correlation-between-plasma-homocysteine-levels-and-craving-in-alcohol-dependent-stabilized-patients
#4
Maurizio Coppola, Raffaella Mondola
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Homocysteine is a sulfur amino acid strictly related with alcohol consumption. In alcoholics, hyperhomocysteinemia can increase the risk of various alcohol-related disorders such as: brain atrophy, epileptic seizures during withdrawal, and mood disorders. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation among serum homocysteine concentrations, craving, hazardous and harmful patterns of alcohol consumption in patients stabilized for withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: Participants were adult outpatients accessed at the Addiction Treatment Unit...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526671/telehealth-interventions-to-support-self-management-of-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-metareview-of-diabetes-heart-failure-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Peter Hanlon, Luke Daines, Christine Campbell, Brian McKinstry, David Weller, Hilary Pinnock
BACKGROUND: Self-management support is one mechanism by which telehealth interventions have been proposed to facilitate management of long-term conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this metareview were to (1) assess the impact of telehealth interventions to support self-management on disease control and health care utilization, and (2) identify components of telehealth support and their impact on disease control and the process of self-management. Our goal was to synthesise evidence for telehealth-supported self-management of diabetes (types 1 and 2), heart failure, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cancer to identify components of effective self-management support...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523825/biphasic-supramolecular-self-assembly-of-ferric-ions-and-tannic-acid-across-interfaces-for-nanofilm-formation
#6
Beom Jin Kim, Sol Han, Kyung-Bok Lee, Insung S Choi
Cell nanoencapsulation provides a chemical tool for the isolation and protection of living cells from harmful, and often lethal, external environments. Although several strategies are available to form nanometric films, most methods heavily rely on time-consuming multistep processes and are not biocompatible. Here, the interfacial supramolecular self-assembly and film formation of ferric ions (Fe(III) ) and tannic acid (TA) in biphasic systems is reported, where Fe(III) and TA come into contact each other and self-assemble across the interface of two immiscible phases...
May 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523035/prevalence-side-effects-and-awareness-about-energy-drinks-among-the-female-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Mohamudha Parveen Rahamathulla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption, prevalence, side effects and awareness of energy drinks among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A quantitative research design was implied with sample size of 358 female students, recruited from Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University. The data, gathered through self-administered questionnaire, was analyzed through SPSS version 20.0 with p value <0.005 deemed statistically significant. RESULTS: From the sample of 358 female students, 337 attempted the questionnaire from which 274 students were identified as energy drink consumers...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517366/genie-in-a-blotter-a-comparative-study-of-lsd-and-lsd-analogues-effects-and-user-profile
#9
Leigh D Coney, Larissa J Maier, Jason A Ferris, Adam R Winstock, Monica J Barratt
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe self-reported patterns of use and effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) analogues (AL-LAD, 1P-LSD, and ETH-LAD) and the characteristics of those who use them. METHODS: An anonymous self-selected online survey of people who use drugs (Global Drug Survey 2016; N = 96,894), which measured perceived drug effects of LSD and its analogues. RESULTS: Most LSD analogue users (91%) had also tried LSD. The proportion of U...
May 18, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#10
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515950/factors-associated-with-poor-self-reported-health-within-the-uk-military-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population-a-cohort-study
#11
Sarah C Jenkins, Sharon Am Stevelink, Nicola T Fear
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the self-rated health of the UK military and explore factors associated with poor self-rated health. Compare self-rated health of the military to the general population. DESIGN: A cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 7626 serving and ex-serving UK military personnel, aged between 25 and 49; 19,452,300 civilians from England and Wales. SETTING: United Kingdom (military), England and Wales (civilians)...
May 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515512/a-just-culture-approach-to-managing-medication-errors
#12
Erin Rogers, Emily Griffin, William Carnie, Joseph Melucci, Robert J Weber
Medication errors continue to be a concern of health care providers and the public, in particular how to prevent harm from medication mistakes. Many health care workers are afraid to report errors for fear of retribution including the loss of professional licensure and even imprisonment. Most health care workers are silent, instead of admitting their mistake and discussing it openly with peers. This can result in further patient harm if the system causing the mistake is not identified and fixed; thus self-denial may have a negative impact on patient care outcomes...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514237/oral-ketamine-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-clinical-effectiveness-case-series
#13
Maryam I Al Shirawi, Sidney H Kennedy, Keith T Ho, Roisin Byrne, Jonathan Downar
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of oral ketamine as an antidepressant treatment in adults with treatment-resistant depression. METHODS: We reviewed retrospective data on 22 patients with treatment-resistant depression, who failed at least 3 adequate antidepressant treatment trials and 1 adequate trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; subsequently, they received open-label treatment with oral ketamine, commenced at a dose of 50 mg every 3 days, titrated up by 25 mg every 3 days, according to response and tolerability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513344/pathological-narcissism-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#14
Sindes Dawood, Hans S Schroder, M Brent Donnellan, Aaron L Pincus
Few studies have examined associations between pathological narcissism and self-harm, but those that do indicate that narcissistic vulnerability (not narcissistic grandiosity) relates to self-harm. The current study extends this literature by investigating how facets of pathological narcissism assessed by the Pathological Narcissism Inventory relate to specific nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors assessed by the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury using statistical models appropriate for non-normally distributed count data...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#15
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511107/frequent-emergency-department-presentations-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-record-linkage-study
#16
Dhanya Nambiar, Mark Stoové, Paul Dietze
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) have been described as frequent users of health services such as emergency departments (EDs), however few studies have described demographic factors, patterns of substance use and previous health service use associated with frequent use of EDs in this population. METHODS: Using a combination of self-reported data from a cohort of PWID and administrative ED data obtained through record linkage, we identified longitudinal factors associated with the use of ED services...
May 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510080/identifying-and-prioritizing-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-community-centered-approach
#17
Allison H Oakes, Vincent S Garmo, Lee R Bone, Daniel R Longo, Jodi B Segal, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVE: Self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is crucial to controlling the disease and preventing harm. Multiple factors have been identified in the literature as potential barriers and facilitators to self-management, but the magnitude and directionality of these factors are seldom studied. We sought to develop and test an instrument to identify and quantify the barriers and facilitators to self-management of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A community-centered approach was used to design, implement, and interpret the results of a stated-preference study...
May 16, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507450/patient-safety-attitudes-of-pharmacy-students-in-an-ethiopian-university-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Mohammed Biset Ayalew, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety is a major health care concern and is being included in an undergraduate curriculum as it plays a major role in lessening harm. Therefore, we aim to assess the attitude of pharmacy students toward patient safety. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 items was conducted at the University of Gondar among fourth and fifth year students. Data analysis was performed to calculate mean, standard deviation, percentages, and logistic regressions using SPSS software version 22 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA)...
2017: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498968/the-involvement-of-alcohol-in-hospital-treated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-findings-from-two-national-registries
#19
Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman, Ivan J Perry, Brendan Bonner, Denise O'Hagan, Caroline Daly, Paul Corcoran
Background: Alcohol is often involved in hospital-treated self-harm. Therefore it is important to establish the role of alcohol in self-harm as well as to identify associated factors, in order to best inform service provision. Methods: Data on self-harm presentations to hospital emergency departments in Ireland and Northern Ireland from April 2012 to December 2013 were analysed. We calculated the prevalence of alcohol consumption in self-harm. Using Poisson regression models, we identified the factors associated with having consumed alcohol at the time of a self-harm act...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498584/risk-of-suicide-deliberate-self-harm-and-psychiatric-illness-after-the-loss-of-a-close-relative-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#20
Mai-Britt Guldin, Maiken Ina Siegismund Kjaersgaard, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Erik Thorlund Parner, Jiong Li, Anders Prior, Mogens Vestergaard
The loss of a close relative is a common event, yet it is associated with increased risk of serious mental health conditions. No large-scale study has explored up to now the importance of the bereaved person's relation to the deceased while accounting for gender and age. We performed a nationwide Danish cohort study using register information from 1995 through 2013 on four sub-cohorts including all persons aged ≥18 years exposed to the loss of a child, spouse, sibling or parent. We identified 1,445,378 bereaved persons, and each was matched by gender, age and family composition to five non-bereaved persons...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
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