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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#1
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449013/suicide-mortality-among-pacific-peoples-in-new-zealand-1996-2013
#2
Jemaima Tiatia-Seath, Roy Lay-Yee, Martin von Randow
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trends in suicide mortality for Pacific peoples in New Zealand by reviewing official data over the period 1996-2013. METHOD: Death registrations where the underlying causes of death were intentional self-harm was examined and area of interest was identified and presented. RESULTS: Over a 17-year period (1996-2013), there were 380 total Pacific suicides (4.1%) out of 9,307 suicides nationally for New Zealand's total population...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#3
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448425/vulnerability-to-psychopathology-and-dimensions-of-personality-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#4
Alba Garcia-Fontanals, Mariona Portell, Susanna García-Blanco, Violant Poca-Dias, Ferran García-Fructuoso, Marina López-Ruiz, Teresa Gutiérrez-Rosado, Montserrat Gomà-I-Freixanet, Joan Deus
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may present psychopathology and some characteristic personality traits that may affect their adaptation to the disease. This paper aims to study the relationship between personality dimensions according to the psychobiological model of Cloninger and the presence of psychopathology. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 42 patients with FM and 38 healthy controls. The assessment instruments administered were the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III)...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446656/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment
#5
Mark A Espeland, José A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, Rebecca Neiberg, Steven E Kahn, Steven E Arnold, Rena R Wing, George L Blackburn, George Bray, Mary Evans, Helen P Hazuda, Robert W Jeffery, Valerie M Wilson, Jeanne M Clark, Mace Coday, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, John P Foreyt, Frank Greenway, James O Hill, Edward S Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, David M Nathan, Anne Peters, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Henry Pownall, Thomas A Wadden, Stephen R Rapp
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an average of 10 years of lifestyle intervention designed to reduce weight and increase physical activity lowers the prevalence of cognitive impairment among adults at increased risk due to type 2 diabetes and obesity or overweight. METHODS: Central adjudication of mild cognitive impairment and probable dementia was based on standardized cognitive test battery scores administered to 3,802 individuals who had been randomly assigned, with equal probability, to either the lifestyle intervention or the diabetes support and education control...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446522/improving-opioid-safety-practices-in-primary-care-protocol-for-the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-theory-informed-pilot-intervention-for-healthcare-providers
#6
Pamela Leece, Daniel Z Buchman, Michael Hamilton, Caitlyn Timmings, Yalnee Shantharam, Julia Moore, Andrea D Furlan
INTRODUCTION: In North America, drug overdose deaths are reaching unprecedented levels, largely driven by increasing prescription opioid-related deaths. Despite the development of several opioid guidelines, prescribing behaviours still contribute to poor patient outcomes and societal harm. Factors at the provider and system level may hinder or facilitate the application of evidence-based guidelines; interventions designed to address such factors are needed. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Using implementation science and behaviour change theory, we have planned the development and evaluation of a comprehensive Opioid Self-Assessment Package, designed to increase adherence to the Canadian Opioid Guideline among family physicians...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445627/psychosocial-wellbeing-after-living-kidney-donation-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#7
Hannah Maple, Joseph Chilcot, John Weinman, Nizam Mamode
Living kidney donation (LKD) has become routine practice across the world as the gold standard treatment of end-stage renal failure. Whilst the physical risks and harms of LKD surgery are well documented, relatively little is known about psychosocial outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether it was possible to quantify the psychosocial impact of LKD. A prospective longitudinal study of 93 living kidney donors was performed. Data were collected pre-operatively, and 3 and 12 months after donation...
April 26, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442609/speaking-up-about-traditional-and-professionalism-related-patient-safety-threats-a-national-survey-of-interns-and-residents
#8
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Eric J Thomas, Jason M Etchegaray, Julia T Shelburne, Gerald B Hickson, Donald W Brady, Anneliese M Schleyer, Jennifer A Best, Natalie B May, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Six US academic medical centres, 2013-2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1800 medical and surgical interns and residents (47% responded)...
April 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440902/between-visit-changes-in-suicidal-ideation-and-risk-of-subsequent-suicide-attempt
#9
Gregory E Simon, Susan M Shortreed, Eric Johnson, Arne Beck, Karen J Coleman, Rebecca C Rossom, Ursula S Whiteside, Belinda H Operskalski, Robert B Penfold
BACKGROUND: While clinicians are expected to routinely assess and address suicide risk, existing data provide little guidance regarding the significance of visit-to-visit changes in suicidal ideation. METHODS: Electronic health records from four large healthcare systems identified patients completing the Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ9 at outpatient visits. For patients completing two questionnaires within 90 days, health system records and state vital records were used to identify nonfatal and fatal suicide attempts...
April 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#10
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434872/the-use-of-emergency-department-based-psychological-interventions-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour
#12
Katrina Witt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434393/barriers-and-strategies-related-to-qualitative-research-on-genetic-ancestry-testing-in-indigenous-communities
#14
Jessica W Blanchard, Gloria Tallbull, Chantelle Wolpert, Jill Powell, Morris W Foster, Charmaine Royal
Conducting genetics-related research with populations that have historically experienced considerable harm and little benefit from genetics research poses unique challenges for understanding community-based perceptions of new genetic technologies. This article identifies challenges and strategies for collecting qualitative data on the perceptions of direct-to-consumer (DTC) Genetic Ancestry tests (GAT) among diverse Indigenous communities. Based on a 3-year project related to perceptions, attitudes, and values associated with genetic ancestry testing among diverse Indigenous communities in Oklahoma, the engagement process revealed specific opportunities to improve the process of qualitative data collection related to GAT, and more broadly, to conduct genetics-related research with Indigenous communities in culturally and methodologically appropriate ways...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431971/influence-of-stress-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-exposure-on-drinking
#15
REVIEW
Howard C Becker
Stress is commonly regarded as an important trigger for relapse and a significant factor that promotes increased motivation to drink in some individuals. However, the relationship between stress and alcohol is complex, likely changing in form during the transition from early moderated alcohol use to more heavy uncontrolled alcohol intake. A growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged excessive alcohol consumption serves as a potent stressor, producing persistent dysregulation of brain reward and stress systems beyond normal homeostatic limits...
April 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431794/challenging-the-addiction-health-binary-with-assemblage-thinking-an-analysis-of-consumer-accounts
#16
David Moore, Kiran Pienaar, Ella Dilkes-Frayne, Suzanne Fraser
Critical analyses of drug use and 'addiction' have identified a series of binary oppositions between addiction and free will, independence, self-control, responsibility, productivity and autonomy. This critical work has also examined how science, policy and popular discourses frequently characterise addiction as antithetical to health and well-being. Furthermore, those diagnosed with addiction are often understood as indifferent to health and well-being, or as lacking the knowledge or desire required to maintain them...
April 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431574/does-where-you-live-matter-to-your-health-investigating-factors-that-influence-the-self-rated-health-of-urban-and-rural-chinese-residents-evidence-drawn-from-chinese-general-social-survey-data
#17
Hongsheng Chen, Ye Liu, Zhenjun Zhu, Zhigang Li
BACKGROUND: China's rapid urbanization over the past decades has exacerbated the problems of environmental degradation and health disparities. However, few studies have analysed the differences between urban and rural residents in relation to how environmental quality impacts health outcomes. This study examines the associations between Chinese people's perceptions of environmental quality and their self-rated health, particularly focusing on differences between rural and urban residents in environment-health relationships...
April 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430890/acceptability-comparison-between-hawley-retainers-and-vacuum-formed-retainers-in-orthodontic-adult-patients-a-single-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mohammed Saleh, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Dieter Muessig
Background: Hawley retainers (HRs) and vacuum formed retainers (VFRs) are the most commonly used removable retainers in the orthodontic practice. Patients' cooperation in wearing these appliances is affected by the levels of discomfort and oral impairment. The evidence regarding their acceptably among orthodontic patients is limited. Aims: To compare the acceptability of HRs and VFRs over a 6-month period in a group of fixed orthodontic patients. Trial Design: Two-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426393/a-systematic-literature-review-of-experiences-of-professional-care-and-support-among-people-who-self-harm
#19
Britt-Marie Lindgren, Carl Göran Svedin, Sophie Werkö
Background Self-harm is an increasing phenomenon among young people, with potentially fatal outcomes. Patient's perceptions of treatment and support are poorly documented. Aim The aim was to synthesise the experiences of those who self-harm, with special reference to professional care and support by family, friends and the school system. Method A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Results Following retrieval of 1,623 abstracts, 14 studies were included in the final analysis, 11 of which are reported here...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426365/moderators-of-the-effects-of-alcohol-protective-behavioral-strategies-three-attempts-of-replication-and-extension
#20
Matthew R Pearson, Mark A Prince, Adrian J Bravo
BACKGROUND: Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) can be used to reduce alcohol-related harm when drinking. Despite much research demonstrating that use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) is associated with decreased alcohol use/problems, few studies have examined moderators of these associations. Moderation tests are important as they define the boundary conditions of the protective effects of PBS use (i.e., identify for whom and in what context PBS use reduces harm). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to replicate and extend the findings from three published studies that have examined putative moderators of PBS-alcohol associations: self-regulation, negative urgency, and drinking refusal self-efficacy...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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