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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804652/use-of-over-the-counter-medication-among-pregnant-women-in-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#1
Abduelmula R Abduelkarem, Hafsa Mustafa
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medications are widely available in pharmacies Their safety profile, however, does not extend to pregnant women. Accordingly, there should be educational programs developed for pregnant women to protect them from the harms of the side effects. AIM: This study was planned and designed with the aim of exploring the awareness and assessing the usage of OTC medications among pregnant women in Sharjah, UAE. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#2
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798997/high-stakes-for-the-health-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-of-color
#3
Judy Y Tan, Arshiya A Baig, Marshall H Chin
As clinicians, educators, and researchers, our ability to provide the best possible care to our patients who are sexual and gender minority (SGM) people of color is increasingly challenged. Relative to the general population, SGM patients often have worse health outcomes, and among SGM patients, racial and ethnic minorities are particularly vulnerable. Healthcare policies proposed by the current administration, along with an increasingly hostile and dangerous social climate, have the potential to seriously harm SGM patients of color...
August 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797680/factor-structure-of-the-intolerance-of-uncertainty-scale-for-children
#4
Danielle Cornacchio, Amanda L Sanchez, Stefany Coxe, Amy Roy, Donna B Pincus, Kendra L Read, Robert M Holaway, Philip C Kendall, Jonathan S Comer
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU), a dispositional negative orientation toward uncertainty and its consequences, has been studied in adults, but research has only recently examined IU in youth. Despite some advances, little is known about the factor structure of measures of IU in youth. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the structure of IU as measured by the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale for Children (IUSC; Comer et al., 2009) in a sample of youth (N=368) 9-18 years of age (Mage=12...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#5
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797002/is-medicine-use-for-nervousness-associated-with-adolescent-at-risk-or-problem-gambling
#6
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Joël Billieux, Giacomo Lazzeri, Patrizia Lemma, Massimo Santinello
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between adolescent at-risk or problem gambling (ARPG) and medicine used to treat nervousness in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey was used for cross-sectional analyses (a sample of 20,791 15-year-old students). Self-administered questionnaires were completed by a representative sample of high-school students...
August 11, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796120/synthetic-cannabis-analogues-and-suicidal-behavior-case-report
#7
Pedro Miguel Dos Santos Oliveira, Ana Sofia Félix Morais, Nuno Gonçalo Gomes Fernandes Madeira
INTRODUCTION: Despite growing legal control, a wide range of synthetic cannabis analogues is currently used for recreational purposes, notwithstanding their well adverse outcomes, which appear to be more frequent and more serious than those associated with cannabis use. We present the case report of a patient with paranoid schizophrenia, who attempted suicide by serious bodily harm after a single use of "Shiva Ultra Strong," a compound of several synthetic cannabis analogues. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old male patient with paranoid schizophrenia was brought to the emergency department presenting with a severe self-inflicted wound to the neck which lacerated the right jugular vein and ipsilateral airway, and narrowly missed the carotid bifurcation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795468/patient-safety-on-psychiatric-wards-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study-of-factors-influencing-nurses-willingness-to-share-power-and-responsibility-with-patients
#8
Joeri Vandewalle, Simon Malfait, Kristof Eeckloo, Roos Colman, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke
The World Health Organization highlights the need for more patient participation in patient safety. In mental health care, psychiatric nurses are in a frontline position to support this evolution. The aim of the present study was to investigate the demographic and contextual factors that influence the willingness of psychiatric nurses to share power and responsibility with patients concerning patient safety. The patient participation culture tool for inpatient psychiatric wards was completed by 705 nurses employed in 173 psychiatric wards within 37 hospitals...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793802/resisting-temptation-alcohol-specific-self-efficacy-mediates-the-impacts-of-compensatory-health-beliefs-and-behaviours-on-alcohol-consumption
#9
Fiona A I Matley, Emma L Davies
Awareness of health risks linked with excessive alcohol consumption appears to have little influence on how much some people drink. Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs), in which the consequences of unhealthy behaviour are considered to be neutralised by additional healthy behaviours, are one way of justifying poor health choices. Currently, the role of CHBs within the context of drinking behaviour is not well understood. This research examined associations between alcohol specific compensatory health beliefs (ACH-Beliefs) and behaviours (ACH-Behaviours), alcohol consumption and alcohol specific self-efficacy (ASE), via an online survey completed by 249 participants, aged 18 + years (63...
August 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789659/consistency-and-sources-of-divergence-in-recommendations-on-screening-with-questionnaires-for-presently-experienced-health-problems-or-symptoms-a-comparison-of-recommendations-from-the-canadian-task-force-on-preventive-health-care-uk-national-screening-committee
#10
Brett D Thombs, Nazanin Saadat, Kira E Riehm, Justin Michael Karter, Akansha Vaswani, Bonnie K Andrews, Peter Simons, Lisa Cosgrove
BACKGROUND: Recently, health screening recommendations have gone beyond screening for early-stage, asymptomatic disease to include "screening" for presently experienced health problems and symptoms using self-report questionnaires. We examined recommendations from three major national guideline organizations to determine the consistency of recommendations, identify sources of divergent recommendations, and determine if guideline organizations have identified any direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence for the effectiveness of questionnaire-based screening...
August 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783726/proteins-evolve-on-the-edge-of-supramolecular-self-assembly
#11
Hector Garcia-Seisdedos, Charly Empereur-Mot, Nadav Elad, Emmanuel D Levy
The self-association of proteins into symmetric complexes is ubiquitous in all kingdoms of life. Symmetric complexes possess unique geometric and functional properties, but their internal symmetry can pose a risk. In sickle-cell disease, the symmetry of haemoglobin exacerbates the effect of a mutation, triggering assembly into harmful fibrils. Here we examine the universality of this mechanism and its relation to protein structure geometry. We introduced point mutations solely designed to increase surface hydrophobicity among 12 distinct symmetric complexes from Escherichia coli...
August 2, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781027/tobacco-exposure-as-determined-by-serum-cotinine-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury-in-individuals-free-from-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Muhammad Ali, Yabing Li, Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman
Tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Serum cotinine, a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure, is a more accurate measure of tobacco exposure than self-reported smoking status. Although the harmful effect of tobacco exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (e.g., atherosclerosis) or hard CVD outcomes (e.g., myocardial infarction) is well established, its effect on intermediate outcomes such as subclinical myocardial injury (SMI), especially in nonsmokers, is not clear...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780128/challenging-mental-health-related-stigma-in-china-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-ii-interventions-among-people-with-mental-illness
#13
REVIEW
Ziyan Xu, Fangfang Huang, Markus Kösters, Nicolas Rüsch
People with mental illness often face different types of mental illness stigma that may affect their lives, including perceived stigma, self-stigma, harmful coping strategies and poor quality of life. Although anti-stigma interventions for people with mental illness from Western countries have been identified by recent systematic reviews, their efficacy in China is unknown. This review evaluates the efficacy of anti-stigma interventions among people with mental illness in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777687/gender-differences-in-deviance-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-young-adults-undergraduate-students
#14
Liat Korn, Hagit Bonny-Noach
BACKGROUND: Deviant and health risk behaviors among young-adults are associated with many adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate a broad variety of behaviors by gender differences and their contribution to predicting cannabis use in undergraduate students. METHOD: This research is based on a structured, self-reported anonymous questionnaire distributed to 1,432 young adult undergraduate students at an Israeli University, 533 males and 899 females (mean age 27...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777031/the-impact-of-stigma-on-subjective-well-being-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#15
Clara I Morgades-Bamba, María José Fuster-Ruizdeapodaca, Fernando Molero
RATIONALE: People diagnosed with a mental disorder are highly discriminated against, and when they internalize the social stigma they suffer severe consequences which have been associated with greater symptomatology and reduced recovery. This research was carried out in order to develop a predictive model about how discrimination contributes to subjective well-being (positive and negative affects experienced) by means of internalization of stigma (alienation, stereotype endorsement and social withdrawal) and deterioration of positive self-concept (self-esteem and self-efficacy)...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776400/book-review-chris-millard-a-history-of-self-harm-in-britain-a-genealogy-of-cutting-and-overdosing-millard-chris-a-history-of-self-harm-in-britain-a-genealogy-of-cutting-and-overdosing-palgrave-macmillan-houndmills-2015-ix-268-pp-9781137529626-free-ebook-9781137529619
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#17
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776251/intentional-injuries-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#18
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774550/association-between-burn-injury-and-mental-illness-among-burn-survivors-a-population-based-self-matched-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Stephanie A Mason, Avery B Nathens, James P Byrne, Janet Ellis, Robert A Fowler, Alejandro Gonzalez, Paul J Karanicolas, Rahim Moineddin, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders are prevalent before and after burn injury. However, the impact of burn injury on risk of subsequent mental health disorders is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based, self-matched longitudinal cohort study using administrative data in Ontario, Canada between 2003 and 2011. All adults who survived to discharge following major burn injury were included, and all mental health-related emergency department visits were identified...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772156/elderly-suicide-in-eskisehir-turkey
#20
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel, Emrah Emiral, Gülsüm Öztürk Emiral
Old age should be examined separately from other stages of life in terms of ratio, method and motives for suicide. With some variation, epidemiological studies suggest suicides increase with age in virtually every society. This study examines demographic data (age, sex and marital status), and other factors related to 20-years (1997-2016) of completed elder suicides in Eskisehir, Turkey. The 74 cases of those 65 and over were evaluated with regard to method, tool and location of the suicide. Annual distributions illustrate gradual increases in this fatal self-harm over time...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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