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Schizoaffective disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325177/organization-s-effects-with-schizoaffective-disorder
#1
Steve Colori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320386/examining-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-an-online-yoga-class-for-mood-disorders-a-moodnetwork-study
#2
Lisa Uebelacker, Steven C Dufour, Jacob G Dinerman, Samantha L Walsh, Casey Hearing, Lee T Gillette, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg, Lauren Weinstock, Louisa G Sylvia
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing advances in the treatment of mood disorders, a substantial proportion of people diagnosed with major depression or bipolar disorder remain symptomatic over time. Yoga, which has been shown to reduce stress and depressive symptoms, as well as to improve overall quality of life, shows promise as an adjunctive treatment. However, dissemination of yoga for clinical populations remains challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of an online yoga intervention for individuals with mood disorders...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308332/topiramate-induced-lithium-toxicity
#3
Afaque H Khan, Shazia Q Shah
This case report discusses a suspected case of lithium toxicity following the administration of topiramate (TPM). Our patient is a 47-year-old man who has been an inpatient for the past year and was diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type 1 for the past 20 years according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). He manifested symptoms of lithium toxicity following administration of TPM to ameliorate the compulsive consumption of food and liquids...
October 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287238/detection-of-early-psychotic-symptoms-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-symptom-onset-in-schizophrenia-sos-inventory
#4
Gisela Mezquida, Bibiana Cabrera, Anabel Martínez-Arán, Eduard Vieta, Miguel Bernardo
The period of subclinical signs that precedes the onset of psychosis is referred to as the prodrome or high-risk mental state. The "Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia (SOS) inventory" is an instrument to characterize and date the initial symptoms of a psychotic illness. The present study aims to provide reliability and validity data for clinical and research use of the Spanish version of the SOS. Thirty-six participants with a first-episode of psychosis meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia/schizoaffective/schizophreniform disorder were administered the translated SOS and other clinical assessments...
December 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285684/socioeconomic-disparities-and-metabolic-risk-in-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#5
Stanley N Caroff, Shirley H Leong, Daisy Ng-Mak, E Cabrina Campbell, Rosalind M Berkowitz, Krithika Rajagopalan, Chien-Chia Chuang, Antony Loebel
Socioeconomic disparities were assessed in predicting metabolic risk among veterans with serious mental illness. Veterans with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorders were identified in VISN 4 facilities from 10/1/2010 to 9/30/2012. Differences between patients with and without metabolic syndrome were compared using t-tests, Chi square tests and multivariate logistic regressions. Among 10,132 veterans with mental illness, 48.8% had metabolic syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that patients with metabolic syndrome were significantly more likely to be older, male, African-American, married, and receiving disability pensions but less likely to be homeless...
December 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275842/risk-of-hospitalization-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-siblings-and-parents-of-probands-with-psychotic-or-affective-disorders-a-population-based-study
#6
Dina Popovic, Shira Goldberg, Daphna Fenchel, Or Frenkel, Abraham Reichenberg, Rinat Yoffe, Michael Davidson, Mark Weiser
Relatives of people diagnosed with psychotic and affective disorders have a higher risk of developing psychiatric disorders compared to the general population. This study examined the risk of hospitalization for psychiatric disorders among siblings and parents of patients affected with major psychiatric disorders. In this large population-based case-control study, 17,895 siblings and parents of 7671 hospitalized subjects with a diagnosis of narrowly defined schizophrenia (SZ), broadly defined SZ, schizoaffective disorder (SAD), bipolar disorder (BD) or unipolar depression (UD) were identified from the Israeli Psychiatric Hospitalization Registry and compared to 71,580 age and gender-matched controls from the Israeli Population Registry...
December 21, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251658/a-patient-centered-antipsychotic-medication-adherence-intervention-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey M Pyne, Ellen P Fischer, Dinesh Mittal, Richard Owen
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a patient-centered and sustainable antipsychotic medication adherence intervention. The study design was a randomized controlled trial. Data from 61 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were analyzed. The intervention included a checklist of barriers, facilitators, and motivators (BFM) for taking antipsychotic medications. The results of the checklist were summarized and a note was placed in the electronic medical record (EMR) and a hard copy was given to the patient...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249808/brain-structure-in-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-psychosis-an-mri-study
#8
Montserrat Fusté, Astrid Pauls, Amanda Worker, Antje A T S Reinders, Andrew Simmons, Steven C R Williams, Josep M Haro, Kate Hazelgrove, Susan Pawlby, Susan Conroy, Costanza Vecchio, Gertrude Seneviratne, Carmine M Pariante, Mitul A Mehta, Paola Dazzan
Postpartum psychosis (PP) is the most severe psychiatric disorder associated with childbirth. The risk of PP is very high in women with a history of bipolar affective disorder or schizoaffective disorder. However, the neurobiological basis of PP remains poorly understood and no study has evaluated brain structure in women at risk of, or with, PP. We performed a cross-sectional study of 256 women at risk of PP and 21 healthy controls (HC) in the same postpartum period. Among women at risk, 11 who developed a recent episode of PP (PPE) (n = 2 with lifetime bipolar disorder; n = 9 psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) and 15 at risk women who did not develop an episode of PP (NPPE) (n = 10 with lifetime bipolar disorder; n = 1 with schizoaffective disorder; n = 1 with a history of PP in first-degree family member; n = 3 with previous PP)...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220825/effects-of-nutritional-education-on-weight-change-and-metabolic-abnormalities-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-japan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Norio Sugawara, Toyoaki Sagae, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Manabu Yamazaki, Kazutaka Shimoda, Takao Mori, Takuro Sugai, Hiroshi Matsuda, Yutaro Suzuki, Yuji Ozeki, Kurefu Okamoto, Toshiyuki Someya
OBJECTIVE: Patients with schizophrenia have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) than the general population. Minimizing weight gain and metabolic abnormalities in a population with an already high prevalence of obesity is of clinical and social importance. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of monthly nutritional education on weight change and metabolic abnormalities among patients with schizophrenia in Japan. METHODS: From July 2014 to December 2014, we recruited 265 obese patients who had a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216439/gender-differences-in-social-cognition-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-of-recently-diagnosed-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-subjects
#10
Guillem Navarra-Ventura, Sol Fernandez-Gonzalo, Marc Turon, Esther Pousa, Diego Palao, Narcis Cardoner, Merce Jodar
OBJECTIVES: This study had 2 objectives: First, to explore the gender-related differences in emotional processing (EP) and theory of mind-both cognitive (CToM) and affective (AToM)-in patients with schizophrenia and in a control group of healthy subjects; and, second, to examine, from a gender perspective, the possible association between EP and CToM in the AToM performance. METHODS: Forty patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder were recruited and matched by gender, age and years of education with 40 healthy subjects...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200569/misidentification-of-wilson-disease-as-schizophrenia-1998-2013-case-report-and-review
#11
Forouzan Elyasi
Wilson's disease (WD) is a neurodegenerative disorder due to copper metabolism. Schizophrenia-like psychosis and delusional disorder are rare forms of psychiatric manifestations of WD. The lack of recognition of these signs and symptoms as being attributable to WD often leads to delays in diagnosis and management. Knowledge about relationship of the psychiatric manifestations to WD can help with the administration of adequate management aimed at both the psychiatric issues and underlying WD. The objectives of this article are to review case reports whose subject is the incorrect diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like syndrome in patients with WD and to detail one case of this mismanagement of the disease...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195836/is-the-risk-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-discontinuation-dependent-on-the-agents-used
#12
Robert J Constantine, Ross Andel, Marie McPherson, Rajiv Tandon
This study assesses the risks and benefits of switching from two to one antipsychotic among participants on two non-clozapine oral antipsychotics, and among those on combinations involving either clozapine or an injectable antipsychotic. Ninety adult participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were assigned to stay on polypharmacy or to switch to monotherapy. Half of these participants were receiving combinations of non-clozapine oral antipsychotics and half were receiving combinations involving either clozapine or an injectable antipsychotic...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195803/-validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-self-evaluation-of-negative-symptoms-sns
#13
C Hervochon, V Bourgeois, M Rotharmel, J-B Duboc, B Le Goff, P Quesada, D Campion, S Dollfus, O Guillin
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a disorder affecting 1% of the population and is associated with severe functional impairment. Negative symptoms are responsible for the majority of this impairment, and many patients with schizophrenia have negative symptoms. However, their evaluation is still a challenge. Thus, standardized assessments are needed to facilitate identification of these symptoms. Many tools have been developed, but most are based on observer ratings. Self-evaluation can provide an additional outcome measure and allow patients to be more engaged in their treatment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195165/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-temporal-experience-of-pleasure-scale-teps-in-a-german-sample
#14
Joe J Simon, Johannes Zimmermann, Sheila A Cordeiro, Ina Marée, David E Gard, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Matthias Weisbrod, Stefan Kaiser
Anhedonia, or the inability to experience pleasure, is commonly observed in schizophrenia. It has been suggested that patients with schizophrenia are unable to predict future pleasurable events, but show intact experience of in-the-moment pleasure. Therefore, the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS), a self-report measure allowing the assessment of anticipatory and consummatory pleasure, has been developed. To validate the German version of the TEPS, we recruited 59 healthy control participants and 51 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who completed the TEPS as well as a battery of psychometric tests to assess psychopathology, in particular self-rated anhedonia and clinician-rated apathy as well as overall measures of negative symptoms...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193655/polygenic-risk-scores-distinguish-patients-from-non-affected-adult-relatives-and-from-normal-controls-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-multi-affected-kindreds
#15
Sébastien Boies, Chantal Mérette, Thomas Paccalet, Michel Maziade, Alexandre Bureau
Recent studies have used results on SNP association with schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) to create polygenic risk scores (PRS) discriminating non-familial unrelated patients from controls. Little is known about the role of PRS in densely affected multigenerational families. We tested PRS differences between affected SZ and BD family members from their non-affected adult relatives (NAARs) in Eastern Quebec Kindreds and from controls. We examined 1227 subjects: from 17 SZ and BD kindreds, we studied 153 patients (57 SZ, 13 schizoaffective, and 83 BD) and 180 NAARs, and 894 unrelated controls from the Eastern Quebec population...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189086/case-series-of-diagnostic-shift-from-bipolar-disorder-to-schizoaffective-disorder
#16
Lucas Argolo, Fabrício Batista, Severino Bezerra-Filho, Flávio Kapczinski, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
OBJECTIVE: To describe three cases of diagnostic shift from bipolar I disorder (BD) to schizoaffective disorder (SAD). METHODS: BD patients were clinically assessed and followed up in a mood disorder program. A questionnaire was applied to assess clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, and a Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) was conducted. RESULTS: We identified three patients with diagnosis conversion to SAD from 2005 to 2016...
November 30, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186169/epidemiology-of-severe-mental-illness-in-hunan-province-in-central-china-during-2014-2015-a-multistage-cross-sectional-study
#17
Dongxin Wang, Jing Ma, Lihong Tan, Yan Chen, Xiaosong Li, Xuefei Tian, Xuhui Zhou, Xuejun Liu
OBJECTIVE: Severe mental illness (SMI) represents major social and public health problem in China, especially in low- or middle-income regions. We aim to assess the prevalence and distribution of SMI in Hunan province in central China. METHODS: Multistage stratified random sampling methods were used to select qualified subjects in 123 districts and counties in Hunan province. 89465 individuals were randomly identified, and 72999 (81.6%) completed the supplemental 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Cue questionnaire of psychiatric abnormal behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179661/psychoactive-substance-use-in-specialized-psychiatric-care-patients
#18
Boris Karpov, Grigori Joffe, Kari Aaltonen, Jaana Suvisaari, Ilya Baryshnikov, Maaria Koivisto, Tarja Melartin, Kirsi Suominen, Petri Näätänen, Martti Heikkinen, Jorma Oksanen, Erkki Isometsä
Objective Life expectancy of psychiatric patients is markedly shorter compared to the general population, likely partly due to smoking or misuse of other substances. We investigated prevalence and correlates of substance use among psychiatric patients. Methods Within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium Study, data were collected on substance use (alcohol, smoking, and illicit drugs) among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (n = 113), bipolar (n = 99), or depressive disorder (n = 188)...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179014/clinical-utility-of-biomarkers-of-the-hand-in-the-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#19
Yoav Domany, Anat Levy, Stanley Morris Cassan, Ricardo Tarrasch, Tova Lifshitz, Shaul Schreiber, Eyal Zvi Shamir
A number of biomarkers were assessed in photos and prints of the hands of 95 patients with a variety of mental disorders to determine whether patients with schizophrenia could be distinguished from the others. Patients were recruited as consecutive admissions from an outpatient psychiatric day hospital population. Fourteen patients were diagnosed with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder and 81 were diagnosed with other mental disorders. A discriminant analysis yielded an overall 80% correct classification, with a sensitivity (schizophrenia patients identified correctly) of 78...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178683/reducing-anticholinergic-medication-burden-in-patients-with-psychotic-or-bipolar-disorders
#20
Ana M Lupu, Kimberly Clinebell, Jessica M Gannon, Justin C Ellison, K N Roy Chengappa
OBJECTIVE: Anticholinergic medications are prescribed to treat extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) associated with antipsychotics. Anticholinergic medications cause several side effects and can often be withdrawn during the maintenance phase of antipsychotic treatment without EPS reemergence. The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to reduce anticholinergic medication burden and improve quality of life in patients with severe mental illness. METHODS: Patients with DSM-IV-TR-diagnosed schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorders in an outpatient psychiatric clinic who were prescribed benztropine were identified, screened for anticholinergic side effects by the treating psychiatrist, and referred to an on-site clinical pharmacist for a comprehensive medication review...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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