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Leonard R Derogatis, Michael Sand, Richard Balon, Raymond Rosen, Sharon J Parish
INTRODUCTION: A nomenclature is defined as a classification system for assigning names or terms in a scientific discipline. A nosology more specifically provides a scientific classification system for diseases or disorders. Historically, the nosologic system informing female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been the system developed by the American Psychiatric Association in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III through DSM-5). Experts have recognized limitations of its use in clinical practice, including concerns that the DSM-5 system does not adequately reflect the spectrum and presentation of FSD...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Heleen Meuzelaar, Matthijs Ruben Panman, Chris Neil van Dijk, Sander Woutersen
Small proteins provide good model systems for studying the fundamental forces that control protein folding. Here, we investigate the folding dynamics of the 28-residue zinc-finger mutant FSD-1, which is designed to form a metal-independent folded ββα-motif, and which provides a testing ground for proteins containing a mixed α/β fold. Although the folding pathway of FSD-1 has been actively studied, the folding mechanism remains largely unclear. In particular, it is unclear in what stage of folding the α-helix is formed...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Christian W Wallwiener, Lisa-Maria Wallwiener, Harald Seeger, Birgitt Schönfisch, Alfred O Mueck, Johannes Bitzer, Stephan Zipfel, Sara Y Brucker, Stephanie Wallwiener, Florin-Andrei Taran, Markus Wallwiener
BACKGROUND: We undertook to study possible determinants of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in a large cohort of female medical students from German-speaking countries. METHODS: We conducted an online questionnaire-based anonymous survey in a cohort of >2600 female medical students enrolled at German-speaking universities. The questionnaire comprised the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) plus additional questions regarding contraception, sexual activity, age, height, weight, lifestyle, activity at work, sexuality and emotional interaction with a steady partner, pregnancy history and plans, health problems, and self-acceptance...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Kang Jun Cho, Kyu-Sung Lee, Myung-Soo Choo, Ju Tae Seo, Jang Hwan Kim, Jong Bo Choi, Seung-June Oh, Joon Chul Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to investigate the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) 5 in vaginal tissue of premenopausal women experiencing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with and without sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Women presenting for treatment of SUI were screened using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and 10 were selected who met the criteria for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and 10 asymptomatic controls...
September 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Isabella D White, Amrit Sangha, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman
BACKGROUND: Practitioners and researchers require an outcome measure that accurately identifies the range of common treatment-induced changes in sexual function and well-being experienced by women after cervical or endometrial cancer. This systematic review critically appraised the measurement properties and clinical utility of instruments validated for the measurement of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in this clinical population. METHODS: A bibliographic database search for questionnaire development or validation papers was completed and methodological quality and measurement properties of selected studies rated using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instrument (COSMIN) checklist...
September 23, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
M H Zahran, O Fahmy, A S El-Hefnawy, B Ali-El-Dein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of radical cystectomy and urinary diversion on female sexual function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Medline search was conducted according to the PRISMA statement for all English full-text articles published between 1980 and 2016 and assessing female sexual function post radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. Eligible studies were subjected to critical analysis and revision. The primary outcomes were the reporting methods for female sexual dysfunction (FSD), manifestations of FSD, and factors associated with FSD, postoperative recoverability of FSD, and awareness level regarding FSD...
September 20, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Faruk Küçükdurmaz, Erkan Efe, Önder Malkoç, Eyüp Kolus, Akın Soner Amasyalı, Sefa Resim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of female sexual dysfunction together with the concerns of women about sexuality during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 207 healthy, sexually active pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Demographic data of all participants were noted and sexual functions were evaluated by Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Each FSFI domain score was calculated and mean scores were noted...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
S Kavitha, J Rajesh Banu, C D IvinShaju, S Kaliappan, Ick Tae Yeom
Mechanical disintegration of sludge through ultrasonication demands high energy and cost. Therefore, in the present study, a comprehensive investigation was performed to analyze the potential of a novel method, fenton mediated sonic disintegration (FSD). In FSD process, extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) of sludge was first removed via fenton treatment. It was subsequently disintegrated via ultrasonication. Energetic assessment and economic analysis were then performed using net energy and cost gain (spent) as key factor to evaluate the practical viability of the FSD process...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
M I Maiorino, G Bellastella, F Castaldo, M Petrizzo, D Giugliano, K Esposito
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in young women with type 1 diabetes treated with different intensive insulin regimens. METHODS: Type 1 diabetic women aged 18-35 years were included in this study if they had stable couple relationship and no oral contraceptive use. All women were asked to complete the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and other validated multiple-choice questionnaires assessing sexual-related distress (Female Sexual Distress Scale, FSDS), quality of life (SF-36 Health Survey), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), depressive symptoms (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, SRDS) and diabetes-related problems (Diabetes Integration Scale ATT-19)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Paige E Tucker, Christobel Saunders, Max K Bulsara, Jason Jit-Sun Tan, Stuart G Salfinger, Helena Green, Paul A Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women with a history of breast cancer following risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). A secondary objective was to examine the effect of a prior diagnosis of breast cancer, and other factors, on sexuality and quality of life (QoL) outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 119 women who underwent RRSO between 2009 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data were collected via a questionnaire comprising demographic information and validated measures of sexual function, sexual distress, relationship satisfaction, body image, psychological stress, menopause symptoms and general quality of life...
September 1, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Deni Hardiansyah, Wei Guo, Peter Kletting, Felix M Mottaghy, Gerhard Glatting
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of PET-based treatment planning for predicting the time-integrated activity coefficients (TIACs). METHODS: The parameters of a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model were fitted to the biokinetic data of 15 patients to derive assumed true parameters and were used to construct true mathematical patient phantoms (MPPs). Biokinetics of 150 MBq (68)Ga-DOTATATE-PET was simulated with different noise levels [fractional standard deviation (FSD) 10%, 1%, 0...
September 2016: Medical Physics
Lindsay E Rosenfeld, Juliana Fw Cohen, Mary T Gorski, Andrés J Lessing, Lauren Smith, Eric B Rimm, Jessica A Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: In autumn 2012, Massachusetts schools implemented comprehensive competitive food and beverage standards similar to the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School standards. We explored major themes raised by food-service directors (FSD) regarding their school-district-wide implementation of the standards. DESIGN: For this qualitative study, part of a larger mixed-methods study, compliance was measured via direct observation of foods and beverages during school site visits in spring 2013 and 2014, calculated to ascertain the percentage of compliant products available to students...
August 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Yechiel Z Burke, Lior Lowenstein
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multifactorial, with psychological and organic elements. Genital sensation, an important component of sexual response, has until recently not been subjected to adequate clinical appraisal. During the past 15 years we have performed Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) to assess genital sensation in healthy women and women with FSD. AIM: To review available evidence of QST in the investigation of genital sensation in women with FSD...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Masum Canat, Lütfi Canat, Feyza Yener Öztürk, Hatice Eroğlu, Hasan Anıl Atalay, Yüksel Altuntaş
PURPOSE: To assess female sexual functions in women who were affected by vitamin D3 deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 women with FSD and 58 healthy women controls were included in the study, according to the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire using a 26.55 cutoff value. Detailed medical histories were obtained from all sexual active women, and all women were evaluated in terms of possible presence of depression with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
November 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Paulo do Val Rezende, Kenia da Silva Costa, Jose Carlos Domingues Junior, Paula Barezani Silveira, André Rolim Belisário, Celia Maria Silva, Marcos Borato Viana
INTRODUCTION: The hemoglobin FSD is very uncommon in newborn screening programs for sickle cell disease. In the program of Minas Gerais, Brazil, the clinical course of children with hemoglobin SD was observed to be heterogeneous. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence (1999-2012) and to describe the natural history of a cohort of newborns with hemoglobin SD. METHODS: Isoelectric focusing was the primary method used in newborn screening. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and gene sequencing were used to identify mutant alleles and for haplotyping...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Mei-Hong Zhang, A S Knisely, Neng-Li Wang, Jing-Yu Gong, Jian-She Wang
BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen storage disease (FSD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutation in FGG, encoding the fibrinogen gamma chain. Here we report the first Han Chinese patient with FSD, caused by de novo fibrinogen Aguadilla mutation, and his response to pharmacologic management. CASE PRESENTATION: Epistaxis and persistent clinical-biochemistry test-result abnormalities prompted liver biopsy in a boy, with molecular study of FGG in him and his parents...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Sing Yee Tan, Su May Liew
Sociocultural factors have been shown to be important influencers of sexual health and sexuality. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore the views and experiences of family medicine trainees regarding female sexual dysfunction (FSD) with a focus on the barriers and facilitators towards the initiation of conversation on this topic. A qualitative study design involving semi-structured focus group discussions (FGDs) was conducted with 19 family medicine trainees in Malaysia. The conceptual framework used was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior...
November 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Selahittin Çayan, Önder Yaman, İrfan Orhan, Mustafa Usta, Murad Başar, Sefa Resim, Ramazan Aşcı, Bilal Gümüş, Ateş Kadıoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and urinary incontinence (UI) are associated risk factors that might cause each other. No study has investigated prevalence of FSD and UI in the same population. The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of FSD and UI and associated risk factors in the same population. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 1217 women in 20 provinces, representing the geographical regions of Turkey. Women aged ≥18 years with active sexual life in the last 6 months were enrolled...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
E Maseroli, E Fanni, E Mannucci, M Fambrini, E A Jannini, M Maggi, L Vignozzi
It has been generally assumed that partner's erectile dysfunction, premature, and delayed ejaculation play a significant role in determining female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This study aimed to evaluate the role of the male partner's sexual function, as perceived by women, in determining FSD. A consecutive series of 156 heterosexual women consulting our clinic for FSD was retrospectively studied. All patients underwent a structured interview and completed the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). FSFI total score decreased as a function of partner's age, conflicts within the couple, relationship without cohabitation and the habit of engaging in intercourse to please the partner; FSFI total score increased as a function of frequency of intercourse, attempts to conceive and fertility-focused intercourse...
September 2016: Andrology
Muhammad Z Ihsan, Fathy S El-Nakhlawy, Saleh M Ismail, Shah Fahad, Ihsanullah Daur
This study evaluates the potential for adaptability and tolerance of wheat genotypes (G) to an arid environment. We examined the influence of drought stress (DS) (100, 75, and 50% field capacity), planting times (PT) (16-November, 01-December, 16-December and 01-January), and G (Yocoro Rojo, FKAU-10, Faisalabad-08, and Galaxy L-7096) on phenological development, growth indices, grain yield, and water use efficiency of drip-irrigated wheat. Development measured at five phenological growth stages (GS) (tillering, jointing, booting, heading, and maturity) and growth indices 30, 45, 60, and 75 days after sowing (DAS) were also correlated with final grain yield...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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