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keratoplasty astigmatism

Machiko Shimmura-Tomita, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Reports on keratoplasty by residents are rare compared to those on cataract surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the results and surgery time of penetrating keratoplasty performed by residents and an experienced cornea surgeon. METHODS: The medical records and surgery videos of the first 5 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by 4 residents were reviewed and compared with those in 20 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by an experienced cornea surgeon...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Sunita Chaurasia, Rashmi Mittal, G Bichappa, Muralidhar Ramappa, Somasheila I Murthy
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical presentation of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) in eyes of Indian ethnicity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from January 1995 to December 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with the diagnosis of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy. METHODS: Medical records of the patients were reviewed for clinical presentation. Histology of corneal specimens of those that underwent keratoplasty was assessed...
September 22, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Kuan-I Wu, Hsiao-Sang Chu, Amy Shih-I Pai, Yu-Chih Hou, Szu-Yuan Lin, Wei-Li Chen, Fung-Rong Hu
PURPOSE: To assess the surgical and clinical outcomes of anterior lamellar keratoplasty using anterior corneal buttons from Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) donor tissue. METHODS: Retrospective data from 8 patients with unilateral limbal dermoids, treated between February 2011 and January 2016 at National Taiwan University Hospital, were analyzed. Donor corneas for DSAEK were divided into anterior and posterior lamellae using a 350-μm microkeratome...
September 8, 2016: Cornea
Bu Ki Kim, Su Joung Mun, Dae Gyu Lee, Young Taek Chung
PURPOSE: To report a case of successful bilateral small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) performed on a patient who had penetrating keratoplasty and astigmatic keratotomy in the right eye and penetrating keratoplasty in the left eye. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Astigmatic keratotomy was used to reduce astigmatism of the right eye because astigmatism was higher than the maximum correction limitation of SMILE. Bilateral SMILE was performed afterward...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Sosuke Ishiyama, Yosai Mori, Ryohei Nejima, Toshihiko Tokudome, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazunori Miyata, Shiro Amano
PURPOSE: To compare the long-term outcomes of visual function and endothelial cell survival after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). METHODS: The cohort included 108 eyes from 97 patients who underwent primary PK and 85 eyes from 78 patients who underwent primary DSAEK at Miyata Eye Hospital in Japan. Uncorrected visual acuity, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), endothelial cell density, and four components from Fourier harmonic analysis of topography data (spherical component, regular astigmatism component, asymmetry component, and higher-order irregularity component) were retrospectively compared between PK and DSAEK at each time point for 5 years using mixed-effects models...
August 24, 2016: Cornea
Cyrielle Suarez, Virginie Madariaga, Benoît Lepage, Marie Malecaze, Pierre Fournié, Vincent Soler, Stéphane Galiacy, René Mély, Myriam Cassagne, François Malecaze
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the success rate, efficacy, and safety of the ICD 16.5 mini-scleral gas permeable (GP) contact lens. METHODS: This prospective study included referred consecutive patients with irregular corneas and severe ocular surface disease (OSD) in treatment failure. All patients were fitted with the ICD 16.5 mini-scleral GP lens. Even though we had some limited experience with scleral lenses, it was our first experience with the ICD 16.5 mini-scleral GP lens...
July 12, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Mor M Dickman, Jean Marie P W U Peeters, Frank J H M van den Biggelaar, Ton A W Ambergen, Martin C J M van Dongen, Pieter Jan Kruit, Rudy M M A Nuijts
PURPOSE: To compare graft survival, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), endothelial cell density (ECD), and refraction following penetrating keratoplasty (PK) vs endothelial keratoplasty (EK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (FED) and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). DESIGN: Nonrandomized treatment comparison with national registry data. METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing first keratoplasty for FED and PBK between 1998 and 2014 were analyzed, with a maximum follow-up of 5 years (mean ± SD follow-up 39 ± 20 months, range 0-60 months)...
October 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Suxia Li, Ting Wang, Jiang Bian, Fuhua Wang, Shasha Han, Weiyun Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted deep lamellar keratoplasty (FDLK) in treating advanced keratoconus. METHODS: In the management of keratoconus in advanced stages, 89 patients (94 eyes) received FDLK, and 100 patients (100 eyes) underwent vacuum trephine-assisted deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Visual acuity, corneal curvature, and central corneal thickness were measured. The follow-up duration was 1 year. RESULTS: The best-corrected visual acuity (logMAR) was 0...
October 2016: Cornea
Arisa Okada, Ichiya Sano, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Etsuko Fujihara, Masaki Tanito
A 73-year-old woman with a corneal perforation of undetermined etiology was treated with corneal patch grafting. A residual partial-thickness corneal button obtained during a previous Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) surgery and stored at -80°C in Optisol GS for 3 months was used as a patch graft. Five days postoperatively, the anterior chamber was reformed and the perforation was masked by the donor cornea. During the next several weeks, gradual displacement of the anterior edge of the donor cornea in the limbal direction occurred...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Tamer H Massoud, Osama Ibrahim, Kitty Shehata, Moones F Abdalla
Purpose. To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for treating myopia and myopic astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Design. Case-series. Methods. Ten eyes of 10 patients with previous PKP and residual myopic astigmatism for whom pentacam imaging and thickness measurements were acceptable for laser vision correction. Manifest refraction (MR), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) were obtained preoperatively and one day, one week, and one, 3, and 6 months postoperatively...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Hiroyuki Yazu, Takefumi Yamaguchi, Murat Dogru, Nobuhito Ishii, Yoshiyuki Satake, Jun Shimazaki
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and complications of Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) with a transscleral-sutured intraocular lens (IOL) and solitary DSAEK. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Cases with simultaneous transscleral-sutured IOLs or post-transscleral-sutured IOLs and solitary DSAEK cases were studied...
June 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
B Seitz, N Szentmáry, A Langenbucher, T Hager, A Viestenz, E Janunts, M El-Husseiny
For patients with keratoconus, rigid gas-permeable contact lenses are the first line correction method and allow good visual acuity for quite some time. In severe stages of the disease with major cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea, even specially designed keratoconus contact lenses are no longer tolerated. If there are contraindications for intrastromal ring segments, corneal transplantation typically has a very good prognosis. In patients with advanced keratoconus - especially after corneal hydrops due to rupture of Descemet's membrane - penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) is still the first line surgical method...
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Anuradha Raj, Renu Dhasmana, Harsh Bahadur, R C Nagpal
This study aimed to monitor the graft-host junction's (GHJ's) apposition with anterior segment optical coherence tomogram after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and correlate the analysis with the preoperative diagnosis. Fifty-one eyes of 50 patients with various preoperative diagnosis of adherent leucoma, pseudophakic bullous keratopathy, corneal opacity or scarring, graft failure, corneal dystrophy and anterior staphyloma, who underwent PK for optical purposes were reviewed retrospectively. Based on the age, the patients were divided into groups 1 and II: those aged ≤40 and >40 years, respectively...
June 1, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Daniel A Godefrooij, Renze Gans, Saskia M Imhof, Robert P L Wisse
PURPOSE: Keratoconus is characterized by corneal ectasia and irregular astigmatism, which can lead to diminished vision and corneal scarring. Approximately 10-20% of patients with keratoconus eventually require a corneal transplant. Corneal cross-linking (CXL) is a relatively new treatment that may help prevent the need for corneal transplantation. Here, we investigated whether the introduction of CXL has reduced the number of corneal transplants performed annually. METHODS: Data regarding the transplantation procedures performed in patients under the age of 50 years were extracted from the Dutch National Organ Transplant Registry...
May 23, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mohammad Ali Javadi, Hossein Mohammad-Rabei, Sepehr Feizi, Seyed-Hashem Daryabari
PURPOSE: To compare the visual outcomes of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) for keratoconus with and without successful big-bubble formation. METHODS: In this retrospective comparative study, a total of 289 consecutive eyes from 257 patients underwent DALK using the big-bubble technique. In cases where the big bubble could not be accomplished, manual stromal dissection down to Descemeton membrane (DM) was performed using a crescent knife. Visual acuity and refractive outcomes were compared between the bare DM group (Group 1) and manual dissection group (Group 2)...
January 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Hideaki Yokogawa, P James Sanchez, Zachary M Mayko, Michael D Straiko, Mark A Terry
PURPOSE: To calculate the magnitude and angle of the shift in corneal astigmatism associated with Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) surgery to determine the feasibility of concurrent astigmatism correction at the time of DMEK triple procedures. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Forty-seven eyes that previously underwent the DMEK procedure for Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy and that had more than 1.0 diopter (D) of front corneal astigmatism preoperatively were identified...
July 2016: Cornea
Daniel Böhringer, Nina Dineva, Philip Maier, Florian Birnbaum, Thomas Kirschkamp, Thomas Reinhard, Philipp Eberwein
PURPOSE: To report the long-term stability of paired arcuate corneal keratotomies (AKs) in patients with high regular postpenetrating keratoplasty astigmatism. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of best-corrected visual acuity, refraction and keratometric values of 41 eyes with AK between 2003 and 2012. RESULTS: Magnitude of median target induced astigmatism vector was 9.2 dioptres (Dpt). We reached a median magnitude of surgically induced astigmatism vector of 9...
May 6, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Thais Pinheiro Callou, Renato Garcia, Adriana Mukai, Natalia T Giacomin, Rodrigo Guimarães de Souza, Samir J Bechara
Femtosecond laser technology has become widely adopted by ophthalmic surgeons. The purpose of this study is to discuss applications and advantages of femtosecond lasers over traditional manual techniques, and related unique complications in cataract surgery and corneal refractive surgical procedures, including: LASIK flap creation, intracorneal ring segment implantation, presbyopic treatments, keratoplasty, astigmatic keratotomy, and intrastromal lenticule procedures.
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Zeeshan Haq, Asim V Farooq, Andrew J W Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to provide a summary of the recent literature concerning infections after refractive surgery pertinent to each procedure category. RECENT FINDINGS: New data from a large retrospective study suggest that the incidence of post-laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis infectious keratitis is declining. Additionally, recent case studies have reported viral, fungal, and Acanthamoeba pathogens. Corneal collagen cross-linking is emerging as an alternative therapeutic option for early stage post-LASIK infectious keratitis...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Jeb A Ong, Edouard Auvinet, Karolyn J Forget, Neil Lagali, Per Fagerholm, May Griffith, Jean Meunier, Isabelle Brunette
PURPOSE: The current and projected shortage of transplantable human donor corneas has prompted the development of long-term alternatives to human donor tissue for corneal replacement. The biosynthetic stromal substitutes (BSS) characterized herein represent a potentially safe alternative to donor organ transplantation for anterior corneal stromal diseases. The goal of this phase 1 safety study was to characterize the three-dimensional (3D) corneal shape of the first 10 human patients implanted with a BSS and assess its stability over time...
May 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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