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colorectal metastasis

Ryota Matsuki, Masanori Sugiyama, Shinya Yoshiike, Junji Shibahara, Masaharu Kogure, Masaaki Yokoyama, Yutaka Suzuki, Nobutsugu Abe, Tadahiko Masaki, Toshiyuki Mori
A 72-year-old woman with advanced ascending colon cancer and an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreatic head was treated by right hemicolectomy (RHC) and pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). Adjuvant chemotherapy was not administered. Multimodal examinations at 5 months after surgery detected a solitary metastatic liver tumor derived from cancer of the ascending colon. Liver resection proceeded at 7 months after the first surgery. A pathological study of a surgical specimen of the liver identified a necrotic nodule that did not contain viable tumor cells...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Jifu E, Feihu Yan, Zhengchun Kang, Liangliang Zhu, Junjie Xing, Enda Yu
Tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs) are the primary sites of tumor antigen presentation, as well as the origin of metastasis in most cases. Hence, the type and function of immune cells in TDLNs are critical to the microenvironment and potentially affect the clinical outcome of the malignancy. CD8+ CXCR5+ T cells are recently described to present high effector functions in infectious diseases, but their role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. In forty-four Stage III CRC patients, we examined the CD8+ CXCR5+ T cells in blood, tumor, and TDLN...
March 12, 2018: Human Immunology
Alireza Farsad-Naeimi, Mohammad Alizadeh, Ali Esfahani, Esmaeil Darvish Aminabad
A growing body of evidence indicates that inflammation is associated with tumorigenesis, metastasis and chemotherapeutic resistance in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Natural flavonoids are promising agents for inflammation-related tumor progression in patients with CRC. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of flavonoid fisetin supplementation on the inflammatory status and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels in these patients. In this double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial, 37 CRC patients undergoing chemotherapy were assigned to receive either 100 mg fisetin (n = 18) or placebo (n = 19) for seven consecutive weeks...
March 15, 2018: Food & Function
Zhengda Sun, Chih-Yang Wang, Devon A Lawson, Serena Kwek, Hugo Gonzalez Velozo, Mark Owyong, Ming-Derg Lai, Lawrence Fong, Mark Wilson, Hua Su, Zena Werb, Daniel L Cooke
Tumor endothelial cells (TEC) play an indispensible role in tumor growth and metastasis although much of the detailed mechanism still remains elusive. In this study we characterized and compared the global gene expression profiles of TECs and control ECs isolated from human breast cancerous tissues and reduction mammoplasty tissues respectively by single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). Based on the qualified scRNA-seq libraries that we made, we found that 1302 genes were differentially expressed between these two EC phenotypes...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Wei Liu, Hua Ye, Ying-Fu Liu, Chao-Qun Xu, Yue-Xian Zhong, Tian Tian, Shi-Wei Ma, Huan Tao, Ling Li, Li-Chun Xue, Hua-Qin He
The stromal and immune cells that form the tumor microenvironment serve a key role in the aggressiveness of tumors. Current tumor-centric interpretations of cancer transcriptome data ignore the roles of stromal and immune cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical utility of stromal and immune cells in tissue-based transcriptome data. The 'Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumor tissues using Expression data' (ESTIMATE) algorithm was used to probe diverse cancer datasets and the fraction of stromal and immune cells in tumor tissues was scored...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Wenjie Dong, Na Li, Xiufeng Pei, Xinai Wu
Dual-specificity phosphatase-2 (DUSP2), a negative regulator of extracellular-regulated kinase activity, has been identified as an important kinase with emerging roles in cancer. However, the clinical significance of DUSP2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the expression of DUSP2 was investigated using immunohistochemistry in 96 patients with CRC. Cell viability was estimated using a cell counting kit-8 assay, and cell apoptosis by flow cytometry. The relationship between DUSP2 expression and patient characteristics, including overall survival, were studied retrospectively in these patients...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Wenjie Dong, Xinai Wu
Background: Rab11 family-interacting protein 2 (Rab11-FIP2) can interact with MYO5B and plays an important role in regulating plasma membrane recycling. However, little is known about the clinical significance of DUSP2 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: In this study, we investigated Rab11-FIP2 expression by immunohistochemistry in 125 patients with colorectal cancer. Conditioned media containing all secreted factors was harvested. Chemokine secretion and expression were analyzed by Chemi-array...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Nengquan Sheng, Li Yan, Kai Wu, Weiqiang You, Jianfeng Gong, Landian Hu, Gewen Tan, Hongqi Chen, Zhigang Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common neoplasms worldwide. However, the mechanisms underlying its development are still poorly understood. Thyroid hormone Receptor Interactor 13 (TRIP13) is a key mitosis regulator, and recent evidence has shown that it is an oncogene. Here, we report that TRIP13, which is overexpressed in CRC, is correlated with the CEA (carcino-embryonic antigen), CA19-9 (carbohydrate antigen 19-9) and pTNM (pathologic primary tumor, lymph nodes, distant metastasis) classification...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Wouter J Heerink, A Millad Solouki, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Simeon J S Ruiter, Egbert Sieders, Matthijs Oudkerk, Koert P de Jong
OBJECTIVES: To study the ratio of ablation zone volume to applied energy in computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a cirrhotic liver and in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). METHODS: In total, 90 liver tumors, 45 HCCs in a cirrhotic liver and 45 CRLMs were treated with RFA or with one of two MWA devices (MWA_A and MWA_B), resulting in 15 procedures for each tumor type, per device...
March 13, 2018: European Radiology
Jieting Tang, Huarong Chen, Chi-Chun Wong, Dabin Liu, Tong Li, Xiaohong Wang, Jiafu Ji, Joseph Jy Sung, Jing-Yuan Fang, Jun Yu
Copy number alterations (CNAs) are crucial for colorectal cancer (CRC) development. In this study, DEAD box polypeptide 27 (DDX27) was identified to be highly amplified in both TCGA CRC (474/615) and primary CRC (47/103), which was positively correlated with its mRNA overexpression. High DDX27 mRNA (N = 199) and protein expression (N = 260) predicted poor survival in CRC patients. Ectopic expression of DDX27 increased CRC cells proliferation, migration and invasion, but suppressed apoptosis. Conversely, silencing of DDX27 exerted opposite effects in vitro and significantly inhibited murine xenograft tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo...
March 14, 2018: Oncogene
Won Kyung Kim, Woong Sub Byun, Hwa-Jin Chung, Jedo Oh, Hyen Joo Park, Jae Sue Choi, Sang Kook Lee
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common malignant disease worldwide due to its metastasis via the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. E-cadherin and Wnt signaling are emerging as potential targets for suppressing the EMT. In this context, Axin2 has been recognized as a negative regulator that inhibits glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β)-mediated degradation of Snail1, a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin. However, Axin2 can also impede Wnt signaling via β-catenin degradation. Therefore, Axin2 may serve as either a promoter or suppressor of tumors, and the effects of its inhibition on the cell proliferation and metastasis of CRC require further elucidation...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Jessica Wagner, C Leah Kline, Lanlan Zhou, Kerry S Campbell, Alexander W MacFarlane, Anthony J Olszanski, Kathy Q Cai, Harvey H Hensley, Eric A Ross, Marie D Ralff, Andrew Zloza, Charles B Chesson, Jenna H Newman, Howard Kaufman, Joseph R Bertino, Mark N Stein, Wafik El-Deiry
ONC201 is a first-in-class, orally active anti-tumor agent that upregulates cytotoxic TRAIL pathway signaling in cancer cells. ONC201 has demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in the first-in-human trial where patients were dosed every 3 weeks. We hypothesized that dose-intensification of ONC201 may impact anti-tumor efficacy. We discovered that ONC201 exerts dose- and schedule-dependent effects on tumor progression and cell-death signaling in vivo. With dose intensification, we note a potent anti-metastasis effect and inhibition of cancer cell migration and invasion...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Shihong Shao, Yun Zhu, Tingting Meng, Yupeng Liu, Yun Hong, Ming Yuan, Hong Yuan, Fuqiang Hu
Liver metastasis is a leading death cause in colorectal cancer. The pathological differences between orthotopic tumors and metastatic lesions increased the therapeutic difficulty of metastasis. Herein, the α5β1 integrin receptor expression on metastatic cells was firstly measured, the result showed that metastatic cells expressed higher α5β1 integrin compared with original cells from orthotopic tumors. Afterwards, RPM peptide modified chitosan-stearic (RPM-CSOSA) was designed based on α5β1 integrin expression...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Fu-Shu Jin, Hong-Mei Wang, Xiao-Yan Song
Long non-coding RNA (lnc)TCF7 has been reported to promote the self‑renewal of human cancer stem cells, and enhance the aggressiveness of human non‑small cell lung cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma cells. However, the effect of lncTCF7 on colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis and progression is currently unclear. In the present study, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction results demonstrated that lncTCF7 expression was higher in CRC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues and was significantly associated with tumor size, differentiation degree, tumor‑node‑metastasis grade, lymph node metastasis and invasion depth...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Omer Topdagi, Aysu Timuroglu
Objective: We aimed to determine the demographic characteristics of colorectal cases and changes in cancer localization according to years in our region. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 752 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer between January 1992 and December 2010 were included. Results: Of all the patients, 427 (56.8%) were males and 325 (43.2%) were females, with a male/female ratio of 1.3/1. The mean age was 56.2±14...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Hui Chen, Zhiying Xu, Bin Yang, Xiaoli Zhou, Hongfang Kong
OBJECTIVE: RASGRF1 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, which promotes the release of GDP from inactive Ras and stabilizes the apoprotein. In this study, the methylation status of RASGRF1 promoter and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters were evaluated in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Methylation-specific PCR and bisulfate-sequencing PCR were carried out to investigate the promoter methylation status of the RASGRF1 gene in tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues of 68 CRC patients...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Hui Ran, Yemin Zhu, Ruyuan Deng, Qi Zhang, Xisheng Liu, Ming Feng, Jie Zhong, Shuhai Lin, Xuemei Tong, Qing Su
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients have a higher risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), the main enzyme responsible for producing monounsaturated fatty acids(MUFA) from saturated fatty acids, is frequently deregulated in both diabetes and CRC. The function and mechanism of SCD1 in metastasis of CRC and its relevance to glucose remains largely unknown. METHODS: SCD1 expression levels were analyzed in human CRC tissues and the Cancer Browser database ( https://genome-cancer...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Anjing Zhong, Yiping Tian, Honghe Zhang, Maode Lai
METHODS: A total of 71 cases of colorectal carcinoma with hepatic metastasis were enrolled from the Department of Pathology of SIR RUN RUN SHAW Hospital. Paired primary tumors, hepatic metastases, and normal mucosa samples were collected from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues by manual macrodissection. And global levels of DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in these tissues, measured by an ELISA-like microplate-based colorimetric methods. The immunohistochemical expression of 5-methylcytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine were analyzed also...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Sing-Hui Ong, Kai-Wey Goh, Cornelius Kwang-Lee Chieng, Yee-How Say
Background: Tumor-induced angiogenesis is an imperative event in pledging new vasculature for tumor metastasis. Since overexpression of neuronal proteins gamma-synuclein (γ-Syn) and cellular prion protein (PrPC ) is always detected in advanced stages of cancer diseases which involve metastasis, this study aimed to investigate whether γ-Syn or PrPC overexpression in colorectal adenocarcinoma, LS 174T cells affects angiogenesis of endothelial cells, EA.hy 926 (EA). Methods: EA cells were treated with conditioned media (CM) of LS 174T-γ-Syn or LS 174T-PrP, and their proliferation, invasion, migration, adhesion and ability to form angiogenic tubes were assessed using a range of biological assays...
2018: PeerJ
Rea Lo Dico, Annemilai Tijeras-Raballand, Philippe Bonnin, Jean Marie Launay, Rachid Kaci, Cynthia Pimpie, Brice Malgras, Anthony Dohan, Gianluigi Maria Lo Dico, Marc Pocard
BACKGROUND: Curative surgery of synchronous peritoneal metastases (PM) and colorectal liver metastases (LM) has been recently investigated as feasible option. When synchronous peritoneal and liver resection is not achievable, the sequence of the surgery remains unknown. Our hypothesis was that liver resection (LR) promotes peritoneal growth resulting in a non-resectable PM. We sought to analyse the effects of major LR and liver regeneration after hepatectomy in a murine model of PM and the associated angiogenesis...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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