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SEER colorectal

Yang Feng, Weixing Dai, Yaqi Li, Shaobo Mo, Qingguo Li, Sanjun Cai
OBJECTIVE: Marital status has been found as an independent prognostic factor for survival in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, it is unclear whether patients with different marital status have benefited the same from the treatment improvement. METHODS: We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 9 database for patients diagnosed with CRC from 1975 to 2009. Yearly survival data was presented with overlying loess smoothing lines, stratifying by marital status...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Scott V Adams, Aasthaa Bansal, Jean A McDougall, Stacey A Cohen, Andrew Karnopp, Victoria Warren-Mears, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether the association between late-stage cancer and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) race differed by enrollment in the Indian Health Service Care System (IHSCS). METHODS: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data linked to Medicare files to compare the odds of late-stage breast, colorectal, lung, or prostate cancer between non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) (n=285,993) and AI/ANs with (n=581) and without (n=543) IHSCS enrollment...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Tomi Akinyemiju, Swati Sakhuja, John Waterbor, Maria Pisu, Sean F Altekruse
Racial disparities in cancer mortality still exist despite improvements in treatment strategies leading to improved survival for many cancer types. In this study, we described race/ethnic differences in patterns of de novo metastasis and evaluated the association between site of de novo metastasis and breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer mortality. Data were obtained from the Surveillance Epidemiology and Ends Results (SEER) database from 2010 to 2013 and included 520,147 patients ages ≥40 years with primary diagnosis of breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer...
February 26, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Christine M Veenstra, Paul Abrahamse, Todd H Wagner, Sarah T Hawley, Mousumi Banerjee, Arden M Morris
A "health shock," that is, a large, unanticipated adverse health event, can have long-term financial implications for patients and their families. Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer among men and women and is an example of a specific health shock. We examined whether specific benefits (employer-based health insurance, paid sick leave, extended sick leave, unpaid time off, disability benefits) are associated with job retention after diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Deborah R Kaye, Hye Sung Min, Edward C Norton, Zaojun Ye, Jonathan Li, James M Dupree, Chad Ellimoottil, David C Miller, Lindsey A Herrel
PURPOSE: Policy reforms in the Affordable Care Act encourage health care integration to improve quality and lower costs. We examined the association between system-level integration and longitudinal costs of cancer care. METHODS: We used linked SEER-Medicare data to identify patients age 66 to 99 years diagnosed with prostate, bladder, esophageal, pancreatic, lung, liver, kidney, colorectal, breast, or ovarian cancer from 2007 to 2012. We attributed each patient to one or more phases of care (ie, initial, continuing, and end of life) according to time from diagnosis until death or end of study interval...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Sultan Eser, Jenny Chang, Haris Charalambous, Barbara Silverman, Anna Demetriou, Cankut Yakut, Omar Nimri, Pavlos Pavlou, Suriye Özgür, Argyrious Ziogas, Lisa Stevens, Kevin Ward, Hoda Anton Culver
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are wide variations in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence across the world. Historically, the highest incidence rates have been reported historically in more developed countries; however, increasing trends have been seen in developing countries. Here, we present the CRC incidence pattern in Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, and İzmir, Turkey, which are countries of the Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 2005-2010 CRC data from population-based registries and calculated crude and age standardized rates for CRC, colon and rectum subsites, and annual percent changes (APCs) for trends...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Benjamin E Ansa, Steven S Coughlin, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Selina A Smith
Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates have declined in recent years for people of all races/ethnicities; however, the extent to which the decrease varies annually by demographic and disease-related characteristics is largely unknown. This study examines trends and annual percent change (APC) in the incidence among persons diagnosed with CRC in the United States of America from 2000-2014. The data obtained from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program were analyzed, and all persons ( N = 577,708) with malignant CRC recorded in the SEER 18 database from 2000 to 2014 were characterized according to sex, race, age at diagnosis, disease site and stage...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Kelly M Kenzik, Courtney Balentine, Joshua Richman, Meredith Kilgore, Smita Bhatia, Grant R Williams
Purpose We sought to determine the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-stroke and myocardial infarction-and congestive heart failure (CHF) in older patients with colorectal cancer, as well as to understand the roles that preexisting comorbidities and cancer therapy play in increasing this risk. Patients and Methods We evaluated individuals from the SEER-Medicare database with incident stage I to III colorectal cancer at age older than 65 years between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2011 (n = 72,408) and compared these patients with a matched cohort of Medicare patients without cancer (n = 72,408)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Afsaneh Barzi, Dongyun Yang, Sayedamin Mostofizadeh, Heinz-Josef Lenz
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality among Hispanics is lower than Non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). If Hispanics receive equitable care and achieve the same degree of health benefit, their trend of better survival should be maintained. This study assesses mortality trends among Hispanics overtime to compare their survival improvement with NHW. Methods: We used the Incidence-Based Mortality database of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) to assess the mortality gap, which is defined as the difference in stage-specific mortality between NHWs and Hispanics, and currently has an advantage for Hispanics...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Xiangxing Kong, Jun Li, Yibo Cai, Yu Tian, Shengqiang Chi, Danyang Tong, Yeting Hu, Qi Yang, Jingsong Li, Graeme Poston, Ying Yuan, Kefeng Ding
BACKGROUND: To revise the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system for colorectal cancer (CRC) based on a nomogram analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, and to prove the rationality of enhancing T stage's weighting in our previously proposed T-plus staging system. METHODS: Total 115,377 non-metastatic CRC patients from SEER were randomly grouped as training and testing set by ratio 1:1. The Nomo-staging system was established via three nomograms based on 1-year, 2-year and 3-year disease specific survival (DSS) Logistic regression analysis of the training set...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
Michael T Halpern, Matthew P Urato, Lisa M Lines, Julia B Cohen, Neeraj K Arora, Erin E Kent
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about factors affecting medical care experiences of cancer survivors. This study examined experience of care among cancer survivors and assessed associations of survivors' characteristics with their experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a newly-developed, unique data resource, SEER-CAHPS (NCI's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results [SEER] data linked to Medicare Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems [CAHPS] survey responses), to examine experiences of care among breast, colorectal, lung, and prostate cancer survivors age >66years who completed CAHPS >1year after cancer diagnosis and survived ≥1year after survey completion...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Mary E Charlton, Amanda R Kahl, Alissa A Greenbaum, Jordan J Karlitz, Chi Lin, Charles F Lynch, Vivien W Chen
Purpose: KRAS mutations and tumor location have been associated with response to targeted therapy among patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) in various trials. This study performed the first population-based examination of associations between KRAS mutations, tumor location, and survival, and assessed factors associated with documented KRAS testing. Methods: Patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma of the colon/rectum diagnosed from 2010 to 2013 were extracted from SEER data. Analyses of patient characteristics, KRAS testing, and tumor location were conducted using logistic regression...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Duo Tong, Fei Liu, Wenhua Li, Wen Zhang
The role of surgery of the primary cancer and radiation in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is still controversial currently, and evidence implied that colon cancer (CC) and rectal cancer (RC) should be treated with difference. Hence we focused on metastatic rectal cancer (mRC) solely to compare the cancer cause-specific survival (CSS) of patients receiving varied treatments of the primary cancer: no treatment, surgery only, radiation only, and surgery plus radiation, based on the records of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: The current study tried to evaluate the factors affecting 10- to 20- years' survival among long term survivors (>5 years) of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1988-2008) was queried through SEER*Stat program.Univariate probability of overall and cancer-specific survival was determined and the difference between groups was examined. Multivariate analysis for factors affecting overall and cancer-specific survival was also conducted...
February 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Gelareh Sadigh, Richard Duszak, Kevin C Ward, Renjian Jiang, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Kimberly E Applegate, Ruth C Carlos
BACKGROUND: Screening tests are generally not recommended in patients with advanced cancer and limited life expectancy. Nonetheless, screening mammography still occurs and may lead to follow-up testing. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency of downstream breast imaging following screening mammography in patients with advanced colorectal or lung cancer. DESIGN: Population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: The study included continuously enrolled female fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years of age with advanced colorectal (stage IV) or lung (stage IIIB-IV) cancer reported to a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry between 2000 and 2011...
November 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Ishveen Chopra, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Malcolm D Mattes, Xi Tan, Patricia Findley, Usha Sambamoorthi
Background: Incident cancer diagnosis may increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD)-related hospitalizations, especially in older individuals. Adherence to statins and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)/β-blockers reduces CAD-related hospitalizations. This study examined the relationship between medication adherence and CAD-related hospitalizations immediately following cancer diagnosis. Patients and Methods: A retrospective observational longitudinal study was conducted using SEER-Medicare data...
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Mingfang Zhao, Hans Liu, Yanqing Tang, Xin Meng, Jun Yu, Qi Wang, Qiao Zhou, Sean X Leng, Haiyan Zhang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is common and can be considered as a disease of older adults. About one half of the cases were diagnosed in patients over 70 years of age. Decision-making about treatment for these older patients can be complicated by age-related physiological changes, impaired functional status, limited social support, and comorbidities. Many trials excluded patients using an upper limit of 75 years of age. Little is known about prognostic factors in patients who are over this age limit. In this study, we conducted an analysis in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database to identify specific clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors for these vulnerable cancer patients (N= 293,616)...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Sarwar Islam Mozumder, Mark Rutherford, Paul Lambert
In a competing risks analysis, interest lies in the cause-specific cumulative incidence function (CIF) that can be calculated by either (1) transforming on the cause-specific hazard or (2) through its direct relationship with the subdistribution hazard. We expand on current competing risks methodology from within the flexible parametric survival modelling framework (FPM) and focus on approach (2). This models all cause-specific CIFs simultaneously and is more useful when we look to questions on prognosis. We also extend cure models using a similar approach described by Andersson et al for flexible parametric relative survival models...
January 15, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
Brian R Winters, Jonathan L Wright, Sarah K Holt, Atreya Dash, John L Gore, George R Schade
PURPOSE: Health related quality of life after radical cystectomy and ileal conduit is not well quantified at the population level. We evaluated health related quality of life in patients with bladder cancer compared with noncancer controls and patients with colorectal cancer using data from SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results)-MHOS (Medicare Health Outcomes Survey). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SEER-MHOS data from 1998 to 2013 were used to identify patients with bladder cancer and those with colorectal cancer who underwent extirpative surgery with ileal conduit or colostomy creation, respectively...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urology
Michelle A Mollica, Lindsey R Enewold, Lisa M Lines, Michael T Halpern, Jessica R Schumacher, Ron D Hays, James T Gibson, Nicola Schussler, Erin E Kent
PURPOSE: We examined associations between experiences of care and adherence to surveillance guidelines among Medicare Fee-For-Service beneficiaries with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Using linked data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End results (SEER) cancer registry program and the Medicare Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS(®)) patient experience surveys (SEER-CAHPS), we identified local/regional CRC survivors diagnosed in 1999-2009 aged 65+, who underwent surgical resection and completed a CAHPS survey <36 months of diagnosis...
October 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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