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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814316/evaluation-of-sarolaner-and-spinosad-oral-treatments-to-eliminate-fleas-reduce-dermatologic-lesions-and-minimize-pruritus-in-naturally-infested-dogs-in-west-central-florida-usa
#1
Michael W Dryden, Michael S Canfield, Emily Niedfeldt, Amanda Kinnon, Kimberly Kalosy, Amber Smith, Kaitlin M Foley, Vicki Smith, Todd S Bress, Nicole Smith, Mike Endrizzi, Joyce Login
BACKGROUND: An in-home investigation of naturally flea infested dogs was conducted in West Central Florida, USA to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of two different oral flea adulticides to control flea infestations, minimize dermatologic lesions and reduce pruritus over an 8-week period. METHODS: Twenty-nine dogs living in 19 homes and another 26 dogs residing in 16 different homes were orally administered either a sarolaner or spinosad chewable, respectively on day 0 and once between days 28-30...
August 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811858/effectiveness-of-ipragliflozin-for-reducing-hemoglobin-a1c-in-patients-with-a-shorter-type-2-diabetes-duration-interim-report-of-the-assign-k-study
#2
Kotaro Iemitsu, Takehiro Kawata, Takashi Iizuka, Masahiro Takihata, Masahiko Takai, Shigeru Nakajima, Nobuaki Minami, Shinichi Umezawa, Akira Kanamori, Hiroshi Takeda, Shogo Ito, Taisuke Kikuchi, Hikaru Amemiya, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Atsuko Mokubo, Tetsuo Takuma, Hideo Machimura, Keiji Tanaka, Taro Asakura, Akira Kubota, Sachio Aoyanagi, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Masashi Ishikawa, Yoko Matsuzawa, Mitsuo Obana, Nobuo Sasai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Fuyuki Minagawa, Tatsuya Saito, Kazuaki Shinoda, Masaaki Miyakawa, Yasushi Tanaka, Yasuo Terauchi, Ikuro Matsuba
BACKGROUND: Ipragliflozin is a selective sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor. The ASSIGN-K study is investigating the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the real-world clinical setting. METHODS: Japanese T2DM patients with inadequate glycemic control despite diet and exercise with/without pharmacotherapy were enrolled in an investigator-driven, multicenter, prospective, observational study examining the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin treatment (50 mg/day for 52 weeks)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811049/marijuana-and-cannabinoids-in-esrd-and-earlier-stages-of-ckd
#3
Joshua L Rein, Christina M Wyatt
Marijuana is the most commonly used recreational drug in the United States, and legal recreational and medicinal use has gained public acceptance during the last decade. Twenty-nine US states have established medical marijuana programs, 8 of which have also legalized recreational marijuana, and Canada is expected to legalize recreational marijuana in 2018. Advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are chronic conditions with significant associated morbidity and mortality. Patients experience substantial symptom burden that is frequently undertreated due to adverse medication side effects...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809993/adalimumab-in-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-a-clinical-guide
#4
Jashin J Wu, W C Valdecantos
<p>Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory disease that manifests itself as lesions on the skin, which greatly impacts the physical and psychological wellbeing of those affected. The current goal of treatment in psoriasis is to improve the signs and symptoms of disease, whilst minimizing the burden of disease on patient health-related quality of life. Psoriasis can also be associated with other comorbidities such as joint disease, cardiovascular disease, and depression, which can add to the complexity of treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807414/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-expressing-macrophages-and-keratinocytes-contribute-differentially-to-allergic-and-nonallergic-chronic-itch
#5
Jialie Luo, Jing Feng, Guang Yu, Pu Yang, Madison R Mack, Junhui Du, Weihua Yu, Aihua Qian, Yujin Zhang, Shenbin Liu, Shijin Yin, Amy Xu, Jizhong Cheng, Qingyun Liu, Roger G O'Neil, Yang Xia, Liang Ma, Susan M Carlton, Brian S Kim, Kenneth Renner, Qin Liu, Hongzhen Hu
BACKGROUND: Chronic itch is a highly debilitating symptom that underlies many medical disorders with no universally effective treatments. Although unique neuronal signaling cascades in the sensory ganglia and spinal cord have been shown to critically promote the pathogenesis of chronic itch, the role of skin-associated cells remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the cutaneous mechanisms underlying transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4)-mediated allergic and nonallergic chronic itch...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805236/comparison-of-intrathecal-morphine-and-surgical-site-infusion-of-ropivacaine-as-adjuncts-to-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-in-living-donor-kidney-transplant-recipients
#6
Joo-Hyun Jun, Gaab-Soo Kim, Jeong Jin Lee, Justin S Ko, Sung Joo Kim, Pil Hyun Jeon
INTRODUCTION: This prospective observational study compared the postoperative analgesic effectiveness of intrathecal morphine (ITM) and surgical-site infusion (SSI) of ropivacaine as adjuncts to intravenous (IV) patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) (fentanyl) in living-donor kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Patients undergoing living-donor kidney transplantation receiving ITM or SSI in addition to IV PCA were included. Rescue analgesia was achieved with IV meperidine, as required...
August 14, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804663/misdiagnosis-of-a-giant-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-clinic-and-image-challenges
#7
Jila Agah, Sedighe Karimzadeh, Fateme Moharrer Ahmadi
A 41-year-old woman (G3P2L2Ab1) was referred to gynecology clinic with chief complaints of abdominal distension and localized abdominal wall pruritus for three months. She was misdiagnosed with gastrointestinal disorder and ultimately had undergone imaging. Ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scan disclosed a huge solid-cystic mass originating from the ovary. On clinical examination the patient had no pain or tenderness and no gynecologic complaints. Laboratory tests showed normal tumor markers and hemoglobin at 8 g/dl...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802594/intraoperative-ketorolac-dose-of-15mg-versus-the-standard-30mg-on-early-postoperative-pain-after-spine-surgery-a-randomized-blinded-non-inferiority-trial
#8
Kaylene M Duttchen, Andy Lo, Andrew Walker, Duncan McLuckie, Cecilia De Guzman, Helen Roman-Smith, Melinda Davis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to show the non-inferiority of 15mg intraoperative dose of ketorolac as compared to the standard 30mg ketorolac by looking at the visual analog scale pain (VAS) scores 4h after an adult spine surgery. DESIGN: The study design is a prospective randomized non-inferiority clinical trial looking at non-inferiority of intraoperative 15mg ketorolac from the standard 30mg dose. SETTING: Quaternary care center...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797894/neuraxial-magnesium-sulfate-improves-postoperative-analgesia-in-cesarean-section-delivery-women-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Shih-Ching Wang, Po-Ting Pan, Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Chun-Jen Huang
BACKGROUND: We conducted this meta-analysis to elucidate whether additional neuraxial magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) can improve postoperative analgesia in women undergoing Cesarean section (CS) delivery. METHOD: We searched Pubmed, Embase and ClinicalTrial.gov. We included only randomized controlled trials that have compared the quality of postoperative analgesia with and without additional neuraxial MgSO4 in women undergoing CS delivery with neuraxial anesthesia regimens...
July 29, 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797273/host-immune-responses-to-the-itch-mite-sarcoptes-scabiei-in-humans
#10
REVIEW
Sajad A Bhat, Kate E Mounsey, Xiaosong Liu, Shelley F Walton
Scabies is a parasitic disease due to infestation of skin by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies is a major public health problem and endemic in resource poor communities worldwide affecting over 100 million people. Associated bacterial infections cause substantial morbidity, and in severe cases can lead to renal and cardiac diseases. Mite infestation of the skin causes localised cutaneous inflammation, pruritus, skin lesions, and allergic and inflammatory responses are mounted by the host against the mite and its products...
August 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795763/determinants-of-psychosocial-health-in-psoriatic-patients-a-multi-national-study
#11
Karolina Lesner, Adam Reich, Jacek C Szepietowski, Florence J Dalgard, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Lars Lien, Françoise Poot, Gregor B Jemec, Laurent Misery, Csanád Szabó, Dennis Linder, Francesca Sampogna, Andrea W M Evers, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Andrey Lvov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Jörg Kupfer
There are limited data on the differences in the impact of psoriasis between various countries with respect to quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial health of patients with psoriasis in different European countries. A total of 682 patients were recruited in 13 European countries. All patients completed a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic information, negative life events, suicidal ideation and satisfaction with their dermatologist. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and QoL with the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and EuroQoL (EQ-5D)...
August 10, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795762/risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-its-relationship-to-uraemic-pruritus
#12
Chia-Chen Wang, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Siao-Yuan Huang, Kuan-Chih Huang, Yuh-Mou Sue
This study investigated the risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in pre-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and explored associated risk factors. A population-based cohort of 1,515,858 Taiwanese CKD patients was included. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for incident NMSC was determined. Compared with the general population, a 1.14-fold risk of NMSC was found in the CKD cohort. NMSC risk was significant in patients with pre-dialysis stage 5 CKD and anaemia (1.48-fold), and in those with uraemic pruritus after long-term antihistamine treatment (1...
August 10, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793884/therapeutic-comparison-between-treatments-for-vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-prospective-and-controlled-trial
#13
Renata A Belotto, Maria Cristina Chavantes, João Paulo Tardivo, Roberto Euzébio Dos Santos, Raquel Civolani Marques Fernandes, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Christiane Pavani, Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva
BACKGROUND: Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to severe local pruritus, pain and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse). The standard treatment for this disease is the use of topical corticosteroids to reduce the clinical symptoms and to try to increase disease-free intervals. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a treatment that associates a light radiation with a photosensitizing agent and photobiomodulation (PBM) are therapies that can promote effective immunomodulatory responses at the application site by means of photophysical and photochemical phenomena from the molecular to the systemic level, which promote their use in chronic dermatoses...
August 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792089/plasma-exchange-for-the-management-of-refractory-pruritus-of-cholestasis-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#14
Rati Chkheidze, Ranjit Joseph, James Burner, Karen Matevosyan
BACKGROUND: Intractable pruritus of cholestasis leads to significant morbidity. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has been shown to be an effective alternative in the setting of refractory pruritus associated with cholestatic liver disease based on several individual reports. Due to rarity of this approach to intractable pruritus, the literature is sparse and therefore TPE, as a treatment for refractory pruritus is currently not in the apheresis guidelines. We present three additional patients with severe intractable pruritus of cholestasis successfully treated with plasma exchange to add to the mounting literature showing this as an effective and safe adjunctive therapy...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791598/opioid-medications-in-the-management-of-chronic-abdominal-pain
#15
REVIEW
Dajie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic abdominal pain is a complex medical condition. The causes of chronic abdominal pain are extremely diverse ranging from chronic pancreatitis, Crohn's disease, to chronic pain with no clear etiology. Treatment of chronic abdominal pain remains a challenge in our clinical practice. While current interventions with celiac plexus blocks and pain medications provide some relief for these patients, but these treatments are typically less efficacious and limited by various adverse effects...
August 8, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790050/anaphylaxis-after-disinfection-with-2-chlorhexidine-wand-applicator
#16
Sameer Bahal, Samriti Sharma, Lene Heise Garvey, Vasantha Nagendran
A 54-year-old man with end-stage renal failure attended for dialysis. Within seconds of applying 2% w/v chlorhexidine (ChloraPrep 3 mL Wand Applicator) to the skin surrounding the insertion point of his dialysis catheter (Tesio catheter), he developed pruritus, urticaria, shortness of breath, hypotension and reduced responsiveness. Treatment for anaphylaxis was initiated with rapid improvement of his symptoms, and he made a full recovery. Allergy to chlorhexidine was confirmed with skin testing, and the patient was warned against all future exposure to chlorhexidine...
August 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776792/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-pullulan-conjugated-der-f-2-allergen-specific-immunotherapy-on-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Kouji Kawano, Takuya Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Dermatophagoides farinae is a major and common environmental house dust mite involved in canine atopic dermatitis (CAD). A formulation of recombinant protein Der f 2 is available in Japan for immunotherapy in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a recombinant allergen based on Der f 2-pullulan for the treatment of cAD. METHODS: Dogs (n = 15) with atopic dermatitis were administered Der f 2 conjugated with pullulan (-P)...
August 4, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771827/glucocorticoids-the-mode-of-action-in-bullous-pemphigoid
#18
REVIEW
Minna E Kubin, Lars Hellberg, Riitta Palatsi
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common of pemphigoid diseases caused by autoantibodies against the structures of dermoepidermal junction followed by complement activation, innate immune cell infiltration, neutrophil proteinase secretion and subepidermal blister formation. The first line treatment of BP is topical and systemic glucocorticoids (GC). Regulation of the immune system and inflammatory cells is the main target of GC actions. GCs act through genomic and non-genomic mechanisms. The human glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediates most of the biologic effects of glucocorticoids: cytosolic GR binds GCs and is capable to bind to glucocorticoid response elements in DNA and either transactivate or transrepress genes depending on the tissue and cell-type...
August 3, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763906/-effects-of-scar-excision-combined-with-negative-pressure-on-repair-of-hypertrophic-scar-in-burn-children
#19
J H Cai, H P Deng, Z A Shen, T J Sun, D J Li, D W Li, L X He, L Wang, X Jin
Objective: To explore the effects of scar excision combined with negative-pressure on repair of hypertrophic scar in burn children. Methods: From October 2010 to August 2016, 25 children with hypertrophic scar after deep burn were hospitalized, with scar course ranging from 3 months to 11 years and scar area ranging from 35 to 427 [83(51, 98)]cm(2). A total of 35 scars of 25 children were located in trunk (11 scars), upper limb (11 scars), and lower limb (13 scars). All children received scar excision operation and negative-pressure treatment (negative-pressure value ranged from -40 to -20 kPa), among which 6 cases received scar excision operation and negative-pressure treatment for two times for further removal of scars...
July 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763608/s2k-leitlinie-zur-diagnostik-und-therapie-des-chronischen-pruritus-update-kurzversion
#20
Sonja Ständer, Claudia Zeidler, Matthias Augustin, Gudrun Bayer, Andreas E Kremer, Franz J Legat, Peter Maisel, Thomas Mettang, Martin Metz, Alexander Nast, Volker Niemeier, Ulrike Raap, Gudrun Schneider, Hartmut F Ständer, Petra Staubach, Markus Streit, Elke Weisshaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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