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Amir Nouri, Ali Akbar Zinatizadeh
Simultaneous removal of carbon and nutrients (CNP) in a single laboratory-scale bioreactor is advantageous in terms of reactor volume and energy consumption. In this study, an innovative up-flow anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic (A2O) single bioreactor with continuous feed and intermittent discharge (CFID) regime equipped with a movable aerator in the reactor height for simultaneous removal of CNP from soft drinks wastewater was successfully designed, fabricated and operated. The effects of four independent variables, i...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Andrej Rusin, Colin Seymour, Carmel Mothersill
PURPOSE: To investigate biochemical pathways known to be involved in radiation response and in CFIDS to determine if there might be common underlying mechanisms leading to symptoms experienced by those accidentally or deliberately exposed to radiation and those suffering from CFIDS. If such a link was established to suggest testable hypotheses to investigate the mechanisms with the aim of identifying new therapeutic targets. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence for involvement of the alpha-synuclein, cytochrome c oxidase, αB-crystallin, RNase L, and lactate dehydrogenase/STAT1 pathways is strong and suggests a common underlying mechanism involving mitochondrial dysfunction mediated by ROS and disruption of ATP production...
March 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Alison C Bested, Lynn M Marshall
This review was written from the viewpoint of the treating clinician to educate health care professionals and the public about Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS). It includes: the clinical definition of ME/CFS with emphasis on how to diagnose ME/CFS; the etiology, pathophysiology, management approach, long-term prognosis and economic cost of ME/CFS. After reading this review, you will be better able to diagnose and treat your patients with ME/CFS using the tools and information provided...
2015: Reviews on Environmental Health
R A Underhill
The etiology of myalgic encephalomyelitis also known as chronic fatigue syndrome or ME/CFS has not been established. Controversies exist over whether it is an organic disease or a psychological disorder and even the existence of ME/CFS as a disease entity is sometimes denied. Suggested causal hypotheses have included psychosomatic disorders, infectious agents, immune dysfunctions, autoimmunity, metabolic disturbances, toxins and inherited genetic factors. Clinical, immunological and epidemiological evidence supports the hypothesis that: ME/CFS is an infectious disease; the causal pathogen persists in patients; the pathogen can be transmitted by casual contact; host factors determine susceptibility to the illness; and there is a population of healthy carriers, who may be able to shed the pathogen...
December 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Wei Wang, Alyce Russell, Yuxiang Yan
BACKGROUND: The premise of disease-related phenotypes is the definition of the counterpart normality in medical sciences. Contrary to clinical practices that can be carefully planned according to clinical needs, heterogeneity and uncontrollability is the essence of humans in carrying out health studies. Full characterization of consistent phenotypes that define the general population is the basis to individual difference normalization in personalized medicine. Self-claimed normal status may not represent health because asymptomatic subjects may carry chronic diseases at their early stage, such as cancer, diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis...
February 13, 2014: EPMA Journal
Abid Ali Khan, Rubia Zahid Gaur, Vasileios Diamantis, Beni Lew, Indu Mehrotra, A A Kazmi
The performance of continuous flow intermittent decant type sequencing batch (CFID) reactor treating the effluent of an UASB reactor treating domestic wastewater and operated at 8 h hydraulic retention time (HRT) was investigated. The CFID was operated at three different HRTs (22, 8 and 6 h) and three different dissolved oxygen (DO) patterns (<0.5, 2.5-3.5 and 3.5-4.5 mg/L). The highest effluent quality was observed at the 8 h HRT and 2.5-3.5 mg/L DO concentration. At this operational condition, the average BOD, TSS, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform removal efficiencies were 83, 90, 74 and 99 %, respectively...
May 2013: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Walter Tarello
The aim of this study was to describe parasitological, microbiological, and pathological findings associated with the isolation of Aspergillus species in 94 clinically diseased captive falcons from Dubai. Concomitant agents and/or diseases were identified in 64 cases, causing either single (n = 36) or multiple coinfections (n = 28). Diagnoses found more often in association with aspergillosis were chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS) (n = 29), Caryospora sp. (n = 16), Serratospiculum seurati infestation (n = 14), cestodiasis (n = 6), bumblefoot (n = 5), trematodosis due to Strigea falconispalumbi (n = 5), trichomoniasis (n = 4), Babesia shortti (n = 4), Mannheimia (Pastorella) haemolytica (n = 4), interstitial hepatitis (n = 4), Escherichia coli (n = 3), and Clostridium perfringens enterotoxemia (n = 2)...
2011: International Journal of Microbiology
Leonard A Jason, Karina Corradi, Sara Gress, Sarah Williams, Susan Torres-Harding
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating illness affecting thousands of individuals. At the present time, there are few studies that have investigated causes of death for those with this syndrome. The authors analyzed a memorial list tabulated by the National CFIDS Foundation of 166 deceased individuals who had had CFS. There were approximately three times more women than men on the list. The three most prevalent causes of death were heart failure, suicide, and cancer, which accounted for 59.6% of all deaths...
August 2006: Health Care for Women International
Timothy R Gerrity, Dimitris A Papanicolaou, Jay D Amsterdam, Stephen Bingham, Ashley Grossman, Terry Hedrick, Ronald B Herberman, Gerhard Krueger, Susan Levine, Nahid Mohagheghpour, Rebecca C Moore, James Oleske, Christopher R Snell
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a serious health concern affecting over 800,000 Americans of all ages, races, socioeconomic groups and genders. The etiology and pathophysiology of CFS are unknown, yet studies have suggested an involvement of the immune system. A symposium was organized in October 2001 to explore the possibility of an association between immune dysfunction and CFS, with special emphasis on the interactions between immune dysfunction and other abnormalities noted in the neuroendocrine and autonomic nervous systems of individuals with CFS...
2004: Neuroimmunomodulation
W Tarello
Chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS) is a recognized human illness with zoonotic implications that is rarely described in animals. Eight birds of prey examined between 1992 and 1995 and sharing common symptoms (asthenia, inability to fly, poor appetite and emaciation) underwent laboratory tests revealing immunodeficiency, anaemia, high creatine kinase levels and low serum magnesium levels. Diagnosis of CFIDS was based upon these features. The effectiveness of an arsenic-based medication, thiacetarsamide sodium, administered intravenously for 2-3 days at low dosages (0...
May 2001: Journal of Veterinary Medicine. B, Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health
S Dewhurst, D Skrincosky, N van Loon
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a T-lymphotropic herpesvirus, which infects almost all children by the age of two years and persists lifelong. Two distinct variants of HHV-6, HHV-6A and HHV-6B, have been described, and the latter has been shown to be a common cause of acute febrile illnesses in young children, including exanthem subitum (roseola). HHV-6 has also been associated with a number of neurological disorders, including encephalitis and seizures, and the virus has been postulated to play a role in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic fatigue immunodeficiency syndrome (CFIDS)...
November 5, 1997: Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine
William B Karper, Stephanie C Stasik
This article describes an ongoing, long-term clinical exercise program for women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), some of whom also have chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS). The recorded outcomes from the most recent year of the program also are reported. Participants engaged in sessions lasting 50-70 minutes, 5 days per week; each session involved aerobic activity, resistance training, and other dynamic exercise. One group was in the program for 3 years and another group was in the program for 2 years...
September 2003: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
M Konlee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1998: Positive Health News
P Munson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2000: Literature and Medicine
A Vojdani, P C Choppa, C W Lapp
Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome (CFIDS) is a disorder characterized by debilitating fatigue associated with immunological abnormalities and cognitive impairments. The recently cloned RNase L Inhibitor (RLI) gene encodes a specific protein which is believed to regulate 2-5A synthetase and RNase L activity via the formation of a latent heterodimeric protein complex. In the present study, we investigated the levels of 2-5A synthetase, RNase L and RLI in patients with CFIDS as compared to healthy controls...
1998: Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Immunology
D J Liska
The human body is exposed to a wide array of xenobiotics in one s lifetime, from food components to environmental toxins to pharmaceuticals, and has developed complex enzymatic mechanisms to detoxify these substances. These mechanisms exhibit significant individual variability, and are affected by environment, lifestyle, and genetic influences. The scientific literature suggests an association between impaired detoxification and certain diseases, including cancer, Parkinson's disease, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue/immune dysfunction syndrome...
June 1998: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
S S Goodwin
The purpose of this study was to describe the association between the marital relationship and the health of the wife with chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS). The convenience sample of 131 wives with CFIDS and their spouses reported their marital relationships similarly, but the wives reported higher CFIDS symptom scores. Marital adjustment scores, wives' conflict scores, and husbands' self-empathy scores were associated with wives' CFIDS symptom scores. Hierarchical multiple regression models showed wives with higher education, lengthier marriages, dyads with higher marital adjustment, and wives with less conflict and less support were predictive of lower problematic CFIDS symptoms...
May 1997: Nursing Research
C A Sandman, J L Barron, K Nackoul, J Goldstein, F Fidler
Performance on tests of memory in 39 patients who met Center for Disease Control (CDC) criteria for chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS) was compared with 23 depressed patients (DSM-III-R) and 129 healthy controls. Although the CFIDS patients had normal neuropsychological profiles, they significantly overestimated their ability (metamemory), performed significantly worse on tests of recall as context increased (e.g., recognition), made more errors when rehearsal was prevented, and had delayed mental scanning as memory load increased...
April 15, 1993: Biological Psychiatry
J Lieberman, D S Bell
PURPOSE: To study the reliability of a serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) assay as a marker for the chronic fatigue-immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS), and to compare some enzyme characteristics of ACE in CFIDS with that in sarcoidosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with CFIDS and 56 endemic control subjects from Lyndonville, New York, and Charlotte, North Carolina; plus 23 untreated patients with active sarcoidosis, 24 with sarcoidosis receiving corticosteroid therapy, and 32 patient controls without sarcoidosis from California...
October 1993: American Journal of Medicine
E A Ojo-Amaize, E J Conley, J B Peter
Natural killer (NK) cell activity was measured blindly in vitro with blood specimens from 50 healthy individuals and 20 patients with clinically defined chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS) who met the criteria established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta). In accordance with a group scoring system of 1-10 points, with 10 being the most severe clinical status, the patient population was stratified into three clinical groups: A (> 7 points), B (5-7 points), and C (< 5 points)...
January 1994: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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