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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351099/high-volume-esophageal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-centers-a-cut-above-the-rest
#1
Vinay Chandrasekhara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351028/influence-of-feeding-types-during-the-first-months-of-life-on-calciuria-levels-in-healthy-infants-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Natalia Ferré, Carmen Rubio-Torrents, Veronica Luque, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Veit Grote, Berthold Koletzko, Piotr Socha, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Jean Paul Langhendries, Anne Sengier, Elvira Verduci, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dietary factors can modify calciuria. We aim to investigate urinary calcium excretion in healthy infants according to their protein. METHODS: Secondary data analysis from a randomized clinical trial where healthy term infants were randomized after birth to a higher (HP) or lower (LP) protein content formula that was consumed until age 1 year. A non-randomized group of breastfed (BF) infants was used for reference. Anthropometry, dietary intakes and calciuria (calcium/creatinine ratios) from spot urine samples were assessed at ages 3 and 6 months...
March 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351011/fine-cutting-edge-shaped-bi2o3rods-reduced-graphene-oxide-rgo-composite-for-supercapacitor-and-visible-light-photocatalytic-applications
#3
D Maruthamani, S Vadivel, M Kumaravel, B Saravanakumar, Bappi Paul, Siddhartha Sankar Dhar, Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh, A Manikandan, Govindarajan Ramadoss
Bi2O3 rods/RGO composite has been synthesized by a simple precipitation and calcination method. The crystallnity, structural, and morphological features were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) techniques. The supercapacitor behavior was studied using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge and impedance analysis, respectively. The Bi2O3 rods/RGO nanocomposite exhibits a maximum specific capacitance of 1041Fg(-1) at a current density of 2Ag(-1)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350952/future-advances-in-spine-surgery-the-aospine-north-america-perspective
#4
Michael G Fehlings, Christopher S Ahuja, Thomas Mroz, Wellington Hsu, James Harrop
This focus issue highlights state-of-the-art techniques, equipment, and practices in the modern era of spine surgery while providing a glimpse into the next generation of patient care. A broad range of topics are presented to cover the full spectrum of the field. Degenerative diseases are discussed in a series of 3 articles on (1) pathophysiology, management, and surgical approaches to degenerative cervical myelopathy; (2) novel approaches to degenerative thoracolumbar disease (eg, interspinous process spacers, minimally invasive/endoscopic approaches); and (3) animal models and emerging therapeutics in degenerative disk disease...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350716/movement-strategies-among-groups-of-chronic-ankle-instability-coper-and-control
#5
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Mattew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive evaluation of movement strategies during functional movement is a difficult undertaking. Because of this challenge, studied movements have been over simplified. Furthermore, evaluating movement strategies at only a discrete time point(s) provide limited insight into how movement strategies may change or adapt in chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients. This study aimed to identify abnormal movement strategies in individuals with a history of ankle sprain injury during a sports maneuver compared to healthy controls...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350682/vasculature-of-a-medial-femoral-condyle-free-flap-in-intact-and-osteotomized-flaps
#6
Maciej Rysz, Wojciech Grabczan, Maciej Jan Mazurek, Romuald Krajewski, Dariusz Grzelecki, Bogdan Ciszek
BACKGROUND: A small size and difficulties with shaping a medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flap are factors limiting its use. The goal of this study was to evaluate range of vascular supply to a medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flap to determine whether harvesting of larger flaps and performing a flap osteotomy would compromise the vasculature of a flap's bone. METHODS: Twenty-four limbs were dissected and medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flaps were harvested with skin paddles...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346954/evaluation-of-probably-benign-adnexal-masses-in-postmenopausal-women
#7
Burcu Kisa Karakaya, Emre Ozgu, Hatice Celik Kansu, Ozlem Evliyaoglu, Esma Sarikaya, Bugra Coskun, Salim Erkaya
Background Preoperatively identification of malignancy potential of a postmenopausal adnexal masses is important. Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of the Risk of Malignancy Index-2 in presumably benign adnexal masses in postmenopausal women. Study Design Retrospective, observational study. Methods 119 women with postmenopausal adnexal masses with a preliminary diagnosis of benign tumors according to the Risk of Malignancy Index-2 were included. Age, duration of menopause, ultrasonographic findings, and serum CA-125 levels were recorded preoperatively...
March 27, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346833/arthroscopic-hip-surgery-in-the-elite-athlete-comparison-of-female-and-male-competitive-athletes
#8
Kotaro R Shibata, Shuichi Matsuda, Marc R Safran
BACKGROUND: Few studies have published the results of hip arthroscopic surgery in elite athletes and none studying a significant number of elite female athletes. PURPOSE: (1) To compare sex-based differences in the ability to return to prior competitive sports activity after arthroscopic hip surgery. (2) To compare sex-based differences in the type of sports activity, diagnosis, and treatment in athletes requiring hip arthroscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346513/cystatin-c-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-to-assess-renal-function-in-early-stages-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#9
Laia Sans, Aleksandar Radosevic, Claudia Quintian, Rosario Montañés, Silvia Gràcia, Carles Vilaplana, Sergi Mojal, José A Ballarin, Patricia Fernández-Llama, Roser Torra, Julio Pascual
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Height-adjusted total kidney volume (htTKV) is the best marker of disease progression in early autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) when renal function still remains normal. The usefulness of cystatin-C as a biomarker to assess renal function according to renal volume has not been studied in ADPKD patients. METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study of 62 ADPKD patients. htTKV, creatinine and cystatin-C estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346472/can-group-based-reassuring-information-alter-low-back-pain-behavior-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Pernille Frederiksen, Aage Indahl, Lars L Andersen, Kim Burton, Rasmus Hertzum-Larsen, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in the population and multifactorial in nature, often involving negative consequences. Reassuring information to improve coping is recommended for reducing the negative consequences of LBP. Adding a simple non-threatening explanation for the pain (temporary muscular dysfunction) has been successful at altering beliefs and behavior when delivered with other intervention elements. This study investigates the isolated effect of this specific information on future occupational behavior outcomes when delivered to the workforce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346468/endoluminal-dilatation-for-embedded-hemodialysis-catheters-a-case-control-study-of-factors-associated-with-embedding-and-clinical-outcomes
#11
Hari Talreja, Stephen Edward Ryan, Janet Graham, Manish M Sood, Adnan Hadziomerovic, Edward Clark, Swapnil Hiremath
BACKGROUND: With the increasing frequency of tunneled hemodialysis catheter use there is a parallel increase in the need for removal and/or exchange. A small but significant minority of catheters become embedded or 'stuck' and cannot be removed by traditional means. Management of embedded catheters involves cutting the catheter, burying the retained fragment with a subsequent increased risk of infections and thrombosis. Endoluminal dilatation may provide a potential safe and effective technique for removing embedded catheters, however, to date, there is a paucity of data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346457/confined-space-facilitates-g-quadruplex-formation
#12
Prakash Shrestha, Sagun Jonchhe, Tomoko Emura, Kumi Hidaka, Masayuki Endo, Hiroshi Sugiyama, Hanbin Mao
Molecular simulations suggest that the stability of a folded macromolecule increases in a confined space due to entropic effects. However, due to the interactions between the confined molecular structure and the walls of the container, clear-cut experimental evidence for this prediction is lacking. Here, using DNA origami nanocages, we show the pure effect of confined space on the property of individual human telomeric DNA G-quadruplexes. We induce targeted mechanical unfolding of the G-quadruplex while leaving the nanocage unperturbed...
March 27, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346204/restructuring-the-art-of-health-by-pharmacists-formulation-designs-with-oral-vehicles-teaching-pharmacy-students
#13
Rita Benischek
Compounding pharmacists, responsible for appropriate preparation of medications, coordinate with other professionals to reach optimal therapeutic options for patients. This review summarizes proprietary oral vehicles or suspensions focusing on available information or updated data from suppliers. Research has advanced methods with revised applications, cutting-edge safety considerations, beyond-use dating provisions for technical assistance, and evidence to review and teach pharmacy students the opportunities in the choices of an oral vehicle...
March 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346016/dsl-prescriptive-targets-for-bone-conduction-devices-adaptation-and-comparison-to-clinical-fittings
#14
William E Hodgetts, Susan D Scollie
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm that prescribes targets for bone conduction frequency response shape, compression, and output limiting, along with a clinical method that ensures accurate transforms between assessment and verification stages of the clinical workflow. DESIGN: Technical report of target generation and validation. STUDY SAMPLE: We recruited 39 adult users of unilateral percutaneous bone conduction hearing aids with a range of unilateral, bilateral, mixed and conductive hearing losses across the sample...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345896/transcriptomics-and-lipidomics-of-the-environmental-strain-rhodococcus-ruber-point-out-consumption-pathways-and-potential-metabolic-bottlenecks-for-polyethylene-degradation
#15
Kevin Gravouil, Romain Ferru-Clement, Steven Colas, Reynald Helye, Linette Kadri, Ludivine Bourdeau, Bouziane Moumen, Anne Mercier, Thierry Ferreira
Polyethylene (PE), one of the most prominent synthetic polymer used worldwide, is very poorly biodegradable in the natural environment. Consequently, PE represents by itself more than half of all plastic wastes. PE biodegradation is achieved through the combination of abiotic and biotic processes. Several microorganisms have been shown to grow on the surface of PE materials, among which are the species of the Rhodococcus genus, suggesting a potent ability of these microorganisms to use, at least partly, PE as a potent carbon source...
March 27, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345845/the-pre-treatment-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-a-useful-tool-in-predicting-non-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-cases
#16
Suphawat Laohawiriyakamol, Somrit Mahattanobon, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Puttisak Puttawibul
Background: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a highly accurate predictor of overall axillary nodal status in early breast cancer patients. There is however, still a debate on which patients with a positive SLN can benefit from axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Numerous studies have been designed to identify variables that are predictive of non-SLN metastasis to avoid a complete ALND. The aim of this study was to determine whether the pre-treatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can be a predictive factor of non-SLN metastasis in early breast cancer patients...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345834/hyperuricemia-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-is-a-factor-for-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-stage-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-uric-acid-and-colorectal-cancer
#17
Ahmet Ozan Cetin, Muhyettin Omar, Serkan Calp, Hasan Tunca, Nevin Yimaz, Burak Ozseker, Ozgur Tanriverdi
Purpose: In this pilot study we investigated whether serum levels of uric acid, the final breakdown product of purine metabolism, might influence cancer-related events in stage II and III colorectal cancer patients. Material and methods: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, a total of 150 stage II and III colorectal adenocarcinoma patients with no exclusion criteria were included. Serum uric acid levels of the patients measured at diagnosis and demographic, clinical, laboratory analyses were performed and histologically features recorded...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345822/the-optimal-cut-off-level-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-country-with-limited-colonoscopy-resources-a-multi-center-study-from-thailand
#18
Satimai Aniwan, Thawee Ratanachu Ek, Supot Pongprasobchai, Julajak Limsrivilai, Ong Ard Praisontarangkul, Pises Pisespongsa, Pisaln Mairiang, Apichat Sangchan, Jaksin Sottisuporn, Naruemon Wisedopas, Pinit Kullavanijaya, Rungsun Rerknimitr
Background: Selecting the cut-off point for the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs is of prime importance. The balance between the test performance for detecting advanced neoplasia and the available colonoscopy resources should be considered. We aimed to identify the optimal cut-off of FIT for advanced neoplasia in order to minimize colonoscopy burden. Methods: We conducted a multi-center study in 6 hospitals from diverse regions of Thailand. Asymptomatic participants, aged 50-75 years, were tested with one-time quantitative FIT (OC-SENSOR, Eiken Chemical Co...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345729/medication-adherence-among-cardiac-patients-in-khartoum-state-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Abdelmoneim Awad, Nahid Osman, Siham Altayib
INTRODUCTION: Non-adherence to medication among cardiac patients is often the major risk factor for poor clinical outcomes, increased mortality rates and higher healthcare costs. The literature evaluating the prevalence of and reasons for non-adherence in resource-poor settings is extremely limited compared to resource-rich settings. There is a scarcity of data about medication adherence in Sudan hence this study was performed to identify prevalence, predictors and barriers of non-adherence to medication among cardiac patients in Khartoum State...
March 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345700/electronic-structure-and-magnetic-properties-of-penta-graphene-nanoribbons
#20
P F Yuan, Z H Zhang, Z Q Fan, M Qiu
2D penta-graphene sheets were cut along typical crystallographic orientations in order to construct various penta-graphene nanoribbon (P-GNR) models, and their electronic structures and magnetic properties were systemically investigated. It was demonstrated that P-GNRs are very versatile with rich and unique electronic and magnetic properties. In particular, bipolar magnetic semiconducting features can be achieved in the ferromagnetic state for all magnetic P-GNRs, which makes P-GNRs valuable for developing next-generation information storage devices...
March 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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