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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679850/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-prevalence-forms-functions-and-body-image-correlates
#1
Sandra Pérez, Jos H Marco, Montse Cañabate
INTRODUCTION: More than one third of patients with eating disorders report NSSI. Moreover, negative attitudes and feelings toward the body, body dissatisfaction, and body image disturbances have been linked to NSSI in community and clinical samples. However, there is a lack of studies exploring NSSI frequency and functions and the specific relationship between multidimensional body image dimensions and NSSI in eating disorder patients. OBJECTIVES: First, we explored the frequency, types, and functions of NSSI in a sample of 226 Spanish female participants with eating disorders (ED)...
April 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679695/serial-nse-measurement-identifies-non-survivors-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
Kieran Gillick, Kieron Rooney
AIMS: Prognostication following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains challenging. A multimodal approach is favoured, including consideration of the biomarker neuron-specific enolase (NSE) (Sandroni et al., 2014). Our objective was to investigate the utility of serial NSE measurements and to determine an appropriate cut-off value for prediction of death before hospital discharge using data from our tertiary care centre. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to the critical care unit of a tertiary centre critical care unit in the UK following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679618/is-it-time-to-perform-only-mri-targeted-cores-our-experience-in-1032-men-submitted-to-prostate-biopsy
#3
Pietro Pepe, Antonio Garufi, Gian Domenico Priolo, Antonio Galia, Filippo Fraggetta, Michele Pennisi
PURPOSE: Diagnostic accuracy of mpMRI (multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging) in the diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) has been evaluated and compared with transperineal saturation prostate biopsy (SPBx). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to Febraury 2018 1032 men (median age 63 years) with median PSA of 8.6 ng/ml underwent repeat SPBx (reference test) for the suspicion of cancer. All the patients underwent 3.0 Tesla pelvic mpMRI before SPBx and the lesions with PI-RADS (Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System) score ≥ 3 were submitted to additional targeted fusion prostate biopsy (TPBx)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679531/the-association-of-early-postoperative-lactate-levels-with-morbidity-after-elective-major-abdominal-surgery
#4
Jelena Veličković, Ivan Palibrk, Biljana Miličić, Dejan Veličković, Bojan Jovanović, Goran Rakić, Milorad Petrović, Vesna Bumbaširević
Lactate levels are widely used as an indicator of outcome in critically ill patients. We investigated the prognostic value of postoperative lactate levels for postoperative complications (POC), mortality and length of hospital stay after elective major abdominal surgery. A total of 195 patients were prospectively evaluated. Lactate levels were assessed on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) [L0], 4 hours (L4), 12 hours (L12), and 24 hours (L24) after the operation. Demographic and perioperative clinical data were collected...
April 21, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679411/the-use-of-a-logistic-regression-model-to-develop-a-risk-assessment-of-intraoperatively-acquired-pressure-ulcer
#5
Ling Gao, Lina Yang, Xiaoqin Li, Jin Chen, Juan Du, Xiaoxia Bai, Xianjun Yang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To screen the factors of intraoperatively acquired pressure ulcer (IAPU) and establish a new risk assessment model of IAPU. DESIGN: This is a prospective study. METHODS: A total of 1963 patients who received neurosurgery, orthopaedics, pediatric surgery and cardiac surgery therapy in Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Provincial People's Hospital in China from October 2015 to October 2016 were enrolled in the study and their clinical parameters were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679338/c-reactive-protein-on-postoperative-day-1-a-predictor-of-early-intra-abdominal-infections-after-bariatric-surgery
#6
Dino Kröll, Dominik Nakhostin, Guido Stirnimann, Suna Erdem, Tobias Haltmeier, Philipp Christoph Nett, Yves Michael Borbély
BACKGROUND: Early intra-abdominal infections (IAI) compromise short-term outcomes in bariatric surgery. The timely detection of IAI is challenging but essential to prevent major sequelae of such complications. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a reliable marker for detecting IAI after colorectal surgery. In bariatric surgery, data on CRP as a marker for IAI are limited, particularly for postoperative day one (POD1). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess CRP on POD1 as a predictor for early IAI (within 7 days following surgery) in patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB)...
April 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679242/automatic-organ-segmentation-for-ct-scans-based-on-super-pixel-and-convolutional-neural-networks
#7
Xiaoming Liu, Shuxu Guo, Bingtao Yang, Shuzhi Ma, Huimao Zhang, Jing Li, Changjian Sun, Lanyi Jin, Xueyan Li, Qi Yang, Yu Fu
Accurate segmentation of specific organ from computed tomography (CT) scans is a basic and crucial task for accurate diagnosis and treatment. To avoid time-consuming manual optimization and to help physicians distinguish diseases, an automatic organ segmentation framework is presented. The framework utilized convolution neural networks (CNN) to classify pixels. To reduce the redundant inputs, the simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) of super-pixels and the support vector machine (SVM) classifier are introduced...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679155/antero-vs-retrograde-nerve-dissection-in-parotidectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Petar Stankovic, Jan Wittlinger, Nina Timmesfeld, Stephan Hoch Stephan, Robert Georgiew, Thomas Günzel, Afshin Teymoortash, Thomas Wilhelm
INTRODUCTION: The retrograde approach (RP) to nerve identification is a method seldom used in parotid surgery. A systematic review comparing this method to the standard anterograde approach (AP) with respect to facial nerve palsy (FNP) does not currently exist. METHODS: In a meta-analysis according to the PRISMA statement, eight publications, including one randomized controlled trial, were selected. The primary aim was to compare the temporary and permanent FNP resulting from the two dissection methods...
April 20, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679133/-cut-off-filter-physical-and-physiological-basics
#9
REVIEW
M Bach, K Rohrschneider
Light filters with wavelength-dependent transmission and in particular cut-off or step filters (steep dependence of transmission on wavelength) have a broad optical application and are relevant in ophthalmology. This article describes some physical and physiological principles of cut-off filters, discusses the physiological aspects of applications, specifically the not always relevant necessity of blue-reducing filters and the lack of efficacy of color filters with color vision deficiencies.
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679113/increased-evidence-for-the-prognostic-value-of-fdg-uptake-on-late-treatment-pet-in-non-tumour-affected-oesophagus-in-irradiated-patients-with-oesophageal-carcinoma
#10
Yimin Li, Frank Hofheinz, Christian Furth, Chen Lili, Wu Hua, Pirus Ghadjar, Sebastian Zschaeck
PURPOSE: 18 F-FDG uptake in irradiated non-tumour-affected oesophagus (NTO) on restaging PET is a potential surrogate for the measurement of radiation-induced inflammation. Radiation-induced inflammation itself has been shown to be of high prognostic relevance in patients undergoing preoperative radiochemotherapy (RCT) for locally advanced oesophageal cancer. We assessed the prognostic relevance of FDG uptake in the NTO in an independent cohort of patients treated with definitive RCT...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679062/springtime-photoinhibition-constrains-regeneration-of-forest-floor-seedlings-of-abies-sachalinensis-after-a-removal-of-canopy-trees-during-winter
#11
Mitsutoshi Kitao, Hisanori Harayama, Qingmin Han, Evgenios Agathokleous, Akira Uemura, Naoyuki Furuya, Satoshi Ishibashi
A clear-cutting of canopy trees during winter often causes severe foliar damage during the following spring in forest floor seedlings of Abies sachalinensis, a typical shade-tolerant evergreen coniferous species. The maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II after an overnight dark adaptation showed a temporary decrease immediately before budbreak in 1-year-old shoots of A. sachalinensis seedlings grown under full sunlight in a nursery, suggesting "springtime photoinhibition" related to the phenology of evergreen coniferous species...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678853/red-cell-distribution-width-is-an-independent-risk-factor-of-patients-with-renal-function-damage-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-of-children-in-china
#12
Junfeng Zhang, Jiajia Cao, Wenjian Nie, Hongqiang Shen, Xu Hui
AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate whether red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with renal function damage in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) of children in China. METHODS: We used urine albumin-creatinine ratio to define microalbuminuria (MAU). A total of 170 patients were recruited in the study including 88 patients with MAU and 82 patients without MAU. Clinical and laboratory data of two groups were compared. RESULTS: The present study demonstrated that the RDW values were significantly higher in patients with MAU than those without MAU...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678814/innovations-to-cut-us-healthcare-prices
#13
Dhruv Khullar, Rahul Rajkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#14
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678517/what-podoplanin-tells-us-about-cells-with-telopodes
#15
L Manta, M C Rusu, F Pop
Telocytes (TCs) are stromal cells with telopodes, which represent long, thin, moniliform cell processes; however, this morphological feature alone is insufficient to define a cell type. Specific markers of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), such as Prox-1, podoplanin (D2-40) or LYVE-1, are not usually tested in TCs. We thus aimed at performing a study in light microscopy to evaluate whether or not LECs could be mistaken for TCs. Therefore we used CD34, α-smooth muscle actin and D2-40 for an immunohistochemical study on archived paraffin-embedded samples of uterine leiomyoma...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678473/female-sexual-dysfunction-among-muslim-women-increasing-awareness-to-improve-overall-evaluation-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Sameena Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Muslim women are an increasingly underserved population in the United States and worldwide. Diagnosis and treatment of female sexual dysfunction bring unique challenges because of the conservative nature of those practicing the religion. Several cultural and religious codes of conduct affect sexual behavior and the dysfunction that can ensue. AIM: To assess and describe the types of sexual dysfunction that have been found in Muslim women internationally and encourage a better understanding of their issues to enhance health care delivery...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678452/ultraviolet-germicidal-irradiation-of-influenza-contaminated-n95-filtering-facepiece-respirators
#17
Devin Mills, Delbert A Harnish, Caryn Lawrence, Megan Sandoval-Powers, Brian K Heimbuch
BACKGROUND: Safe and effective decontamination and reuse of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) has the potential to significantly extend FFR holdings, mitigating a potential shortage due to an influenza pandemic or other pandemic events. Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) has been shown to be effective for decontaminating influenza-contaminated FFRs. This study aims to build on past research by evaluating the UVGI decontamination efficiency of influenza-contaminated FFRs in the presence of soiling agents using an optimized UVGI dose...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678397/varus-posteromedial-rotatory-instability-a-biomechanical-analysis-of-posterior-bundle-of-the-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#18
Matthew J Gluck, Christina M Beck, Elan J Golan, Philip Nasser, Dave R Shukla, Michael R Hausman
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been growing interest in the involvement of the posterior bundle of the medial ulnar collateral ligament (pMUCL) in varus posteromedial rotatory instability (PMRI). Varus PMRI has been observed clinically, but the degree of involvement of the pMUCL remains unclear. This study assessed the degree to which the pMUCL is involved in stabilizing the elbow and the feasibility of a pMUCL reconstruction to restore stability. METHODS: Movements simulating PMRI were performed in 8 cadaveric elbows...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678342/spending-on-health-and-hiv-aids-domestic-health-spending-and-development-assistance-in-188-countries-1995-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable estimates of health spending are crucial for the assessment of health systems and to optimally deploy health resources. The methods used to track health spending continue to evolve, but little is known about the distribution of spending across diseases. We developed improved estimates of health spending by source, including development assistance for health, and, for the first time, estimated HIV/AIDS spending on prevention and treatment and by source of funding, for 188 countries...
April 17, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678274/preoperative-mri-evaluation-of-lesion-nipple-distance-in-breast-cancer-patients-thresholds-for-predicting-occult-nipple-areola-complex-involvement
#20
G Mariscotti, M Durando, N Houssami, C M Berzovini, F Esposito, M Fasciano, P P Campanino, D Bosco, R Bussone, A Ala, I Castellano, A Sapino, L Bergamasco, P Fonio, G Gandini
AIM: To identify clinically occult nipple-areola complex (NAC) involvement using preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to inform selection of patients eligible for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) or skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 195 patients, who had preoperative breast MRI (February 2011 to January 2017) before undergoing surgical treatments (NSM or SSM) for newly diagnosed breast cancer. Tumour features at MRI (mass or non-mass lesion, diameter, lesion-NAC distance [LND]) and pathology (lesion diameter, histopathological type, receptor status) were recorded, as well as the type of surgery (NSM/SSM) and presence (NAC+) or absence (NAC-) of tumour at intraoperative evaluation of retroareolar tissue...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Radiology
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