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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332227/accommodative-esotropia-the-state-of-the-art
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Lembo, Massimiliano Serafino, Marika Dello Strologo, Richard A Saunders, Rupal H Trivedi, Edoardo Villani, Paolo Nucci
PURPOSE: To review the state of the art of Accommodative Esotropia (AE) through careful study of what has been reported up to the point in literature. METHODS: A literature search was done on PubMed using key words including "Accommodative esotropia", "Infantile esotropia", "Strabismus" and "Accommodation". We systematically reviewed and critically appraised what has been written about AE and we tried to analyze that according to the current management of AE. RESULTS: Accommodative Esotropia (AE) is a form of strabismus characterized by convergent misalignment of the visual axes that can be associated with hyperopia and abnormal fusional divergence...
January 13, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329973/altered-gene-expression-in-tree-shrew-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium-produced-by-short-periods-of-minus-lens-wear
#2
Li He, Michael R Frost, John T Siegwart, Thomas T Norton
Hyperopic refractive error is detected by retinal neurons, which generate GO signals through a direct emmetropization signaling cascade: retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) into choroid and then into sclera, thereby increasing axial elongation. To examine signaling early in this cascade, we measured gene expression in the retina and RPE after short exposure to hyperopia produced by minus-lens wear. Gene expression in each tissue was compared with gene expression in combined retina + RPE. Starting 24 days after normal eye opening, three groups of juvenile tree shrews (n = 7 each) wore a monocular -5 D lens...
January 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316688/characteristics-of-refractive-errors-in-a-population-of-adults-in-the-central-region-of-poland
#3
Michal S Nowak, Piotr Jurowski, Andrzej Grzybowski, Janusz Smigielski
Background: To investigate the distribution of refractive errors and their characteristics in older adults from a Polish population. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional study. A total of 1107 men and women were interviewed and underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations, 998 subjects underwent refraction. Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent (SER) refraction ≤-0.5 dioptres (D) and hyperopia was defined as SER ≥+0.5 dioptres (D). Results: Among those who were refracted the distribution of myopia and hyperopia was 24...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315438/femtosecond-laser-assisted-lasik-with-and-without-the-adjuvant-use-of-mitomycin-c-to-correct-hyperopia
#4
Montserrat Garcia-Gonzalez, MariLuz Iglesias-Iglesias, Pilar Drake Rodriguez-Casanova, Juan Gros-Otero, Miguel A Teus
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive results of femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) with and without the adjuvant use of mitomycin C (MMC) to correct hyperopia. METHODS: A total of 152 consecutive hyperopic eyes were included in this retrospective, observational cohort study, comparing 76 eyes treated with FS-LASIK + MMC with 76 age- and refraction-matched eyes treated with FS-LASIK without MMC. Visual and refractive results were evaluated 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, and 15 months postoperatively...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315435/femtosecond-lenticule-extraction-flex-for-spherocylindrical-hyperopia-using-new-profiles
#5
Walter Sekundo, Anke Messerschmidt-Roth, Dan Z Reinstein, Timothy J Archer, Marcus Blum
PURPOSE: To investigate new lenticule profiles for the treatment of hyperopia by femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) for spherocylindrical hyperopia using a modified laser scan sequence. METHODS: In this prospective 9-month study, 39 eyes of 22 patients with the mean age of 49 years (range: 27 to 56 years) underwent hyperopic FLEx. The mean optical zone was 6 mm (range: 5.75 to 6.75 mm) with keratometry readings and magnitude of correction adjusted mean transition zone of 2...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303395/acute-primary-angle-closure-after-periorbital-facial-procedures-report-of-four-cases-and-literature-review
#6
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Maria Sharepour, Hamed Sianati, Parya Abdolalizadeh
AIMS: To report four cases of acute primary angle closure (PAC) after blepharoplasty and forehead lifting procedures and review the previous reported cases in the literature. METHODS: Four female subjects with age range of 50-67 years developed PAC 2-5 days after blepharoplasty and endoscopic forehead lifting procedures. All presented with pain, nausea, blurred vision, red eye, and eyelid swelling. Diagnosis was delayed in the first subject because of considering the signs and symptoms as usual postoperative ones...
January 5, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259393/the-retina-rpe-proteome-in-chick-myopia-and-hyperopia-models-commonalities-with-inherited-and-age-related-ocular-pathologies
#7
Nina Riddell, Pierre Faou, Melanie Murphy, Loretta Giummarra, Rachael A Downs, Harinda Rajapaksha, Sheila G Crewther
Purpose: Microarray and RNA sequencing studies in the chick model of early optically induced refractive error have implicated thousands of genes, many of which have also been linked to ocular pathologies in humans, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), choroidal neovascularization, glaucoma, and cataract. These findings highlight the potential relevance of the chick model to understanding both refractive error development and the progression to secondary pathological complications...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233124/increase-in-esodeviation-under-cycloplegia-with-0-5-tropicamide-and-0-5-phenylephrine-mixed-eye-drops-in-patients-with-hyperopia-and-esotropia
#8
In Jeong Lyu, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
BACKGROUD: To evaluate the manifestations of increased esodeviation under cycloplegia with 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine in children with hyperopia and esotropia. METHODS: We reviewed the medical record of 34 children with hyperopia and esotropia who underwent a prism alternate cover test before and after instillation of mixed eye drops containing 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine between November 2014 and October 2015. Increased angle of deviation was defined as 10 prism diopters (PD) or greater deviation after cycloplegia...
December 12, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231434/-exploration-on-three-eye-needling-technique-of-acupuncture
#9
Yu Wu, Jie Chen, Shaoling Li, Qing Yuan
The "three eye-needling" technique is one of the important component of Jin's three needling therapy, mainly used for the treatment of eye disorders such as optic atrophy, macular pigment degeneration, myopia, hyperopia, strabismus, amblyopia, diplopia, glaucoma, cataract, etc. In the paper, Jin's "three eye-needling" technique is explored, including the keys of manipulation, operation procedure and basic skills. This technique is particularly for "mind regulation", focusing on tranquilizing, observing and concentrating the mind...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227511/predictive-formula-for-refraction-of-autologous-lenticule-implantation-for-hyperopia-correction
#10
Meng Li, Meiyan Li, Ling Sun, Katherine Ni, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: To create a formula to predict refractive correction of autologous lenticule implantation for correction of hyperopia (with myopia in one eye and hyperopia in the contralateral eye). METHODS: In this prospective study, 10 consecutive patients (20 eyes) who had myopia in one eye and hyperopia in the contralateral eye were included. The preoperative spherical equivalent was -3.31 ± 1.73 diopters (D) for the myopic eyes and +4.46 ± 1.97 D for the hyperopic eyes...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223233/outcomes-of-retreatment-after-hyperopic-laser-in%C3%A2-situ-keratomileusis
#11
Andreas Frings, Elisa Intert, Johannes Steinberg, Vasyl Druchkiv, Stephan J Linke, Toam Katz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, predictability, and safety of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) retreatment in eyes with hyperopia. SETTING: Multicenter refractive surgery centers and University Hospital, Germany. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This multicenter study included hyperopic patients with a preoperative difference between cycloplegic and manifest refraction of 1.00 diopter (D) or less who had LASIK retreatment based on manifest refraction...
November 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170418/gene-therapy-restores-mfrp-and-corrects-axial-eye-length
#12
Gabriel Velez, Stephen H Tsang, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chun-Wei Hsu, Anuradha Gore, Aliaa H Abdelhakim, MaryAnn Mahajan, Ronald H Silverman, Janet R Sparrow, Alexander G Bassuk, Vinit B Mahajan
Hyperopia (farsightedness) is a common and significant cause of visual impairment, and extreme hyperopia (nanophthalmos) is a consequence of loss-of-function MFRP mutations. MFRP deficiency causes abnormal eye growth along the visual axis and significant visual comorbidities, such as angle closure glaucoma, cystic macular edema, and exudative retinal detachment. The Mfrp rd6 /Mfrp rd6 mouse is used as a pre-clinical animal model of retinal degeneration, and we found it was also hyperopic. To test the effect of restoring Mfrp expression, we delivered a wild-type Mfrp to the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) of Mfrp rd6 /Mfrp rd6 mice via adeno-associated viral (AAV) gene therapy...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164235/incidence-progression-and-risk-factors-for-cataract-in-type-2-diabetes
#13
Sangeetha Srinivasan, Rajiv Raman, Gayathri Swaminathan, Suganeswari Ganesan, Vaitheeswaran Kulothungan, Tarun Sharma
Purpose: We report the 4-year incidence, progression, and risk factors of cataract subtypes in type 2 diabetes. Methods: A total of 779 subjects completed baseline and 4-year follow-up. Results: The incidences of nuclear opalescence (NO), nuclear color (NC), cortical cataract (CC), and posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) were 70%, 55.2%, 25.7%, and 7.3%, respectively. One-step progressions of NO, NC, CC, and PSC were 14.3%, 16.1%, 8.8%, and 8...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137074/refractive-state-and-optical-compositions-of-preterm-children-with-and-without-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-the-first-6-years-of-life
#14
Xiaohui Zhu, Rulian Zhao, Yang Wang, Lijuan Ouyang, Jing Yang, Yong Li, Lianhong Pi
This study aimed to investigate the refractive state and optical compositions of preterm children with and without mild retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and explore the influence of prematurity and mild ROP on the development of refractive state and optical compositions.Preterm children who received fundus screening were recruited, and divided into ROP group and non-ROP group. Term children matched in age were also recruited as controls. Several correspondence indicators were measured before and after ciliary muscle paralysis with 1% cyclopentanone...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135799/peripapillary-pachychoroid-syndrome
#15
Nopasak Phasukkijwatana, K Bailey Freund, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Mayss Al-Sheikh, Pearse A Keane, Catherine A Egan, Sandeep Randhawa, Jay M Stewart, Qingyun Liu, Alex P Hunyor, Allan Kreiger, Aaron Nagiel, Robert Lalane, Mansour Rahimi, Won Ki Lee, Lee Merrill Jampol, David Sarraf
PURPOSE: To describe the features of peripapillary pachychoroid syndrome (PPS), a novel pachychoroid disease spectrum (PDS) entity. METHODS: Medical records of 31 eyes (16 patients) with choroidal thickening associated with intraretinal and/or subretinal fluid in the nasal macula extending from the disk were reviewed (patients with PPS). Choroidal thickness was compared with 2 age-matched cohorts: typical PDS (17 eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy or pachychoroid neovasculopathy) and 19 normal eyes...
November 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132914/comparison-of-cyclopentolate-versus-tropicamide-cycloplegia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Negareh Yazdani, Ramin Sadeghi, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Leili Zarifmahmoudi, Asieh Ehsaei
PURPOSE: The aim of the present meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of cyclopentolate and tropicamide in controlling accommodation during refraction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science direct and Ovid databases by the key words: "tropicamide"; "cyclopentolate"; "cycloplegia" and "cycloplegic" from inception to April 2016. Methodological quality of the literature was evaluated according to the Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine and modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120975/refractive-error-in-a-sample-of-black-high-school-children-in-south-africa
#17
Samuel Otabor Wajuihian, Rekha Hansraj
SIGNIFICANCE: This study focused on a cohort that has not been studied and who currently have limited access to eye care services. The findings, while improving the understanding of the distribution of refractive errors, also enabled identification of children requiring intervention and provided a guide for future resource allocation. PURPOSE: The aim of conducting the study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of refractive error and its association with gender, age, and school grade level...
November 9, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117414/monovision-lasik-versus-presbyopia-correcting-iols-comparison-of-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#18
Steven C Schallhorn, David Teenan, Jan A Venter, Julie M Schallhorn, Keith A Hettinger, Stephen J Hannan, Martina Pelouskova
PURPOSE: To compare clinical and quality of life outcomes between patients who underwent monovision LASIK and refractive lens exchange. METHODS: The study comprised 590 patients with refractive lens exchange and 608 patients with monovision LASIK available for 3-month postoperative clinical visits. All patients with refractive lens exchange had a Tecnis Symfony lens (Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc., Santa Ana, CA) in at least one eye. Patients were divided into four refractive categories: moderate to high myopia, low myopia, plano presbyopia, and hyperopia...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116952/a-model-of-the-effect-of-lens-development-on-refraction-in-schoolchildren
#19
Ji C He
SIGNIFICANCE: The study provides a new theory on the mechanism underlying myopia development, and it could be useful in clinical practice to control myopia development in schoolchildren. PURPOSE: To model the effect of the crystalline lens on refractive development in schoolchildren. METHODS: The Zemax 13 was used to calculate Zernike aberrations and refractions across 50° horizontal visual fields. Optical effects of the anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and radii of curvature of the lens surfaces on refractions were modeled...
November 8, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090045/comparison-between-pentacam-hr-and-orbscan-ii-after-hyperopic-photorefractive-keratectomy
#20
Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Farshad Askarizadeh, Mohamad Reza Sedaghat, Hadi Ghadimi, Bahram Khosravi, Mohammad Aghazadeh Amiri, Foroozan Narooie-Noori
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the agreement between Pentacam HR (Scheimpflug imaging, Oculus) and Orbscan II (scanning slit topography, Bausch and Lomb) in measuring corneal parameters after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for hyperopia. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 38 hyperopic eyes undergoing PRK were examined before refractive surgery and 8 to 10 months postoperatively using Pentacam HR and Orbscan II. Ultrasound (US) pachymetry was also used to measure central corneal thickness (CCT)...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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