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external compartment syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766123/orthopaedic-traumatology-fundamental-principles-and-current-controversies-for-the-acute-care-surgeon
#1
REVIEW
Shad K Pharaon, Shawn Schoch, Lucas Marchand, Amer Mirza, John Mayberry
Multiply injured patients with fractures are co-managed by acute care surgeons and orthopaedic surgeons. In most centers, orthopaedic surgeons definitively manage fractures, but preliminary management, including washouts, splinting, reductions, and external fixations, may be performed by selected acute care surgeons. The acute care surgeon should have a working knowledge of orthopaedic terminology to communicate with colleagues effectively. They should have an understanding of the composition of bone, periosteum, and cartilage, and their reaction when there is an injury...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727255/hairpulling-causing-vision-loss-a-case-report
#2
Sidharth Puri, Sarah Madison Duff, Brett Mueller, Mark Prendes, Jeremy Clark
Subperiosteal extension of a subgaleal hematoma (SGH) to the orbit is a reported, but rare complication of trauma. This report details a 13-year-old African-American male who originally presented to the emergency department after trauma with headache and was found on CT imaging to have a contained subgaleal hemorrhage. He presented 2 days later with increased pain and proptosis of the left eye with findings of decreased visual acuity, elevated intraocular pressure, proptosis, and complete external ophthalmoplegia...
May 4, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601968/update-on-leg-fractures-in-paediatric-patients
#3
REVIEW
J D Metaizeau, D Denis
Leg fractures are common and further increasing in prevalence in paediatric patients. The diagnosis is readily made in most cases. Choosing the best treatment is the main issue. Non-operative treatment is the reference standard for non-displaced or reducible and stable fractures but requires considerable expertise and close monitoring, as well as an immobilisation period that far exceeds 3 months in many cases. Some surgical teams therefore offer elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) as an alternative to children who do not want to be immobilised for several months...
March 27, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545222/acute-monocular-blindness-due-to-orbital-compartment-syndrome-following-a-pterional-craniotomy-a-case-report
#4
Jeroen G V Habets, Roel H L Haeren, Suen A N Lie, Noel J C Bauer, Jim T A Dings
BACKGROUND: We present a case of orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) leading to monocular irreversible blindness following a pterional craniotomy for clipping of an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm. OCS is an uncommon but vision-threatening entity requiring urgent decompression to reduce the risk of permanent visual loss. Iatrogenic orbital roof defects are a common finding following pterional craniotomies. However, complications related to these defects are rarely reported...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432320/segmental-tibia-fractures-an-analysis-of-complication-and-healing-rates
#5
Robert M Corey, Nathan K Park, Lisa K Cannada
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most commonly associated injuries, complications, and healing rates of patients sustaining segmental tibial shaft fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Two Level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: One hundred and eight patients with segmental tibial shaft fractures were identified between 2005-2013. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographics, injury characteristics, treatments, and complications...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318024/congenital-cranial-ventral-abdominal-hernia-peritoneopericardial-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-sternal-cleft-in-a-4-year-old-multiparous-pregnant-queen
#6
Camille Bismuth, Claire Deroy
Case summary: Cranial ventral midline hernias, most often congenital, can be associated with other congenital abnormalities, such as sternal, diaphragmatic or cardiac malformations. A 4-year-old multiparous queen with a substernal hernia was admitted for evaluation of a mammary mass. During CT examination, a bifid sternum, the abdominal hernia containing the intestines, spleen, omentum, three fetuses, a mammary mass and an incidental peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia were identified...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195681/compression-sonography-for-non-invasive-measurement-of-lower-leg-compartment-pressure-in-an-animal-model
#7
Andreas Bloch, Corina Tomaschett, Stephan M Jakob, Andreas Schwinghammer, Timo Schmid
INTRODUCTION: Compression ultrasound is a non-invasive technique allowing for qualitative visualization and quantitative measurements of mechanical tissue properties. In acute compartment syndrome (ACS), cadaver studies have proven that the intra-compartmental pressure (ICP) measured by compression sonography correlates with the ICP measured invasively. This study aimed to evaluate compression sonography for compartment pressure measurements in an animal model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The pressure in the anterior tibial compartment of 6 domestic pig legs was increased from baseline to 40mmHg in 5mmHg steps...
November 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191536/the-enigma-of-orbital-compartment-syndrome-after-lumbar-spine-surgery-in-the-prone-position-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Jorge Luiz Amorim Correa, Marcus André Acioly
BACKGROUND: Perioperative visual loss after spinal surgery is a devastating complication for the patient and the surgical team. Two known major causes are ischemic optic neuropathy and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Traditional understanding of CRAO has been consistently related to occurrence of periocular trauma and signs of increased intraorbital pressure in addition to visual loss. However, such orbital signs are not a feature of any common perioperative visual loss syndrome...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153450/is-external-fixation-needed-for-the-treatment-of-tibial-fractures-with-acute-compartment-syndrome
#9
Tae Hun Kim, Jun Young Chung, Keun Su Kim, Hyung Keun Song
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) after tibial fracture carries a risk of various complications, including infection, delayed union, nonunion, nerve damage, and poor prognosis. For the treatment of fractures with ACS, fasciotomy is conducted, and the method to stabilise the fracture has to be considered. Thirty-five patients who underwent surgery for ACS with tibial shaft fractures were evaluated, and the results of initial internal fixation (Group I, 20 patients) and initial external fixation (Group II, 15 patients) were analysed...
February 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987826/orbital-compartment-syndrome-after-frontotemporal-craniotomy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Felix H Pahl, Matheus F de Oliveira, José E Dal Col Lúcio, Emerson F Souza E Castro
INTRODUCTION: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare condition characterized by increased intraorbital pressure and hypoperfusion of critical neural structures. It is usually associated with external ophthalmoplegia. We report a case of postoperative OCS following a frontotemporal craniotomy and review pertinent literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 3-year-old female patient presented with a 3-year history of refractory epilepsy and diagnosis of right frontobasal cortical dysplasia...
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872527/muscle-microvascular-blood-flow-oxygenation-ph-and-perfusion-pressure-decrease-in-simulated-acute-compartment-syndrome
#11
Sravya T Challa, Alan R Hargens, Amarachi Uzosike, Brandon R Macias
BACKGROUND: The current gold standard for diagnosing acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an assessment of clinical signs, invasive measurement of intramuscular pressure (IMP), and measurement of local perfusion pressure. However, IMP measurements have several shortcomings, including pain, risk of infection, risk of technique error, plugging of the catheter tip, lack of consensus on the diagnostic pressure threshold, and lack of specificity and sensitivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate muscle hemodynamics, oxygenation, and pH as diagnostic parameters in a human model of ACS...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862056/the-use-of-engineered-bilayered-skin-myderm-tm-in-the-management-of-massive-skin-defect-in-grade-iii-gustilo-anderson-open-fracture
#12
Nor Hazla Mohamed Haflah, Min Hwei Ng, Mohd Heikal Mohd Yunus, Amaramalar Selvee Naicker, Ohnmar Htwe, Muhammad Fahmi, Mohamad Fikeri Ishak, Wan Tai Seet, Khairul Anuar Khairoji, Manira Maarof, Kien Hui Chua, Sharen Aini Shamsuddin, Ruszymah Idrus
Open fracture Gustilo-Anderson grade IIIC is associated with higher risk of infection and problems with soft tissue coverage. Various methods have been used for soft tissue coverage in open fractures with large skin defect. We report a case of a patient who had grade IIIC open fracture of the tibia with posterior tibial artery injury. The patient underwent external fixation and reduction. Because of potential compartment syndrome after vascular repair, fasciotomy of the posterior compartment was performed. This wound, however, became infected and because of further debridement, gave rise to a large skin defect...
September 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818324/the-treatment-of-segmental-tibial-fractures-does-patient-preference-differ-from-surgeon-choice
#13
Z Little, T O Smith, S E McMahon, C Cooper, A Trompeter, M Pearse, S Britten, B Rogers, H Sharma, B Narayan, M Costa, D J Beard, C B Hing
INTRODUCTION: Segmental tibial fractures are complex injuries with a prolonged recovery time. Current definitive treatment options include intramedullary fixation or a circular external fixator. However, there is uncertainty as to which surgical option is preferable and there are no sufficiently rigorous multi-centre trials that have answered this question. The objective of this study was to determine whether patient and surgeon opinion was permissive for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing intramedullary nailing to the application of a circular external fixator...
August 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#14
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817534/radius-regeneration-after-open-fracture-and-extrusion-a-case-report
#15
Kristopher B McCall, David Y Chong
A pediatric patient presenting with an open forearm fracture with segmental defect is rare, and the pediatric orthopedic literature to guide treatment is sparse. There are several described methods to treat the defect, including bone grafting and bone transport techniques. In addition, there are reports of fibular regeneration after resection if the periosteum is left intact. We present a case report of complete regeneration of over half of a pediatric radial shaft with an intact periosteum, after traumatic extrusion from an open fracture...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614149/ota-ao-classification-is-highly-predictive-of-acute-compartment-syndrome-after-tibia-fracture-a-cohort-of-2885-fractures
#16
Michael J Beebe, Darryl A Auston, Jonathan H Quade, Rafael Serrano-Riera, Anjan R Shah, David T Watson, Roy W Sanders, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between the OTA/AO classification of tibia fractures and the development of acute compartment syndrome (ACS). DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected database. SETTING: Single Level 1 academic trauma center. PATIENTS: All patients with a tibia fracture from 2006 to 2016 were reviewed for this study. Three thousand six hundred six fractures were initially identified...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385655/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jiashen Shao, Hengrui Chang, Yanbin Zhu, Wei Chen, Zhanle Zheng, Huixin Zhang, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to quantitatively summarize the risk factors associated with surgical site infection after open reduction and internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang database and Cochrane central database were searched for relevant original studies from database inception to October 2016. Eligible studies had to meet quality assessment criteria according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and had to evaluate the risk factors for surgical site infection after open reduction and internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320508/staged-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-of-proximal-tibial-fractures-with-acute-compartment-syndrome
#18
Joon-Woo Kim, Chang-Wug Oh, Jong-Keon Oh, Hee-Soo Kyung, Kyeong-Hyeon Park, Hee-June Kim, Jae-Wook Jung, Young-Soo Jung
PURPOSE: High-energy proximal tibial fractures often accompany compartment syndrome and are usually treated by fasciotomy with external fixation followed by secondary plating. However, the initial soft tissue injury may affect bony union, the fasciotomy incision or external fixator pin sites may lead to postoperative wound infections, and the staged procedure itself may adversely affect lower limb function. We assess the results of staged minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for proximal tibial fractures with acute compartment syndrome...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268001/return-to-duty-following-combat-related-multi-ligamentous-knee-injury
#19
Aaron E Barrow, Andrew J Sheean, Travis C Burns
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective cohort study characterized injury patterns, treatment practices, and identified the return to duty (RTD) rate following combat-related multi-ligament knee injuries (MLKI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated injury characteristics and treatment methods of 46 military service members who had sustained a MLKI during combat activity. The primary clinical outcome measure was ability to return to active military duty. Secondary outcomes included subjective pain score, knee motion, knee instability, and use of ambulatory assistive device...
April 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253948/-long-term-outcomes-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-treated-with-bryant-s-vertical-traction
#20
J Urban, P Toufar, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The paper aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children treated with Bryant's vertical traction. Moreover, we also assessed the size of overgrowth in the injured femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 23 patients with 23 femoral shaft fractures treated with Bryant's vertical traction at our department in 2009-2014. The following parameters were assessed: sex, ïnjured side, weight, age, mechanism of injury, potential abuse, type of fracture, duration of traction, and total length of hospital stay...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
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