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Search and Rescue

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227062/vision-based-responders-localization-techniques-in-urban-search-and-rescue-scenarios
#1
Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz
In this paper, we introduce a vision-based localization algorithm that can accurately track responders during rescue operations in urban areas that are Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)-denied. The proposed algorithm works successfully with the rich visual features of an urban environment and obtains an average localization accuracy of 2.5 ft. In addition, we also provide a 3D representation of the disaster field which reflects the current conditions of the site.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226340/oral-oxycodone-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-review-of-clinical-trials
#2
Chi Wai Cheung, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Qiu Qiu, Xianyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the mainstay of pain management for acute postsurgical pain. Oral oxycodone is an opioid that can provide effective acute postoperative pain relief. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review based on published articles searched in PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015 on oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. METHODS: Clinical trials related to the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management were searched via PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219457/maximum-time-to-rescue-after-the-1908-messina-reggio-calabria-earthquake-was-20-days-hints-for-disaster-planning
#3
Natale Gaspare De Santo, Carmela Bisaccia, Luca Salvatore De Santo
: Introduction Maximum time-to-rescue has been studied accurately for many earthquakes in the years 1985-2004. No study is available for historical quakes. Hypothesis/Problem This study aimed to evaluate long-term survivors (from the fifth day after the quake) of the Messina-Reggio Calabria earthquake (1908; Italy), which is considered, historically, to be the worst seismic event in Europe. METHODS: Accurate readings of 11 national newspapers from the fifth day after the quake looking for rescued persons and transferring, to an ad hoc form, all data relating to each rescued person...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215602/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-acute-flares-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-prospective-study
#4
Harry Sokol, Valérie Lalande, Cecilia Landman, Anne Bourrier, Isabelle Nion-Larmurier, Sylvie Rajca, Julien Kirchgesner, Philippe Seksik, Jacques Cosnes, Frédéric Barbut, Laurent Beaugerie
OBJECTIVES: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common complication in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and has been associated with poor IBD outcome. The aims of our study were to look for predictive factors of CDI in patients hospitalized for IBD flare and to evaluate a rapid testing strategy in this population. METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized for IBD flare in Saint-Antoine Hospital (Paris, France) were prospectively tested for CDI with a defined strategy involving rapid testing and reference methods...
January 30, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192440/helicopter-emergency-medical-services-in-major-incident-management-a-national-norwegian-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Anne Siri Johnsen, Stephen J M Sollid, Trond Vigerust, Morten Jystad, Marius Rehn
OBJECTIVE: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) aim to bring a highly specialised crew to the scene of major incidents for triage, treatment and transport. We aim to describe experiences made by HEMS in Norway in the management of major incidents. DESIGN: Doctors, rescue paramedics and pilots working in Norwegian HEMS and Search and Rescue Helicopters (SAR) January 1st 2015 were invited to a cross-sectional study on experiences, preparedness and training in major incident management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186901/data-flow-analysis-and-visualization-for-spatiotemporal-statistical-data-without-trajectory-information
#6
Seokyeon Kim, Seongmin Jeong, Insoo Woo, Yun Jang, Ross Maciejewski, David Ebert
Geographic visualization research has focused on a variety of techniques to represent and explore spatiotemporal data. The goal of those techniques is to enable users to explore events and interactions over space and time in order to facilitate the discovery of patterns, anomalies and relationships within the data. However, it is difficult to extract and visualize data flow patterns over time for non-directional statistical data without trajectory information. In this work, we develop a novel flow analysis technique to extract, represent, and analyze flow maps of non-directional spatiotemporal data unaccompanied by trajectory information...
February 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173781/effect-of-inhaled-corticosteroid-particle-size-on-asthma-efficacy-and-safety-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Céline El Baou, Rachael L Di Santostefano, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Elizabeth A Suarez, David Stempel, Mark L Everard, Neil Barnes
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the primary treatment for persistent asthma. Currently available ICS have differing particle size due to both formulation and propellant, and it has been postulated that this may impact patient outcomes. This structured literature review and meta-analysis compared the effect of small and standard particle size ICS on lung function, symptoms, rescue use (when available) and safety in patients with asthma as assessed in head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155885/regulation-of-pairing-between-broken-dna-containing-chromatin-regions-by-ku80-dna-pkcs-atm-and-53bp1
#8
Motohiro Yamauchi, Atsushi Shibata, Keiji Suzuki, Masatoshi Suzuki, Atsuko Niimi, Hisayoshi Kondo, Miwa Miura, Miyako Hirakawa, Keiko Tsujita, Shunichi Yamashita, Naoki Matsuda
Chromosome rearrangement is clinically and physiologically important because it can produce oncogenic fusion genes. Chromosome rearrangement requires DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) at two genomic locations and misrejoining between the DSBs. Before DSB misrejoining, two DSB-containing chromatin regions move and pair with each other; however, the molecular mechanism underlying this process is largely unknown. We performed a spatiotemporal analysis of ionizing radiation-induced foci of p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), a marker for DSB-containing chromatin...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141913/systemic-corticosteroid-regimens-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#9
REVIEW
Wes Onland, Anne Pmc De Jaegere, Martin Offringa, Anton van Kaam
BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews show that systemic postnatal corticosteroids reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. However, corticosteroids have also been associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairment. It is unknown whether these beneficial and adverse effects are modulated by differences in corticosteroid treatment regimens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different corticosteroid treatment regimens on mortality, pulmonary morbidity, and neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137554/efficacy-and-safety-of-intraarticular-hyaluronic-acid-and-corticosteroid-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Wei-Wei He, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jie Zhao, Lei Sun, Bin Lu, Ying Wang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma
OBJECTIVE: A meta analysis to compare efficacy and safety of intraarticular hyaluronic acid (HA) and intraarticular corticosteroids (CS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHOD: Potential studies were searched from the electronic databases included PubMed, Embase, web of science and the Cochrane Library up to August 2016. High quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected based on inclusion criteria. RevMan 5.3 were used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: 12 RCTs containing 1794 patients meet the inclusion criteria...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119340/risk-factors-associated-with-unintentional-house-fire-incidents-injuries-and-deaths-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#11
Samantha L Turner, Rhodri D Johnson, Alison L Weightman, Sarah E Rodgers, Geri Arthur, Rowena Bailey, Ronan A Lyons
OBJECTIVE: To identify the distinguishing risk factors associated with unintentional house fire incidents, injuries and deaths. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A range of bibliographical databases and grey literature were searched from their earliest records to January 2016. To ensure the magnitude of risk could be quantified, only those study types which contained a control group, and undertook appropriate statistical analyses were included...
January 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116777/pharmacological-treatment-for-antipsychotic-related-constipation
#12
REVIEW
Susanna Every-Palmer, Giles Newton-Howes, Mike J Clarke
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic-related constipation is a common and serious adverse effect, especially for people taking clozapine. Clozapine has been shown to impede gastrointestinal motility, leading to constipation, and has been reported in up to 60% of patients receiving clozapine. In rare cases, complications can be fatal. Appropriate laxatives should be prescribed to treat constipation in people taking antipsychotics, but there is a lack of guidance on the comparative effectiveness and harms of different agents in this population...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112422/efficacy-of-olanzapine-for-the-prophylaxis-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-meta-analysis
#13
Ting Yang, Qianxin Liu, Min Lu, Lingyue Ma, Ying Zhou, Yimin Cui
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of olanzapine for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). METHODS: Literatures were searched from PubMed, Embase, Central, as well as clinicaltrials.gov for unpublished studies. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of olanzapine for the prophylaxis of CINV were included in the present study. The endpoints were the number of patients who achieved complete response (no emesis and no rescue) and no nausea in the acute, delayed and overall phases...
January 23, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110000/drones-may-be-used-to-save-lives-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-drowning
#14
A Claesson, L Svensson, P Nordberg, M Ringh, M Rosenqvist, T Djarv, J Samuelsson, O Hernborg, P Dahlbom, A Jansson, J Hollenberg
BACKGROUND: Drowning leading to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and death is a major public health concern. Submersion with duration of less than 10min is associated with favorable neurological outcome and nearby bystanders play a considerable role in rescue and resuscitation. Drones can provide a visual overview of an accident scene, their potential as lifesaving tools in drowning has not been evaluated. AIM: The aim of this simulation study was to evaluate the efficiency of a drone for providing earlier location of a submerged possible drowning victim in comparison with standard procedure...
January 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107373/dexmedetomidine-versus-midazolam-in-procedural-sedation-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#15
Clemens R M Barends, Anthony Absalom, Baucke van Minnen, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature comparing the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine and midazolam when used for procedural sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE for clinical trials comparing dexmedetomidine and midazolam for procedural sedation up to June 20, 2016. Inclusion criteria: clinical trial, human subjects, adult subjects (≥18 years), article written in English, German, French or Dutch, use of study medication for conscious sedation and at least one group receiving dexmedetomidine and one group receiving midazolam...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100519/paravertebral-block-in-paediatric-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#16
E A Page, K L Taylor
The increased popularity of paravertebral block (PVB) can be attributed to its relative safety and comparable efficacy when compared with epidural analgesia. It has thus been recommended for open cholecystectomy and other less painful surgeries such as inguinal herniorraphy and appendectomy. We performed a systematic review of PVB in paediatric abdominal conditions to assess its clinical efficacy and side effects compared with other analgesic therapies.A search of Medline, Embase, and Web of Science and hand-searching references from inception date to May 2016 was done...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096084/timesvector-a-vectorized-clustering-approach-to-the-analysis-of-time-series-transcriptome-data-from-multiple-phenotypes
#17
Inuk Jung, Kyuri Jo, Hyejin Kang, Hongryul Ahn, Youngjae Yu, Sun Kim
MOTIVATION: Identifying biologically meaningful gene expression patterns from time series gene expression data is important to understand the underlying biological mechanisms. To identify significantly perturbed gene sets between different phenotypes, analysis of time series transcriptome data requires consideration of time and sample dimensions. Thus, the analysis of such time series data seeks to search gene sets that exhibit similar or different expression patterns between two or more sample conditions, constituting the three-dimensional data, i...
January 17, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088906/epratuzumab-and-blinatumomab-as-therapeutic-antibodies-for-treatment-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#18
Raffaella Franca, Diego Favretto, Marilena Granzotto, Giuliana Decorti, Marco Rabusin, Gabriele Stocco
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of children affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are successfully treated; however relapse remains a remarkable clinical concern, with 50-60% of relapsing patients facing a fatal outcome. Management of relapsed patients includes standardized intensive risk-adapted regimens based on conventional drugs, and hematopoietic stem cells transplantation for patients with unfavourable features. Biological drugs, in particular the monoclonal antibody epratuzumab and the bi-functional recombinant single chain peptide blinatumomab, have been recently recognized as novel potential agents to be integrated in salvage ALL therapy to further improve rescue outcome...
January 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079669/the-irish-helicobacter-pylori-working-group-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-h-pylori-infection-in-adult-patients-in-ireland
#19
Sinead Smith, Breida Boyle, Denise Brennan, Martin Buckley, Paul Crotty, Maeve Doyle, Richard Farrell, Mary Hussey, David Kevans, Peter Malfertheiner, Francis Megraud, Sean Nugent, Anthony O'Connor, Colm O'Morain, Shiobhan Weston, Deirdre McNamara
BACKGROUND: Irish eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori are decreasing and there is an increase in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. These trends call into question current management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To establish an Irish Helicobacter pylori Working Group (IHPWG) to assess, revise and tailor current available recommendations. METHODS: Experts in the areas of gastroenterology and microbiology were invited to join the IHPWG...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068294/canine-olfaction-as-an-alternative-to-analytical-instruments-for-disease-diagnosis-understanding-dog-personality-to-achieve-reproducible-results
#20
Klaus Hackner, Joachim Pleil
Recent literature has touted the use of canine olfaction as a diagnostic tool for identifying pre-clinical disease status, especially cancer and infection from biological media samples. Studies have shown a wide range of outcomes, ranging from almost perfect discrimination, all the way to essentially random results. This disparity is not likely to be a detection issue; dogs have been shown to have extremely sensitive noses as proven by their use for tracking, bomb detection and search and rescue. However, in contrast to analytical instruments, dogs are subject to boredom, fatigue, hunger and external distractions...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
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