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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346946/association-between-a-virtual-glucose-management-service-and-glycemic-control-in-hospitalized-adult-patients-an-observational-study
#1
Robert J Rushakoff, Mary M Sullivan, Heidemarie Windham MacMaster, Arti D Shah, Alvin Rajkomar, David V Glidden, Michael A Kohn
Background: Inpatient hyperglycemia is common and is linked to adverse patient outcomes. New methods to improve glycemic control are needed. Objective: To determine whether a virtual glucose management service (vGMS) is associated with improved inpatient glycemic control. Design: Cross-sectional analyses of three 12-month periods (pre-vGMS, transition, and vGMS) between 1 June 2012 and 31 May 2015. Setting: 3 University of California, San Francisco, hospitals...
March 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346878/how-appropriate-are-the-english-language-test-requirements-for-non-uk-trained-nurses-a-qualitative-study-of-spoken-communication-in-uk-hospitals
#2
Carole Sedgwick, Mark Garner
BACKGROUND: Non-native speakers of English who hold nursing qualifications from outside the UK are required to provide evidence of English language competence by achieving a minimum overall score of Band 7 on the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) academic test. OBJECTIVES: To describe the English language required to deal with the daily demands of nursing in the UK. To compare these abilities with the stipulated levels on the language test. DESIGN: A tracking study was conducted with 4 nurses, and focus groups with 11 further nurses...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346632/behavioral-health-emphasis-critical-for-rural-family-physician-training
#3
Jennifer S Robohm, Frank M Reed, Ned Vasquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346623/family-medicine-maternity-care-call-to-action-moving-toward-national-standards-for-training-and-competency-assessment
#4
Susanna R Magee, W Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Larry Leeman, Michael Tuggy, Thomas O Kim, Melissa Nothnagle, Joseph Breuner, Mark Loafman
Maternity care is an integral part of family medicine, and the quality and cost-effectiveness of maternity care provided by family physicians is well documented. Considering the population health perspective, increasing the number of family physicians competent to provide maternity care is imperative, as is working to overcome the barriers discouraging maternity care practice. A standard that clearly defines maternity care competency and a systematic set of tools to assess competency levels could help overcome these barriers...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346622/future-of-family-medicine-faculty-development-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Paul R Larson, Patrick Chege, Bruce Dahlman, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen, Maria C Colon-Gonzalez, Stephanie Onguka, Roberta Lamptey, William E Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Brian Johnson, Sawra Getnet, Memoona Hasnain
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High-quality family medicine education is needed in sub-Saharan Africa to facilitate the future growth of primary care health systems. Current faculty educators recognize the value of dedicated teacher training and ongoing faculty development. However, they are constrained by inadequate faculty development program availability and institutional support. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to conduct a qualitative needs assessment comprised of 37 in-depth, semi-structured interviews of individual faculty trainers from postgraduate family medicine training programs in eight sub-Saharan African countries...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346620/varied-rates-of-implementation-of-patient-centered-medical-home-features-and-residents-perceptions-of-their-importance-based-on-practice-experience
#6
M Patrice Eiff, Larry A Green, Geoff Jones, Alex Verdieck Devlaeminck, Elaine Waller, Eve Dexter, Miguel Marino, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is being implemented in residency practices. We describe both the trends in implementation of PCMH features and the influence that working with PCMH features has on resident attitudes toward their importance in 14 family medicine residencies associated with the P4 Project. METHODS: We assessed 24 residency continuity clinics annually between 2007-2011 on presence or absence of PCMH features...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#7
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346056/alcohol-and-drug-use-and-aberrant-drug-related-behavior-among-patients-on-chronic-opioid-therapy
#8
Cynthia I Campbell, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Michael Von Korff, Kathleen W Saunders, Constance Weisner
OBJECTIVE: To better identify individuals on chronic opioid therapy (COT) at high risk for aberrant-drug related behavior (ADRB). We examine whether patients with low level alcohol and drug use have similar characteristics to those with alcohol and drug disorders. We then examined the relationship of alcohol and drug use to ADRBs among COT patients. METHODS: The sample was 972 randomly selected COT patients (age 21-80 years old) from a large health system in Northern California, USA, and interviewed in 2009...
March 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346030/antimicrobial-activity-of-eugenol-and-essential-oils-containing-eugenol-a-mechanistic-viewpoint
#9
Anna Marchese, Ramona Barbieri, Erika Coppo, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Morteza Izadi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Marjan Ajami
Eugenol is a hydroxyphenyl propene, naturally occurring in the essential oils of several plants belonging to the Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, and Myristicaceae families. It is one of the major constituents of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, Myrtaceae) oil and is largely used in both foods and cosmetics as a flavoring agent. A large body of recent scientific evidence supports claims from traditional medicine that eugenol exerts beneficial effects on human health. These effects are mainly associated with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
March 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345986/children-and-young-people-with-diabetes-recognition-and-management
#10
Hamish Hamilton, Grace Knudsen, Camelia Laura Vaina, Michelle Smith, Siba Prosad Paul
Diabetes mellitus (type 1) is an autoimmune condition leading to absolute insulin deficiency resulting in hyperglycaemia and its associated manifestations. It is the most common type of diabetes seen in children, characterised by the 4Ts (toilet, thinner, thirsty, tired). The signs and symptoms can sometimes be non-specific and a delay or missed diagnosis may be catastrophic to the health of the child. Children with an established diagnosis of diabetes often present to the health service with issues such as hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345981/health-promotion-for-patients-and-their-families
#11
Michelle Gracia
Michelle Gracia, Third Year Student Nurse (Adult), School of Health Studies, Gibraltar Health Authority.
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345777/the-relationship-between-cancer-patients-place-of-death-and-bereaved-caregivers-mental-health-status
#12
Yutaka Hatano, Maho Aoyama, Tatsuya Morita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Isseki Maeda, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: Although place of death has been recognized as a risk factor in caregivers' bereavement adjustment, the estimation of the effect of the place of death needs careful consideration about many potential cofounders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey for bereaved family caregivers of patients with cancer who died in 3 settings: (1) hospice at home; (2) palliative care units (PCUs); and (3) acute hospitals...
March 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345158/circular-rnas-in-heart-failure
#13
REVIEW
Yvan Devaux, Esther E Creemers, Reinier A Boon, Stanislas Werfel, Thomas Thum, Stefan Engelhardt, Stefanie Dimmeler, Iain Squire
Cardiovascular disease, and particularly heart failure, is still a serious health care issue for which novel treatments and biomarkers are needed. The RNA family comprises different subgroups, among which the small-sized microRNAs and the larger long non-coding RNAs have shown some potential to aid in moving personalized health care of heart failure patients a step forward. Here, members of the Cardiolinc network review the recent findings suggesting that the less well-known circular RNAs may constitute a novel reservoir of therapeutic targets and biomarkers of heart failure...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345121/outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-genomic-counseling-for-patients-receiving-personalized-and-actionable-complex-disease-reports
#14
Kevin Sweet, Amy C Sturm, Tara Schmidlen, Joseph McElroy, Laura Scheinfeldt, Kandamurugu Manickam, Erynn S Gordon, Shelly Hovick, J Scott Roberts, Amanda Ewart Toland, Michael Christman
There has been very limited study of patients with chronic disease receiving potentially actionable genomic based results or the utilization of genetic counselors in the online result delivery process. We conducted a randomized controlled trial on 199 patients with chronic disease each receiving eight personalized and actionable complex disease reports online. Primary study aims were to assess the impact of in-person genomic counseling on 1) causal attribution of disease risk, 2) personal awareness of disease risk, and 3) perceived risk of developing a particular disease...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345016/-by-slapping-their-laps-the-patient-will-know-that-you-truly-care-for-her-a-qualitative-study-on-social-norms-and-acceptability-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria
#15
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Agnes A Oyeniran, Modupe Ogunlade, Loveth Metiboba, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Many women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities across the world. However, limited evidence exists on how social norms and attitudes of both women and providers influence mistreatment during childbirth. Contextually-specific evidence is needed to understand how normative factors affect how women are treated. This paper explores the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: Two facilities were identified in Abuja, Nigeria...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#16
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344695/are-we-adequately-preparing-the-next-generation-of-physicians-to-prescribe-exercise-as-prevention-and-treatment-residents-express-the-desire-for-more-training-in-exercise-prescription
#17
Kara Solmundson, Michael Koehle, Donald McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a key intervention for chronic disease, yet few physicians provide exercise prescription (EP). EP is an important component in larger strategies of reducing non-communicable disease (NCD). Our objective was to assess Family Medicine Residents (FMR) knowledge, competence, and perspectives of EP to help inform future curriculum development. METHODS: A 49-item cross-sectional survey was administered to 396 University of British Columbia FMR...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344196/design-of-the-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-australasia-network-registry-creating-opportunities-for-greater-international-collaboration
#18
Matthew I Bellgard, Caroline E Walker, Kathryn R Napier, Leanne Lamont, Adam A Hunter, Lee Render, Maciej Radochonski, Jing Pang, Annette Pedrotti, David R Sullivan, Karam Kostner, Warrick Bishop, Peter M George, Richard C O'Brien, Peter M Clifton, Frank M Van Bockxmeer, Stephen J Nicholls, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Hugh Js Dawkins, Gerald F Watts
Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common and serious monogenic disorder of lipoprotein metabolism that leads to premature coronary heart disease. There are over 65,000 people estimated to have FH in Australia, but many remain undiagnosed. Patients with FH are often under-treated, but with early detection, cascade family testing and adequate treatment, patient outcomes can improve. Patient registries are key tools for providing new information on FH and enhancing care worldwide. The development and design of the FH Australasia Network Registry is a crucial component in the comprehensive model of care for FH, which aims to provide a standardized, high-quality and cost-effective system of care that is likely to have the highest impact on patient outcomes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344044/impairments-of-motor-function-among-children-with-a-familial-risk-of-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-at-7-years-old-in-denmark-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
Birgitte Klee Burton, Anne A E Thorup, Jens Richardt Jepsen, Gry Poulsen, Ditte Ellersgaard, Katrine S Spang, Camilla Jerlang Christiani, Nicoline Hemager, Ditte Gantriis, Aja Greve, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Kerstin Jessica Plessen
BACKGROUND: Owing to the genetic overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, we aimed to assess domain-specific motor aberrations and disorder specificity among 7-year-old children with a familial risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder by comparing children in familial risk groups with each other and with children not in these risk groups. METHODS: In the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study, we established a cohort of 7-year-old children with no, one, or two parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in Denmark between Jan 1, 2013, and Jan 31, 2016...
March 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343483/nursing-guaranteeing-healthcare-quality-for-people-and-families-in-public-health-services-a-view-from-latin-america
#20
María Angela Elías Marroquín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Enfermería Clínica
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