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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749605/housing-tenure-as-a-focus-for-reducing-inequalities-in-the-home-safety-environment-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#1
Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Bridget Kool, Jatender Mohal, Susan Morton, Cameron Grant
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether specific demographic characteristics are associated with the presence or absence of household safety strategies. METHODS: This study was conducted within Growing Up in New Zealand, a contemporary longitudinal study of New Zealand (NZ) children. Multivariable analyses were used to examine the maternal (self-prioritised ethnicity, education, age, self-reported health) and household (area-level deprivation, tenure, crowding, residential mobility, dwelling type) determinants of household safety strategies being present in the homes of young children...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749587/regional-survey-supports-national-initiative-for-water-only-schools-in-new-zealand
#2
Osman David Mansoor, Rukhsana Ali, Ruth Richards
OBJECTIVE: To support a national initiative to remove sugary drinks from schools and limit drinks to water or unflavoured milk ('water-only'). METHODS: We emailed all 201 schools with primary school aged children in the Greater Wellington region with a survey on (1) current status of, (2) support needs for, and (3) barriers to or lessons learned from, a 'water-only' school policy. RESULTS: Only 78 (39%) of schools responded. Most supported 'water-only': 22 (28%) had implemented a policy; 10 (13%) in process of doing so; 22 (28%) were considering it; and 12 (15%) were 'water-only', but did not have a policy...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749495/characterization-of-a-highly-efficient-antibiotic-degrading-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-obtained-from-an-uncultured-member-of-a-permafrost-community
#3
Marcelo Monteiro Pedroso, Christopher Selleck, Charmaine Enculescu, Jeffrey R Harmer, Nataša Mitić, Whitney R Craig, Waleed Helweh, Philip Hugenholtz, Gene W Tyson, David L Tierney, James A Larrabee, Gerhard Schenk
Antibiotic resistance is a major global health problem, one that threatens to derail the benefits garnered from arguably the greatest success of modern medicine, the discovery of antibiotics. Among the most potent agents contributing to antibiotic resistance are metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs). The discovery of MBL-like enzymes in microorganisms that are not in contact with the human population is of particular concern as these proteins already have the in-built capacity to inactivate antibiotics, even though they may not need MBL activity for their survival...
July 27, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749479/communicating-prognosis-with-parents-of-critically-ill-infants-direct-observation-of-clinician-behaviors
#4
R D Boss, M E Lemmon, R M Arnold, P K Donohue
OBJECTIVE: Delivering prognostic information to families requires clinicians to forecast an infant's illness course and future. We lack robust empirical data about how prognosis is shared and how that affects clinician-family concordance regarding infant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective audiorecording of neonatal intensive care unit family conferences, immediately followed by parent/clinician surveys. Existing qualitative analysis frameworks were applied. RESULTS: We analyzed 19 conferences...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749314/designing-health-information-technology-tools-to-prevent-gaps-in-public-health-insurance
#5
Jennifer D Hall, Rose L Harding, Jennifer E DeVoe, Rachel Gold, Heather Angier, Aleksandra Sumic, Christine A Nelson, Sonja Likumahuwa-Ackman, Deborah J Cohen
BACKGROUND: Changes in health insurance policies have increased coverage opportunities, but enrollees are required to annually reapply for benefits which, if not managed appropriately, can lead to insurance gaps. Electronic health records (EHRs) can automate processes for assisting patients with health insurance enrollment and re-enrollment. OBJECTIVE: We describe community health centers' (CHC) workflow, documentation, and tracking needs for assisting families with insurance application processes, and the health information technology (IT) tool components that were developed to meet those needs...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749276/obstetrical-and-postpartum-complications-in-lesser-madagascar-hedgehog-tenrecs-echinops-telfairi-four-cases
#6
Kimberly A Thompson, Dalen Agnew, Sally A Nofs, Tara M Harrison
Currently, little is known about diseases and health concerns in tenrecs, family Tenrecidae. During the past 10 yr of breeding lesser Madagascar hedgehog tenrecs ( Echinops telfairi ) at a single zoological institution, a diverse range of obstetric and postpartum complications have been observed: pyometra, metritis, retained fetal membranes, retained fetus, perinatal mortality, and maternal neglect with subsequent successful hand-rearing of neonates. Treatment of these problems is complicated in tenrecs because of their small size and secretive behavior...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#7
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749052/trump-s-abortion-promoting-aid-policy
#8
Stephen R Latham
On the fourth day of his presidency, Donald Trump reinstated and greatly expanded the "Mexico City policy," which imposes antiabortion restrictions on U.S. foreign health aid. In general, the policy has prohibited U.S. funding of any family-planning groups that use even non-U.S. funds to perform abortions; prohibited aid recipients from lobbying (again, even with non-U.S. money) for liberalization of abortion laws; prohibited nongovernment organizations from creating educational materials on abortion as a family-planning method; and prohibited health workers from referring patients for legal abortions in any cases other than rape, incest, or to save the life of the mother...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748739/multiplex-pcr-assay-discriminates-rabbit-rat-and-squirrel-meat-in-food-chain
#9
Mohammad Nasir Uddin Ahamad, Md Eaqub Ali, M A Motalib Hossain, Asing Asing, Sharmin Sultana, M H A Jahurul
Rabbit meat is receiving increasing attention because it contains more proteins and less fat. On the other hand, squirrel meat is served in aristocrat meals in certain countries and so it is sold at higher prices. The other side of the coin is rat meat that has family ties with rabbit and squirrel but possesses huge threats to public health because it is a potential career of several zoonotic organisms. Recently, rat meat was mislabeled and sold as lamb after chemical modification. Thus the chances of rabbit and squirrel meat substitution by rat meat cannot be ruled out...
July 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748644/diversity-and-stability-of-coral-endolithic-microbial-communities-at-a-naturally-high-pco2-reef
#10
Vanessa R Marcelino, Kathleen M Morrow, Madeleine J H van Oppen, David G Bourne, Heroen Verbruggen
The health and functioning of reef-building corals is dependent on a balanced association with prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes. The coral skeleton harbours numerous endolithic microbes, but their diversity, ecological roles and responses to environmental stress, including ocean acidification, are not well characterized. This study tests whether pH affects the diversity and structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic algal communities associated with skeletons of Porites spp. using targeted amplicon (16S rRNA gene, UPA and tufA) sequencing...
July 27, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748639/how-nurses-cope-with-patient-death-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
Ruishuang Zheng, Susan Fiona Lee, Melissa Jane Bloomer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review literature on nurses' coping strategies with patient death. BACKGROUND: dealing with the loss of a patient was viewed as one of the most demanding and challenging encounters in clinical practice. Those nurses who are not competent in coping with patient death may be inadequate in supporting dying patients and their family members, and minimize the quality of end-of-life care. To get a broader understanding of how nurses cope with patient death and to develop meaningful and effective interventions, a systematic review which would help underpin the multidimensional approaches is needed...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748578/exploring-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-intellectual-disability-what-are-the-important-domains-of-life
#12
E Davis, D Reddihough, N Murphy, A Epstein, S M Reid, A Whitehouse, K Williams, H Leonard, J Downs
BACKGROUND: Although it is estimated that half of all children with cerebral palsy also have comorbid intellectual disability, the domains of quality of life (QOL) important for these children are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify important domains of QOL for these children and adolescents. METHODS: Due to the children's communication impairments, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 parents. The children (9 males) had a median age of 12 (range 7 to 17) years at interview and nearly two thirds were classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System IV or V...
July 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748440/pharmaceuticals-released-from-senior-residences-occurrence-and-risk-evaluation
#13
Silvia Lacorte, Silvia Luis, Cristian Gómez-Canela, Teresa Sala-Comorera, Audrey Courtier, Benoit Roig, Ana Maria Oliveira-Brett, Claire Joannis-Cassan, Juan Ignacio Aragonés, Lucia Poggio, Thierry Noguer, Luisa Lima, Carlos Barata, Carole Calas-Blanchard
One of the main pursuits, yet most difficult, in monitoring studies is to identify the sources of environmental pollution. In this study, we have identified health-care facilities from south European countries as an important source of pharmaceuticals in the environment. We have estimated that compounds consumed in by the elderly and released from effluents of senior residences can reach river waters at a concentration higher than 0.01 μg/L, which is the European Medicines Agency (EMA) threshold for risk evaluation of pharmaceuticals in surface waters...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748401/system-biology-approach-to-identify-potential-receptor-for-targeting-cancer-and-biomolecular-interaction-studies-of-indole-2-1-a-isoquinoline-derivative-as-anticancerous-drug-candidate-against-it
#14
Devender Arora, Ritu Chaudhary, Ajeet Singh
Cancer is a public health concern which is spreading throughout the world. Different approaches have been employed to combat this disease. System biology approach has been used to understand the molecular mechanisms of drugs targeting cancer cell's receptor which have opened-up a window to develop effective drugs for it. We have demonstrated biomolecular interaction studies using the rational drug design of indole[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivative as a potent inhibitor against identified cancerous protein PIK3CA -a catalytic sub-unit of PI3K family protein-and compared its affinity with FDA approved drugs for receptors such as dactolisib, idelalisib, and several others such afatinib, avastin, ceritinib and crizotinib, etc...
July 26, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748378/validation-of-an-egyptian-arabic-version-of-skindex-16-and-quality-of-life-measurement-in-egyptian-patients-with-skin-disease
#15
Nagwa Essa, Sara Awad, Mariam Nashaat
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Skindex-16, a brief skin-disease-specific QoL questionnaire, into Arabic for Egyptians and to evaluate its measurement properties in Egyptian patients with skin disease. METHOD: Translation and cultural adaption were performed following guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related quality of life measures. Subsequently, Skindex-16 was administered to 500 consecutive dermatological patients and 500 healthy persons for verification of its reliability and validity...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748307/systematic-review-of-mental-health-disorders-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimisation-among-military-populations
#16
REVIEW
Katherine Sparrow, Jamie Kwan, Louise Howard, Nicola Fear, Deirdre MacManus
PURPOSE: There is growing awareness of the problem of intimate partner violence (IPV) among military populations. IPV victimisation has been shown to be associated with mental disorder. A better understanding of the link between IPV and mental disorder is needed to inform service development to meet the needs of military families. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the association between IPV victimisation and mental health disorders among military personnel. METHODS: Searches of four electronic databases (Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) were supplemented by reference list screening...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748300/psychological-distress-of-ethnically-diverse-adult-caregivers-in-the-california-health-interview-survey
#17
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Liu, Thuc-Nhi Nguyen, Ladson Hinton, Daniel Tancredi
This study examined factors associated with psychological distress for culturally diverse family caregivers using a population-based sample. Data were analyzed from the 6634 caregivers of adults (i.e. elderly as well as non-elderly) who self-reported as non-Hispanic White, Mexican, Chinese, or Vietnamese in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. Simple and multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the potential influence of race/ethnicity, caregiving context, and social contextual variables on psychological distress...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748266/treatment-of-chronic-heart-failure-in-germany-a-retrospective-database-study
#18
Stefan Störk, Renate Handrock, Josephine Jacob, Jochen Walker, Frederico Calado, Raquel Lahoz, Stephan Hupfer, Sven Klebs
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment guidelines affects outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). We investigated patient pathways and treatment patterns for HF in Germany. METHODS: This retrospective study used anonymous healthcare claims data from the German Health Risk Institute on individuals with statutory health insurance. Patients with uninterrupted data from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 or death (whichever occurred first), and ≥2 recorded HF-related diagnoses in 2011, were included...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748265/epidemiology-of-heart-failure-in-germany-a-retrospective-database-study
#19
Stefan Störk, Renate Handrock, Josephine Jacob, Jochen Walker, Frederico Calado, Raquel Lahoz, Stephan Hupfer, Sven Klebs
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (HF) is associated with significant healthcare expenditure, morbidity, and mortality. This study investigated the epidemiology of HF in Germany. METHODS: This retrospective study used anonymous healthcare claims data from the German Health Risk Institute on individuals with statutory health insurance. Patients with uninterrupted data from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 or death (whichever occurred first), and ≥2 recorded HF-related diagnoses in 2011, were included...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748057/beliefs-about-the-cause-of-schizophrenia-among-caregivers-in-midwestern-nigeria
#20
Osayi Igberase, Esther Okogbenin
Schizophrenia is a devastating illness with a chronic and relapsing course. While Western countries may endorse, biological and psychosocial causes more commonly than supernatural causes, non-western cultures like Nigeria in contrast, tend to endorse supernatural causes. Belief in supernatural causes has been reported to have consequences for treatment seeking behavior. This study aimed to examine the causes of schizophrenia reported by family members of outpatients with schizophrenia in a neuropsychiatric hospital in Midwestern Nigeria...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
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