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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944687/heavy-drinking-among-individuals-with-hiv-who-drinks-despite-knowledge-of-the-risk
#1
Jennifer C Elliott, Malka Stohl, Deborah S Hasin
Heavy drinking can cause medical problems for individuals with HIV, and drinking despite medical contraindications indicates problem use. However, little is known about which individuals with HIV drink despite knowledge of health problems. This study utilizes two subsamples of individuals with HIV from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III): those reporting at least one drink (a) in their lifetime (n = 205) or (b) in the past year (n = 166). Participants reported on drinking despite health problems and psychopathology in the past year and in their lifetime, and family history of alcohol problems...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944609/hypertension-management-research-priorities-from-patients-caregivers-and-healthcare-providers-a-report-from-the-hypertension-canada-priority-setting-partnership-group
#2
Nadia Khan, Simon L Bacon, Samia Khan, Sara Perlmutter, Carline Gerlinsky, Mark Dermer, Lonni Johnson, Finderson Alves, Donna McLean, Andreas Laupacis, Mandy Pui, Angelique Berg, Felicia Flowitt
Patient- and stakeholder-oriented research is vital to improving the relevance of research. The authors aimed to identify the 10 most important research priorities of patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers (family physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, and dietitians) for hypertension management. Using the James Lind Alliance approach, a national web-based survey asked patients, caregivers, and care providers to submit their unanswered questions on hypertension management. Questions already answered from randomized controlled trial evidence were removed...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944592/estimating-the-prevalence-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-mothers-involved-in-youth-protection-services
#3
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can undermine maternal capacity and in some cases lead to involvement with youth protection services (YPS). Yet, few studies exist on the prevalence of maternal BPD in this context and on the comparison of these families with families with other maternal psychiatric disorders or families with no mental illness within YPS. The current study surveyed 291 caseworkers working with mothers whose children and adolescents are followed by YPS. After reported prevalence was adjusted with validation procedures, the prevalence of maternal BPD in a sample of 1875 mothers was 34...
September 24, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944553/outcomes-for-bipolar-patients-assessed-in-the-french-expert-center-network-a-2-year-follow-up-observational-study-fondamental-advanced-centers-of-expertise-for-bipolar-disorder-face-bd
#4
Chantal Henry, Ophelia Godin, Philippe Courtet, Jean-Michel Azorin, Sébastien Gard, Frank Bellivier, Mircea Polosan, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Paul Roux, Valerie Aubin, Dominique Costagliola, Marion Leboyer, Bruno Etain
OBJECTIVE: A new health care system for patients with bipolar disorders was established in France under the auspices of Fondation FondaMental, based on thorough clinical assessment of patients and on close collaborations between expert centers and referring practitioners. We report the results of outcomes after 2 years of observational follow-up of adult patients assessed within the network. METHOD: A total of 984 patients were included in the study. We compared several parameters (e...
September 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944498/immigrant-health-through-the-lens-of-home-visitors-supervisors-and-administrators-the-florida-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program
#5
Esther Jean-Baptiste, Paige Alitz, Pamela C Birriel, Siobhan Davis, Rema Ramakrishnan, Leandra Olson, Jennifer Marshall
OBJECTIVE: The Florida Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program aims to minimize the occurrence of adverse maternal and child health outcomes for mothers deemed at-risk during pregnancy or shortly after childbirth. This study sought to understand the needs of and challenges faced by immigrant families in accessing health care through the perspective of Florida MIECHV home visitors, supervisors, and administrators. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: In this exploratory qualitative study, focus groups were held at each of the Florida MIECHV-funded program sites with a total of 81 MIECHV staff to discuss how the program addresses a range of participant needs...
September 25, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944438/personal-exposure-and-health-risk-assessment-of-carbonyls-in-family-cars-and-public-transports-a-comparative-study-in-nanjing-china
#6
Huaizhou Xu, Qin Zhang, Ninghui Song, Min Guo, Shenghu Zhang, Guixiang Ji, Lili Shi
To evaluate passenger health risks associated with inhalation exposure to carbonyl compounds mainly emitted from decoration materials of vehicles, we tested the carbonyl concentrations in interior air of 20 family cars, 6 metro lines, and 5 buses in the city of Nanjing. To assess non-carcinogenic health risks, we compared the data to the health guidelines of China, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA), respectively. To assess carcinogenic risks, we followed a standard approach proposed by the OEHHA to calculate lifetime cancer risks (LCR) of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde for various age groups...
September 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944292/early-head-start-pediatric-dental-use-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#7
J M Burgette, J S Preisser, M Weinberger, R S King, R G Rozier
The objective of the study was to examine the mediating effect of child dental use on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In total, 479 parents of children enrolled in EHS and 699 parents of Medicaid-matched children were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 mo old and 24 mo later. In this quasi-experimental study, mediation analysis was performed using the counterfactual framework analysis, which employed 2 logit models with random effects: 1) for the mediator as a function of the treatment and covariates and 2) for the outcome as a function of the treatment, mediator, and covariates...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944260/post-treatment-survivorship-care-needs-of-spanish-speaking-latinas-with-breast-cancer
#8
Anna María Nápoles, Carmen Ortiz, Jasmine Santoyo-Olsson, Anita L Stewart, Howard E Lee, Ysabel Duron, Niharika Dixit, Judith Luce, Diana J Flores
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive assessment of Spanish-speaking breast cancer survivors' (SSBCS) survivorship needs is lacking. OBJECTIVE: Assess SSBCS' post-treatment symptom management, psychosocial, and informational needs. METHODS: 118 telephone surveys and 25 in-person semi-structured interviews with SSBCS, and semi-structured interviews with 5 support providers and 4 physicians who serve SSBCS from 5 Northern California counties. RESULTS: Surveys identified the most bothersome (bothered by it in the past month "somewhat/quite a bit/a lot") physical symptoms as: joint pain, fatigue, hot flashes, numbness in hands/feet, and vaginal dryness...
2017: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944234/the-nextgen-study-patient-motivation-for-participation-in-genome-sequencing-for-carrier-status
#9
Tia L Kauffman, Stephanie A Irving, Michael C Leo, Marian J Gilmore, Patricia Himes, Carmit K McMullen, Elissa Morris, Jennifer Schneider, Benjamin S Wilfond, Katrina A B Goddard
BACKGROUND: While translational genomic sequencing research is increasing, few studies have been limited to healthy individuals; most have focused on patients with a disease or a strong family history of a disorder. The limited studies that have included healthy individuals have focused on the disclosure of medically actionable secondary results, rather than carrier status, to assess reproductive risks. To address this important gap, we conducted the NextGen study, which focuses on carrier status and medically actionable secondary findings in a population of women planning a pregnancy...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944157/problem-gambling-among-ethnic-minorities-results-from-an-epidemiological-study
#10
Kyle R Caler, Jose Ricardo Vargas Garcia, Lia Nower
A few studies have examined gambling behavior and problem gambling among minorities and reported higher rates of both participation and gambling problems among particular minority groups in comparison to Whites who gamble. The present study utilized a representative, epidemiological sample of adults in New Jersey to explore gambling behavior, gambling problem severity, substance use, problem behavior, and mental health issues among minorities. Univariate analyses were conducted, comparing Whites (n = 1341) to respondents who identified as Hispanic (n = 394), Black (n = 261), or Asian/other (n = 177)...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#11
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944044/shifting-paradigm-of-maternal-and-perinatal-death-review-system-in-bangladesh-a-real-time-approach-to-address-sustainable-developmental-goal-3-by-2030
#12
REVIEW
Animesh Biswas
Recently, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in reducing maternal and neonatal morality, even though the millennium developmental goal to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality was not achieved. Sustainable Developmental Goal (SDG) 3 has already been set for a new target to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths by 2030. The country takes this timely initiative to introduce a maternal and perinatal death review system. This review will discuss the shifting paradigm of the maternal and perinatal death review system in Bangladesh and its challenges in reaching the SDG on time...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943829/perceptions-and-receptivity-of-non-spousal-family-support-a-mixed-methods-study-of-psychological-distress-among-older-church-going-african-american-men
#13
Daphne C Watkins, Tracy Wharton, Jamie A Mitchell, Niki Matusko, Helen Kales
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of non-spousal family support on mental health among older, church-going African American men. The mixed methods objective was to employ a design that used existing qualitative and quantitative data to explore the interpretive context within which social and cultural experiences occur. Qualitative data (n=21) were used to build a conceptual model that was tested using quantitative data (n= 401). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an inverse association between non-spousal family support and distress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943705/health-enterprise-and-labor-complementarity-in-the-household
#14
Achyuta Adhvaryu, Anant Nyshadham
We study the role of household enterprise as a coping mechanism after health shocks. Using variation in the cost of traveling to formal sector health facilities to predict recovery from acute illness in Tanzania, we show that individuals with prolonged illness switch from farm labor to enterprise activity. This response occurs along both the extensive (entry) and intensive (capital stock and labor supply) margins. Family members who are not ill exhibit exactly the same pattern of responses. Deriving a simple extension to the canonical agricultural household model, we show that our results suggest complementarities in household labor...
May 2017: Journal of Development Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943109/-prevalence-and-spectrum-of-diseases-that-predispose-to-sudden-cardiac-death-in-mexican-children-a-sample-obtained-from-the-children-s-hospital-of-mexico-federico-gomez
#15
Karla Sarahí Cano-Hernández, Santiago Nava-Townsend, Adriana Sánchez-Boiso, Rocío Sánchez-Urbina, Alejandra Contreras-Ramos, Julio Roberto Erdmenger-Orellana, Tania Tamayo-Espinosa, Rosario Becerra-Becerra, Begoña Segura-Stanford, Liborio Solano-Fiesco, Norma Alicia Balderrábano-Saucedo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and spectrum of diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death in Mexican children and to identify the main early signs and symptoms that can enable the health personnel to suspect about these diseases and to refer the patients to a tertiary hospital in a timely manner. METHODS: Incidence, prevalence and prevalence of period as well as early symptoms, clinical data and follow-up are described in all children found with diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death at The Children's Hospital of Mexico...
September 21, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942731/factors-influencing-trainee-doctor-emigration-in-a-high-income-country-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Nicholas Clarke, Sophie Crowe, Niamh Humphries, Ronan Conroy, Simon O'Hare, Paul Kavanagh, Ruairi Brugha
BACKGROUND: The Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel focuses particularly on migration of doctors from low- and middle-income countries. Less is understood about migration from high-income countries. Recession has impacted several European countries in recent years, and in some cases emigration has reached unprecedented levels. This study measures and explores the predictors of trainee doctor emigration from Ireland. METHODS: Using a partially mixed sequential dominant (quantitative) study design, a nationally representative sample of 893 trainee doctors was invited to complete an online survey...
September 25, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942693/training-to-reduce-behavioral-health-disparities-how-do-we-optimally-prepare-family-medicine-residents-for-practice-in-rural-communities
#17
Jennifer S Robohm
Family physicians are a critical part of the healthcare system in rural areas, but little is known about the training they need to more effectively address behavioral health disparities. Practicing family physicians in Montana were surveyed about the behavioral health needs of their patients, the behavioral resources at their disposal, their prioritization of a number of behavioral skills and interventions in the training of family physicians, factors that limit their own use of behavioral skills, and the extent of their behavioral science training...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942581/minimally-disruptive-medicine-for-patients-with-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Valentina Serrano, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Kasey R Boehmer, Victor M Montori
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with diabetes must deal with the burden of symptoms and complications (burden of illness). Simultaneously, diabetes care demands practical and emotional work from patients and their families, work to access and use healthcare and to enact self-care (burden of treatment). Patient work must compete with the demands of family, job, and community life. Overwhelmed patients may not have the capacity to access care or enact self-care and will thus experience suboptimal diabetes outcomes...
September 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942565/relationship-of-adverse-family-experiences-to-resilience-and-school-engagement-among-vermont-youth
#19
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942492/factors-associated-with-the-emotional-health-of-children-high-family-income-as-a-protective-factor
#20
Janine Herrmann, M Vogel, D Pietzner, E Kroll, O Wagner, S Schwarz, E Müller, W Kiess, M Richter, T Poulain
Anxiety and depressive symptoms have adverse effects on children's development. The present study investigates the associations of socioeconomic factors as well as maternal emotional health with children's emotional health status. The data were collected between 2011 and 2015 in the LIFE Child study, a population-based cohort study in Leipzig, Germany. The emotional health status of 1093 children (2.5-11.9 years old) was investigated using the subscale 'emotional problems' of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
September 23, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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