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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#1
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811738/predictors-of-retention-among-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-healthy-eating-and-active-living-in-the-spirit-heals-intervention
#2
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Michael D Wirth, Jan M Eberth, Jameson Sofge, Seul Ki Choi, Brook E Harmon, Lisa Davis, Ruby Drayton, Thomas G Hurley, Heather M Brandt, Cheryl A Armstead, James R Hébert
INTRODUCTION: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention. METHODS: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806516/scalable-and-facile-preparation-of-highly-stretchable-electrospun-pedot-pss-pu-fibrous-nonwovens-towards-wearable-conductive-textile-applications
#3
Yichun Ding, Wenhui Xu, Wenyu Wang, Hao Fong, Zhengtao Zhu
Flexible and stretchable conductive textiles are highly desired for potential applications in wearable electronics. This study demonstrates a scalable and facile preparation of all-organic nonwoven that is mechanically stretchable and electrically conductive. Polyurethane (PU) fibrous nonwoven is prepared via the electrospinning technique; in the following step, the electrospun PU nonwoven is dip-coated with the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). This simple method enables convenient preparation of PEDOT:PSS@PU nonwovens with initial sheet resistance in the range of 35~240 Ω/ sq (i...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805651/electrodeposition-of-vertically-standing-ag-nanoplates-and-nanowires-on-transparent-conductive-electrode-using-porous-anodic-aluminum-oxide-membrane
#4
Jue Wang, Shanlin Pan
We report fabricating vertically standing Ag nanoplates and nanowires on top of a transparent conductive substrate of indium tin oxides (ITO) with the assistance of porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane. Two-dimensional Ag nanoplates are electrodeposited onto ITO surface which is covered with an AAO membrane without using an adhesion layer. Ag nanoplates obtained using AAO membranes majorly present 3×{222} superlattice fringes, different from the 3×{422} superlattice fringes reported in the previous study...
August 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805046/electroenhanced-antimicrobial-coating-based-on-conjugated-polymers-with-covalently-coupled-silver-nanoparticles-prevents-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm-formation
#5
Salvador Gomez-Carretero, Rolf Nybom, Agneta Richter-Dahlfors
The incidence of hospital-acquired infections is to a large extent due to device-associated infections. Bacterial attachment and biofilm formation on surfaces of medical devices often act as seeding points of infection. To prevent such infections, coatings based on silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are often applied, however with varying clinical success. Here, the traditional AgNP-based antibacterial technology is reimagined, now forming the base for an electroenhanced antimicrobial coating. To integrate AgNPs in an electrically conducting polymer layer, a simple, yet effective chemical strategy based on poly(hydroxymethyl 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT-MeOH:PSS) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane is designed...
August 14, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803606/effect-of-dermabrasion-and-recell-%C3%A2-on-large-superficial-facial-scars-caused-by-burn-trauma-and-acnes
#6
Pan-Xi Yu, Wen-Qi Diao, Zuo-Liang Qi, Jing-Long Cai
Objective To explore the effects of dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®) on large superficial facial scars caused by burn, trauma and acnes.Methods Nineteen patients with large superficial facial scars were treated by the same surgeon with dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®). According to the etiology, patients were classified into post-burning group (n=5), post-traumatic group (n=7) and post-acne group (n=7). Fifteen patients completed the follow-ups, 5 patients in each group. Healing time, complication rate, the preoperative and 18-month-post-operative assessments using Patient Satisfaction Score (PSS), Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS), and Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) of each group were analyzed to compare the effect of the combined therapy on outcomes...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801391/primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-and-the-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Chi-Ching Chang, Yu-Sheng Chang, Shu-Hung Wang, Shyr-Yi Lin, Yi-Hsuan Chen, Jin Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the risk of acute pancreatitis in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) are limited. We evaluated the effects of pSS on the risk of acute pancreatitis in a nationwide, population-based cohort in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based retrospective cohort study. SETTING: We studied the claims data of the >97% Taiwan population from 2002 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 9468 patients with pSS by using the catastrophic illness registry of the National Health Insurance Database in Taiwan...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800355/work-related-stress-and-role-of-personality-in-a-sample-of-italian-bus-drivers
#8
Margherita Bergomi, Alberto Modenese, Enrica Ferretti, Angela Ferrari, Giuseppe Licitra, Roberto Vivoli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Gabriella Aggazzotti
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that professional drivers are at risk of developing work-related stress. Stress may be responsible for a variety of adverse effects and may also be associated with an increased number of accidents. OBJECTIVE: Perform an integrated, objective and subjective evaluation of work-related stress in bus drivers, that also considered the role of personality traits. METHODS: Salivary α-amylase and cortisol were measured in 42 bus drivers...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799332/attaching-the-nora-efflux-pump-inhibitor-inf55-to-methylene-blue-enhances-antimicrobial-photodynamic-inactivation-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Ardeshir Rineh, Naveen K Dolla, Anthony R Ball, Maria Magana, John B Bremner, Michael R Hamblin, George P Tegos, Michael J Kelso
Antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) uses photosensitizers (PSs) and harmless visible light to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and kill microbes. Multidrug efflux systems can moderate the phototoxic effects of PSs by expelling the compounds from cells. We hypothesized that increasing intracellular concentrations of PSs by inhibiting efflux with a covalently attached efflux pump inhibitor (EPI) would enhance bacterial cell phototoxicity and reduce exposure of neighbouring host cells to damaging ROS...
August 11, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795065/psycho-social-and-mental-variables-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traffic-accident-survivors-in-northern-iran
#10
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients. METHODS: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. Psycho-social characteristics associated to PTSD were explored in these survivors in an outpatient clinic. They completed the questionnaires via interview between six weeks to six months after accident...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793828/the-predictive-factors-for-perceived-social-support-among-cancer-patients-and-caregiver-burden-of-their-family-caregivers-in-turkish-population
#11
Basak Oven Ustaalioglu, Ezgi Acar, Mecit Caliskan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the predictive factors for the perceived family social support among cancer patients and caregiver burden of their family caregivers. METHODS: Participants were 302 cancer patients and their family caregivers. Family social support scale was used for cancer patients, burden interview was used for family caregivers.All subjects also completed Beck depression invantery. The related socio-demographical factors with perceived social support (PSS) and caregiver burden were evaluated by correlation analysis...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793206/a-model-for-viral-assembly-around-an-explicit-rna-sequence-generates-an-implicit-fitness-landscape
#12
Eric Charles Dykeman
Previously, a stochastic model of single-stranded RNA virus assembly was created to model the cooperative effects between capsid proteins and genomic RNA that would occur in a packaging signal-mediated assembly process. In such an assembly scenario, multiple secondary structural elements from within the RNA, termed "packaging signals" (PS), contact coat proteins and facilitate efficient capsid assembly. In this work, the assembly model is extended to incorporate explicit nucleotide sequence information as well as simple aspects of RNA folding that would be occurring during the RNA/capsid coassembly process...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790828/impact-of-help-seeking-behavior-and-partner-support-on-postpartum-depression-among-saudi-women
#13
Adel F Almutairi, Mahmoud Salam, Samiyah Alanazi, Manal Alweldawi, Najad Alsomali, Najla Alotaibi
BACKGROUND: Many studies have discovered a number of factors that can contribute to the risk of developing postpartum depression (PPD), including, but not limited to, life stressors, lack of social support, low economic status, and quality of the marital relationship. However, these studies were conducted in various countries with participants from different cultural backgrounds. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of general help-seeking behavior (GHSB) and partner support (PS) on PPD among Saudi women in primary health care clinics in Riyadh city...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790266/-a-case-of-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastasis-from-liver-metastasis-of-colon-cancer
#14
Kensuke Yamada, Tetsuji Uchiyama, Hiroyuki Uchisako, Atsushi Adachi, Yoshimi Yamashita
A 64-year-old woman underwent partial colectomy with partial resection ofthe retroperitoneum and D3 lymphadenectomy for descending colon cancer(tub2, pSS, ly0, v0, pN1, sH0, sP0, sM0, fStage III b). Three years and 6 months later, she underwent resection ofsegment 4 ofthe liver because ofliver metastasis. One year and 2 months later, her serum carcinoembryonic antigen level increased, and computed tomography showed an inferior mediastinal mass of 18mm in diameter. High FDG uptake by this tumor was seen on positron emission tomography-CT...
July 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789696/long-term-follow-up-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-reveals-differences-in-clinical-presentation-between-female-and-male-patients
#15
Jorge I Ramírez Sepúlveda, Marika Kvarnström, Per Eriksson, Thomas Mandl, Katrine Brække Norheim, Svein Joar Johnsen, Daniel Hammenfors, Malin V Jonsson, Kathrine Skarstein, Johan G Brun, Lars Rönnblom, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Sara Magnusson Bucher, Eva Baecklund, Elke Theander, Roald Omdal, Roland Jonsson, Gunnel Nordmark, Marie Wahren-Herlenius
BACKGROUND: Despite men being less prone to develop autoimmune diseases, male sex has been associated with a more severe disease course in several systemic autoimmune diseases. In the present study, we aimed to investigate differences in the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) between the sexes and establish whether male sex is associated with a more severe form of long-term pSS. METHODS: Our study population included 967 patients with pSS (899 females and 68 males) from Scandinavian clinical centers...
August 8, 2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780792/-analyses-on-relevant-factors-of-the-prognosis-of-elderly-patients-with-acute-poisoning
#16
Y X Wu, L Wang, Z Wu, G L Hong, G J Zhao, M F Li, D Li, B Wu, Q M Qiu, Z Q Lu
Objective: To explore the risk factors influencing the prognosis of elderly patients with acute poisoning. Methods: We retrospected 177 elderly patients with Acute Poisoning who were treated in the emergency department of the first affiliated hospital of wenzhou medical university from July 2009 to May 2015. According to the outcome of patients, we distributed the patients to death group (31 cases) and survival group (146 cases) , compared the clinic data and using multivariate analysis with Logistic regression to prognosis factors...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777544/poly-3-4-ethylenedioxythiophene-poly-styrenesulfonate-interlayer-insertion-enables-organic-quaternary-memory
#17
Xue-Feng Cheng, Xiang Hou, Wen-Hu Qian, Jing-Hui He, Qing-Feng Xu, Hua Li, Na-Jun Li, Dong-Yun Chen, Jian-Mei Lu
Herein, for the first time, quaternary resistive memory based on an organic molecule is achieved via surface engineering. A layer of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT-PSS) was inserted between the indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode and the organic layer (squaraine, SA-Bu) to form an ITO/PEDOT-PSS/SA-Bu/Al architecture. The modified resistive random-access memory (RRAM) devices achieve quaternary memory switching with the highest yield (∼41%) to date. Surface morphology, crystallinity, and mosaicity of the deposited organic grains are greatly improved after insertion of a PEDOT-PSS interlayer, which provides better contacts at the grain boundaries as well as the electrode/active layer interface...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776049/a-systematic-study-of-triangular-silver-nanoplates-one-pot-green-synthesis-chemical-stability-and-sensing-application
#18
Yosia Nico Wijaya, Jinwoo Kim, Won Mook Choi, Sung Hwan Park, Mun Ho Kim
While there has been remarkable success in generating silver (Ag) nanoplates, and they have considerable potential applications, their degradation behavior in certain environments remains poorly understood. In the current work, we investigated the chemical stability of triangular Ag nanoplates. A one-step water-based synthesis method regulated by the coordination of ligands to Ag cations was successfully employed to produce triangular Ag nanoplates with a high yield. The Ag nanoplates were irreversibly degraded when they were aged with poly(styrene-4-sulfonate) (PSS) at room temperature, and the corresponding localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) of the Ag nanoplates changed as well...
August 4, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774703/pretreatment-with-propylene-glycol-alginate-sodium-sulfate-ameliorated-concanavalin-a-induced-liver-injury-by-regulating-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-mice
#19
Shizan Xu, Liwei Wu, Qinghui Zhang, Jiao Feng, Sainan Li, Jingjing Li, Tong Liu, Wenhui Mo, Wenwen Wang, Xiya Lu, Qiang Yu, Kan Chen, Yujing Xia, Jie Lu, Ling Xu, Yingqun Zhou, Xiaoming Fan, Chuanyong Guo
AIMS: Propylene glycol alginate sodium sulfate (PSS), a sulfated polysaccharide possesses anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we investigated the effect of PSS on concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury in mice and examined the underlying mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: Balb/C mice were injected intravenously with Con A (25mg/kg) to generate a model of acute liver injury. PSS (25 or 50mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally 1h before the Con A administration. The levels of serum liver enzymes, inflammatory cytokines, and other marker proteins were determined, and liver injury was assessed histopathologically 2, 8, and 24h after Con A injection...
July 31, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773141/thermoelectric-properties-of-flexible-pedot-pss-polypyrrole-paper-nanocomposite-films
#20
Jun Li, Yong Du, Runping Jia, Jiayue Xu, Shirley Z Shen
Flexible poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate)/polypyrrole/paper (PEDOT:PSS/PPy/paper) thermoelectric (TE) nanocomposite films were prepared by a two-step method: first, PPy/paper nanocomposite films were prepared by an in situ chemical polymerization process, and second, PEDOT:PSS/PPy/paper TE composite films were fabricated by coating the as-prepared PPy/paper nanocomposite films using a dimethyl sulfoxide-doped PEDOT:PSS solution. Both the electrical conductivity and the Seebeck coefficient of the PEDOT:PSS/PPy/paper TE nanocomposite films were greatly enhanced from 0...
July 11, 2017: Materials
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