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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212268/comp-angiopoietin-1-mitigates-changes-in-lipid-droplet-size-macrophage-infiltration-of-adipose-tissue-and-renal-inflammation-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#1
Yu Jin Jung, Woong Park, Tung Nguyen-Thanh, Kyung Pyo Kang, Heung Young Jin, Suhn Hee Kim, Wonhee Suh, Won Kim
Adipose tissue is considered to be an endocrine organ, and adipocyte size correlates with insulin resistance and metabolic parameters in obesity. There is little data on the effects of angiopoietin-1 in adipose tissue and kidney in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of COMP-angiopoietin-1 (COMP-Ang1), a potent variant of angiopoietin-1, on vascular endothelial cells in epididymal adipose tissue and its regulatory effect on other metabolic parameters, such as lipid droplet diameter, macrophage infiltration, and renal inflammation in STZ-treated mice...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207185/novel-multi%C3%A2-kinase-inhibitor-t03-inhibits-taxol%C3%A2-resistant-breast-cancer
#2
Yan Li, Chunxia Liu, Ke Tang, Yan Chen, Kang Tian, Zhiqiang Feng, Jindong Chen
Activation of kinase-associated signaling pathways is one of the leading causes of various malignant phenotypes in breast tumors. Strategies of drug discovery and development have investigated approaches to target the inhibition of protein kinase signaling. In the current study, the anti‑tumor activities of a novel multi‑kinase inhibitor, T03 were evaluated in breast cancer. T03 inhibited Taxol‑resistant breast cancer cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207148/paeoniflorin-inhibits-pdgf%C3%A2-bb%C3%A2-induced-human-airway-smooth-muscle-cell-growth-and-migration
#3
Hong Zhou, Qi Wu, Luqing Wei, Shouchun Peng
Abnormal proliferation and migration of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) is important in the progression of asthma. Paeoniflorin (PF), one of the major active ingredients of Paeonia lactiflora, has been reported to exhibit anti‑asthmatic effects. However, the effects of PF in the regulation of platelet‑derived growth factor (PDGF)‑BB‑induced ASMC proliferation and migration remain unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of PF on human ASMCs and the underlying mechanism...
November 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206177/new-therapeutic-agent-against-arterial-thrombosis-an-iridium-iii-derived-organometallic-compound
#4
Chih-Wei Hsia, Marappan Velusamy, Jeng-Ting Tsao, Chih-Hsuan Hsia, Duen-Suey Chou, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Lin-Wen Lee, Jiun-Yi Li, Joen-Rong Sheu
Platelet activation plays a major role in cardio and cerebrovascular diseases, and cancer progression. Disruption of platelet activation represents an attractive therapeutic target for reducing the bidirectional cross talk between platelets and tumor cells. Platinum (Pt) compounds have been used for treating cancer. Hence, replacing Pt with iridium (Ir) is considered a potential alternative. We recently developed an Ir(III)-derived complex, [Ir(Cp*)1-(2-pyridyl)-3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine Cl]BF₄ (Ir-11), which exhibited strong antiplatelet activity; hence, we assessed the therapeutic potential of Ir-11 against arterial thrombosis...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186909/ketamine-a-clinically-used-anesthetic-inhibits-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-via-pp2a-activated-pi3k-akt-erk-inhibition
#5
Yi Chang, Jiun-Yi Li, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Shou-Huang Hung, Wei-Cheng Lee, Manjunath Manubolu, Joen-Rong Sheu, Ming-Jen Hsu
Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) gives rise to major pathological processes involved in the development of cardiovascular diseases. The use of anti-proliferative agents for VSMCs offers potential for the treatment of vascular disorders. Intravenous anesthetics are firmly established to have direct effects on VSMCs, resulting in modulation of blood pressure. Ketamine has been used for many years in the intensive care unit (ICU) for sedation, and has recently been considered for adjunctive therapy...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174980/pdgf-mediated-pi3k-akt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-regulates-gap-junctions-in-corpus-cavernosum-smooth-muscle-cells
#6
Xiang Zhang, Fan Zhao, Jian-Feng Zhao, Hui-Ying Fu, Xiao-Jun Huang, Bo-Dong Lv
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common sexual disorder that men report to healthcare providers. Gap junctions (GJs) are thought to be responsible for synchronous shrinkage of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells (CCSMCs), and play thus an important role in the maintenance of an erection. Hypoxia has been suggested as a pathological mechanism underlying ED. Here we demonstrate that hypoxia increased the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and the main GJ component connexin (Cx)43 in CCSMCs...
November 22, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174034/panax-notoginseng-saponins-reduce-high-risk-factors-for-thrombosis-through-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-pathway
#7
Qin Shen, Jun Li, Caixin Zhang, Pengbo Wang, Anaz Mohammed, Songshi Ni, Zhiyuan Tang
The classic Virchow theory suggests that blood stasis, hypercoagulability and endothelial dysfunction are three major factors that cause venous thrombosis (VT). It is a complicated biological process involved multi-factors. Platelet plays a central role and participates in multiple links of this process. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS), the principal constituents derived from panax notoginseng, has been widely described for its anti-platelet activity. However, its potential mechanism against platelet aggregation has not been clarified...
November 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170419/pdgfr-signaling-mediates-hyperproliferation-and-fibrotic-responses-of-subsynovial-connective-tissue-cells-in-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#8
Yuki Saito, Takako Chikenji, Yasuhiro Ozasa, Mineko Fujimiya, Toshihiko Yamashita, Anne Gingery, Kousuke Iba
Fibrosis of the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) is a pathognomonic change in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Identification of molecular targets and anti-fibrotic therapies could provide new treatment strategies for CTS. The contribution of SSCT cells to fibrosis and the signaling pathways that initiate and aggravate fibrosis in CTS remain unknown. Here we report that platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) positive ( + ) cells accumulate in CTS SSCT and that the presence of fibrotic growth factor, PDGF-AA, results in increased proliferation of PDGFRα+ cells via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157825/1-6-di-o-caffeoyl-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-a-natural-compound-from-callicarpa-nudiflora-hook-impairs-p2y12-and-thromboxane-a2-receptor-mediated-amplification-of-platelet-activation-and-aggregation
#9
Jianjiang Fu, Xiaocui Zhu, Wei Wang, Hong Lu, Zhoumiao Zhang, Ting Liu, Huanjun Xu, Huizheng Fu, Shuangcheng Ma, Yuehua Luo
BACKGROUND: Platelet activation and subsequent accumulation at sites of vascular injury perform a central role in thrombus formation, which is believed to be the trigger of several cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and strokes. In this sense, the search for agents that are capable of blocking platelets aggregation has important implications for these diseases. Callicarpa nudiflora (C. nudiflora) Hook is a traditional Chinese medicine herb for eliminating stasis to subdue swelling and hemostasis...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137274/effective-protection-against-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-sepsis-injury-by-combined-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-preactivated-disaggregated-platelets
#10
Chih-Hung Chen, Yung-Lung Chen, Pei-Hsun Sung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuan-Hung Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Tien-Hung Huang, Hung-I Lu, Fan-Yen Lee, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Sheng-Ying Chung, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip
This study assessed whether combining adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) with preactivated, disaggregated shape-changed platelets (PreD-SCP) was superior to either therapy alone for protecting rat lung from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) complicated by sepsis. ARDS and sepsis were induced through 100% oxygen inhalation and peritoneal administration of 1.5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively. Adult-male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) were randomized into sham-control (SC), ARDS-LPS, ARDS-LPS-ADMSC (1...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136006/lipopolysaccharide-potentiates-platelet-responses-via-toll-like-receptor-4-stimulated-akt-erk-pla2-signalling
#11
Maria E Lopes Pires, Simon R Clarke, Sisi Marcondes, Jonathan M Gibbins
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the cell envelope of Gram-negative bacteria is a principal cause of the symptoms of sepsis. LPS has been reported to modulate the function of platelets although the underlying mechanisms of LPS action in these cells remain unclear. Platelets express the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) which serves as a receptor for LPS, although the potential role of TLR4 and associated cell signalling in controlling platelet responses to LPS has not been extensively explored. In this study, we therefore investigated the actions of LPS prepared from different strains of Escherichia coli on platelet function, the underlying signalling mechanisms, and the potential role of TLR4 in orchestrating these...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131001/atorvastatin-calcium-inhibits-pdgf-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-vsmcs-through-the-g0-g1-cell-cycle-arrest-and-suppression-of-activated-pdgfr%C3%AE-pi3k-akt-signaling-cascade
#12
Shuang Chen, Siyuan Dong, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Naijin Zhang, Bo Yu, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a hallmark of vascular lesions, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. PDGF-ββ, an isoform of PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor), has been demonstrated to induce proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Atorvastatin calcium, a selective inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, has favorable protective effects on VSMCs. This study examined the effects of atorvastatin calcium on the proliferation and migration of PDGF-ββ-treated VSMCs, as well as its underlying mechanisms...
November 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082696/-in-vivo-anti-tumor-effect-and-in-vitro-anti-angiogenic-effect-of-alcohol-extract-from-euphorbia-prostrata
#13
Ting Wang, Xiao-Qin Si, Guo-Li Zhou, Rong Dai, Gai Zhou, Dong Cao, Cui Yang
The study was designed to investigate the anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effects of alcohol extract from Euphorbia prostrata. The alcohol extract of E. prostrata was prepared, and the tolerated dosage was determined in mice by the test for acute toxicity. Then, MTT method was used to study the anti-proliferation effect of E. prostrata on normal cells and tumor cells. The rat aortic endothelial cells(RAECs) were primarily cultured. Subsequently, in vitro cell proliferation, migration and tubule formation assays were performed to detect the effect of alcohol extract of E...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077251/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antithrombotic-and-cytotoxicity-effects-of-ferulic-acid
#14
Jun-Hui Choi, Jong-Kook Park, Ki-Man Kim, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Seung Kim
We discovered recently in vitro and in vivo antithrombotic and cytotoxicity effects of ferulic acid. The cytotoxicity assays showed that ferulic acid (∼300 μg/mL) did not cause any significant toxicity on three cell lines, platelets, leukocytes, and erythrocytes. In vitro assays showed inhibitory effects of ferulic acid on thrombin (THR)- or collagen/epinephrine-stimulated platelet activation by inhibiting platelet aggregation, and decreasing clot retraction activity. The in vitro effect of ferulic acid on THR-stimulated platelet activation was proved by the decrease in the secretion of serotonin from the platelets...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064632/the-effects-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb-on-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-mediated-dentin-pulp-complex-regeneration
#15
Maolin Zhang, Fei Jiang, Xiaochen Zhang, Shaoyi Wang, Yuqin Jin, Wenjie Zhang, Xinquan Jiang
Dentin-pulp complex regeneration is a promising alternative treatment for the irreversible pulpitis caused by tooth trauma or dental caries. This process mainly relies on the recruitment of endogenous or the transplanted dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) to guide dentin-pulp tissue formation. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a well-known potent mitogenic, angiogenic, and chemoattractive agent, has been widely used in tissue regeneration. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of PDGF on dentin-pulp complex regeneration are still unclear...
October 24, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052350/platelet-lysate-activates-quiescent-cell-proliferation-and-reprogramming-in-human-articular-cartilage-involvement-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1
#16
Van Thi Nguyen, Ranieri Cancedda, Fiorella Descalzi
The idea of rescuing the body self-repair capability lost during evolution is progressively gaining ground in Regenerative Medicine. In particular, growth factors and bioactive molecules derived from activated platelets emerged as promising therapeutic agents acting as trigger for repair of tissue lesions and restoration of tissue functions. Aim of this study was to assess the potential of a Platelet Lysate (PL) for human articular cartilage repair considering its activity on progenitor cells and differentiated chondrocytes...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045015/the-small-molecule-mertk-inhibitor-unc2025-decreases-platelet-activation-and-prevents-thrombosis
#17
Brian R Branchford, Timothy J Stalker, Luke Law, Gilbert Acevedo, Susan Sather, Christine Brzezinski, Katina M Wilson, Katherine Minson, Alisa B Lee-Sherick, Pavel Davizon-Castillo, Christopher Ng, Weihe Zhang, Keith B Neeves, Steven R Lentz, Xiaodong Wang, Stephen V Frye, H Shelton Earp, Deborah DeRyckere, Lawrence F Brass, Douglas K Graham, Jorge A Di Paola
BACKGROUND: Gas6 signals through the TAM (TYRO-3, AXL, MERTK) receptor family mediating platelet activation and thrombus formation via activation of the aggregate-stabilizing αIIb β3 integrin. OBJECTIVE: Here we describe anti-thrombotic effects mediated by UNC2025, a small molecule MERTK tyrosine kinase inhibitor. METHODS: MERTK phosphorylation and downstream signaling were assessed by immunoblot. Light transmission aggregometry, flow cytometry, and microfluidic analysis were used to evaluate the impact of MERTK inhibition on platelet activation and stability of aggregate formation in vitro...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044808/neuroprotective-effects-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-on-human-retinal-ganglion-cells
#18
Andrew Osborne, Julie Sanderson, Keith R Martin
Optic neuropathies such as glaucoma occur when retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in the eye are injured. Strong evidence suggests mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be a potential therapy to protect RGCs, however little is known regarding their effect on the human retina. We, therefore, investigated if human MSCs (hMSCs), or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) as produced by hMSC, could delay RGC death in a human retinal explant model of optic nerve injury. Our results showed hMSCs and the secreted growth factor PDGF-AB could substantially reduce human RGC loss and apoptosis following axotomy...
October 17, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039563/inhibition-of-human-lung-cancer-proliferation-through-targeting-stromal-fibroblasts-by-dihydromyricetin
#19
Kai-Jie Fan, Bo Yang, Yang Liu, Xiao-Dong Tian, Bo Wang
In the present study, the effects of dihydromyricetin on the proliferative potential of fibroblasts and lung carcinoma cells were investigated. Markedly higher expression levels of smooth muscle actin and platelet derived growth factors (PDGFs) were observed in the fibroblasts using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis. The expression levels of PDGF-A and PDGF-B were also higher in the lung cancer cells. Western blot analysis revealed higher expression levels of the receptor for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGFRβ) in the lysates from fibroblasts obtained from normal tissues and carcinoma tissues...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038421/stabilization-of-phosphofructokinase-1-platelet-isoform-by-akt-promotes-tumorigenesis
#20
Jong-Ho Lee, Rui Liu, Jing Li, Chuanbao Zhang, Yugang Wang, Qingsong Cai, Xu Qian, Yan Xia, Yanhua Zheng, Yuji Piao, Qianming Chen, John F de Groot, Tao Jiang, Zhimin Lu
Phosphofructokinase 1 (PFK1) plays a critical role in glycolysis; however, its role and regulation in tumorigenesis are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that PFK1 platelet isoform (PFKP) is the predominant PFK1 isoform in human glioblastoma cells and its expression correlates with total PFK activity. We show that PFKP is overexpressed in human glioblastoma specimens due to an increased stability, which is induced by AKT activation resulting from phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) loss and EGFR-dependent PI3K activation...
October 16, 2017: Nature Communications
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