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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242131/knowledge-translation-the-bridging-function-of-cochrane-rehabilitation
#1
Stefano Negrini, Francesca Gimigliano, Chiara Arienti, Carlotte Kiekens
Cochrane Rehabilitation is aimed to ensure that all rehabilitation professionals can apply Evidence Based Clinical Practice and take decisions according to the best and most appropriate evidence in this specific field, combining the best available evidence as gathered by high quality Cochrane systematic reviews, with their own clinical expertise and the values of patients. This mission can be pursued through Knowledge Translation. The aim of this paper is to shortly present what Knowledge Translation is, how and why Cochrane (previously known as Cochrane Collaboration) is trying to reorganize itself in light of Knowledge Translation, and the relevance that this process has for Cochrane Rehabilitation and in the end for the whole world of Rehabilitation...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216903/evaluation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-using-the-agree-instrument-comparison-between-data-obtained-from-agree-i-and-agree-ii
#2
Kanako Seto, Kunichika Matsumoto, Takefumi Kitazawa, Shigeru Fujita, Shimpei Hanaoka, Tomonori Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) is a representative, quantitative evaluation tool for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Recently, AGREE was revised (AGREE II). The continuity of evaluation data obtained from the original version (AGREE I) has not yet been demonstrated. The present study investigated the relationship between data obtained from AGREE I and AGREE II to evaluate the continuity between the two measurement tools. RESULTS: An evaluation team consisting of three trained librarians evaluated 68 CPGs issued in 2011-2012 in Japan using AGREE I and AGREE II...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197431/measuring-adherence-to-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
Richard Clark, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Yvonne Mangan, Michael Smith, Mark Gussy, David Manton, Denise Bailey, Hanny Calache
OBJECTIVES: Dental Health Services Victoria publishes evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to assist public oral health practitioners to provide high-quality dental care. How well these CPGs are implemented into practice is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess adherence to selected CPGs. METHODS: An electronic auditing tool was developed using clinical indicators derived for "stainless steel crown (SSC)," "restorative care for children under general anesthetic (GA)," and "direct restorative materials" CPG...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177801/methodological-challenges-to-the-evaluation-of-interventions-for-foster-kinship-carers-and-children-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Adam Dickes, Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, John McAloon
Caregivers of children in alternative care face a complex range of challenges that can result in placement disruption and poor long-term outcomes. Interventions designed to help carers meet these challenges report positive outcomes. Nevertheless, several reviewers have reported these positive results may be mitigated by limitations in trial methodology. This review aims to systematically review these methodological challenges and limitations, to provide an analysis of the current state of the evidence base for these interventions...
November 24, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170288/midwife-or-doctor-local-opinion-leader-to-implement-a-national-guideline-in-babies-on-postnatal-wards-design-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-blinded-controlled-trial
#5
Jane Marie Alsweiler, Caroline A Crowther, Jane E Harding
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a common condition that can cause developmental delay. Treatment of neonatal hypoglycaemia with oral dextrose gel has been shown to reverse hypoglycaemia and reduce admissions to neonatal intensive care for hypoglycaemia. An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was written to guide the use of dextrose gel to treat neonatal hypoglycaemia in New Zealand. However, it is unclear what clinical discipline might most effectively lead the implementation of the guideline recommendations...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166947/a-systematic-literature-review-of-evidence-based-clinical-practice-for-rare-diseases-what-are-the-perceived-and-real-barriers-for-improving-the-evidence-and-how-can-they-be-overcome
#6
REVIEW
Ana Rath, Valérie Salamon, Sandra Peixoto, Virginie Hivert, Martine Laville, Berenice Segrestin, Edmund A M Neugebauer, Michaela Eikermann, Vittorio Bertele, Silvio Garattini, Jørn Wetterslev, Rita Banzi, Janus C Jakobsen, Snezana Djurisic, Christine Kubiak, Jacques Demotes-Mainard, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical practice is challenging in all fields, but poses special barriers in the field of rare diseases. The present paper summarises the main barriers faced by clinical research in rare diseases, and highlights opportunities for improvement. METHODS: Systematic literature searches without meta-analyses and internal European Clinical Research Infrastructure Network (ECRIN) communications during face-to-face meetings and telephone conferences from 2013 to 2017 within the context of the ECRIN Integrating Activity (ECRIN-IA) project...
November 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142181/treatment-strategy-for-standard-dose-proton-pump-inhibitor-resistant-reflux-esophagitis
#7
Katsuhiko Iwakiri
Reflux esophagitis is characterized by excessive esophageal acid exposure. To treat reflux esophagitis, it is necessary to reduce excessive esophageal acid exposure to within the normal range. The first-line drug for the treatment of reflux esophagitis is a standard-dose proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), which is also recommended by the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines 2015 for gastroesophageal disease of the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology. It has been reported that the response to a standard dose of PPI in patients with mild reflux esophagitis is 90-100%, and that in patients with severe reflux esophagitis is 80-85%...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138153/deprescribing-antihyperglycemic-agents-in-older-persons-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#8
Barbara Farrell, Cody Black, Wade Thompson, Lisa McCarthy, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Heather Lochnan, Salima Shamji, Ross Upshur, Manon Bouchard, Vivian Welch
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper, stop, or switch antihyperglycemic agents in older adults. METHODS: We focused on the highest level of evidence available and sought input from primary care professionals in guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. Seven clinicians (2 family physicians, 3 pharmacists, 1 nurse practitioner, and 1 endocrinologist) and a methodologist comprised the overall team; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122065/evidence-based-dental-care-perspective-on-levels-of-evidence
#9
S M Hashim Nainar
The objective of this review was to consider compilation of evidence from literature and its interpretation. Evidence-based dentistry during its implementation has sometimes emphasized randomized clinical trials with exclusion of all other evidence. Systematic reviews must compile evidence from all study types, with the collected evidence processed through the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system prior to their application in clinical decision-making. Evidence-based clinical practice should be based upon transparently reported evidence from all study types...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113107/redesigning-journal-clubs-to-staying-current-with-the-literature
#10
Roland N Dickerson, G Christopher Wood, Joseph M Swanson, Rex O Brown
Staying current with the literature is of paramount importance to the pharmacist engaged in an evidence-based clinical practice. Given the expanding roles and responsibilities of today's pharmacists combined with exponential growth in new medical and health sciences literature, staying current has become an extremely daunting task. Traditional journal clubs have focused upon their role as a training vehicle for teaching critical reading skills to residents. However, schools of pharmacy are now required to provide instruction in biostatistics, research design, and interpretation...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102984/how-to-adapt-existing-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-a-case-example-with-smoking-cessation-guidelines-in-canada
#11
Peter Selby, Katie Hunter, Jess Rogers, Kelly Lang-Robertson, Sophie Soklaridis, Virginia Chow, Michèle Tremblay, Denise Koubanioudakis, Rosa Dragonetti, Sarwar Hussain, Laurie Zawertailo
OBJECTIVE: To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework. METHODS: An independent expert body in guideline review conducted a review and identified six existing CPGs, which met a priori criteria for quality and potential applicability to the local context. Summary statements were extracted and assigned a grade of recommendation and level of evidence by a second expert panel...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074014/excerpt-from-the-canadian-ophthalmological-society-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Philip Hooper, Marie Carole Boucher, Alan Cruess, Keith G Dawson, Walter Delpero, Mark Greve, Vladimir Kozousek, Wai-Ching Lam, David A L Maberley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068921/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-autologous-breast-reconstruction-with-diep-or-pedicled-tram-abdominal-flaps
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bernard T Lee, Jayant P Agarwal, Jeffrey A Ascherman, Stephanie A Caterson, Diedra D Gray, Scott T Hollenbeck, Seema A Khan, Lauren D Loeding, Raman C Mahabir, Archibald S Miller, Galen Perdikis, Jaime S Schwartz, Beth A Sieling, Achilles Thoma, Judith A Wolfman, Jean L Wright
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons commissioned a multistakeholder Work Group to develop recommendations for autologous breast reconstruction with abdominal flaps. A systematic literature review was performed and a stringent appraisal process was used to rate the quality of relevant scientific research. The Work Group assigned to draft this guideline was unable to find evidence of superiority of one technique over the other (deep inferior epigastric perforator versus pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap) in autologous tissue reconstruction of the breast after mastectomy...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068751/radiation-therapy-for-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-endorsement-of-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-summary
#14
Harry Quon, Neha Vapiwala, Arlene Forastiere, Erin B Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064744/radiation-therapy-for-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-endorsement-of-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#15
Harry Quon, Neha Vapiwala, Arlene Forastiere, Erin B Kennedy, David J Adelstein, Holly Boykin, Joseph A Califano, F Chris Holsinger, Brian Nussenbaum, David I Rosenthal, Lillian L Siu, John N Waldron
Purpose The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) produced an evidence-based guideline on radiation therapy in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) that was determined to be relevant to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) membership. After applying standard critical appraisal policy and endorsement procedures, ASCO chose to endorse the ASTRO guideline. Methods The ASTRO guideline was reviewed by ASCO content experts for clinical accuracy and by ASCO methodologists for developmental rigor...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029068/considering-health-equity-when-moving-from-evidence-based-guideline-recommendations-to-implementation-a-case-study-from-an-upper-middle-income-country-on-the-grade-approach
#16
Javier Eslava-Schmalbach, Paola Mosquera, Juan Pablo Alzate, Kevin Pottie, Vivian Welch, Elie A Akl, Janet Jull, Eddy Lang, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Rachel Morton, Lehana Thabane, Bev Shea, Airton T Stein, Jasvinder Singh, Ivan D Florez, Gordon Guyatt, Holger Schünemann, Peter Tugwell
The availability of evidence-based guidelines does not ensure their implementation and use in clinical practice or policy making. Inequities in health have been defined as those inequalities within or between populations that are avoidable, unnecessary and also unjust and unfair. Evidence-based clinical practice and public health guidelines ('guidelines') can be used to target health inequities experienced by disadvantaged populations, although guidelines may unintentionally increase health inequities. For this reason, there is a need for evidence-based clinical practice and public health guidelines to intentionally target health inequities experienced by disadvantaged populations...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020893/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-melanoma-melanomas-that-lack-classical-clinical-features
#17
Victoria J Mar, Alex J Chamberlain, John W Kelly, William K Murray, John F Thompson
A Cancer Council Australia multidisciplinary working group is currently revising and updating the 2008 evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the management of cutaneous melanoma. While there have been many recent improvements in treatment options for metastatic melanoma, early diagnosis remains critical to reducing mortality from the disease. Improved awareness of the atypical presentations of this common malignancy is required to achieve this. A chapter of the new guidelines was therefore developed to aid recognition of atypical melanomas...
October 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963946/suicide-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-by-clinical-researchers-from-the-national-institute-for-disability-and-independent-living-rehabilitation-research-nidilrr-and-veterans-health-administration-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems
#18
REVIEW
Laura E Dreer, Xinyu Tang, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Mary Jo Pugh, Molly K Cox, Erin K Bailey, Jacob A Finn, Ross Zafonte, Lisa A Brenner
Research among a wide range of cohorts (e.g. civilian, military) has increasingly highlighted traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, including death by suicide. With this recognition, subsequent changes in clinical practice, such as TBI screenings among individuals seeking mental health services, as well as suicide risk assessment among individuals seeking rehabilitation services are essential. Information provided below is aimed at highlighting key and emerging findings regarding suicide and TBI, with the goal of encouraging providers and researchers to explore changing and expanding evidence-based clinical practices to match the needs of those living with a history of TBI...
August 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962542/the-role-of-powerlessness-among-health-care-workers-in-tuberculosis-infection-control
#19
Helena J Chapman, Bienvenido A Veras-Estévez, Jamie L Pomeranz, Eddy N Pérez-Then, Belkys Marcelino, Michael Lauzardo
Due to their occupational exposure in health care settings, health care workers (HCW) have increased risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. They face challenges to remain up-to-date with evidence-based clinical practices and translate educational information into actions in infection control practices. Our purpose was to examine this "knowledge-action" gap about how HCWs understand their occupational M. tuberculosis risk and use recommended infection control measures in clinical practices in the Dominican Republic (DR)...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958308/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-evaluation-of-potentially-malignant-disorders-in%C3%A2-the-oral-cavity-a-report-of-the-american-dental-association
#20
Mark W Lingen, Elliot Abt, Nishant Agrawal, Anil K Chaturvedi, Ezra Cohen, Gypsyamber D'Souza, JoAnn Gurenlian, John R Kalmar, Alexander R Kerr, Paul M Lambert, Lauren L Patton, Thomas P Sollecito, Edmond Truelove, Malavika P Tampi, Olivia Urquhart, Laura Banfield, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: An expert panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated clinical recommendations to inform primary care clinicians about the potential use of adjuncts as triage tools for the evaluation of lesions, including potentially malignant disorders (PMDs), in the oral cavity. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: This is an update of the ADA's 2010 recommendations on the early diagnosis of PMDs and oral squamous cell carcinoma...
October 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
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