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L Maizo Alemán
OBJECTIVE: The idea of this article is to propose to the general use of a new term to semiologically describe musculoskeletal wrist pain. FINDINGS: The use of terms with Greco-Latin roots is common in the medical field. The result is expressed in the newly coined word (neologism) "carpalgia", defined as musculoskeletal pain in the region of the wrist. CONCLUSIONS: The use of other terms related to musculoskeletal pain of the shoulder (omalgia), knee (gonalgia), metatarsus (metatarsalgia), spine (cervicalgia, lumbalgia), or hip (coxalgia) terms have demonstrated their importance through their applicability in different medical journals in recent years...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
January 23, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Adrian A Maung, Dirk C Johnson, Kimberly Barre, Thomas Peponis, Tomaz Mesar, George C Velmahos, Daniel McGrail, George Kasotakis, Ronald I Gross, Michael S Rosenblatt, Kristen C Sihler, Robert J Winchell, Walter Cholewczynski, Kathryn L Butler, Stephen R Odom, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: Although cervical spine CT (CSCT) accurately detects bony injuries, it may not identify all soft tissue injuries. Although some clinicians rely exclusively on a negative CT to remove spine precautions in unevaluable patients or patients with cervicalgia, others use MRI for that purpose. The objective of this study was to determine the rates of abnormal MRI after a negative CSCT. METHODS: Blunt trauma patients who either were unevaluable or had persistent midline cervicalgia and underwent an MRI of the C-spine after a negative CSCT were enrolled prospectively in eight Level I and II New England trauma centers...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Vinicius Ribas Fonseca, Juliana Cristina Mesti, Leslie Palma Gorski, João Henrique Faryniuk, Jair Mendes Marques
Introduction The cervical spine is a flexible link between the sensory platform of the skull and torso. The fundamental principle of its operation is due to the balance between muscle strength and flexibility, and any dysfunction of this balance causes neck pain, known as cervicalgia. Objective The objective of this study is to analyze the most prevalent neurotological findings in adults with neck pain. Method A cross-sectional study in which 33 adults from 50 to 83 years of age with neck pain were evaluated and underwent the following procedures: anamnesis, as well as ENT, audiological, and vestibular exams...
April 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
A N Wilner, B K Sharma, A R Thompson, A Krueger
RATIONALE: Analgesic opioid use has increased dramatically in the general population. Although opioid analgesics are not indicated for the treatment of epilepsy, frequent opioid use has been reported in the epilepsy population. It is not clear whether comorbid disorders and/or epilepsy-associated injuries due to seizures foster opioid use. Our primary objective was to compare the prevalence of analgesic opioid use in an insured patient population with epilepsy to a matched control population without epilepsy...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Scott C Wagner, Peter M Formby, Daniel G Kang, Gregory S Van Blarcum, John P Cody, Robert W Tracey, Ronald A Lehman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is very little literature examining optimal radiographic parameters for placement of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), nor is there substantial evidence evaluating the relationship between persistent postoperative neck pain and radiographic outcomes. PURPOSE: We set out to perform a single-center evaluation of the radiographic outcomes, including associated complications, of CDA. DESIGN: This is a retrospective review...
July 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Samir T Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a decidedly devastating event for any patient, but particularly for a military aviator in a single-seat aircraft. Incidence of acute ischemic infarct in men ages 25 to 29 ranges from 3.4 to 5.6/100,000. The neurological sequelae of stroke can have a lasting and profound impact on an aviator's career. Literature review revealed a relatively small number of cases where stroke was attributable to cervical manipulation. CASE REPORT: A 29-yr-old male jet pilot with a 2-wk history of cervicalgia following a mountain bike ride performed self-manipulation of his neck at home following a visit to a chiropractor...
December 2015: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Guillermo Enrique Vergara, Natalia Roura, Marcelo Del Castillo, Andrea Mora, Santiago Condomi Alcorta, Rubén Mormandi, Andrés Cervio, Jorge Salvat
BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) of the central nervous system (CNS) is an uncommon condition that usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. This illness can manifest as meningitis, or as a micotic aneurism, stroke or abscess. The infection affects the CNS either primarily or, more often, secondarily via blood dissemination from a distant focus, and has a poor prognosis. We present a patient with IA primarily affecting the cervical bones, with later spread into the brain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year old male was receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia when he developed pneumonitis secondary to methotrexate and was started on corticosteroids...
2015: Surgical Neurology International
Josep M Aragonès, Montserrat Arias-Rivero, Joan M García-Barrionuevo, Gianni Lucchetti
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis is a fibroinflammatory immune-mediated disease of the dura mater. Its diagnosis requires the preclusion of infectious, tumoral and other inflammatory diseases. In recent years new entities have been reported that can present with hypertrophic pachymeningitis, such as IgG4-associated disease and MPO-ANCA+ pachymeningitis, as a form of vasculitis limited to the central nervous system. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 64 years-old male with headaches and cervicalgia, predominantly at night, and clinical signs and symptoms of spinal cord compression...
November 16, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
Florence A Othieno, Joseph R Williams, Larry L Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Won Seop Kim, Jong Taek Park, Young Bok Lee, Woo Young Park
Chordoma arises from cellular remnants of the notochord. It is the most common primary malignancy of the spine in adults. Approximately 50% of chordomas arise from the sacrococcygeal area with other areas of the spine giving rise to another 15% of chordomas. Following complete resection, patients can expect a 5-year survival rate of 85%. Chordoma has a recurrence rate of 40%, which leads to a less favorable prognosis. Here, we report two cases of chordoma presenting with occipital neuralgia and cervicalgia...
September 2014: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Gregory A Hon, Karen T Snider, Jane C Johnson
CONTEXT: The American Osteopathic Association requires the integration of osteo-pathic principles and practice in all specialty residency training programs that it accredits, but the 4 residencies with the most integration of osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) have differences in training and emphasis on OMM as a primary treatment modality. OBJECTIVE: To study differences in OMM use for spinal pain between the neuro-musculoskeletal medicine/OMM (NMM/OMM), the family practice/osteopath-ic manipulative treatment (FP/OMT), the integrated FP/OMT and NMM/OMM (FP/NMM), and the internal medicine and NMM/OMM (IM/NMM) specialty residency training programs...
May 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Seok-Hee Kim, Da-Jung Jung, Yoo-Min Choi, Jong-Uk Kim, Tae-Han Yook
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to analyze trends in domestic studies on pharmacopuncture therapy for treating cervical disease. METHODS: This study was carried out on original copies and abstracts of theses listed in databases or published until July 2014. The search was made on the Oriental medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS) the National Digital Science Library (NDSL), and the Korean traditional knowledge portal. Search words were 'pain on cervical spine', 'cervical pain', 'ruptured cervical disk', 'cervical disc disorder', 'stiffness of the neck', 'cervical disk', 'whiplash injury', 'cervicalgia', 'posterior cervical pain', 'neck disability', 'Herniated Nucleus Pulposus (HNP)', and 'Herniated Intervertebral Disc (HIVD)'...
December 2014: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Sandra Ho, Adam Luginbuhl, Steven Finden, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case report was to characterize styloid/C1 transverse process juxtaposition as a cause for Eagle's syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case series was conducted with a chart review of 5 patients with radiographic evidence of jugular vein compression who underwent styloid process excision between 2010 and 2013. There were 4 men and 1 woman, aged 35 to 62 years (mean, 46 years). Cervicalgia (4 of 5 patients) and otalgia (4 of 5 patients) were the most commonly reported symptoms...
November 2015: Head & Neck
Jutta Kuepper-Nybelen, Petra Thuermann, Ingrid Schubert
PURPOSE: Authorisation was suspended on 1 August 2013 for tetrazepam-containing medicines. The aim of the study was to assess relevance and pattern of tetrazepam use by estimating the prevalence of prescribing and to analyse prescribing indications and duration. This information is needed to generate baseline data for further evaluation of prescribing muscle relaxants. METHODS: Claims data analysis (Health Insurance Sample AOK Hesse/KV Hesse, 18.75% random sample of insurants from AOK Hesse, Germany)...
December 2014: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Iu E Azimova, G R Tabeeva
OBJECTIVE: Acute cervical pain is one of the most common reasons for a visit to a doctor and temporal disability. We studied efficacy and safety of the nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug tenoxicam (texamen) in the treatment of acute cervical pain in myofascial syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A trial included 50 people (42 women and 8 men, mean age 42,2±6,8 years) with acute cephalgia. A main group (30 patients) received tenoxicam in dose 20 mg daily in the morning during 7 days with simultaneous therapeutic exercises with elements of postisometric relaxation of cervical muscles...
2014: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Tessa Kermode, Olivier Pasche, Jacques Cornuz, Pascal Zufferey
Scapulalgias or omalgias are a frequent complaint, with more than half of them being linked to an injury of the rotators cuff. As they often become chronic, omalgias result in higher rates of absenteeism and significant health care costs. Scapulalgias have three main causes: posttraumatic, intrinsic of the joint, or extrinsic. The extrinsic omalgias, either of neurologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, or abdominal etiology, require swift identification, as their treatment is often an emergency. Most of the scapulalgias can be treated conservatively...
November 27, 2013: Revue Médicale Suisse
B Bender, G Widmann, H Riechelmann, J Schmutzhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Der Radiologe
D Palacios Martínez, R A Díaz Alonso, M Gutiérrez López, F J Gordillo López
Cervicalgia is defined as the presence of pain in the neck region, and can radiate to the shoulders, upper limbs or back. It is a source of frequent visits to Primary Care, and more than half of the general population will suffer neck pain at some point in their life. Klippel-Feil syndrome is an exceptional cause of cervicalgia. It belongs to the group of so-called malformations of the hold-down skull-cervical congenital disease. Klippel-Feil syndrome is a complex disease entity characterized by the fusion of two or more vertebrae, and may also be associated with other bone and visceral disorders...
November 2013: Semergen
Markus Wenger, Thomas-Marc Markwalder
We report on 69 retrospectively reviewed patients who received 73 Bryan (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN, USA) total disc arthroplasties for recent soft cervical disc herniations over a 9.3year period. Three patients returned with radiculopathy due to the redevelopment of uncoforaminal stenosis at the Bryan segment and later underwent posterior decompression of the uncoforaminal area without modification to the prosthesis. They recovered from the radiculopathy after decompression; however, one patient later required adjacent segment fusion to recover from concomitant cervicalgia...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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