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Resuscitation skills training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#1
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220187/-emergency-medical-training-through-simulation-always-the-same-for-everyone
#2
A Schaumberg, T Schröder, M Sander
Simulation assumes a growing importance in the field of emergency medical education. Many rescue service schools work with simulators or even have their own simulation center. Classic resuscitation training in the classroom is increasingly being replaced by realistic case scenarios. But simulators themselves do not train! Using a simulator in emergency medical training does not necessarily mean achieving sustained learning success among the participants. Depending on the skills, abilities or competences being taught, there seems to be different requirements for simulation...
February 20, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196705/an-exploration-of-emergency-nurses-perceptions-attitudes-and-experience-of-teamwork-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Elise Grover, Joanne E Porter, Julia Morphet
BACKGROUND: Teamwork may assist with increased levels of efficiency and safety of patient care in the emergency department (ED), with emergency nurses playing an indispensable role in this process. METHOD: A descriptive, exploratory approach was used, drawing on principles from phenomenology and symbolic interactionism. Convenience, purposive sampling was used in a major metropolitan ED. Semi structured interviews were conducted, audio recorded, and transcribed verbatim...
February 11, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195835/neonatal-resuscitation-program-rolling-refresher-maintaining-chest-compression-proficiency-through-the-use-of-simulation-based-education
#4
Jose R Cepeda Brito, Patrick G Hughes, Kimberly S Firestone, Fabiana Ortiz Figueroa, Karan Johnson, Terra Ruthenburg, Robyn McKinney, M David Gothard, Rami Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Structured training courses have shown to improve patient outcomes; however, guidelines are inconsistently applied in up to 50% of all neonatal resuscitations. This is partly due to the fact that psychomotor skills needed for resuscitation decay within 6 months to a year from the completion of a certification course. Currently, there are no recommendations on how often refresher training should occur to prevent skill decay. PURPOSE: Improve provider proficiency and confidence in the performance of neonatal resuscitation with a focus on chest compression effectiveness...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146450/patient-simulation-for-assessment-of-layperson-management-of-opioid-overdose-with-intranasal-naloxone-in-a-recently-released-prisoner-cohort
#5
Leo Kobayashi, Traci C Green, Sarah E Bowman, Madeline C Ray, Michelle S McKenzie, Josiah D Rich
INTRODUCTION: Investigators applied simulation to an experimental program that educated, trained, and assessed at-risk, volunteering prisoners on opioid overdose (OD) prevention, recognition, and layperson management with intranasal (IN) naloxone. METHODS: Consenting inmates were assessed for OD-related experience and knowledge then exposed on-site to standardized didactics and educational DVD (without simulation). Subjects were provided with IN naloxone kits at time of release and scheduled for postrelease assessment...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126380/procedural-skills-of-the-entrustable-professional-activities-are-graduating-us-medical-students-prepared-to-perform-procedures-in-residency
#6
Adrienne N Bruce, Anagha Kumar, Sonya Malekzadeh
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education has been successfully instituted in graduate medical education through the development of Milestones. Consequently, the Association of American Medical Colleges implemented the core entrustable professional activities initiative to complement this framework in undergraduate medical education. We sought to determine its efficacy by examining the experiences and confidence of recent medical school graduates with general procedural skills (entrustable professional activities 12)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123615/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-and-attitude-among-general-dentists-in-kuwait
#7
Sarah A Alkandari, Lolwa Alyahya, Mohammed Abdulwahab
BACKGROUND: Dentists as health care providers should maintain a competence in resuscitation. This cannot be overemphasized by the fact that the population in our country is living longer with an increasing proportion of medically compromised persons in the general population. This preliminary study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of general dentists towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 250 licensed general dental practitioners working in ministry of health...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123614/the-association-of-layperson-characteristics-with-the-quality-of-simulated-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-performance
#8
Marion Leary, David G Buckler, Daniel J Ikeda, Daiane A Saraiva, Robert A Berg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Audrey L Blewer, Benjamin S Abella
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association of layperson characteristics with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provision. Previous studies suggested provider characteristics, including age and gender, were associated with CPR quality, particularly chest compression (CC) depth. We sought to determine the association of subject characteristics, including age and gender with layperson CPR quality during an unannounced simulated CPR event. We hypothesized shallower CC depth in females, and older-aged subjects...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123315/attitude-and-skill-levels-of-graduate-health-professionals-in-performing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Gebremedhn Berhe Gebregergs, Bernard Bradley Anderson, Vidhya Nagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure used to treat victims following cardiopulmonary arrest. Graduate health professionals at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital manage many trauma and critically ill patients. The chance of survival after cardiopulmonary arrest may be increased with sufficient attitude and skill levels. The study aimed to assess the attitude and skill levels of graduate health professionals in performing CPR. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 to 30, 2013, at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116931/-at-what-age-can-children-perform-effective-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-effectiveness-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-among-primary-school-children
#10
Bálint Bánfai, Attila Pandur, Emese Pék, Henrietta Csonka, József Betlehem
INTRODUCTION: In cardiac arrest life can be saved by bystanders. AIM: Our aim was to determine at what age can schoolchildren perform correct cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHOD: 164 schoolchildren (age 7-14) were involved in the study. A basic life support training consisted of 45 minutes education in small groups (8-10 children). They were tested during a 2-minute-long continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation scenario using the "AMBU CPR Software"...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096704/neonatal-resuscitation-advances-in-training-and-practice
#11
REVIEW
Taylor Sawyer, Rachel A Umoren, Megan M Gray
Each year in the US, some four hundred thousand newborns need help breathing when they are born. Due to the frequent need for resuscitation at birth, it is vital to have evidence-based care guidelines and to provide effective neonatal resuscitation training. Every five years, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) reviews the science of neonatal resuscitation. In the US, the American Heart Association (AHA) develops treatment guidelines based on the ILCOR science review, and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) translates the AHA guidelines into an educational curriculum...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093867/paramedic-resuscitation-competency-a-survey-of-australian-and-new-zealand-emergency-medical-services
#12
Kylie Dyson, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Lahn Straney, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: We have previously established that paramedic exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is relatively rare, therefore clinical exposure cannot be relied on to maintain resuscitation competency. We aimed to identify the current practices within emergency medical services (EMS) for developing and maintaining paramedic resuscitation competency. METHODS: We developed and conducted an online cross-sectional survey of Australian and New Zealand EMS in 2015...
January 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053558/high-fidelity-medical-simulation-training-improves-medical-students-knowledge-and-confidence-levels-in-septic-shock-resuscitation
#13
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Jarernporn Kawla-Ied, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Septic shock resuscitation bundles have poor compliance worldwide partly due to a lack of knowledge and clinical skills. High-fidelity simulation-based training is a new teaching technology in our faculty which may improve the performance of medical students in the resuscitation process. However, since the efficacy of this training method in our institute is limited, we organized an extra class for this evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect on medical students' knowledge and confidence levels after the high-fidelity medical simulation training in septic shock management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045012/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-among-nursing-students-a-questionnaire-study
#14
Mutlu Vural, Mustafa Feridun Koşar, Orhan Kerimoğlu, Fatih Kızkapan, Serdar Kahyaoğlu, Sevil Tuğrul, Hasan Burak İşleyen
OBJECTIVE: Nurses are usually first witnesses to in-hospital sudden cardiac arrests. Training of nurses has an impact on the efficiency and outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and thus, assessment of CPR knowledge among undergraduate nurses is very important to improve training program. METHODS: The questionnaire comprised of three parts about CPR knowledge: the first dealing with general questions to understand the importance of CPR in clinical practice; the second comprising the main goal and accuracy of CPR intervention; and the last consisting of questions targeting the indications, methods, and effectiveness of CPR...
December 28, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984321/extracorporeal-life-support-organization-registry-international-report-2016
#15
Ravi R Thiagarajan, Ryan P Barbaro, Peter T Rycus, D Michael Mcmullan, Steven A Conrad, James D Fortenberry, Matthew L Paden
Data on extracorporeal life support (ECLS) use and survival submitted to the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization's data registry from the inception of the registry in 1989 through July 1, 2016, are summarized in this report. The registry contained information on 78,397 ECLS patients with 58% survival to hospital discharge. Extracorporeal life support use and centers providing ECLS have increased worldwide. Extracorporeal life support use in the support of adults with respiratory and cardiac failure represented the largest growth in the recent time period...
January 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976660/assessment-of-newborn-care-corners-in-selected-public-health-facilities-in-bihar
#16
Monika Chauhan, Jyoti Sharma, Preeti Negandhi, Siddharth Reddy, Ghanashyam Sethy, Sutapa B Neogi
BACKGROUND: A functional newborn care corner (NBCC) is critical to provide immediate care to newborns including resuscitation, warmth, and initial care to sick newborns. NBCC provides an acceptable environment for all infants at birth, and it is mandatory for all delivery points at all levels in the health system including operation theaters. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to find the status of availability of NBCCs and service provision in selected public health facilities of Bihar...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932010/bottleneck-analysis-approach-to-accelerate-newborn-care-services-in-two-regions-in-ghana-implications-for-national-newborn-care
#17
A E Yawson, J K Awoonor-Williams, I Sagoe-Moses, P K Aboagye, A O Yawson, L K Senaya, G Bonsu, J B Eleeza, E E A Agongo, H K Banskota
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to describe application of a data-driven approach (bottleneck analysis [BNA] approach process) to accelerate newborn care services in two regions and what effect it had on national-level newborn care interventions in Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-method approach was used for the study. The BNA tool generated quantitative data and group discussions provided phenomenological explanations to identified service gaps. METHODS: Regional newborn care health service assessments were conducted in November 2013 through desk reviews, field and health facility visits and coaching/mentorship...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#18
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889623/training-needs-of-clinical-nurses-at-an-university-hospital-in-turkey
#19
Emine Kol, Emine İlaslan, Mehtap Turkay
The learning needs of clinical nurses should be determined and evaluated at regular intervals for evaluate the continuity and the efficiency of education. The descriptive study was conducted to determine the training needs of nurses working in an educational hospital between February 1st 2012 and May 1st 2012. It was determined that, among the training topics related to patient care, those demanded the most were cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, fluid-electrolyte balance, safe drug administration and wound Care...
November 16, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878801/the-effect-of-strength-training-on-quality-of-prolonged-basic-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#20
Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Łukasz Szarpak, Óscar García-García, Álvaro Paz-Domínguez, Sergio López-García, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Providing high-quality chest compressions and rescue breaths are key elements in the effectiveness of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. AIM: To investigate the effects of a strength training programme on the quality of prolonged basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental trial. Thirty-nine participants with prior basic life support knowledge were randomised to an experimental or control group...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
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