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Resuscitation skills training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912086/current-practices-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-fellowship-trauma-training
#1
Diana T Fleisher, Rachel J Katz-Sidlow, James A Meltzer
OBJECTIVE: The management of injured children is a required element of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellowship training. Given the relatively infrequent exposure of trainees to major trauma, it is important to understand how programs train fellows and assess their competency in pediatric trauma. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 84 PEM fellowship program directors (PDs). Program directors were asked to describe their program's characteristics, the degree of fellow independence, educational techniques used to train fellows in trauma, and their expectation of fellows' competency in 14 core trauma-related skills upon graduation...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910497/study-of-the-impact-of-training-of-registered-nurses-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-on-patient-mortality
#2
Mayureshkumar Pareek, Vandana Parmar, Jigisha Badheka, Nirmalyo Lodh
Background and Aims: Nurses should have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and skills to be able to implement effective interventions during in-hospital cardiac arrest. The aim of this descriptive study was to assess mortality impact after nurses' CPR training with pre-CPR training data at our institute. Methods: Training regarding CPR was given to nurses, and CPR mortality 1-year before basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training were collected and compared with post-training 1-year CPR mortality...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879636/consideration-of-using-virtual-reality-for-teaching-neonatal-resuscitation-to-midwifery-students
#3
Jessica Williams, Donovan Jones, Rohan Walker
Within the last decade, there has been significant change in the way tertiary midwifery education has been delivered to students. The use of blended teaching methods and the introduction of simulated learning experiences has been observed in the literature to improve students' self-confidence, competence, clinical judgement and decision-making abilities. Simulation is seen to be particularly important when practising skills that may be infrequently encountered in practice, such as clinical emergencies. Neonatal resuscitation is the most common neonatal emergency encountered within midwifery today, with up to 15% of babies requiring some form of resuscitation at birth...
May 28, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874976/awareness-and-willingness-to-perform-cpr-a-survey-amongst-flemish-schoolchildren-teachers-and-principals
#4
Lieven De Smedt, Catheline Depuydt, Eva Vekeman, Peter De Paepe, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Martin Valcke, Nicolas Mpotos
Objectives Training children in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the strategies to increase bystander CPR in society. Reinforcing knowledge and awareness and increasing willingness to perform bystander CPR contributes to a better outcome after cardiac arrest. We questioned schoolchildren, teachers and principals about their awareness of the importance of CPR and about their willingness to perform CPR. Methods During a four-month period, Flemish schoolchildren aged 10-18 years, teachers and principals were invited to complete a survey consisting of three parts: (1) demographics, (2) CPR (training) experience and (3) attitude towards CPR teaching and training...
June 6, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863224/public-cpr-and-aed-knowledge-an-opportunity-for-educational-outreach-in-south-carolina
#5
Lisa M Petruncio, David M French, Edward C Jauch
OBJECTIVES: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, and the key to increased survival is emergent bystander intervention. A growing body of evidence has shown that timely bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are significantly correlated with an increased likelihood of survival. Despite these demonstrated benefits, bystanders perform these interventions in less than half of witnessed SCA cases. We hypothesized that the level of public CPR and automated external defibrillator (AED) knowledge may be limited and may play a role in the likelihood of intervening...
June 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794959/resident-performance-of-the-rapid-cardiopulmonary-assessment-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Brad Sobolewski, Regina G Taylor, Gary L Geis, Benjamin T Kerrey
OBJECTIVES: The rapid cardiopulmonary assessment (RCPA) is an essential first step in effective resuscitation of critically ill children. Pediatric residents may not be achieving competency with resuscitative skills, including RCPA. Our objective was to determine how often pediatric residents complete the RCPA for actual patients. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study of senior residents (≥postgraduate year 2) performing the RCPA in the resuscitation area of a high-volume pediatric emergency department (PED), where pediatric residents are expected to perform the bedside examination and assessment for all medical (nontrauma) patients...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793845/review-of-educational-interventions-to-increase-traditional-birth-attendants-neonatal-resuscitation-self-efficacy
#7
REVIEW
Marvesh M Mendhi, Kathleen B Cartmell, Susan D Newman, Shahirose Premji, Charlene Pope
BACKGROUND: Annually, up to 2.7 million neonatal deaths occur worldwide, and 25% of these deaths are caused by birth asphyxia. Infants born in rural areas of low-and-middle-income countries are often delivered by traditional birth attendants and have a greater risk of birth asphyxia-related mortality. AIM: This review will evaluate the effectiveness of neonatal resuscitation educational interventions in improving traditional birth attendants' knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and infant mortality outcomes in low-and-middle-income countries...
May 21, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786817/targeted-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-focused-on-the-family-members-of-high-risk-patients-at-a-regional-medical-center-a-comparison-between-family-members-of-high-risk-and-no-risk-patients
#8
Kap Su Han, Ji Sung Lee, Su Jin Kim, Sung Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a hospital-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training model focused on the target population (family members of patients with potential risks for cardiac arrest) and compared the outcome of CPR training between target and non-target populations for validity. METHODS: Family members of patients in training were divided into three groups on the basis of patients' diseases, as follows: 1) the cardio-specific (CS) risk group, including family members of patients with cardiac disease at risk of cardiac arrest; 2) the cardiovascular (CV) risk group, including family members of patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease; and 3) the no-risk group...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781687/assessment-of-nurses-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-and-skills-within-three-district-hospitals-in-botswana
#9
Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Megan Cox, Stoffel Moeng, Billy M Tsima
BACKGROUND:  Nurses are usually the first to identify the need for and initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on patients with cardiopulmonary arrest in the hospital setting. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been shown to reduce in-hospital deaths when received from adequately trained health care professionals. AIM:  We aimed to investigate nurses' retention of CPR knowledge and skills at district hospitals in Botswana. METHODS:  A quantitative, quasi-experimental study was conducted at three hospitals in Botswana...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764540/-2018-national-consensus-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-china
#10
Lixiang Wang, Qingyi Meng, Tao Yu
To promote the technical training and scientific popularization of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China, the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Specialized Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association combined with the Science Popularization Branch of the Chinese Medical Association wrote "2018 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China". The formation was based on the general outline about "2016 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China", and to implement the important strategies included the "three pre" policy, prevention, precognition, and pre-warning, before the cardiac arrest (CA); the "three modernization" methods, standardized, diversified and individualized, during the CA; and the "three life" strategies, the rebirth, the extra and the extended, after the CA; and also combined with the concrete National conditions and clinical practice of China area...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758442/enhancing-knowledge-and-skills-through-the-delivery-of-a-bespoke-neonatal-resuscitation-training-programme-in-a-developing-country
#11
Faith Cm Kayembe Née Manyema, Jacqueline Wier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#12
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753857/the-effect-of-different-retraining-intervals-on-the-skill-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-laypeople-a-three-armed-randomized-control-study
#13
Ming-Ju Hsieh, Wen-Chu Chiang, Chyi-Feng Jan, Hao-Yang Lin, Chih-Wei Yang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma
AIM: Our study aimed to compare cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance among laypeople with different retraining intervals. METHODS: Ninety-six non-medical university students were randomly allocated into 3 groups after receiving initial CPR and automated external defibrillator (AED) training. Sixty participants completed the study. The participants in the 3-, 6-, and 12-month groups received the same retraining every 3-, 6-, and 12 months. An 80-minute retraining course comprised a video lecture and hands-on practice, with feedback from the instructors and the Resusci Anne® QCPR...
May 10, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750427/evaluation-of-knowledge-of-students-in-paediatric-dentistry-concerning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-in-children
#14
L M De Mauro, L B Oliveira, C De Cássia Bergamaschi, J C Ramacciato, R H L Motta
AIM: The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies. METHODS: Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins. RESULTS: The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training...
May 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741715/forward-surgical-team-experience-fste-is-associated-with-increased-confidence-with-combat-surgeon-trauma-skills
#15
D Joshua Mancini, Brian P Smith, Travis M Polk, C William Schwab
Introduction: Little is known regarding the confidence of military surgeons prior to combat zone deployment. Military surgeons are frequently deployed without peers experienced in combat surgery. We hypothesized that forward surgical team experience (FSTE) increases surgeon confidence with critical skill sets. Methods: We conducted a national survey of military affiliated personnel. We used a novel survey instrument that was piloted and validated by experienced military surgeons to collect demographics, education, practice patterns, and confidence parameters for trauma and surgical critical care skills...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732502/retention-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-pediatric-basic-life-support-amongst-pediatricians
#16
Mathijs Binkhorst, Michelle Coopmans, Jos M T Draaisma, Petra Bot, Marije Hogeveen
Retention of resuscitation skills is usually assessed at a predefined moment, which enables participants to prepare themselves, possibly introducing bias. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the retention of knowledge and skills in pediatric basic life support (PBLS) amongst 58 pediatricians and pediatric residents with an unannounced examination. Practical PBLS skills were assessed with a validated scoring instrument, theoretical knowledge with a 10-item multiple-choice test (MCQ). Participants self-assessed their PBLS capabilities using five-point Likert scales...
May 7, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688648/-teaching-resuscitation-skills-on-a-newly-dead-infant
#17
Shaul Dollberg, Michael Y Barilan
Trainees in pediatrics and neonatology have to learn and remain updated regarding current lifesaving intubation procedures. The decrease in clinical indications for neonatal intubation limits their ability to practice and perfect procedures. Alternative methods for training, e.g., the use of manikins, do not satisfy the intended goal. Legitimization of the use of newly deceased infants for practice purposes is morally acceptable and may save lives. The requirement of mandatory parental consent for this type of training may result in reduced resuscitation capabilities and in loss of lives...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#18
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618017/resuscitation-skills-after-helping-babies-breathe-training-a-comparison-of-varying-practice-frequency-and-impact-on-retention-of-skills-in-different-types-of-providers
#19
M E Tabangin, S Josyula, K K Taylor, J C Vasquez, B D Kamath-Rayne
Background: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB), a basic neonatal resuscitation curriculum, improves early neonatal mortality in low-resource settings. Our goal was to determine retention of resuscitation skills by different cadres of providers using the approved HBB Spanish translation in a rural clinic and community hospital in Honduras. Methods: Twelve clinic and 37 hospital providers were trained in 1 d HBB workshops and followed from July 2012 to February 2014. Resuscitation skills were evaluated by objective structured clinical evaluations (OSCEs) at regular intervals...
May 1, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605787/basic-life-support-and-external-defibrillation-competences-after-instruction-and-at-6-months-comparing-face-to-face-and-blended-training-randomised-trial
#20
Jordi Castillo, Aberto Gallart, Encarnación Rodríguez, Jorge Castillo, Carmen Gomar
AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to compare the immediate and 6-month efficacy of basic life support (BLS) and automatic external defibrillation (AED) training using standard or blended methods. METHODS: First-year students of medicine and nursing (n = 129) were randomly assigned to a control group (face-to-face training based on the European Resuscitation Council [ERC] Guidelines) or to an experimental group that trained with a self-training video, a new website, a Moodle platform, an intelligent manikin, and 45 min of instructor presence...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
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