keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306642/damage-identification-on-vertebral-bodies-during-compressive-loading-using-digital-image-correlation
#1
Hannah M Gustafson, Angela D Melnyk, Gunter P Siegmund, Peter A Cripton
STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo compression experiments on isolated cadaveric vertebrae OBJECTIVE.: To qualitatively compare the fracture locations identified in video analysis with the locations of high compressive strain measured with DIC on vertebral bodies and to evaluate the timing of local damage to the cortical shell relative to the global yield force SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: In previous ex vivo experiments, cortical bone fracture has been identified using various methods including acoustic emission sensors, strain gages, video analysis, or force signals...
March 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302478/molecular-mechanisms-of-discrotophos-induced-toxicity-in-hepg2-cells-the-role-of-csa-in-oxidative-stress
#2
You-Cheng Hseu, Tung-Wei Hsu, Heng-Dao Lin, Chin Hui Chen, Ssu Ching Chen
Dicrotophos (Dic), an insecticide and acaricide, is used against a variety of sucking, boring and chewing pests. It was proven that Dic induced oxidative DNA damage in HepG2 cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of this compound were still unclear. First of all, the cytotoxicity and oxidative DNA damage were confirmed. Next, using RNA-seq for detecting differential expressed genes (DEGs) in cells treated with 50 μM Dic for 24 h, we showed that the dysregulation of these genes, irrespective of up (1298 genes) or down (2125 genes) regulation, could be attributed to some diverse pathways/metabolisms using KEGG analysis, particularly in DNA damage responses (DDRs) such as oxidative phosphorylation, nucleotide excision repair and cell cycle arrest...
March 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302245/amniotic-fluid-embolism
#3
Tayyab Mohyuddin, Shahbaz Sarwar, Dawar Ayyaz
We report a case of 34-year patient who had uncomplicated elective caesarean-section. Postoperatively, she developed sudden hypotension, bradycardia, dyspnea and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), all signs associated with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). Echocardiogram showed signs of acutely increased right ventricular after load including McConell's sign, i.e. right ventricular dilatation, segmental hypokinesia (mid-right ventricular) and hypercontractile right ventricular apex and overall right ventricular dysfunction...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302244/disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-developing-after-cranioplasty
#4
Wenming Wang, Hua Liu, Jian Yang, Yafang Shen
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) developing after cranioplasty, a skull reconstructive surgical procedure, is very rare. The presently reported patient underwent cranioplasty for cranial trauma under general anaesthesia using titanium prostheses. Her laboratory data was unremarkable. She underwent three operations, each complicated by excessive postoperative bleeding. Although the patient received massive blood transfusions, but no cryoprecipitate coagulum was given during the first two re-operations, and excessive bleeding was evident...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302210/-risk-factors-for-neonatal-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-of-a-municipal-hospital
#5
Jie Fan, Ming-Yan Hei, Xi-Lin Huang, Xiao-Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage (NPH) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a municipal hospital, and to provide a basis for the early identification and treatment of NPH. METHODS: A total of 112 neonates who were admitted to the NICU of Shaoyang Central Hospital of Hunan Province and diagnosed with NPH were enrolled as the case group. A nested case-control method was used to select, as a control group (n=224), the neonates who underwent the treatment with an assisted mechanical ventilator and did not experience pulmonary hemorrhage...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293559/data-driven-risk-assessment-from-small-scale-epidemics-estimation-and-model-choice-for-spatio-temporal-data-with-application-to-a-classical-swine-fever-outbreak
#6
Kokouvi Gamado, Glenn Marion, Thibaud Porphyre
Livestock epidemics have the potential to give rise to significant economic, welfare, and social costs. Incursions of emerging and re-emerging pathogens may lead to small and repeated outbreaks. Analysis of the resulting data is statistically challenging but can inform disease preparedness reducing potential future losses. We present a framework for spatial risk assessment of disease incursions based on data from small localized historic outbreaks. We focus on between-farm spread of livestock pathogens and illustrate our methods by application to data on the small outbreak of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) that occurred in 2000 in East Anglia, UK...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289544/pathophysiology-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-with-the-fibrinolytic-phenotype
#7
REVIEW
Mineji Hayakawa
In severe trauma patients, coagulopathy is frequently observed in the acute phase of trauma. Trauma-induced coagulopathy is coagulopathy caused by the trauma itself. The pathophysiology of trauma-induced coagulopathy consists of coagulation activation, hyperfibrino(geno)lysis, and consumption coagulopathy. These pathophysiological mechanisms are the characteristics to DIC with the fibrinolytic phenotype.
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288667/dual-inhibition-of-thrombin-and-activated-factor-x-attenuates-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-and-protects-organ-function-in-a-baboon-model-of-severe-gram-negative-sepsis
#8
Herbert Schöchl, Martijn van Griensven, Stefan Heitmeier, Volker Laux, Ulrike Kipman, Jan Roodt, Soheyl Bahrami, Heinz Redl
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of procoagulant pathways may improve outcome in sepsis. We examined whether a dual short-acting thrombin (factor II) and factor X (FX)a inhibitor (SATI) ameliorates sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and is organ-protective. METHODS: Escherichia coli were infused for 2 h in 22 anesthetized baboons. The control (CO) group (n = 8) received sterile isotonic solution only. In the treatment groups, SATI was administered starting 15 minutes after the end of the bacterial exposure...
March 13, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285853/tracking-climate-change-in-oligotrophic-mountain-lakes-recent-hydrology-and-productivity-synergies-in-lago-de-sanabria-nw-iberian-peninsula
#9
Margarita Jambrina-Enríquez, Clemente Recio, José Carlos Vega, Blas Valero-Garcés
Mountain lakes are particularly sensitive to global change as their oligotrophic conditions may be rapidly altered after reaching an ecological threshold, due to increasing human impact and climate change. Sanabria Lake, the largest mountain lake in the Iberian Peninsula and with a recent history of increased human impact in its watershed, provides an opportunity to investigate recent trends in an oligotrophic, hydrologically-open mountain lake, and their relationship with climate, hydrological variability and human pressure...
March 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282623/high-salinity-leads-to-accumulation-of-soil-organic-carbon-in-mangrove-soil
#10
Morimaru Kida, Mitsutoshi Tomotsune, Yasuo Iimura, Kazutoshi Kinjo, Toshiyuki Ohtsuka, Nobuhide Fujitake
Although mangrove forests are one of the most well-known soil organic carbon (SOC) sinks, the mechanism underlying SOC accumulation is relatively unknown. High net primary production (NPP) along with the typical bottom-heavy biomass allocation and low soil respiration (SR) have been considered to be responsible for SOC accumulation. However, an emerging paradigm postulates that SR is severely underestimated because of the leakage of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in groundwater. Here we propose a simple yet unique mechanism for SOC accumulation in mangrove soils...
February 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281750/olivine-dissolution-in-seawater-implications-for-co2-sequestration-through-enhanced-weathering-in-coastal-environments
#11
Francesc Montserrat, Phil Renforth, Jens Hartmann, Martine Leermakers, Pol Knops, Filip J R Meysman
Enhanced weathering of (ultra)basic silicate rocks such as olivine-rich dunite has been proposed as a large-scale climate engineering approach. When implemented in coastal environments, olivine weathering is expected to increase seawater alkalinity, thus resulting in additional CO2 uptake from the atmosphere. However, the mechanisms of marine olivine weathering and its effect on seawater-carbonate chemistry remain poorly understood. Here, we present results from batch reaction experiments, in which forsteritic olivine was subjected to rotational agitation in different seawater media for periods of days to months...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276732/stable-isotope-mass-balances-versus-concentration-differences-of-dissolved-inorganic-carbon-implications-for-tracing-carbon-turnover-in-reservoirs
#12
Johannes A C Barth, Michael Mader, Franziska Nenning, Robert van Geldern, Kurt Friese
The aim of this study was to identify sources of carbon turnover using stable isotope mass balances. For this purpose, two pre-reservoirs in the Harz Mountains (Germany) were investigated for their dissolved and particulate carbon contents (dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), dissolved organic carbon, particulate organic carbon) together with their stable carbon isotope ratios. DIC concentration depth profiles from March 2012 had an average of 0.33 mmol L(-1). Increases in DIC concentrations later on in the year often corresponded with decreases in its carbon isotope composition (δ(13)CDIC) with the most negative value of -18...
February 13, 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276626/exploration-on-the-risk-factors-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-incidence-in-wenchuan-earthquake-stricken-area
#13
Xiaoyan Yang, Hailong Zhou, Xiaoping Pan
AIM: To explore the risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in Wenchuan earthquake-stricken area during a nine-year period of time. METHODS: The incidence and socio-economic indicators in the 181 counties of Sichuan province from 2004 to 2012 were collected, multilevel extra-Poisson model was performed for variable screening, Bayesian spatio-temporal models were fitted. RESULTS: The morbidity showed a downward time trend from 2004 to 2012...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274032/disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-and-excessive-fibrinolysis-dic-xfl-syndrome-in-prostate-cancer-a-rare-complicated-disorder
#14
Azhar Bin Amir Hamzah, Yew Maw Choo, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Ashutosh Kumar Verma
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) develops in patient with prostate cancer, which is manifested by systemic, intracranial, intracavitary or intracutaneous bleeding indicating uncompensated or excessive fibrinolysis (XFL). This case report is a description of a 61-year-old male with metastatic prostate cancer that progressed to manifest DIC. The condition is rare in clinical practice, and even rarer when is coupled with XFL. Treatment was mainly replenishing coagulation factors, platelets and controlling the disease progression with aggressive hormonal therapy...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273401/hemostatic-abnormalities-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-heatstroke
#15
Yaron Bruchim, Efrat Kelmer, Adar Cohen, Carolina Codner, Gilad Segev, Itamar Aroch
OBJECTIVE: To investigate hemostatic analyte abnormalities and their association with mortality in dogs with naturally occurring heatstroke. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty client-owned dogs with naturally occurring heatstroke. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Citrated and EDTA blood samples were collected at presentation and at 4, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours postpresentation (PP)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271063/pharmacokinetics-of-standard-and-reduced-dose-recombinant-human-soluble-thrombomodulin-in-patients-with-septic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-during-continuous-hemodiafiltration
#16
Eizo Watanabe, Shingo Yamazaki, Daisuke Setoguchi, Tomohito Sadahiro, Yoshihisa Tateishi, Tatsuya Suzuki, Itsuko Ishii, Shigeto Oda
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) is reportedly excreted by the kidneys; therefore, the recommended dose for patients with renal impairment is one-third of the standard dose. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this reduced dose of rTM achieves effective drug concentrations that are comparable to those of the standard dose in treating sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) during continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF). METHODS: Eight patients in an intensive care unit were randomized to receive either reduced-dose (0...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270000/retrograde-semi-retrieval-technique-for-combined-stentriever-plus-aspiration-thrombectomy-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#17
Ming Wei, Zhiqiang Wei, Xin Li, Hong Li
The endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke has become a standard procedure. The combination of multiple neuroendovascular devices provides more possibilities for the improvement of the thrombectomy technique. We describe a modified retrieval technique using a distal intracranial catheter (DIC) for the semi-retrieval of stentriever during the thrombectomy procedure. The retrograde semi-retrieval technique involves completely unfolding the stent retriever by pulling a Navien catheter and the partial re-sheath of a retrievable stent forming a tapered configuration by pushing the Navien catheter, which results in the thrombi being embedded into the strut, securing the clot within the stent and there being a shorter distance for the clot to travel...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262236/disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-in-pregnancy-clinical-phenotypes-and-diagnostic-scores
#18
Offer Erez
During a women's life cycle, pregnancy is a period in which she is at risk for hemorrhagic events and obstetrical syndromes that may develop into disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). This life-threatening condition is a complication of obstetrical and non-obstetrical causes including: (1) acute peripartum hemorrhage (uterine atony, cervical and vaginal lacerations, and uterine rupture); (2) placental abruption; (3) Pre-eclampsia/HELLP syndrome; (4) retained stillbirth; (5) sepsis; (6) amniotic fluid embolism; and (7) acute fatty liver of pregnancy...
March 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260170/usefulness-of-3d-balanced-turbo-field-echo-mr-sequence-evaluating-the-branching-pattern-of-the-intrahepatic-bile-ducts-comparison-with-drip-infusion-ct-cholangiography
#19
Masaki Ogawa, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Kengo Ohta, Tomoya Sekiguchi, Shingo Omata, Misugi Urano, Yoichi Matsuo, Yuta Shibamoto
PURPOSE: For liver surgery, it is crucial to preoperatively examine the course of the right posterior bile duct. While MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) can only visualize the bile ducts, 3D balanced turbo-field-echo (BTFE) sequence clearly depicts the bile ducts and portal veins as well as drip infusion CT cholangiography (DIC-CT), without contrast media. We evaluated whether BTFE could substitute for DIC-CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing MRCP and BTFE on 1...
March 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259884/the-dicentric-chromosome-dic-20-22-is-a-recurrent-abnormality-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-is-a-product-of-telomere-fusion
#20
Ruth N MacKinnon, Hendrika M Duivenvoorden, Lynda J Campbell, Meaghan Wall
We describe a recurrent dicentric chromosome formed by telomere fusion between chromosome 20 and chromosome 22 in 4 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In particular, the presence of residual telomere sequences at the site of translocation in 3 of the 4 cases makes a compelling case for telomere fusion. This is the first description of a recurrent telomere fusion event in any malignant condition. The 20q subtelomeric region was retained in all 4 examples despite deletion of the 20q12 region closer to the centromere...
March 4, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
keyword
keyword
32271
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"