keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777833/endocrine-disrupting-activities-and-immunomodulatory-effects-in-lymphoblastoid-cell-lines-of-diclofenac-4-hydroxydiclofenac-and-paracetamol
#1
Ivana Klopčič, Tijana Markovič, Irena Mlinarič-Raščan, Marija Sollner Dolenc
A critical literature review reveals that knowledge of side effects of pharmaceuticals diclofenac and paracetamol is extremely important because of their widespread use and occurrence in the environment. In order to delineate whether these compounds have endocrine activity and influence on the immune system, we assessed the potential endocrine disrupting and immunomodulatory activities of: diclofenac (DIC), its metabolite 4-hydroxydiclofenac (4-HD) and paracetamol (PAR). Herein, we report on their impact on estrogen receptor (ER), androgen receptor (AR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and thyroid hormone receptor (TR)...
May 16, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774956/cement-interface-and-bone-stress-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-relationship-to-head-size
#2
Teresa Alonso-Rasgado, Jose F Del-Valle-Mojica, David Jimenez-Cruz, Colin G Bailey, Tim N Board
The use of larger prosthetic femoral heads in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased considerably in recent years in response to the need to improve joint stability and reduce risk of dislocation. However, data suggests larger femoral heads are associated with higher joint failure rates. For cemented implants, ensuring the continued integrity of the cement mantle is key to long term fixation. This paper describes an investigation into the effect of variation in femoral head size on stresses in the acetabular cement mantle and pelvic bone...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774413/alterations-in-histone-acetylation-following-exposure-to-60-co-%C3%AE-rays-and-their-relationship-with-chromosome-damage-in-human-lymphoblastoid-cells
#3
Xue-Lei Tian, Xue Lu, Jiang-Bin Feng, Tian-Jing Cai, Shuang Li, Mei Tian, Qing-Jie Liu
Chromosome damage is related to DNA damage and erroneous repair. It can cause cell dysfunction and ultimately induce carcinogenesis. Histone acetylation is crucial for regulating chromatin structure and DNA damage repair. Ionizing radiation (IR) can alter histone acetylation. However, variations in histone acetylation in response to IR exposure and the relationship between histone acetylation and IR-induced chromosome damage remains unclear. Hence, this study investigated the variation in the total acetylation levels of H3 and H4 in human lymphocytes exposed to 0-2 Gy 60 Co γ-rays...
May 17, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772417/a-consistent-full-field-integrated-dic-framework-for-hr-ebsd
#4
T Vermeij, J P M Hoefnagels
A general, transparent, finite-strain Integrated Digital Image Correlation (IDIC) framework for high angular resolution EBSD (HR-EBSD) is proposed, and implemented through a rigorous derivation of the optimization scheme starting from the fundamental brightness conservation equation in combination with a clear geometric model of the Electron BackScatter Pattern (EBSP) formation. This results in a direct one-step correlation of the full field-of-view of EBSPs, which is validated here on dynamically simulated patterns...
May 5, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771630/septins-regulate-junctional-integrity-of-endothelial-monolayers
#5
Joanna Kim, John A Cooper
Junctional integrity of endothelial monolayers is crucial to control movement of molecules and cells across the endothelium. Examining the structure and dynamics of cell junctions in endothelial monolayers, we discovered a role for septins. Contacts between adjacent endothelial cells were dynamic, with protrusions extending above or below neighboring cells. VE-cadherin was present at cell junctions, with a membrane-associated layer of F-actin. Septins localized at cell-junction membranes, in patterns distinct from VE-cadherin and F-actin...
May 17, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771150/assessment-of-multiple-membership-multilevel-models-an-application-to-interviewer-effects-on-nonresponse
#6
Gabriele B Durrant, Rebecca Vassallo, Peter W F Smith
Multilevel multiple membership models account for situations where lower level units are nested within multiple higher level units from the same classification. Not accounting correctly for such multiple membership structures leads to biased results. The use of a multiple membership model requires selection of weights reflecting the hypothesized contribution of each level two unit and their relationship to the level one outcome. The Deviance Information Criterion (DIC) has been proposed to identify such weights...
May 17, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770353/quantification-of-bacterial-twitching-motility-in-dense-colonies-using-transmitted-light-microscopy-and-computational-image-analysis
#7
Benjamin Smith, Jianfang Li, Matteo Metruccio, Stephanie Wan, David Evans, Suzanne Fleiszig
A method was developed to allow the quantification and mapping of relative bacterial twitching motility in dense samples, where tracking of individual bacteria was not feasible. In this approach, movies of bacterial films were acquired using differential interference contrast microscopy (DIC), and bacterial motility was then indirectly quantified by the degree to which the bacteria modulated the intensity of light in the field-of-view over time. This allowed the mapping of areas of relatively high and low motility within a single field-of-view, and comparison of the total distribution of motility between samples...
April 20, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769557/nde1-positively-regulates-oligodendrocyte-morphological-differentiation
#8
Shoko Shimizu, Yugo Ishino, Masaya Tohyama, Shingo Miyata
Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells in the central nervous system (CNS), undergo morphological differentiation characterized by elaborated branched processes to enwrap neuronal axons. However, the basic molecular mechanisms underlying oligodendrocyte morphogenesis remain unknown. Herein, we describe the essential roles of Nuclear Distribution E Homolog 1 (NDE1), a dynein cofactor, in oligodendrocyte morphological differentiation. In the mouse corpus callosum, Nde1 mRNA expression was detected in oligodendrocyte lineage cells at the postnatal stage...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764273/the-association-between-sequential-organ-failure-assessment-scores-and-mortality-in-patients-with-sepsis-during-the-first-week-the-jseptic-dic-study
#9
Tsuyoshi Nakashima, Kyohei Miyamoto, Toshio Shimokawa, Seiya Kato, Mineji Hayakawa
OBJECTIVE: Predicting prognosis is a complex process, particularly in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores for individual organs during the first week of admission and the in-hospital mortality in patients with sepsis. METHODS: This study was a post hoc evaluation of the Japan Septic Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation study and included patients admitted to 42 intensive care units in Japan for severe sepsis or septic shock, between January 2011 and December 2013...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761425/genistein-has-the-function-of-alleviating-and-treating-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-caused-by-lipopolysaccharide
#10
Xueqin Chen, Jingyi Tan, Mengqi Yang, Zhi-Kai Liao, Cheng Lu, Youwei Huang, Liang-Cai Wu
Symptoms of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) include thromboembolism, acute attrition bleeding and multiple organ failure. Genistein isolated from leguminous plants has been shown to be effective in oxidation resistance and tumor inhibition. The present study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of genistein in DIC and preliminarily discuss the mechanisms regarding the anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant effect of genistein. Swiss mice were randomly divided into the following groups-(1) lipopolysaccharide (LPS), (2) genistein, (3) dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, the non-major solvent component of genistein), (4) DMSO + LPS, (5) saline control group, and (6) heparin control group...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758998/high-levels-of-soluble-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-cells-like-transcript-tlt-1-are-associated-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
Jessica Morales-Ortíz, Matthew T Rondina, Samuel M Brown, Colin Grissom, A Valance Washington
We have previously demonstrated that elevated levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-like transcript 1 (sTLT-1) modulate sepsis-induced inflammation and positively correlate with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Here, we evaluate the clinical implications of plasma sTLT-1 in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is common in sepsis patients. Soluble TLT-1 levels in the plasma of ARDS patients (n = 20) were determined by slot blot analysis and were compared with clinical parameters to identify significant associations...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758887/arsenic-rich-shallow-groundwater-in-sandy-aquifer-systems-buffered-by-rising-carbonate-waters-a-geochemical-case-study-from-mannar-island-sri-lanka
#12
U G C Bandara, Saranga Diyabalanage, Christian Hanke, Robert van Geldern, Johannes A C Barth, Rohana Chandrajith
Major ion, trace elements, and stable isotope analyses were performed on groundwater samples collected from Mannar Island in the northern Indian Ocean. Arsenic concentrations up to 34μg/L have been observed in groundwater samples from the island. In addition, 23% of extensively used shallow drinking water wells showed higher arsenic contents than the recommended value by the World Health Organization (10μg/L). Groundwater in the island showed pH values between 6.9 and 8.9 and was dominated by Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , HCO3 - , Cl- and SO4 2- ...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750870/in-situ-identification-of-nanoparticle-structural-information-using-optical-microscopy
#13
Kayla S B Culver, Tingting Liu, Alexander J Hryn, Ning Fang, Teri W Odom
Diffraction-limited optical microscopy lacks the resolution to characterize directly nanoscale features of single nanoparticles. This paper describes how surprisingly rich structural features of small gold nanostars can be identified using differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy. First, we established a library of structure-property relationships between nanoparticle shape and DIC optical image and then validated the correlation with electrodynamic simulations and electron microscopy. We found that DIC image patterns of single nanostars could be differentiated between 2D and 3D geometries...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741245/pathogenesis-and-diagnosis-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#14
REVIEW
M Levi
Several clinical conditions, in particular those associated with a systemic inflammatory response, can cause some degree of activation of coagulation but when the procoagulant stimulus is sufficiently severe and overcomes the natural anticoagulant mechanisms of coagulation, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) may occur. The clinical manifestations of DIC encompass multiorgan dysfunction caused by fibrin-platelet clots in the microcirculation, and bleeding caused by consumption of platelets and coagulation factors...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740772/a-laboratory-study-investigating-the-effects-of-dilution-by-precipitation-on-dissolved-inorganic-carbon-and-stable-isotope-evolution-in-surface-waters
#15
Pride T Abongwa, Eliot A Atekwana
Surface waters are a major pathway of carbon cycling between the atmosphere and the earth's surface. Yet studies describing water column processes that affect carbon cycling do not consider the effects of dilution by precipitation. In this study, we conducted a laboratory experiment in which we prepared undiluted (100%) and snowmelt diluted 25, 50, and 75% by volume of samples of NaHCO3 solution and lake and river water and then exposed them to the laboratory atmosphere for up to 1000 h. We aim to determine how dilution by precipitation followed by water-atmosphere CO2(g) interaction affects DIC and δ13 CDIC evolution...
May 9, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738441/experimentally-achievable-accuracy-using-a-digital-image-correlation-technique-in-measuring-small-magnitude-0-1-homogeneous-strain-fields
#16
Alice Acciaioli, Giacomo Lionello, Massimiliano Baleani
Measuring small-magnitude strain fields using a digital image correlation (DIC) technique is challenging, due to the noise-signal ratio in strain maps. Here, we determined the level of accuracy achievable in measuring small-magnitude (<0.1%) homogeneous strain fields. We investigated different sets of parameters for image processing and imaging pre-selection, based on single-image noise level. The trueness of DIC was assessed by comparison of Young&rsquo;s modulus (E) and Poisson&rsquo;s ratio (&nu;) with values obtained from strain gauge measurements...
May 8, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729862/a-comprehensive-study-of-a-new-versatile-microchip-device-based-liquid-phase-microextraction-for-stopped-flow-and-double-flow-conditions
#17
María Ramos Payán, Elia Santigosa Murillo, Jordi Coello, Miguel Ángel Bello López
A new geometry for a versatile microfluidic-chip device based liquid phase microextraction was developed in order to enhance the preconcentration in microfluidic chips and also to enable double-flow and stopped-flow working modes. The microchip device was combined with a HPLC procedure for the simultaneous determination of two different families as model analytes, which were parabens and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs): Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (Et-P), Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (Pr-P), Butyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (Bu-P), IsoButyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (iBu-P), salycilic acid (SAC), ketoprofen (KET), naproxen (NAX), diclofenac (DIC) and ibuprofen (IBU) in urine samples...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726531/wafer-defect-detection-by-a-polarization-insensitive-external-differential-interference-contrast-module
#18
Amit Nativ, Haim Feldman, Natan T Shaked
We present a system that is based on a new external, polarization-insensitive differential interference contrast (DIC) module specifically adapted for detecting defects in semiconductor wafers. We obtained defect signal enhancement relative to the surrounding wafer pattern when compared with bright-field imaging. The new DIC module proposed is based on a shearing interferometer that connects externally at the output port of an optical microscope and enables imaging thin samples, such as wafer defects. This module does not require polarization optics (such as Wollaston or Nomarski prisms) and is insensitive to polarization, unlike traditional DIC techniques...
May 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721455/full-field-in-vitro-investigation-of-hard-and-soft-tissue-strain-in-the-spine-by-means-of-digital-image-correlation
#19
REVIEW
Maria Luisa Ruspi, Marco Palanca, Cesare Faldini, Luca Cristofolini
Introduction: The spine deserves careful biomechanical investigation, because of the different types of degeneration deriving from daily stress, trauma, and hard and soft tissue pathologies. Many biomechanical studies evaluated the range of motion, structural stiffness of spine segments under different loading conditions, without addressing the strain distribution. Strain gauges have been used to measure strain in the vertebral body, in a pointwise way.What is currently missing is a method to measure the distribution of strain in the soft tissues (intervertebral discs and ligaments), and an integration between measurements in the hard and soft tissues...
October 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720054/newly-proposed-sepsis-induced-coagulopathy-precedes-international-society-on-thrombosis-and-haemostasis-overt-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-and-predicts-high-mortality
#20
Toshiaki Iba, Makoto Arakawa, Marcello Di Nisio, Satoshi Gando, Hideaki Anan, Koichi Sato, Yutaka Ueki, Jerrold H Levy, Jecko Thachil
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has been recognized as an urgent and critical condition in patients with sepsis. Therefore, unfamiliar and time-consuming tests or a complex scoring system are not suitable for diagnosis. Sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC), a newly proposed category delineated by a few global coagulation tests, has been established as an early warning sign for DIC. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of SIC, especially in relation to the score of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) for overt DIC...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
32271
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"