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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909458/the-association-between-post-stroke-depression-and-the-activities-of-daily-living-gait-balance-in-patients-with-first-onset-stroke-patients
#1
Geun-Young Park, Sun Im, Soo-Jung Lee, Chi-Un Pae
This study evaluated the association between post-stroke depression (PSD) and clinical outcomes, including activities of daily living (ADL) and gait balance, in patients with first-onset stroke. One hundred and eighty inpatients were recruited and followed-up for a 6-month. The depressive, cognitive, and stroke symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), the modified Rankin Scale (MRS), and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). All patients were assessed at baseline and at the end of the observation (6-month)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898386/mixture-model-clustering-of-pathological-gait-patterns
#2
Elham Dolatabadi, Avril Mansfield, Kara Patterson, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis
This study applies mixture-model clustering to spatiotemporal gait parameters in order to characterize the pathological gait pattern and to generate a composite measure indicative of overall gait performance. Gait data from sixty-eight adults with stroke (age: 61.513.6 years) and twenty healthy adults (age: 28.87.1 years) were used in this study. Participants performed 3 passes across a GAITRite mat at different time points following stroke (poststroke adults only). Mixture-model clustering grouped participants' gait patterns based on their spatiotemporal gait features including symmetry, speed, and variability...
November 24, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884739/structural-and-functional-improvements-due-to-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-the-stroke-injured-brain
#3
Hea Eun Yang, Sunghyon Kyeong, Seung Hwa Lee, Won-Jae Lee, Sang Won Ha, Seung Min Kim, Hyunkoo Kang, Won Min Lee, Chang Soon Kang, Dae Hyun Kim
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) can improve walking ability after stroke. Because the underlying mechanisms are still unknown, we analyzed changes in post-stroke injured brains after RAGT. Ten non-ambulatory patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation were examined within 3 months of stroke onset. RAGT consisted of 45minutes of training, 3days per week. We acquired diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data before and after 20 sessions of RAGT. Fractional anisotropy (FA) maps were then used to determine neural changes after RAGT...
November 21, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879960/effectiveness-of-music-based-interventions-on-motricity-or-cognitive-functioning-in-neurological-populations-a-systematic-review
#4
Lousin Moumdjian, Teppo Sarkamo, Carmela Leone, Marc Leman, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: Motor and cognitive symptoms are frequent in persons with neurological disorders and often require extensive long-term rehabilitation. Recently, a variety of musicbased interventions have been introduced into neurological rehabilitation as training tools. AIM: This review aims to a) describe and define music-based intervention modalities and content which are applied in experimental studies, and b) describe the effects of these interventions on motor and/or cognitive symptoms in the neurological population...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869301/cerebral-amyloid-deposition-is-associated-with-gait-parameters-in-the-mayo-clinic-study-of-aging
#5
Alexandra M V Wennberg, Rodolfo Savica, Clinton E Hagen, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, John H Hollman, Prashanthi Vemuri, Clifford R Jack, Ronald C Petersen, Michelle M Mielke
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cross-sectional association between cerebral amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition and gait. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Population-based cohort study in Olmsted County, MN. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively normal individuals (n = 611), aged 50 to 69 years, enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging with concurrent PiB-PET imaging and gait assessment. Participants with a history of stroke, alcoholism, Parkinson's disease, subdural hematoma, traumatic brain injury, or normal pressure hydrocephalus were excluded...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860155/towards-evidence-based-practice-of-technology-based-gait-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#6
EDITORIAL
Jan Mehrholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854095/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-with-atypical-antibodies-a-case-report
#7
Tsung-Han Ho, Yu-Wei Hsu, Chih-Wei Wang, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Chi-Hsin Ting, Fu-Chi Yang
BACKGROUND: Although Sjögren's syndrome has been known to complicate with white matter lesions, encephalopathy, or stroke, reports of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis due to Sjögren's syndrome with atypical antibodies are rare. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old woman was admitted to our neurological ward with nausea and vomiting following acute onset of severe headache in the left occipital region. Brain computed tomography revealed no abnormalities. The patient was fully conscious, with normal cognitive functioning, but exhibited unsteady tandem gait...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853414/stability-and-harmony-of-gait-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke
#8
Marco Iosa, Fabiano Bini, Franco Marinozzi, Augusto Fusco, Giovanni Morone, Giacomo Koch, Alex Martino Cinnera, Sonia Bonnì, Stefano Paolucci
Stroke affects many gait features, such as gait stability, symmetry, and harmony. However, it is still unclear which of these features are directly altered by primary damage, and which are affected by the reduced walking speed. The aim of this study was to analyze the above gait features in patients with subacute stroke with respect to the values observed in age- and speed-matched healthy subjects. A wearable triaxial accelerometer and an optoelectronic device were used for assessing the upright gait stability, symmetry of trunk movements, and harmonic structure of gait phases by means of the root-mean-square (RMS) acceleration of the trunk, harmonic ratio (HR), and gait ratios (GRs), respectively...
2016: Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848247/hospital-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-obesity-a-scoping-review
#9
Jennifer C Seida, Arya M Sharma, Jeffrey A Johnson, Mary Forhan
PURPOSE: To explore the evidence on rehabilitation for hospitalized patients with obesity. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and PubMed were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Grey literature was hand-searched. Two reviewers independently selected studies examining patients with obesity receiving hospital-based therapy for a physical impairment. One reviewer extracted the data and a second reviewer verified a random sample. RESULTS: Thirty-nine studies (two trials, 37 observational) were included...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835673/comparison-of-two-post-stroke-rehabilitation-programs-a-follow-up-study-among-primary-versus-specialized-health-care
#10
Remedios López-Liria, Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Patricia Rocamora-Pérez, José Manuel Aguilar-Parra, David Padilla-Góngora
OBJECTIVE: To compare home-based rehabilitation (RITH) and standard outpatient rehabilitation in a hospital setting, in terms of improving the functional recovery and quality of life of stroke patients. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective cohort study in Andalusia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-five patients completed the outcome data. MEASURES: Daily activities were measured by the Barthel index, Canadian Neurological Scale (to assess mental state), Tinetti scale (balance and gait), and Short Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36 to compare the quality of life)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825837/effects-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-on-reducing-falls-and-improving-gait-parameters-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-stroke
#11
Elisa Gervasoni, Riccardo Parelli, Marcin Uszynski, Alessandro Crippa, Alberto Marzegan, Angelo Montesano, Davide Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: Loss of neuromuscular control of the ankle joint is a common impairment in neurologic conditions, leading to abnormal gait and a greater risk of falling. Limited information, however, is available on the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on reducing falls, and no studies have investigated its usefulness in improving lower limbs kinematics related to foot clearance and energy recovery. SETTING: Clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study...
November 4, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819400/-instrumental-gait-analysis-in-stroke-patients
#12
P Fernandez-Gonzalez, F Molina-Rueda, A Cuesta-Gomez, M Carratala-Tejada, J C Miangolarra-Page
INTRODUCTION: The motor control deficits after stroke affect the gait pattern. There is a significant variability between subjects. AIMS: To analyse, by using a capture motion system, the gait pattern in stroke patients with different levels of motor function, and to establish, despite the participants heterogeneity, what alterations in the gait pattern are usual in each participant. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine stroke subjects with independent gait and ten control subjects participated in this study...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816479/does-acupuncture-ameliorate-motor-impairment-after-stroke-an-assessment-using-the-catwalk-gait-system
#13
Yan Cao, Ning Sun, Jing-Wen Yang, Yang Zheng, Wen Zhu, Zhen-Hua Zhang, Xue-Rui Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Cun-Zhi Liu
The effect of acupuncture on gait deficits after stroke is uncertain. This animal study was designed to determine whether acupuncture improves gait impairment following experimentally induced ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke was induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. After 7 days' of acupuncture treatment, assessment of gait changes using the CatWalk automated gait analysis system was performed. Comparison of the CatWalk gait parameters among the groups showed that gait function was impaired after ischemic stroke and acupuncture treatment was effective in improving a variety of gait parameters including intensity, stance and swing time, swing speed and stride length at postoperative day 8...
November 2, 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814312/impact-of-artifacts-on-vor-gain-measures-by-video-oculography-in-the-acute-vestibular-syndrome
#14
Georgios Mantokoudis, Ali S Saber Tehrani, Amy Wozniak, Karin Eibenberger, Jorge C Kattah, Cynthia I Guede, David S Zee, David E Newman-Toker
OBJECTIVE: The video head impulse test (HIT) measures vestibular function (vestibulo-ocular reflex [VOR] gain - ratio of eye to head movement), and, in principle, could be used to make a distinction between central and peripheral causes of vertigo. However, VOG recordings contain artifacts, so using unfiltered device data might bias the final diagnosis, limiting application in frontline healthcare settings such as the emergency department (ED). We sought to assess whether unfiltered data (containing artifacts) from a video-oculography (VOG) device have an impact on VOR gain measures in acute vestibular syndrome (AVS)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814306/treadmill-training-with-thera-band-improves-motor-function-gait-and-balance-in-stroke-patients
#15
Taesung In, Youngmi Jin, Kyoungsim Jung, Hwiyoung Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of treadmill training with Thera-Band on motor function, gait and balance abilities in patients with stroke. METHODS: 30 participants with hemiparetic stroke were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 15). Participants in both groups received conventional physical therapy for 30 minutes before the intervention. Additionally, subject in the experimental group performed treadmill training with Thera-Band for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, while the control group conducted treadmill training only for the same amount of time...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814305/gait-training-with-hybrid-assistive-limb-enhances-the-gait-functions-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-pilot-study
#16
Kenichi Yoshikawa, Masafumi Mizukami, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Ayumu Sano, Kazunori Koseki, Kumiko Sano, Yasutsugu Asakawa, Yutaka Kohno, Kei Nakai, Masahiko Gosho, Hideo Tsurushima
BACKGROUND: The robotic Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) provides motion according to the wearer's voluntary activity. HAL training effects on walking speed and capacity have not been clarified in subacute stroke. OBJECTIVES: To determine improvement in walking ability by HAL and the most effective improvement measure for use in future large-scale trials. METHODS: Sixteen first-ever hemiplegic stroke patients completed at least 20 sessions over 5 weeks...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808012/the-effect-of-water-based-exercises-on-balance-in-persons-post-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kelvin Chan, Chetan P Phadke, Denise Stremler, Lynn Suter, Tim Pauley, Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias
OBJECTIVE: Water-based exercises have been used in the rehabilitation of people with stroke, but little is known about the impact of this treatment on balance. This study examined the effect of water-based exercises compared to land-based exercises on the balance of people with sub-acute stroke. METHODS: In this single-blind randomized controlled study, 32 patients with first-time stroke discharged from inpatient rehabilitation at West Park Healthcare Centre were recruited...
November 3, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799720/sustained-effects-of-once-a-week-gait-training-with-hybrid-assistive-limb-for-rehabilitation-in-chronic-stroke-case-study
#18
Takahiko Yoshimoto, Issei Shimizu, Yasuhiro Hiroi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the accumulated and sustained effects of once-a-week gait training with a powered exoskeleton suit, Hybrid Assistive Limb, in a subject with chronic stroke. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a woman in her early sixties who had stroke onset approximately 5 years ago. A single-case ABA design was used. A 2-month baseline period was followed by an 8-week period of weekly gait training and a subsequent 2-month follow-up period. Throughout the study period, she underwent conventional physiotherapy...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799710/primary-and-secondary-gait-deviations-of-stroke-survivors-and-their-association-with-gait-performance
#19
Hyung-Sik Kim, Soon-Cheol Chung, Mi-Hyun Choi, Seon-Young Gim, Woo-Ram Kim, Gye-Rae Tack, Dae-Woon Lim, Sung-Kuk Chun, Jin-Wook Kim, Kyung-Ryoul Mun
[Purpose] Stroke survivors exhibit abnormal pelvic motion and significantly deteriorated gait performance. Although the gait of stroke survivors has been evaluated at the primary level pertaining to ankle, knee, and hip motions, secondary deviations involving the pelvic motions are strongly related to the primary level. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the kinematic differences of the primary and secondary joints and to identify mechanism differences that alter the gait performance of stroke survivors...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799706/effects-of-8-weeks-of-mat-based-pilates-exercise-on-gait-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#20
SuYeon Roh, Ho Jong Gil, Sukhoon Yoon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week program of Pilates exercise on gait in chronic hemiplegia patients and to determine whether or not it can be used for rehabilitation in postsrtoke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty individuals with unilateral chronic hemiparetic stroke (age, 66.1 ± 4.4 yrs; height, 162.3 ± 8.3 cm; weight, 67.4 ± 12.3 kg) participated in this study and were randomly allocated equally to either a Pilates exercise group or a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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