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B R Ellender, O L F Weyl, M E Alexander, A M Luger, L A J Nagelkerke, D J Woodford
Introduced predatory fishes have had consistently severe consequences for native fishes in stream environments around the world, although the drivers of these effects are often unclear. In the Swartkops River headwaters in South Africa, native Eastern Cape redfin Pseudobarbus afer were always absent from sites occupied by non-native black basses Micropterus salmoides and Micropterus dolomieu, but generally co-occurred with the native predators Anguilla marmorata and Anguilla mossambica. A natural experiment provided by flood-mediated recolonization of black-bass occupied sites by P...
April 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Anna O Zolotova, Yuri Ph Kartavtsev
To clarify relationship of species of the genus Tribolodon in the Russian part of their distribution ranges, two mitochondrial markers (Co-1 and Cyt-b), a nuclear marker (Rho), and a gene marker of rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1,2) were used. Depending on the marker, different numbers of species groups were detected by the ABGD method, but in combination with the analysis of phylograms, these data generally support the known species clusters and regional intraspecies groups. A complex analysis of sequences from three redfin species within the area of the study, based on four marker genes and using the methods of molecular phylogenetics, ordination of genetic distances, recombinant analysis, and population genetic approaches, has revealed clusters of three commonly recognized species, regional intraspecific groups or individuals of local populations, and few hybrid individuals...
November 21, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Wilbert T Kadye, Albert Chakona, Martine S Jordaan
Ecological niche theory predicts that coexistence is facilitated by resource partitioning mechanisms that are influenced by abiotic and biotic interactions. Alternative hypotheses suggest that under certain conditions, species may become phenotypically similar and functionally equivalent, which invokes the possibility of other mechanisms, such as habitat filtering processes. To test these hypotheses, we examined the coexistence of the giant redfin Pseudobarbus skeltoni, a newly described freshwater fish, together with its congener Pseudobabus burchelli and an anabantid Sandelia capensis by assessing their scenopoetic and bionomic patterns...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Albert Chakona, Paul H Skelton
The Eastern Cape redfin, Pseudobarbus afer, has long been considered to be a single widespread and variable species occurring in multiple isolated river systems in the Cape Fold Ecoregion (CFE) at the southern tip of Africa. Mitochondrial cytochrome b and control region sequence data of individuals from populations currently assigned to Pseudobarbus afer across the species' distribution range revealed existence of four deeply divergent taxonomic units: (i) the Mandela lineage confined to the Sundays, Swartkops and Baakens river systems, (ii) the Krom lineage endemic to the Krom River system, (iii) the St Francis lineage occurring in the Gamtoos and adjacent river systems, and (iv) the Forest lineage occurring in several coastal river systems from the Tsitsikamma to the Klein Brak River system...
2017: ZooKeys
Alla M Andreeva, Marina V Serebryakova, Nina E Lamash
One of the most important functions of plasma proteins in vertebrates is their participation in osmotic homeostasis in the organism. Modern concepts about plasma proteins and their capillary filtration are based on a model of large monomeric proteins that are able to penetrate the interstitial space. At the same time, it was revealed that a considerable amount of oligomeric complexes are present in the low-molecular-weight (LM) protein fraction in the extracellular fluids of fishes. The functions of these complexes are unknown...
June 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Joy A Becker, Alison Tweedie, Dean Gilligan, Martin Asmus, Richard J Whittington
The ranavirus epizootic hematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) is endemic to Australia and is listed by the Office International des Epizooties. Clinical outbreaks have only been observed in wild populations of Redfin Perch Perca fluviatilis (also known as Eurasian Perch) and farmed populations of Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. The initial outbreaks of EHNV describe all age-classes of Redfin Perch as being susceptible and can lead to epidemic fish kills. Subsequently, experimental challenge studies using either cohabitation with the virus or injection exposures resulted in mixed susceptibilities across various age-groupings of Redfin Perch...
2016: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
J P Vanderpham, S Nakagawa, A M Senior, G P Closs
An investigation of intraspecific habitat-related patterns of variation in oculoscapular lateral-line superficial neuromasts (SN) identified a decrease in the ratio of total SNs to pores, and a trend towards decreased asymmetry in SNs in the habitat-generalist common bully Gobiomorphus cotidianus from fluvial habitats compared to lacustrine habitats, suggesting habitat-related phenotypic variability. A greater ratio of pores to SNs, as well as less variation in the total number and asymmetry of SNs observed in the fluvial habitat-specialist redfin bully Gobiomorphus huttoni may provide further evidence of variations in the oculoscapular lateral-line morphology of fluvial habitat G...
April 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
N E Polyakova, A V Semina, V A Brykov
The nucleotide sequences of two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, COI, and cytochrome b, cyt b) and four nuclear genes (growth hormone gene GH1, ribosomal protein S7 gene RP1, recombination activating gene RAG1, and rhodopsin gene RH) from the Far Eastern redfins of the genus Tribolodon were examined to clarify the status of the southern form of T. hakonensis. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the mitochondrial genes showed differences of 2.6% between individuals of T. hakonensis inhabiting the north and south of the range...
November 2015: Genetika
Teresa J Mathews, Brian B Looney, A Lawrence Bryan, John G Smith, Carrie L Miller, George R Southworth, Mark J Peterson
We assessed the impacts of an innovative Hg water treatment system on a small, industrially-contaminated stream in the southeastern United States. The treatment system, installed in 2007, removes Hg from wastewater using tin (Sn) (II) chloride followed by air stripping. Mercury concentrations in the receiving stream, Tims Branch, decreased from >100 to ∼10 ng/L in the four years following treatment, and Hg body burdens in redfin pickerel (Esox americanus) decreased by 70% at the most contaminated site...
November 2015: Chemosphere
Albert Chakona, Ernst R Swartz, Paul H Skelton
Pseudobarbusverloreni, a new species, is described from material collected in the Verlorenvlei River system on the west coast of South Africa. It differs from its congeners (except Pseudobarbusskeltoni, Pseudobarbusburchelli, and Pseudobarbusburgi) by the presence of two pairs of oral barbels. Pseudobarbusverloreni sp. n. can be distinguished from the three currently described double barbeled Pseudobarbus species by the following combination of characters: pigment pattern, generally deeper body relative to standard length, a longer intestine associated with the deeper body form, shorter snout relative to head length, and much shorter anterior barbels relative to head length...
2014: ZooKeys
P G Jellyman, J S Harding
A series of 14 day experiments was conducted on five common New Zealand fish species (redfin bully Gobiomorphus huttoni, inanga Galaxias maculatus, brown trout Salmo trutta, longfin eel Anguilla dieffenbachii and koaro Galaxias brevipinnis) to assess the effect of pH on survival and changes in body mass. No species survived in water of pH <4 although there was 100% survival of all adults at pH 4.5, G. maculatus larvae were also tested and had high mortality at this pH. Results suggest that adults are tolerant of low-pH waters; however, successful remediation of anthropogenically acidified streams will require an understanding of the susceptibility to low pH on different life cycle stages...
November 2014: Journal of Fish Biology
F Pascoli, F Borghesan, A Manfrin, F Quaglio, F Gatti, A Toffan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Fish Diseases
Wilbert T Kadye, Anthony J Booth
Animals exhibit diel periodicity in their activity in part to meet energy requirements whilst evading predation. A competing hypothesis suggests that partitioning of diel activities is less important because animals capitalise on opportunity. To test these hypotheses we examined the diel activity patterns for two cyprinid minnows, chubbyhead barb Barbus anoplus and the Eastern Cape redfin minnow Pseudobarbus afer that both occur within headwater streams in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Chubbyhead barbs exhibited consistent nocturnal activity based on both field and laboratory observations...
2014: PloS One
Min Wei, Yingming Yang, Peng Yu, Dongdong Pan, Quan Wan
Chanodichthys mongolicus is a ferocious carnivorous species in the family Cyprinidae, which has a high economic value in freshwater aquaculture species. In the present study, we report the complete mitochondrial genome of C. mongolicus, comparing with two different individuals of C. mongolicus and phylogenetic analysis with closely related species. The complete mitochondrial genome of C. mongolicus was 16,622 bp, and it contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, a control region (D-loop) and an L-strand replication origin (OL)...
2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
C F Baker
This study evaluated the effect of ramp length and slope on fish passage over baffled ramps with 15° and 30° gradients. Three fish species indigenous to New Zealand were tested: the redfin bully Gobiomorphus huttoni, the common bully Gobiomorphus cotidianus and the inanga Galaxias maculatus with ramp lengths of 3, 4·5 and 6 m. As slope and ramp length increased, passage success rate decreased for G. maculatus and G. cotidianus. At a slope of 15°, both G. maculatus and G. cotidianus could pass all ramp lengths tested with the highest success rate on the 3 m ramp...
February 2014: Journal of Fish Biology
Igor Pushchin, Yuriy Karetin
We studied the morphology and diversity of retinal ganglion cells in the Pacific redfin, Tribolodon brandtii. These cells were retrogradely labeled with horseradish peroxidase and examined in retinal whole mounts. A sample of 203 cells was drawn with a camera lucida. A total of 19 structural parameters were estimated for each cell, and a variety of clustering algorithms were used to classify the cells. The optimal solution was determined by using silhouette analysis. It was based on three variables associated with dendritic field size and dendrite stratification in the retina...
April 15, 2014: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Guang-Xiang Tong, You-Yi Kuang, Long-Wu Geng, Wei Xu, Jia-Sheng Yin
Monglian redfin is a kind of freshwater aquaculture species which has an important economic value in China. In this study, we report the complete sequence of mitochondrial genome of Monglian redfin. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence is determined to be 16,621 base pairs (bp) in length and contain 13 protein-coding gene (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, large (rrnL) and small (rrnS) ribosomal RNA, and the non-coding control region. Its total A+T content is 55.98%. We also analyzed the structure of control region, six conserved sequence blocks (CSBs) (CSB-1, CSB-2, CSB-3, CSB-D, CSB-E and CSB-F) and one potential termination-associated sequence were detected and the control region also included a 2-bp tandem repeat with eight repeat times...
October 2014: Mitochondrial DNA
(no author information available yet)
MtDNA variations were examined in four endemic species of the Far Eastern redfins of the genus Tribolodon across considerable parts of their ranges. No close correlation was revealed between the lifespan of the species and the level of mtDNA variations. An association was revealed between the degree of manifestation of the genetic structure population and the degree ofamphidromy in the species. The presence of differing mtDNA phylogroups in three out of four species indicates that the history of these species included long period of independent intraspecific divergent evolution...
March 2013: Genetika
Joy A Becker, Alison Tweedie, Dean Gilligan, Martin Asmus, Richard J Whittington
The ranavirus, epizootic hematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV), is endemic to southern Australia with natural outbreaks resulting in mass mortality events in wild Redfin Perch Perca fluviatilis (also known as Eurasian Perch) and less severe disease in farmed Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. To further investigate the host range for EHNV, 12 ecologically or economically important freshwater fish species from southeastern Australia were exposed experimentally to the virus. A bath-challenge model at 18 ± 3°C was employed with limited use of intraperitoneal inoculation to determine if a species was likely to be susceptible to EHNV...
March 2013: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Shao-Wen Ye, Tang-Lin Zhang, Zhong-Jie Li, Jia-Shou Liu
By using a set of pelagic gillnets with eight mesh sizes, an investigation was made on the spatial distribution of small fishes in submerged macrophyte habitats in a shallow macrophytic lake (Niushan Lake) in the middle reach of Yangtze River in summer, 2005. The fish composition, abundance, and size structure were examined along a biomass gradient of the most dominant submerged macrophyte Potamogeton maackianus. A total of 1124 individuals from 13 fish species were caught during the study period. According to the abundance and occurrence, sharpbelly Hemiculter leucisculus and redfin culter Cultrichthys erythropterus were identified as the two dominant small pelagic fishes in the lake...
September 2012: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
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