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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646713/substance-use-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-agreement-between-medical-records-and-the-assist-questionnaire
#1
Iona K Machado, Paula M Luz, Jordan E Lake, Rodolfo Castro, Luciane Velasque, Jesse L Clark, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Raquel B De Boni
BACKGROUND: Substance use assessment is a challenge in busy clinical settings that may adversely affect HIV-infected persons. This study aimed to evaluate agreement between the medical chart and a standardized substance use screening questionnaire. METHODS: Of adults (n=1050) in HIV care in Rio de Janeiro who completed the World Health Organization's Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), we randomly selected 200 participants for medical chart review...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646264/magnitude-and-temporal-trends-in-avoidable-blindness-in-children-abc-in-india
#2
Venkata S Murthy Gudlavalleti
The World Health Organization estimates that 19 million children are visually impaired, among whom, 1.4 million are blind. Childhood blindness is an excellent indicator of the state of child health and primary care services in a country. Childhood blindness is important not just due to the number of children blind but also because the number of years that the surviving child has to live with blindness (blind years lived). Childhood blindness is next only to adult cataract in terms of the number of blind person years lived...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#3
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#4
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645619/supporting-and-caring-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-urology-practice
#5
REVIEW
L E Conard
INTRODUCTION: Gender identity is a person's internal sense of gender, which may be different than the sex they were assigned at birth. Pediatric urologists are starting to see more transgender and gender non-conforming (TGN) youth and need to be able to provide culturally competent and appropriate care for these patients and their caregivers. This review will discuss common transgender terminology, specific health concerns and treatment options. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review was performed on Medline(®), PubMed(®), and Google Scholar™ for key words transgender, gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644300/breathlessness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#6
Noel Baxter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breathlessness is a high-volume problem with 10% of adults experiencing the symptom daily placing a heavy burden on the health and wider economy. As it worsens, they enter the specialist and hospital-based symptom services where costs quickly escalate and people may find themselves in a place not of their choosing. For many, their care will be delivered by a disease or organ specialist and can find themselves passing between physicians without coordination for symptom support...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643915/preface-to-coast-2016-innovators-workshop-on-personalized-and-precision-orthodontic-therapy
#7
J C Nickel, D A Covell, S A Frazier-Bowers, S Kapila, S S Huja, L R Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: A second focused workshop explored how to transfer novel findings into clinical orthodontic practice. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Participants met in West Palm Beach (Florida, USA), on 9-11 September 2016 for the Consortium for Orthodontic Advances in Science and Technology 2016 Innovators' Workshop (COAST). Approximately 65 registered attendees considered and discussed information from 27 to 34 speakers, 8 to 15 poster presenters and four lunch-hour focus group leaders...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643812/-conscience-clause-in-end-of-life-care
#8
Ludovica De Panfilis, Daniela Cattaneo, Luisanna Cola, Maddalena Gasparini, Corinna Porteri, Daniela Tarquini, Alessandro Tiezzi, Simone Veronese, Silvia Zullo, Eugenio Pucci
The article proposes a critical reflection on issues that appeal to the conscience clause as part of end of life care can produce and what can guarantee freedom of conscience, self-determination of those involved and respect for the dignity of the sick person. After a philosophical and normative analysis, the article is organized on the basis of two important documents for discussion: a position paper of Società Italiana di Anestesia Analgesia Rianimazione e Terapia Intensiva (SIAARTI) signed by several scientific societies "Grandi insufficienze d'organo end stage: cure intensive o cure palliative?" and the Design of Law currently being debated "Norme in materia di consenso informato e di disposizioni anticipate di trattamento"...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643577/an-assessment-of-advance-relatives-approach-for-brain-death-organ-donation
#9
Carine Michaut, Antoine Baumann, Hélène Gregoire, Corinne Laviale, Gérard Audibert, Xavier Ducrocq
BACKGROUND: Advance announcement of forthcoming brain death has developed to enable intensivists and organ procurement organisation coordinators to more appropriately, and separately from each other, explain to relatives brain death and the subsequent post-mortem organ donation opportunity. Research aim: The aim was to assess how potentially involved healthcare professionals perceived ethical issues surrounding the strategy of advance approach. RESEARCH DESIGN: A multi-centre opinion survey using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire was conducted in the six-member hospitals of the publicly funded East of France regional organ and tissue procurement network called 'Prélor'...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#10
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642726/urban-legends-and-paranormal-beliefs-the-role-of-reality-testing-and-schizotypy
#11
Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker, Peter J Clough
Recent research suggests that unconventional beliefs are locatable within a generic anomalous belief category. This notion derives from the observation that apparently dissimilar beliefs share fundamental, core characteristics (i.e., contradiction of orthodox scientific understanding of the universe and defiance of conventional understanding of reality). The present paper assessed the supposition that anomalous beliefs were conceptually similar and explicable via common psychological processes by comparing relationships between discrete beliefs [endorsement of urban legends (ULs) and belief in the paranormal] and cognitive-perceptual personality measures [proneness to reality testing (RT) and schizotypy]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642690/autonomy-in-depressive-patients-undergoing-dbs-treatment-informed-consent-freedom-of-will-and-dbs-potential-to-restore-it
#12
Timo Beeker, Thomas E Schlaepfer, Volker A Coenen
According to the World Health Organization, depression is one of the most common and most disabling psychiatric disorders, affecting at any given time approximately 325 million people worldwide. As there is strong evidence that depressive disorders are associated with a dynamic dysregulation of neural circuits involved in emotional processing, recently several attempts have been made to intervene directly in these circuits via deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD)...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641867/motivational-pathways-of-occupational-and-organizational-turnover-intention-among-newly-registered-nurses-in-canada
#13
Claude Fernet, Sarah-Geneviève Trépanier, Mireille Demers, Stéphanie Austin
BACKGROUND: Staff turnover is a major issue for health care systems. In a time of labor shortage, it is critical to understand the motivational factors that underlie turnover intention in newly licensed nurses. PURPOSE: To examine whether different forms of motivation (the reasons for which nurses engage in their work) predict intention to quit the occupation and organization through distinct forms (affective and continuance) and targets (occupation and organization) of commitment...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641721/effective-self-management-interventions-for-patients-with-lupus-potential-impact-of-peer-mentoring
#14
REVIEW
Edith M Williams, Leonard Egede, Trevor Faith, James Oates
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with significant mortality, morbidity and cost for the individual patient and society. In the United States, African Americans (AAs) have 3-4 times greater prevalence of lupus, risk of developing lupus at an earlier age and lupus-related disease activity, organ damage and mortality compared with whites. Evidence-based self-management interventions that incorporate both social support and health education have reduced pain, improved function and delayed disability among patients with lupus...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641305/incidence-of-autoimmune-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-health-maintenance-organization-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#15
Mariela Bettini, Marcelo Chaves, Edgardo Cristiano, Vanina Pagotto, Lucia Perez, Diego Giunta, Marcelo Rugiero
BACKGROUND: Different epidemiological studies, especially in Europe, have estimated the incidence density of myasthenia gravis (MG) to range between 1.7 and 21.3/1,000,000/person-year; however, data from regions such as Latin America are scarce. This study is aimed at estimating the incidence and prevalence of acquired MG in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: The study population comprised of affiliates of the Italian Hospital Medical Care Program, a prepaid health maintenance organization located in Buenos Aires...
June 23, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639014/sediments-as-a-sink-for-uv-filters-and-benzotriazoles-the-case-study-of-upper-igua%C3%A3-u-watershed-curitiba-brazil
#16
Alinne Mizukawa, Daniel Molins-Delgado, Júlio César Rodrigues de Azevedo, Cristóvão Vicente Scapulatempo Fernandes, Silvia Díaz-Cruz, Damià Barceló
Ingredients in home and personal care products, including UV filters and benzotriazoles, are high production volume chemicals extensively used in our daily life, despite several studies revealed their potential eco-toxicity and endocrine-disrupting capacity. Due to some features, such as high lipophilicity, low degradability, and persistence of many of these compounds, sediments can be considered a sink for them in the aquatic environment. In the present study, nine organic UV filters and three benzotriazoles were investigated for the first time in sediments from four urban rivers in Brazil...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638259/global-alert-zika-virus-an-emerging-arbovirus
#17
REVIEW
Zulal Ozkurt, Esra Cinar Tanriverdi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus of the Flavivirus genus, and it has an envelope and a single RNA molecule. In early 2016, the World Health Organization declared ZIKV infection to be an emerging global health threat. The major transmission route of the virus to humans is Aedes mosquitoes. ZIKV can be transmitted between humans by transplacental, perinatal, and sexual routes and via blood and body fluids. ZIKV infection usually results in a mild and self-limiting disease with low-grade fever, conjunctivitis, and periorbital edema...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637463/health-and-safety-matters-associations-between-organizational-practices-and-personal-support-workers-life-and-work-stress-in-ontario-canada
#18
Isik U Zeytinoglu, Margaret Denton, Catherine Brookman, Sharon Davies, Firat K Sayin
BACKGROUND: The home and community care sector is one of the fastest growing sectors globally and most prominently in mature industrialized countries. Personal support workers (PSWs) are the largest occupational group in the sector. This paper focuses on the emotional health of PSWs working in the home and community care sector in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence on the associations between PSWs' life and work stress and organizational practices of full-time and guaranteed hours, and PSWs' perceptions of support at work and preference for hours...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636745/a-practical-framework-for-encouraging-and-supporting-positive-behaviour-change-in-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
L Fisher, W H Polonsky, D Hessler, M B Potter
A wide range of diabetes-directed interventions - including novel medications, devices and comprehensive education programmes - have been shown to be effective in clinical trials. But in the real world of diabetes care their efficacy is often dependent upon on how well a clinician is able to support personal engagement and motivation of the person with diabetes to use these new tools and knowledge consistently, and as directed . Although many person-centred motivational and behavioural strategies have been developed, for example, action planning, motivational interviewing and empowerment-based communication, the sheer number and apparent lack of clear differences among them have led to considerable confusion...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636458/contamination-of-firefighter-personal-protective-equipment-and-skin-and-the-effectiveness-of-decontamination-procedures
#20
Kenneth W Fent, Barbara Alexander, Jennifer Roberts, Shirley Robertson, Christine Toennis, Deborah Sammons, Stephen Bertke, Steve Kerber, Denise Smith, Gavin Horn
Firefighters' skin may be exposed to chemicals via permeation/penetration of combustion byproducts through or around personal protective equipment (PPE) or from the cross-transfer of contaminants on PPE to the skin. Additionally, volatile contaminants can evaporate from PPE following a response and be inhaled by firefighters. Using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as respective markers for non-volatile and volatile substances, we investigated the contamination of firefighters' turnout gear and skin following controlled residential fire responses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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