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Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer, Stefan C Müller
BACKGROUND: Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches comprised systemic antimycotic therapy and surgical or minimal invasive removal of the fungal balls. In some cases irrigation of the renal duct system with amphotericin B was performed. By obstruction of the urinary tract bezoars can lead to infected hydronephrosis and severe urosepsis with high lethality...
March 16, 2018: BMC Urology
Georgi Tchernev, Ivan Terziev
For the first time in the world medical literature, we describe a rare form of cutaneous dermatophytosis - a bullous form of Tinea incognito, classified by clinical picture, histopathological findings and an isolated infectious agent from the microbiological culture. After a thorough review of Medline/PubMed's relevant literature, we could not find similar cases of patients with Tinea incognito who are clinically presented with bullous lesions at the same time. Local application of corticosteroids in infants with unknown lesions may lead to progression of the underlying disease and may cause some serious problems in differential diagnosis aspect, while the clinical expression remains completely masked...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Omar Gómez-García, Dulce Andrade-Pavón, Elena Campos-Aldrete, Ricardo Ballinas-Indilí, Alfonso Méndez-Tenorio, Lourdes Villa-Tanaca, Cecilio Álvarez-Toledano
A series of 3-benzoyl imidazo[1,2- a ]pyrimidines, obtained from N -heteroarylformamidines in good yields, was tested in silico and in vitro for binding and inhibition of seven Candida species ( Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), Candida dubliniensis (CD36), Candida glabrata (CBS138), Candida guilliermondii (ATCC 6260), Candida kefyr , Candida krusei (ATCC 6358) and Candida tropicalis (MYA-3404)). To predict binding mode and energy, each compound was docked in the active site of the lanosterol 14α-demethylase enzyme (CYP51), essential for fungal growth of Candida species...
March 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Noëmi M C De Roo, Laurent A M Thierens, Liesbeth Temmerman, Guy A M De Pauw
Prior to cryopreservation, a tooth is transported from a contaminated oral environment to the tooth bank. Our objective was to identify all studies reporting or investigating a transport protocol prior to the cryopreservation of teeth, in terms of decontamination of the subjects. The systematic literature search (1970-2017) was based on MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. The reference lists of the included studies and the Science Citation Index were used for hand searching (snowballing)...
March 7, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
Daniela Benedec, Ilioara Oniga, Flavia Cuibus, Bogdan Sevastre, Gabriela Stiufiuc, Mihaela Duma, Daniela Hanganu, Cristian Iacovita, Rares Stiufiuc, Constantin Mihai Lucaciu
Purpose: The leaves and flowering stem of Origanum vulgare contain essential oils, flavonoids, phenolic acids and anthocyanins. We propose a new, simple, one-pot, O. vulgare extract (OVE) mediated green synthesis method of biocompatible gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) possessing improved antioxidant, antimicrobial and plasmonic properties. Materials and methods: Different concentrations of OVEs were used to reduce gold ions and to synthetize biocompatible spherical AuNPs...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Andrea Rónavári, Nóra Igaz, Mohana Krishna Gopisetty, Bettina Szerencsés, Dávid Kovács, Csaba Papp, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Imre Miklós Boros, Zoltán Kónya, Mónika Kiricsi, Ilona Pfeiffer
Background: Epidemiologic observations indicate that the number of systemic fungal infections has increased significantly during the past decades, however in human mycosis, mainly cutaneous infections predominate, generating major public health concerns and providing much of the impetus for current attempts to develop novel and efficient agents against cutaneous mycosis causing species. Innovative, environmentally benign and economic nanotechnology-based approaches have recently emerged utilizing principally biological sources to produce nano-sized structures with unique antimicrobial properties...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Andrea P Marucco, Patricia Minervini, Gabriela V Snitman, Adriana Sorge, Liliana I Guelfand, Laura López Moral
In patients with invasive fungal infections, the accurate and rapid identification of the genus Candida is of utmost importance since antimycotic sensitivity is closely related to the species. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification results of species of the genus Candida obtained by BD Phoenix™ (Becton Dickinson [BD]) and Maldi-TOF MS (Bruker Microflex LT Biotyper 3.1). A total of 192 isolates from the strain collection belonging to the Mycology Network of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina, were analyzed...
February 5, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Gloria Wada, Michael Vincent, Marcia Lee
Fungi, particularly molds that are cosmopolitan in soils, are frequent etiologic agents of opportunistic mycoses. Members of the Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum species complexes are the most commonly implicated etiologic agents of opportunistic fusarial infections in mammals, while Paecilomyces variotii is one of the most frequently encountered Paecilomyces species in human infections. Prevention and treatment of these mycoses are problematic because available antimycotics are limited and often have toxic side effects...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Małgorzata Bondaryk, Monika Staniszewska, Paulina Zielińska, Zofia Urbańczyk-Lipkowska
Invasive fungal infections are associated with high mortality rates, despite appropriate antifungal therapy. Limited therapeutic options, resistance development and the high mortality of invasive fungal infections brought about more concern triggering the search for new compounds capable of interfering with fungal viability and virulence. In this context, peptides gained attention as promising candidates for the antimycotics development. Variety of structural and functional characteristics identified for various natural antifungal peptides makes them excellent starting points for design novel drug candidates...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Monika Staniszewska, Małgorzata Bondaryk, Zbigniew Ochal
We investigated the role of KEX2, SAP4-6, EFG1, and CPH1 in the virulence of Candida under a novel compound 2-bromo-2-chloro-2-(4-chlorophenylsulfonyl)-1-phenylethanone (Compound 4). We examined whether the exposure of C. albicans cells to Compound 4, non-cytotoxic to mammalian cells, reduces their adhesion to the human epithelium. We next assessed whether the exposure of C. albicans cells to Compound 4 modulates the anti-inflammatory response (IL-10) and induces human macrophages to respond to the Candida cells...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
V Aparna, M Shiva, Raja Biswas, R Jayakumar
Intracellular infections are tricky to treat, the reason being the poor penetration of antibiotics/antimycotics into the microbial niche (host cell). Macrophages are primary targets of facultative and obligate intracellular bacteria/fungi to be abused as host cells. The need for drugs with better intracellular penetration led to the development of endocytosable drug carriers, which can cross the cell membrane of the host cells (macrophages) by imitating the entry path of the pathogens. Therefore, the drugs can be targeted to macrophages ensuring enhanced therapeutic effect...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Dnyanesh Takalkar, Namita Desai
This paper focuses on the development and evaluation of mucoadhesive vaginal gel of fluconazole using nanolipid carriers to enhance tissue deposition in treating vulvovaginal candidiasis. Treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis includes antimycotic agents prescribed for 1 to 7 days or longer, in relapse either orally or topically. The delivery of fluconazole as nanolipid carriers in vaginal gel can be proposed as suitable alternative to the existing conventional formulations to improve the patient acceptability, compliance and localized drug action...
January 16, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Jelena Vukojevic, Mirjana Stajic, Jasmina Cilerdzic
BACKGROUND: Microfungi are causal agents of numerous diseases and disorders of agricultural plants, farm mushrooms and animals as well as human, which results are serious global reduction of the food amount, decrease of life quality, the severe life-threatening diseases and enormous economic losses. METHODS: In spite of organism innate ability to combat against pathogens, in invasions of some pathogens, support of additional antimycotic agents to defence system is required...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
S Santibáñez, A Portillo, A M Palomar, J A Oteo
Rickettsia amblyommatis, formerly named Rickettsia amblyommii and 'Candidatus Rickettsia amblyommii' is an intracellular bacterium belonging to the spotted fever group Rickettsia. It is highly prevalent in Amblyomma americanum and in other Amblyomma spp. throughout the Western Hemisphere. R. amblyommatis has been cultivated in chicken fibroblast, primary embryonated chicken eggs, Vero cells and arthropod-derived cells. Because of the affinity of rickettsiae to invade vascular endothelial cells, we tried to isolate R...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
Hossieny Ibrahim, Yassien Temerk, Nasser Farhan
For the first time, a sensitive conductive nanobiocomposite sensor consisting of Au-In2O3 nanocomposite and chitosan (CS) was successfully prepared and used for the modification of acetylene black paste electrode (Au--In2O3--CS/ABPE). The phase structures, composition and morphology of Au-In2O3 nanocomposite were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersed X-ray (EDX) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Electrochemical activities and surface analysis of the biosensor electrode Au--In2O3--CS/ABPE were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
Shazia Parveen, Abdul Hamid Wani, Mohammad Ashraf Shah, Henam Sylvia Devi, Mohd Yaqub Bhat, Jahangir Abdullah Koka
Iron oxide nanoparticles with particle size 10-30 nm were prepared by a green approach using tannic acid as reducing and capping agent. These nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), high resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The prepared iron oxide nanoparticles were also evaluated for their antifungal activity against Trichothecium roseum, Cladosporium herbarum, Penicillium chrysogenum, Alternaria alternata and Aspergillus niger...
January 3, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Tobias Bornhütter, Nedaa Shamali, Irena Saltsman, Atif Mahammed, Zeev Gross, Georg Däschlein, Beate Röder
A treatment of onychomycosis using the photodynamic effect would be a favorable alternative to currently used antimycotic drugs. This study should be considered as a first step towards development and control of an efficient photodynamic inactivation of onychomycosis causative pathogens. Here, we evaluate the usage of time-resolved 2D singlet oxygen luminescence detection in combination with 2D fluorescence scanning as a tool to understand the behavior of the photosensitizer when applied to fungi on Petri dishes...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Barbara D Modrzewska, Anna J Kurnatowska,, Katarzyna Khalid
Candida species can be a reason of infections associated with high morbidity and mortality. The risk of invasive candidosis for patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) is increased due to immunosuppressive states, prolonged length of stay, broad-spectrum antibiotics and Candida colonization. The aim of the study was to determine selected properties of fungi isolated from patients treated in the ICUs of hospitals in Lodz. The materials were collected from the oral cavity, the tracheostomy or endotracheal tube and urine from 16 children and 35 adult...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Carolina Sidrim P Cavalcante, Francisca Lidiane Linhares de Aguiar, Raquel O S Fontenelle, Ramon Roseo de P P B de Menezes, Alice Maria Costa Martins, Cláudio B Falcão, David Andreu, Gandhi Rádis-Baptista
PURPOSE: Ctn[15-34], a carboxyl-terminal fragment of crotalicidin (a cathelicidin from the venom gland of a South American rattlesnake), has shown antifungal activity against clinical and standard strains of Candida species. The aim of the present work was to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the candidicidal activity of Ctn[15-34]. METHODOLOGY: The time-kill profile and drug synergism were evaluated by means of a microdilution assay and multi-parametric flow cytometry...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Beatriz Martínez-Pérez, David Quintanar-Guerrero, Melina Tapia-Tapia, Ricardo Cisneros-Tamayo, María L Zambrano-Zaragoza, Sergio Alcalá-Alcalá, Néstor Mendoza-Muñoz, Elizabeth Piñón-Segundo
This study aimed to prepare poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) with chitosan (CTS) surface modification to be used as a vaginal delivery system for antimycotic drugs. Clotrimazole was encapsulated with entrapment efficiencies of 86.1 and 68.9% into Clotrimazole-PLGA-NPs (CLT-PLGA-NPs) and PLGA-NPs with CTS-modified surface (CLT-PLGA-CTS-NPs), respectively. The later NPs exhibited a larger size and higher positive zeta potential (Z potential) in comparison to unmodified NPs. In vitro release kinetic studies indicated that Clotrimazole was released in percentages of >98% from both nanoparticulate systems after 18days...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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