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Kriti Mohan
BACKGROUND: Malaria is an important cause of death and illness in children worldwide. Most cases of neonatal malaria are misdiagnosed because of the lack of specific symptoms and a general lack of awareness. Nothing much is known in literature about the haematological changes during malaria infection and outcome of disease in neonates. Neonatal malaria is an underdiagnosed entity. So this hospital based observational study aims to assess diagnostic features of neonatal malaria. METHODS: From August 2004 to August 2013, information of all slide positive for malaria cases aged 0 to 28 days admitted to our pediatric hospital was collected and analysed...
October 20, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
David A Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Avinash S Bansode, Supriya E More, Ejaz Ahmad Siddiqui, Shruti Satpute, Absar Ahmad, Sudha V Bhoraskar, Vikas L Mathe
The paper reports the use of atmospheric non-thermal plasma torch as a catalyst for degradation of various organic pollutants dissolved in water. A flow of He mixed with air was used to produce the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD), at the tip of the torch, using pulsed electric excitation at 12 kV. The torch, operated at a power of 750 mW/mm(2), was seen to completely degrade the aqueous solutions of the pollutants namely methylene blue (MB), methyl orange (MO) and rhodamine-B (RB), at around 10(-4) M concentrations, the concentration of polluants is one order higher than of routinely used heterogeneous photocatalytic reactions, within 10 min of irradiation time at room temperature...
October 13, 2016: Chemosphere
Dereje Hayilu, Kbrom Legesse, Natinael Lakachew, Mulusew Asferaw
BACKGROUND: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a common cause of ocular morbidity in children in warm dry climates such as Sub-Saharan Africa and accounts for about 3 % of serious ophthalmic cases in tropical countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of vernal keratoconjunctivitis among children living in Gondar City, Ethiopia. METHODS: A Cross Sectional Design study was carried out in 737 children under the age of 18 years in Gondar City from April to May 2015...
September 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Jinle Zeng, Baohua Chang, Dong Du, Yuxiang Hong, Shuhe Chang, Yirong Zou
During the complex path workpiece welding, it is important to keep the welding torch aligned with the groove center using a visual seam detection method, so that the deviation between the torch and the groove can be corrected automatically. However, when detecting the narrow butt of a specular reflection workpiece, the existing methods may fail because of the extremely small groove width and the poor imaging quality. This paper proposes a novel detection method to solve these issues. We design a uniform surface light source to get high signal-to-noise ratio images against the specular reflection effect, and a double-line laser light source is used to obtain the workpiece surface equation relative to the torch...
2016: Sensors
Andrzej Grzybowski, Jarosław Sak, Jakub Pawlikowski
From ancient times, light has played a significant role in the treatment of diseases. The modern discoveries (eg, ultraviolet radiation) and modern inventions (eg, the electric generator or the electric lightbulb), as well as balneologic experiences of the treatment with sunlight, contributed to the transition from heliotherapy to artificial light phototherapy at the end of the 19th century. Nils Ryberg Finsen (1860-1904) was the founder of modern phototherapy. He is famous for applying an electric carbon arc torch in treating patients with lupus vulgaris using ultraviolet radiation...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Vilhelm Müller, Nahid Karami, Lena K Nyberg, Christoffer Pichler, Paola C Torche Pedreschi, Saair Quaderi, Joachim Fritzsche, Tobias Ambjörnsson, Christina Åhrén, Fredrik Westerlund
Resistance to life-saving antibiotics increases rapidly worldwide, and multiresistant bacteria have become a global threat to human health. Presently, the most serious threat is the increasing spread of Enterobacteriaceae carrying genes coding for extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) and carbapenemases on highly mobile plasmids. We here demonstrate how optical DNA maps of single plasmids can be used as fingerprints to trace plasmids, for example, during resistance outbreaks. We use the assay to demonstrate a potential transmission route of an ESBL-carrying plasmid between bacterial strains/species and between patients, during a polyclonal outbreak at a neonatal ward at Sahlgrenska University Hospital (Gothenburg, Sweden)...
May 13, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
S Cooper, O Bar-Yosef, M Berkenstadt, C Hoffmann, R Achiron, E Katorza
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Periventricular pseudocysts are cystic cavities that lack the ependymal cell lining found in true cysts. The aim of this study was to characterize periventricular pseudocysts and related findings and their neurodevelopmental outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of periventricular pseudocysts detected prenatally on fetal MR imaging in 26 fetuses. The fetuses were divided into group A (n = 8), which included cases with isolated periventricular pseudocysts, and group B (n = 18), which included cases of periventricular pseudocysts with additional findings...
September 8, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Shih-Yi Sheu, Li-Ping Liu, Sen-Lin Tang, Wen-Ming Chen
Strain Eup-16T, isolated from a torch coral Euphyllia glabrescens, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain Eup-16T were Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, motile by means of a single polar flagellum, poly--hydroxybutyrate-containing, rod-shaped and forming pale yellow colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 25-30 °C, pH 7.5-9, and in the presence of 1 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Eup-16T belonged to the genus Thalassotalea and was most closely related to Thalassotalea montiporae CL-22T with sequence similarity of 98...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Carolyn B Coyne, Helen M Lazear
The recent association between Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy and fetal microcephaly has led to a renewed interest in the mechanisms by which vertically transmitted microorganisms reach the fetus and cause congenital disease. In this Opinion article, we provide an overview of the structure and cellular composition of the human placenta and of the mechanisms by which traditional 'TORCH' pathogens (Toxoplasma gondii, other, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus) access the fetal compartment...
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Jinap S, Shahzad Zafar Iqbal, Nur Hafiza Talib, N D S Hasnol
The present study was focused to investigate the effect of selected spices (turmeric, torch ginger, lemongrass and curry leaves) on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs, IQx, MeIQ, MeIQx, DiMeIQx, IQ, harman, norharman, and AαC) in deep fried lamb meat. Meat samples were marinated with optimized levels of turmeric (4 %), 10 % each of torch ginger, lemon grass, curry leaves at medium (70 °C) and well done (80 °C) doneness temperatures. The concentration of HCAs in deep fried meat samples were analysed using LC-MS/MS technique...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Zachary A Klase, Svetlana Khakhina, Adriano De Bernardi Schneider, Michael V Callahan, Jill Glasspool-Malone, Robert Malone
The ongoing Zika virus epidemic in the Americas and the observed association with both fetal abnormalities (primary microcephaly) and adult autoimmune pathology (Guillain-Barré syndrome) has brought attention to this neglected pathogen. While initial case studies generated significant interest in the Zika virus outbreak, larger prospective epidemiology and basic virology studies examining the mechanisms of Zika viral infection and associated pathophysiology are only now starting to be published. In this review, we analyze Zika fetal neuropathogenesis from a comparative pathology perspective, using the historic metaphor of "TORCH" viral pathogenesis to provide context...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Zhiqiang Zhu, Tao Jiang, Xiaohong Xiong, Wei Zou
RATIONALE: The microwave plasma torch (MPT) is a low power-consumption and easily operated plasma generator. As an ambient ion source, the MPT can be coupled with various mass spectrometers and applied in real-time analysis of metal elements in water for the demands of environmental control and water quality inspection. METHODS: We constructed a quadrupole mass spectrometer with an MPT as the ion source to detect directly trace levels of lead and cadmium in water...
August 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Thomas R Sanchez, Mitchell D Datlow, Anna E Nidecker
TORCH refers to the most common congenitally acquired infections: toxoplasma, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus. Neonatal cytomegalovirus infection remains a common cause of congenital infection worldwide with effects ranging from hearing impairment to significant neurological morbidity. We report a case of a term neonate with ventriculomegaly on prenatal ultrasound who presented with low birth weight, small head circumference, hepatosplenomegaly, and purpuric rash on physical exam. Central nervous system cytomegalovirus infection typically shows periventricular calcifications and associated deep white matter damage and ventriculomegaly...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Sophie E Creuzet, Jean P Viallet, Maya Ghawitian, Sakina Torch, Jacques Thélu, Moussab Alrajeh, Anca G Radu, Daniel Bouvard, Floriane Costagliola, Maïlys Le Borgne, Karine Buchet-Poyau, Nicolas Aznar, Sylvie Buschlen, Hiroshi Hosoya, Chantal Thibert, Marc Billaud
Head development in vertebrates proceeds through a series of elaborate patterning mechanisms and cell-cell interactions involving cephalic neural crest cells (CNCC). These cells undergo extensive migration along stereotypical paths after their separation from the dorsal margins of the neural tube and they give rise to most of the craniofacial skeleton. Here, we report that the silencing of the LKB1 tumor suppressor affects the delamination of pre-migratory CNCC from the neural primordium as well as their polarization and survival, thus resulting in severe facial and brain defects...
October 15, 2016: Developmental Biology
E Mc Loone, N Joyce, P Coyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Eye
Maryam Aghaei, Helmut Lindner, Annemie Bogaerts
We have computationally investigated the introduction of copper elemental particles in an inductively coupled plasma torch connected to a sampling cone, including for the first time the ionization of the sample. The sample is inserted as liquid particles, which are followed inside the entire torch, i.e., from the injector inlet up to the ionization and reaching the sampler. The spatial position of the ion clouds inside the torch as well as detailed information on the copper species fluxes at the position of the sampler orifice and the exhausts of the torch are provided...
August 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Bin Lu, Yabo Yang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between infection rates with TORCH pathogens including toxoplasma, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus (HSV) I and II and congenital cataracts. In total, the data from 69 children with congenital cataract treated at the Children's Hospital of the Zhejiang University School of Medicine between May 2006 and September 2013 were examined, including the complete serum test results for immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM that target TORCH pathogenic antibodies...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anetta Zioła-Frankowska, Jan Kuta, Marcin Frankowski
The paper presents the new HPLC-ICP-MS method used for conducting speciation analysis of aluminum as free Al(3+) and aluminum fluoride complexes during one analysis. In the study, 5% HNO3 was used as a derivative reagent in order to minimize the possibility of clogging the torch in ICP-MS. Using the new HPLC-ICP-MS method, speciation analysis of aluminum and aluminum fluoride complexes was conducted on the basis of model solutions and real samples (soil-water extracts and groundwater samples). The analysis in the presented analytical system lasts only 4 min...
October 2015: Heliyon
Zhongyou Han, Yukun Xi, Younghwan Kwon
Series of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based polyurethane (PU)/polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) composites are prepared using ether or polyether modified diol/polyol PDMS prepolymers, isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) and either non-reactive or reactive POSS. The effect of POSS incorporated chemically or physically, number of ethylene oxide units and crosslinking on PDMS based PU is investigated in terms of thermal stability and ablation properties. The ablation property is measured using an oxyacetylene torch test, and the ablation rate is evaluated...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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