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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664509/congenital-hydrocephalus-g%C3%A3-mez-l%C3%A3-pez-hern%C3%A3-ndez-syndrome-an-underdiagnosed-syndrome-a-clinical-case
#1
Camila Gálvez V, Isidro Huete, Marta Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is defined as complex conditions influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Excluding hydrocephalus acquired from infection or brain tumors, congenital hydrocephalus with a genetic cause may occur isolated (hydrocephalus isolated, pure or non-syndromatic) or as a component of a genetic syndrome (syndromic hydrocephalus). OBJECTIVE: To present a syndromic congenital hydrocephalus with a known diagnosis, in order to be considered in the study of this pathology and to perform a review of hydrocephaly with a genetic cause...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651525/multielement-analysis-of-zanthoxylum-bungeanum-maxim-essential-oil-using-icp-ms-ms
#2
Liang Fu, Hualin Xie, Shuyun Shi
The concentrations of trace elements (Cr, Ni, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb) in Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. essential oil (ZBMEO) were determined by inductively coupled plasma tandem mass spectrometry. The ZBMEO sample was directly analyzed after simple dilution with n-hexane. Aiming for a relatively high vapor pressure of n-hexane and its resultant loading on plasma, we used a narrow injector torch and optimized plasma radio frequency power and carrier gas flow to ensure stable operation of the plasma. An optional gas flow of 20% O2 in Ar was added to the carrier gas to prevent the incomplete combustion of highly concentrated organic carbon in plasma and the deposition of carbon on the sampling and skimmer cone orifices...
April 12, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626327/community-response-to-a-sustainable-restoration-plan-for-a-superfund-site
#3
Virinder Sidhu, Dibyendu Sarkar, Rupali Datta, Barry Solomon
Large-scale copper (Cu) mining activities in Michigan's Upper Peninsula produced millions of metric tons of mining wastes also known as stamp sands. The stamp sands containing high concentrations of Cu were disposed of into several lakes connected to the Lake Superior. Eventually, as aquatic organisms in these lakes started to exhibit toxicity symptoms, the stamp sands were dredged and discarded on the lake shores. Consequently, these areas turned into degraded, marginal lands and were collectively classified as a Torch Lake Superfund site by the US EPA...
April 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622427/prognostic-value-of-global-longitudinal-strain-versus-ejection-fraction-time-to-pass-on-the-torch
#4
EDITORIAL
Carmen C Beladan, Andreea C Popescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581202/real-world-effects-of-medications-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-uk-population-based-non-interventional-cohort-study-with-validation-against-randomised-trial-results
#5
Kevin Wing, Elizabeth Williamson, James R Carpenter, Lesley Wise, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Liam Smeeth, Jennifer K Quint, Ian Douglas
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease affecting 3 million people in the UK, in which patients exhibit airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. COPD treatment guidelines are largely informed by randomised controlled trial results, but it is unclear if these findings apply to large patient populations not studied in trials. Non-interventional studies could be used to study patient groups excluded from trials, but the use of these studies to estimate treatment effectiveness is in its infancy...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554165/blueberry-muffin-rash-secondary-to-hereditary-spherocytosis
#6
Lisa M Daum, Lindsay R Sklar, Darius R Mehregan
The term blueberry muffin rash is used to describe the clinical presentation of dermal extramedullary hematopoiesis. The common culprits of this rash include a TORCH (toxoplasmosis, other agents, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes) infection or hematologic dyscrasia. Association of this rash with hereditary spherocytosis is extremely rare. We present a unique case of a neonate born with a blueberry muffin rash secondary to hereditary spherocytosis.
February 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550774/prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-amongst-older-adults-in-a-rural-area-of-north-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sumit Malhotra, Praveen Vashist, Mani Kalaivani, Noopur Gupta, Suraj Singh Senjam, Ramashankar Rath, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, causes and associated factors for visual impairment (VI) in rural population of Jhajjar district, Haryana, north India. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in two blocks of Jhajjar district. A total of 34 villages were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling method. Adults aged 50 years and above were selected using compact segment cluster sampling approach. Presenting visual acuity using LogMAR E chart was measured along with collection of other demographic details as part of the house-to-house survey...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529337/copper-supplementation-in-premature-infants-with-parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis
#8
Kunal Gupta, Hongyue Wang, Sanjiv B Amin
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intermittent parenteral copper supplementation (IPC) on serum copper status and biochemical and hematological measures of copper toxicity and deficiency in premature infants with parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated cholestasis (PNAC). We performed a prospective nested observational study in premature infants with PNAC who received IPC after the development of PNAC. Infants with chromosomal disorders, TORCH (toxoplasmosis, parvovirus, syphilis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, human immunodeficiency virus) infection, metabolic disorder, and/or surgical abnormality of the hepatobiliary system were excluded...
March 12, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494918/treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-with-dielectric-barrier-discharge-plasma-causes-uv-induced-damage-to-genomic-dna-leading-to-cell-death
#9
Akikazu Sakudo, Hirotoshi Miyagi, Takaya Horikawa, Risa Yamashiro, Tatsuya Misawa
Gastrointestinal endoscopy is an important tool for the indentification and treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. However, nosocomial infections of Helicobacter pylori have been linked to the use of contaminated endoscopes. Disinfectants such as glutaraldehyde, ortho-phthalaldehyde and peracetic acid are generally used in the reprocesssing of endoscopes, but these chemicals are hazardous to human health. Thus, safer reprocessing and disinfecion methods are needed. In this study, we applied a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma torch for inactivation of H...
February 19, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486077/embracing-action-passing-the-torch-reviewing-the-year
#10
Nathalie Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477929/comparative-evaluation-of-icp-sample-introduction-systems-to-be-used-in-the-metabolite-profiling-of-chlorine-containing-pharmaceuticals-via-hplc-icp-ms
#11
Balázs Klencsár, Carlos Sánchez, Lieve Balcaen, José Todolí, Frederic Lynen, Frank Vanhaecke
A systematic evaluation of four different ICP sample introduction systems to be used in the context of metabolite profiling of chlorine-containing pharmaceuticals via HPLC-ICP-MS was carried out using diclofenac and its major metabolite, 4'-hydroxy-diclofenac, as model compounds. The strict requirements for GMP validation of chromatographic methods in the pharmaceutical industry were adhered to in this context. The final aim of this investigation is an extension of the applicability and validatability of HPLC-ICP-MS in the field of pharmaceutical R&D...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469677/spirometric-criteria-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-clinical-trials-of-pharmacotherapy
#12
Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Thomas M Gill, Linda S Leo-Summers, Peter H Van Ness
Clinical trials of pharmacotherapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often include older persons with moderate-to-severe airflow-obstruction, as defined by the Global Initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). In this context, spirometric airflow-obstruction establishes COPD. Because GOLD misidentifies COPD and its severity in older persons, we set out to apply more age-appropriate spirometric criteria from the Global Lung function Initiative (GLI) in a prior clinical trial of COPD pharmacotherapy, specifically the Towards a Revolution in COPD Health (TORCH) trial - N = 6,112, mean age 65 years...
February 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467561/development-of-a-participatory-capacity-building-program-for-congregational-health-leaders-in-african-american-churches-in-the-us-south
#13
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450200/nutritional-compositions-and-phytochemical-properties-of-the-edible-flowers-from-selected-zingiberaceae-found-in-thailand
#14
Apinya Rachkeeree, Kuttiga Kantadoung, Ratchuporn Suksathan, Ratchadawan Puangpradab, Paul Alexander Page, Sarana Rose Sommano
The nutritional compositions and phytochemical properties of eight edible flowers of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) commonly found in Thailand are reported herein. The plant genera investigated were Zingiber (Ginger, Phlai Dam, Krathue), Hedychium (two morphological filament forms), Curcuma (Ao), Etlingera (Torch ginger), Amomum (Chi Kuk), and Alpinia (Galangal), which are eaten fresh or cooked as ingredients in the preparation of many Thai dishes. The proximate compositions (moisture, ash, fiber, protein, fat, and carbohydrate contents) varied among the different genera...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442701/graphene-oxide-nanocoating-prevents-flame-spread-on-polyurethane-sponge
#15
Qinghong Kong, Ting Wu, Hong Liu, Yi Zhang, Manman Zhang, Yibing Cai, Junhao Zhang, Ling Yang
Many current flame retardant technologies for polymeric materials contain environmentally harmful compounds, negatively impact processing and mechanical properties. In an effort to tackle these issues, graphene oxide (GO) nanocoating was deposited on the surface of polyurethane sponge (PUS) to reduce its flammability via layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly method. The results indicated that GO was evenly distributed on the surface of PUS to form GO coating PUS (PUS@GO) composites. This coating system completely eliminated melt dripping of sponge upon exposure to the direct flame from a butane torch...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438306/comparative-analysis-of-chemical-composition-antioxidant-activity-and-quantitative-characterization-of-some-phenolic-compounds-in-selected-herbs-and-spices-in-different-solvent-extraction-systems
#16
Shabnam Sepahpour, Jinap Selamat, Mohd Yazid Abdul Manap, Alfi Khatib, Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
This study evaluated the efficacy of various organic solvents (80% acetone, 80% ethanol, 80% methanol) and distilled water for extracting antioxidant phenolic compounds from turmeric, curry leaf, torch ginger and lemon grass extracts. They were analyzed regarding the total phenol and flavonoid contents, antioxidant activity and concentration of some phenolic compounds. Antioxidant activity was determined by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay and the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
February 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434390/the-torch-bearer-microbiologist-prof-j-jay-vakil-1927-2017
#17
EDITORIAL
V K Rale, V C Kalia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433477/prevalence-and-causes-of-blindness-visual-impairment-among-different-ethnical-minority-groups-in-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region-china
#18
Yanping Li, Wenyong Huang, Aoyun Qiqige, Hongwei Zhang, Ling Jin, Pula Ti, Jennifer Yip, Baixiang Xiao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study is to ascertain the prevalence and causes of blindness, visual impairment, uptake of cataract surgery among different ethnic groups in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. METHODS: Four thousand one hundred fifty people at 50 years and above from different minority ethnic groups were randomly selected for an eye examination. The four trained eye teams collected data using tumbling E visual chart, torch, portable slit lamp and direct ophthalmoscope in 2015...
February 13, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364857/managing-exposure-to-benzene-and-total-petroleum-hydrocarbons-at-two-oil-refineries-1977-2014
#19
Tapani Tuomi, Henna Veijalainen, Tiina Santonen
Air concentrations of and inhalation exposure to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and benzene was monitored separately at two oil refineries from 1977 to 2014. Prevention policies and control measures that may explain changes were surveyed. The aim was to evaluate how the application of of Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series OHSAS 18001.04 principles as well as Environmental protection Agency EPA and European Oil Company Organisation for Environment, Health and Safety CONCAWE practices have influenced air concentrations...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328113/spectroscopic-study-of-a-diffusion-bonded-sapphire-cell-for-hot-metal-vapors
#20
Naota Sekiguchi, Takumi Sato, Kiyoshi Ishikawa, Atsushi Hatakeyama
Characteristics of a diffusion-bonded sapphire cell for optical experiments with hot metal vapors were investigated. The sapphire cell consisted of sapphire-crystal plates and a borosilicate-glass tube, which were bonded to each other by diffusion bonding without any binders or glues. The glass tube was attached to a vacuum manifold using the standard method applied in glass processing, filled with a small amount of Rb metal by chasing with a torch, and then sealed. The cell was baked at high temperatures, and optical experiments were then performed using rubidium atoms at room temperature...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
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