keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ground glass opacity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901312/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-malignant-lung-tumors
#1
Jin Chen, Zheng-Yu Lin, Zhi-Bin Wu, Zhong-Wu Chen, Yi-Ping Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment of the therapeutic response in small lung malignancies (<3 cm) immediately after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of MRI performance in 24 cases of small lung tumors (16 primary, 8 metastatic; 20 patients) immediately, post-RFA, and at follow-up. Variables measured included maximum diameters of tumors on pre-RFA MRI, central areas of low signal intensity (SI) on post-RFA T2-weighted images (T2WIs), and central areas of high SI on post-RFA T1WIs...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894330/metastatic-pulmonary-calcification-high-resolution-computed-tomography-findings-in-23-cases
#2
Luciana Camara Belém, Carolina A Souza, Arthur Soares Souza, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Bruno Hochhegger, Luiz Felipe Nobre, Rosana Souza Rodrigues, Antônio Carlos Portugal Gomes, Claudio S Silva, Marcos Duarte Guimarães, Gláucia Zanetti, Edson Marchiori
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in patients diagnosed with metastatic pulmonary calcification (MPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the HRCT findings from 23 cases of MPC [14 men, 9 women; mean age, 54.3 (range, 26-89) years]. The patients were examined between 2000 and 2014 in nine tertiary hospitals in Brazil, Chile, and Canada. Diagnoses were established by histopathologic study in 18 patients and clinical-radiological correlation in 5 patients...
July 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890513/leptospirosis-cases-in-the-tokyo-metropolitan-area-japan
#3
Yoshikazu Mutoh, Nobuo Koizumi, Eriko Morino, Kayoko Hayakawa, Yasuyuki Kato, Norio Ohmagari
In Japan, 20-50 cases of leptospirosis are reported annually, typically involving farmers or returnees from tropical areas. Here, we report five indigenous leptospirosis cases that occurred in the Tokyo urban area. All cases were male (mean age 65.8 ± 4.7 years) and presented with clinical features including high fever, acute kidney injury, and jaundice. Three cases presented with pulmonary infiltration and ground glass opacity on admission. Two of the five patients were intubated and underwent continuous hemodiafiltration...
September 11, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887727/predictors-of-primary-lung-cancer-in-a-solitary-pulmonary-lesion-after-a-previous-malignancy
#4
Akie Nakadate, Masashi Nakadate, Yasunori Sato, Tassei Nakagawa, Katsuya Yoshida, Yoshio Suzuki, Yukihiro Yoshida
OBJECTIVE: A solitary pulmonary lesion in patients with a history of malignancy may be either primary lung cancer or a metastatic lung tumor or benign nodule. We retrospectively examined the preoperative predictive factors for determining the type of pathology. METHODS: We used an exact logistic regression analysis to identify radiological and clinical predictors of primary lung cancer. The study included 187 patients who underwent pulmonary resection for a solitary pulmonary lesion and had received previous treatment for a malignancy...
September 8, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885371/clinical-and-diagnostic-features-of-angiosarcoma-with-pulmonary-metastases-a-retrospective-observational-study
#5
Hanping Wang, Juhong Shi, Hongrui Liu, Yeye Chen, Yining Wang, Wenze Wang, Li Zhang
Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is a rare, fatal disease that often presents with multiple pulmonary nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We herein review the detailed clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma and determine a reasonable diagnostic strategy.The medical records of 11 patients with pulmonary angiosarcoma were reviewed.The mean age of the patients was 45.7 years (range, 30-71 years). All patients were male. The most common symptom was hemoptysis (8/11). Common initial misdiagnoses were tuberculosis (5/11), vasculitis (2/11), nontuberculous infectious disease (1/11), and constrictive pericarditis (1/11)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883249/pneumonitis-with-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-induced-by-sho-seiryu-to
#6
Kazuo Tsuchiya, Mikio Toyoshima, Takafumi Suda
A 78-year-old man presented with acute-onset fever and dyspnea. He had been taking Sho-seiryu-to for allergic rhinitis. A chest radiograph showed diffuse bilateral ground-glass opacities with subpleural sparing, crazy-paving pattern, and traction bronchiectasis. The patient's bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was bloody and transbronchial lung biopsy specimens showed alveolitis, organizing pneumonia, and type 2 alveolar epithelial cell proliferation. There were no clinical and laboratory findings suggestive of respiratory tract infection or connective tissue disease...
September 6, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883006/acute-fibrinous-and-organising-pneumonia
#7
João Rocha Gonçalves, Ricardo Marques, Paula Serra, Leila Cardoso
Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare histological pattern of interstitial lung disease. The authors describe a 60-year-old woman admitted to the hospital for sustained fever, presenting with an alveolar opacity on chest X-ray, with the presumed diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia and the onset of antibiotics. Since serological results suggested that Legionella pneumophila was the infectious agent, she was discharged on levofloxacin. A week later, she was again admitted with fever...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877801/using-electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-and-dye-injection-to-aid-in-video-assisted-lung-resection
#8
Jordan Brown, Thomas J Lee, Theresa Joiner, William Wrightson
Small (2 cm) peripheral lung lesions and ground glass opacities remain a difficult subset of lung lesions for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Surgical biopsy is more difficult for these lesions because intraoperative localization has to be made without the aid of direct visualization or manual palpation. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy can be used in the operating room to identify a small peripheral lesion and marked using an injection of methylene blue, which can be seen on the visceral pleura of the lung...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877521/case-report-pulmonary-tumor-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-a-cervical-cancer-patient
#9
Naoya Tsujimoto, Ai Miyoshi, Mayuko Mimura, Toshio Naka, Masaru Yamasaki, Takeshi Yokoi
Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a rapidly progressive and often fatal pulmonary disease induced by tumor emboli within the small pulmonary arteries. PTTM presents clinically as progressive hypoxia and pulmonary hypertension. Most cases of PTTM are caused by an adenocarcinoma of the stomach. We present the first case report of PTTM caused by cervical squamous cell carcinoma. An 82-year-old woman presented with vaginal bleeding and exertional dyspnea. A cervical mass biopsy showed squamous cell carcinoma...
September 7, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875622/primary-pulmonary-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-presenting-as-diffuse-ground-glass-opacities-a-case-report
#10
MyungJin Song, Ji Ye Kim, Ji Soo Choi, Bora Yoon, MooHyun Kim, Soo Jeong Kim, Song Yee Kim
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is a rare type of lymphoma that accounts for only 5%-18% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In published series, 60%-90% of NK/T-cell lymphomas are localized to the nasal and upper airway. We describe a 55-year man who presented with cough, sputum, dyspnea on exertion, and a chest computed tomography scan shows diffuse ground glass opacities (GGOs), suggestive of an interstitial lung disease. He was treated with a corticosteroid and his symptoms improved...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869233/meropenem-a-possible-new-culprit-in-eosinophilic-lung-diseases
#11
Nathalie Abi Hatem, Sabrina Campbell, Edmundo Rubio, Anthony Lukas Loschner
Eosinophilic lung diseases are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders with an extensive list of differential diagnoses. Multiple drugs particularly antibiotics can cause pulmonary eosinophilia with variable pulmonary manifestations. Cutaneous drug reactions are common. Diagnosis is usually made on clinical history and blood eosinophilia with an accumulation of eosinophils in alveolar spaces on histologic analysis. Imaging findings are nonspecific. Stopping the offending agent is often enough while a short course of corticosteroids can hasten recovery...
September 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863952/survival-and-risk-factors-for-progression-after-resection-of-the-dominant-tumor-in-multifocal-lepidic-type-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma
#12
Rebecca W Gao, Mark F Berry, Christian A Kunder, Amanda A Khuong, Heather Wakelee, Joel W Neal, Leah M Backhus, Joseph B Shrager
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether a dominant lung adenocarcinoma that presents with multifocal ground glass opacities (GGOs) should be treated by local therapy. We sought to address survival in this setting and to identify risk factors for progression of unresected GGOs. METHODS: Retrospective review of 70 patients who underwent resection of a pN0, lepidic adenocarcinoma, who harbored at least 1 additional GGO. Features associated with GGO progression were determined using logistic regression and survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862210/pulmonary-toxicity-following-bleomycin-use-a-single-center-experience
#13
Irappa Madabhavi, Gaurang Modi, Apurva Patel, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Sonia Parikh
BACKGROUND: Bleomycin-induced pulmonary (BIP) toxicity is a notorious entity and cropped up in roughly 10% of cases. The aim of the study is to evaluate BIP at our tertiary care cancer center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, analytical study conducted at a tertiary care center from January 1998 to December 2012. Records of all the patients who were offered bleomycin chemotherapy as an integral part of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine or bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin regimen in Hodgkin disease (HD) or germ cell tumor (GCT) were studied for the study inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861334/severe-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-a-patient-on-temozolomide-therapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Babar Ahmad Khan, Sania Khan, Benjamin White, Ambika Eranki
A 66 year old man was diagnosed with CNS diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and underwent treatment with Temozolomide, Dexamethasone, Rituximab, and radiation therapy, and prolonged steroid taper with Dexamethasone. Approximately one month after this, he presented with severe acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, and was admitted to the Medical Intensive Care Unit. Imaging showed diffuse ground glass opacities. Patient underwent diagnostic bronchoalveolar lavage which was positive for Pneumocystis jiroveci. He did not respond well to appropriate therapy and was transitioned to comfort care per his family's wishes, and expired...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831373/chronic-eosinophilic-pneumonia-after-radiation-therapy-for-squamous-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Hiromasa Nakayasu, Toshihiro Shirai, Yuko Tanaka, Mika Saigusa
Reports of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) after radiation therapy are limited to breast cancer. We herein describe a case of CEP after radiation therapy for lung cancer. The patient was a 65-year-old man who had asymptomatic peripheral blood eosinophilia but no history of asthma or allergy. One month after completion of radiation therapy, chest CT scan revealed infiltrates inside the irradiated area, leading to the diagnosis of radiation pneumonitis. His condition improved after receiving corticosteroids...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830222/pulmonary-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-ct-findings-in-28-patients
#16
Domenico Albano, Andrea Borghesi, Giovanni Bosio, Mattia Bertoli, Roberto Maroldi, Raffaele Giubbini, Francesco Bertagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the computed tomography (CT) and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) imaging findings of lung mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. METHODS: Twenty eight patients with histologically-confirmed pulmonary MALT lymphoma who underwent a chest CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT for staging were retrospectively analyzed. The CT images were evaluated to determine morphological pattern of appearance, laterality, localization, number, size, presence of thoracic lymphadenopaties and secondary/combined findings...
August 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828379/asymmetry-in-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#17
Akihiko Sokai, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Tomohiro Handa, Takeshi Kubo, Seishu Hashimoto, Kohei Ikezoe, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Kensaku Aihara, Yoshio Taguchi, Shigeo Muro, Toru Oga, Sonoko Nagai, Takateru Izumi, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin, Michiaki Mishima
Acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) results in poor survival. The objective of the present study was to elucidate the impact of asymmetrical ground-glass opacity (GGO) and/or consolidation on outcomes in patients with AE-IPF. The cases of 59 consecutive patients with AE-IPF were retrospectively reviewed. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) at diagnosis of an AE was assessed to determine the disease extent and asymmetry. Asymmetrical AE was defined as a right-to-left ratio of GGO and consolidation ≥2...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812135/pulmonary-mucormycosis-serial-morphologic-changes-on-computed-tomography-correlate-with-clinical-and-pathologic-findings
#18
Bo Da Nam, Tae Jung Kim, Kyung Soo Lee, Tae Sung Kim, Joungho Han, Myung Jin Chung
PURPOSE: To evaluate serial computed tomography (CT) findings of pulmonary mucormycosis correlated with peripheral blood absolute neutrophil count (ANC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 1997 and June 2016, 20 immunocompromised patients (10 males, 10 females; mean age, 48.9 years) were histopathologically diagnosed as pulmonary mucormycosis. On initial (n=20) and follow-up (n=15) CT scans, the patterns of lung abnormalities and their changing features on follow-up scans were evaluated, and the pattern changes were correlated with ANC changes...
August 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810311/-retrospective-analysis-of-13-cases-of-nocardiosis
#19
H Q Yang, H Z Shi, Z H Tong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features, chest radiological manifestations, microbiological examination and treatments of nocardial disease. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of patients with nocardial infection admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2010 to January 2016. Results: The 13 patients, 6 males and 7 females, aged (51±17) years. Twelve cases were diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis, and 1 with disseminated nocardial infection. Most of these patients had complications: autoimmune diseases in 3 (2 with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and 1 with systemic lupus erythematosus), and bronchiectasis in 6 patients...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808573/osimertinib-induced-interstitial-lung-disease-in-a-patient-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-pretreated-with-nivolumab-a-case-report
#20
Osamu Takakuwa, Tetsuya Oguri, Takehiro Uemura, Kazuki Sone, Satoshi Fukuda, Minami Okayama, Yoshihiro Kanemitsu, Hirotsugu Ohkubo, Masaya Takemura, Yutaka Ito, Ken Maeno, Akio Niimi
Osimertinib (AZD9291) is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for EGFR-T790M-positive non-small cell lung cancer. A high incidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) during combination treatment with osimertinib and anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor has been reported. The current study presents a case of ILD development during osimertinib treatment following nivolumab (an anti-PD-1 antibody) treatment. The 59-year-old female was diagnosed with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma harboring a deletion in exon 19 of the EGFR gene...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
32210
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"