keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol and nicotine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716791/factors-associated-with-nicotine-dependence-during-methadone-maintenance-treatment-findings-from-a-multisite-survey-in-vietnam
#1
Huyen Phuc Do, Long Hoang Nguyen, Nhung Phuong Thi Nguyen, Chau Ngo, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Linh Khanh Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Huong Thu Thi Phan, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: Smoking is associated with adverse health outcomes among drug users, including those in treatment. To date, however, there has been little evidence about smoking patterns among people receiving opioid-dependence treatment in developing countries. We examined self-reported nicotine dependence and associated factors in a large sample of opioid-dependent patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in northern Vietnam. SETTING: Five clinics in Hanoi (urban area) and Nam Dinh (rural area)...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710873/mecamylamine-treatment-for-alcohol-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ismene L Petrakis, Elizabeth Ralevski, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Stephanie S O'Malley, Albert Arias, Kevin A Sevarino, Jane S Jane, Erin O'Brien, John H Krystal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, mecamylamine, is a potential novel pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorder. The aims were to compare alcohol consumption between mecamylamine and placebo and test if smoking status modified treatment effects. DESIGN: Outpatient, randomized, double-blind clinical trial for 12 weeks of treatment with mecamylamine (10mg) (n=65) vs. placebo (n=63). SETTING: Connecticut, USA...
July 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708935/testing-the-nicotine-dependence-measure-mftq-for-adolescent-smokers-a-multinational-investigation
#4
Alexander V Prokhorov, Georges E Khalil, Dawn W Foster, Salma K Marani, Michele Guindani, Jose P Espada, Maria T Gonzálvez, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Monika Arora, Abha Tewari, Richard Isralowitz, Punyarat Lapvongwatana, Natkamol Chansatitporn, Xinguang Chen, Hong Zheng, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As a measure of nicotine dependence among adolescent smokers, the modified Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (mFTQ; seven items), has been successfully used in the United States (USA). Nonetheless, the validity and reliability of mFTQ at the international level is still needed. The current study is the first to test the validity and reliability of mFTQ in four countries: Thailand, Spain, the USA, and Russia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, mFTQ, risk factors of nicotine dependence, and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed...
July 14, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699829/association-between-nonmedical-marijuana-and-pain-reliever-uses-among-individuals-aged-50
#5
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Bryan Y Choi
Marijuana and pain reliever use for medical and nonmedical purposes has been increasing among older adults. Using the 2012-2013 U.S. National Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined: (1) the association between past-year nonmedical marijuana and pain reliever use among adults aged 50+ years (N = 14,715); and (2) sociodemographic, health, and pain-related correlates of nonmedical marijuana and/or pain reliever use. The findings show that 3.87% and 3.12%, respectively, used marijuana and pain relievers nonmedically and 14...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698536/metformin-use-associated-with-lower-risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#6
Jasna Kusturica, Aida Kulo Ćesić, Edis Gušić, Sanita Maleškić, Maida Rakanović-Todić, Damir Šečić
Aim In order to increase the database related to the antineoplastic potential of metformin, association between the use of metformin and risk of cancer occurence in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) was investigated. Methods In this cross-sectional study, medical records of patients with DM2 were reviewed for cancer occurence. Data on age, body mass index (BMI), alcohol and nicotine consumption, glucose and HbA1c levels, duration of DM2, medication used in the treatment of DM2 and cancer occurence were collected and analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694200/the-prevention-and-treatment-of-smoking-and-tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-in-selected-indigenous-communities-in-high-income-countries-of-usa-canada-australia-and-new-zealand-an-evidence-based-review
#7
REVIEW
Gillian S Gould, Ling Li Lim, Joerg Mattes
IMPORTANCE: Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is the most important modifiable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes and long-term health complications for mother and bab(ies). Tobacco use during pregnancy has reduced in high-income countries; but not for Indigenous women in Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Canada. APPROACH/AIM: This evidence-based review focusses on tobacco use among Indigenous pregnant women in high-income countries, who share a history of European colonisation...
July 7, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693881/outcome-evaluation-of-an-integrated-treatment-for-comorbid-alcohol-and-nicotine-addiction-an-exploratory-study
#8
Ines Giorgi, Elena Fiabane, Giovanni Vittadini, Stefania Anastasi, Antonella Benvenuto, Alberto Malovini, Antonella Balestrino, Piero Ceriana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686988/prevalence-correlates-comorbidity-and-treatment-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-in-the-united-states
#9
S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Haitao Zhang, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant, Carlos Blanco, Wilson Compton
INTRODUCTION: This study presents nationally representative data on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment (including pharmacological and nonpharmacological) among electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime ENDS use were 3.8% (SE=0.14) and 5.4% (SE=0.17)...
June 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679497/high-level-of-tobacco-carcinogen-derived-dna-damage-in-oral-cells-is-an-independent-predictor-of-oral-head-and-neck-cancer-risk-in-smokers
#10
Samir S Khariwala, Bin Ma, Chris Ruszczak, Steven G Carmella, Bruce R Lindgren, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Stephen S Hecht, Irina Stepanov
Exposure to tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNA) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is recognized to play an important role in the development of oral/head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC).  We recently reported higher levels of TSNA-associated DNA adducts in the oral cells of smokers with HNSCC as compared to cancer-free smokers.  In this study we further investigated the tobacco constituent exposures in the same smokers to better understand the potential causes for the elevated oral DNA damage in smokers with HNSCC...
July 5, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662136/influence-of-nicotine-on-choline-deficient-l-amino-acid-defined-diet-induced-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-rats
#11
Hiroyuki Kanamori, Yukiomi Nakade, Taeko Yamauchi, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Tadahisa Inoue, Takaya Yamamoto, Yuji Kobayashi, Norimitsu Ishii, Tomohiko Ohashi, Kiyoaki Ito, Yoshio Sumida, Haruhisa Nakao, Yoshitaka Fukuzawa, Masashi Yoneda
Nicotine, a major compound in cigarette smoke, decreases food intake and body weight gain in mammals; however, the influence of nicotine on the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nicotine on NASH in rat models. Male Wistar rats were fed choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet and treated with nicotine or saline. Food intake, body weight gain, presence of hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis were assessed 6 weeks after the rats were fed CDAA diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658981/pharmacotherapy-of-alcoholism-an-update-on-approved-or-available-medications
#12
Michael Soyka, Christian A Müller
Only a few medications are available for the treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Areas covered: This paper discusses approved AUD medications, including the opioid antagonists; naltrexone and nalmefene (the latter is licensed for reduction of alcohol consumption only), the putative glutamate receptor antagonist acamprosate and the aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor disulfiram. It also covers off-label medications of interest, including topiramate, gabapentin, ondansetron, varenicline, baclofen, sodium oxybate and antidepressants...
June 29, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657698/mental-and-physical-health-conditions-in-us-combat-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#13
Melissa M Thomas, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Jack Tsai, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
Objective: To identify sociodemographic and military characteristics of combat-exposed and non-combat-exposed veterans in the United States and to compare rates of mental and physical health conditions in these populations. Methods: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a contemporary, nationally representative survey of 1,480 US veterans conducted September-October 2013. Poststratification weights were applied to analyses to permit generalizability of results to the US veteran population...
June 22, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649663/addictive-neurons
#14
Sodikdjon A Kodirov
Since the reward center is considered to be the area tegmentalis ventralis of the hypothalamus, logically its neurons could mainly be responsible for addiction. However, the literature asserts that almost any neurons of CNS can respond to one or another addictive compound. Obviously not only addictive nicotine, but also alcohol, amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine, heroin and morphine may influence dopaminergic cells alone in VTA. Moreover, paradoxically some of these drugs ameliorate symptoms, counterbalance syndromes, cure diseases and improve health, not only those related to the CNS and in adults, but also almost all other organs and in children, e...
2017: Therapeutic Targets for Neurological Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647007/childhood-psychiatric-disorders-as-risk-factor-for-subsequent-substance-abuse-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Annabeth P Groenman, Tieme W P Janssen, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective risk of developing substance-related disorders after childhood mental health disorders (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder [CD], anxiety disorder, and depression) using meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for relevant longitudinal studies that described childhood (<18 years old) ADHD, ODD or CD, anxiety, or depression in relation to later alcohol-, nicotine-, or drug-related disorders or substance use disorders (SUDs) published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language from 1986 to May 2016...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645694/-comparative-analysis-effectiveness-of-nicotine-addiction-treatment-in-people-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#16
R Godoy, F J Callejas, J Cruz, A I Tornero, P J Tárraga, J A Rodríguez-Montes
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not nicotine addiction treatment was less effective in psychiatric than in the healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive and comparative cohort study was conducted in Albacete University Hospital during years 2008-2012 on all patients that attended the Tobacco Cessation Unit. The statistical tests used were Chi-squared, likelihood ratio, and the Student t test. Statistical significance P≤.05. RESULTS: The study included a total of 1,484 patients, of which 48...
June 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641297/factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-minnesota-nicotine-withdrawal-scale-and-the-minnesota-nicotine-withdrawal-scale-revised-italian-version
#17
Andrea Svicher, Agnese Beghè, Giacomo Mangiaracina, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We run Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale (MNWS) and of the MNWS-Revised (MNWS-R). Psychometric properties were also explored. METHODS: Adult Italian smokers, 366 in all, were assessed via the MNWS-R together with rating scales measuring cigarette dependence, alcohol use, anxiety sensitivity and negative affect at baseline and after 3 months. RESULTS: The MNWS showed good psychometric properties (α = 0...
2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#18
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637262/qualitative-exploration-of-a-smoking-cessation-trial-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#19
Nandita Krishnan, Joel Gittelsohn, Alexandra Ross, Jessica Elf, Sandy Chon, Raymond Niaura, Neil Martinson, Jonathan E Golub
Introduction: In South Africa, people living with HIV (PLWH) have a high prevalence of smoking, which undermines the beneficial effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, little is known about barriers to smoking cessation and what interventions work for PLWH in this setting. Methods: A randomized trial comparing intensive anti-smoking counseling versus counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was recently concluded in Klerksdorp, South Africa. In a post-trial follow-up, 23 in-depth interviews with patients and one focus group discussion with counselors from the trial were conducted...
June 16, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627395/the-opioid-epidemic-is-an-historic-opportunity-to-improve-both-prevention-and-treatment
#20
Robert L DuPont
The current narrative describing the national opioid epidemic as the result of overprescribing opioid pain medicines fails to capture the full dimensions of problem and leads to inadequate and even confounding solutions. Overlooked is the fact that polysubstance use is nearly ubiquitous among overdose deaths, demonstrating that the opioid overdose death problem is bigger than opioids. The foundation of the nation's opioid overdose crisis - and the totality of the nation's drug epidemic - is widespread recreational pharmacology, the use of drugs for fun or "self-medication...
June 13, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
keyword
keyword
32204
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"