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Rafael Monge-Rojas, Tamara Fuster-Baraona, Carlos Garita-Arce, Marta Sánchez-López, Uriyoán Colon-Ramos, Vanessa Smith-Castro
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, more than 80% of adolescent girls are physically inactive. Inactivity may be reinforced by female stereotypes and objectification in the Latin American sociocultural context. METHODS: We examined the influence of objectification on the adoption of an active lifestyle among 192 adolescents (14 -17 y/old) from urban and rural areas in Costa Rica. Analyses of 48 focus-groups sessions were grounded in Objectification Theory. RESULTS: Vigorous exercises were gender-typed as masculine while girls had to maintain an aesthetic appearance at all times...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
P Bragagnini Rodríguez, N Álvarez García, Y González Ruiz, M Ruiz de Temiño, R Escartín Villacampa, N González Martínez-Pardo
OBJECIVE: Hypertrophy of labia minora in adolescence is a little known disease. However, the growing demand for the solution of this problem pushes us to include it in our clinical practice. We evaluated the aesthetic and functional results of labiaplasty using straight amputation of the protuberant tissue of the labial edges. METHODS: Patients treated by hypertrophy of labia minora were reviewed. We evaluated the results of aesthetic, functional and surgical complications...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Y D Pacheco, C Lorca-García, B Berenguer, E De Tomás
INTRODUCTION: Preaxial polydactyly is one of the most common congenital malformations of the hand. The treatment is surgical and should be done early, between 6 and 12 months old. The purpose of this paper is to review our experience in terms of casuistry, treatment and functional and aesthetic results of duplicity of thumb, since 2000 until today. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with diagnosis of preaxial polydactyly from 2000 to january 2016 was performed...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
P Bragagnini Rodríguez, B Stors Sastre, R Fernández Atuan, R Delgado Alvira, M A Rihuete Heras, J Gracia Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the retroperitoneal-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) versus the mini posterior lumbotomy pyeloplasty (MPLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 77 patients diagnosed with ureteropelvic junction obstruction between 2007 and 2013 was made, analyzing the surgical technique, complications and results. The anteroposterior pelvic diameter of the kidney, the thickness of the renal parenchyma, the renal function and the morphology of the renogram curve were also evaluated and compared...
January 15, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Alessandro Innocenti, Sara Tanini, F Mori, D Melita, M Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: Genitalia are linked to self-esteem and male sexual identity, especially among young men, who sometimes require a surgical procedure to acquire more confidence. Among the surgical procedures requested for aesthetical purposes, circumcision is one of the most popular. Although it can be considered to be a simple surgical practice, it may cause severe complications such as penile skin necrosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a catastrophic situation after a circumcision performed on a 27-year-old HIV positive man resulted in a drastic reduction in the length of the penile shaft due to extensive skin loss; this was subsequently restored using dartos-fascio-myo-cutaneous flaps...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Filip B J L Stillaert, Casper Sommeling, Salvatore D'Arpa, David Creytens, Koenraad Van Landuyt, Herman Depypere, Rudy Van den Broecke, Stan Monstrey, Phillip N Blondeel, Wayne A Morrison
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction involves the use of autologous tissues or implants. Occasionally, microsurgical reconstruction is not an option because of insufficient donor tissues. Fat grafting has become increasingly popular in breast surgery. The challenge with this technique is how to reconstruct a stable and living "scaffold" that resembles a breast. METHODS: Breast reconstruction (n = 7) was performed using intratissular expansion with serial deflation-lipofilling sessions...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Jochen-Frederick Hernekamp, Pouyan Yary, Amir Khosrow Bigdeli, Christoph Hirche, Berthold Bickert, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
(no author information available yet)
Inverse relationship between occlusal cant and gingival display.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Christopher Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
F Spear
Some of the most challenging patients to produce a pleasing smile for are those who present with inadequate tooth display (either due to tooth position, the patient has normal size teeth, but they aren't exposed adequately to fill out the smile) or due to tooth size (the teeth are small, often due to tooth wear). The key to understanding how to manage these patients is to learn to understand the possible aetiologies that could produce the condition, and learn how to diagnose which aetiologies exist for your patient...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Fernanda D Santa-Maria, Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Cláudia S Poziomczyk, Marcia A P Maahs, Rafael F M Rosa, Paulo R G Zen, Lavínia Schüller-Faccini, Ana Elisa Kiszewski
OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge on dental anomalies in patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) has been obtained by examining case reports; however, an overall characterization of such alterations remains lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, type and location of dental alterations in IP using a case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients (9 children and 5 adults) with a clinical diagnosis of IP who presented dental anomalies were included in this study...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Alejandro Iglesias-Linares, Lorri Ann Morford, James Kennedy Hartsfield
When orthodontic patients desire shorter treatment times with aesthetic results and long-term stability, it is important for the orthodontist to understand the potential limitations and problems that may arise during standard and/or technology-assisted accelerated treatment. Bone density plays an important role in facilitating orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), such that reductions in bone density can significantly increase movement velocity. Lifestyle, genetic background, environmental factors, and disease status all can influence a patients' overall health and bone density...
October 20, 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Jae-Hui Nam, Young-Jun Choi, Jae Yun Lim, Joon Hong Min, Won-Serk Kim
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is regarded as an effective skin-lifting device; however, literature regarding treatment of the aging neck and décolletage with HIFU is scarce. Our study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combination with HIFU and low-fluence Q-switched Nd:YAG (LQSNY) laser on the aging neck and décolletage. Nineteen women were assessed. HIFU at two visits and LQSNY laser at six visits were used to irradiate the neck and chest. At week 16, improvements were rated using the Dedo classification, Fabi/Bolton Chest Wrinkle Scale (FBCWS), and Global Aesthetic Improvement Scales (GAIS)...
October 20, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Michele Antonio De Riggi, Nicola Rocco, Giulio Gherardini, Emanuela Esposito, Massimiliano D'Aiuto
INTRODUCTION: One-stage implant-based breast reconstruction using titanium-coated polypropylene mesh is a novel approach widely used in Europe. Complication rates in breast reconstruction with the use of titanium-coated meshes seem to be comparable to those in patients with implant-based breast reconstruction alone. However, the use of synthetic meshes in implant-based breast reconstructive surgery leads to new clinical scenarios with the need for the breast surgeon to face new complications...
October 20, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Cecilia Dahlbäck, Jonas Manjer, Martin Rehn, Anita Ringberg
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is increasingly advocated in many countries. The aims of this study were to investigate whether patients receiving breast-conserving surgery at Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Sweden, perceived an offered possibility to join in the decision-making process regarding the surgical method; to identify potential determinants for not having perceived such an offer; and to study how this perception of being offered an opportunity to take part in the decision-making process affected satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome...
October 20, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
John M Gatti, Sable Amstutz, Paul R Bowlin, Heidi A Stephany, J Patrick Murphy
PURPOSE: Open dismembered pyeloplasty is the preferred repair for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. Minimally invasive techniques have been applied to the original open approach, but no clear advantage has been shown to these technological advances. We evaluate outcomes between transperitoneal laparoscopic (LP) and open pyeloplasty (OP) in children. METHODS: All children aged 1 to 18 years with UPJ obstruction requiring operative repair were offered enrollment in the study...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urology
Luigi Maria Galantucci, Roberto Deli, Alberto Laino, Eliana Di Gioia, Raoul D'Alessio, Fulvio Lavecchia, Gianluca Percoco, Carmela Savastano
The aim of this paper is to develop a database to determine a new biomorphometric standard of attractiveness. Sampling was carried out using noninvasive three-dimensional relief methods to measure the soft tissues of the face. These anthropometric measurements were analyzed to verify the existence of any canons with respect to shape, size, and measurement proportions which proved to be significant with regard to the aesthetics of the face. Finally, the anthropometric parameters obtained were compared with findings described in the international literature...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Paulo Esteves Pinto Faria, Abrahão Cavalcante Gomes de Souza Carvalho, Bárbara Masalskas, Letícia Chihara, Eduardo Sant'Ana, Osvaldo Magro Filho
One of the most impressive soft tissue injuries is the facial degloving, normally associated with industrial machines and traffic accidents. This injury is characterized by the separation of the skin and cartilage from the bones, compromising the soft tissues correlated in the trauma area, nerves, and blood vessels. A 28-year-old patient, male, was referred to Araçatuba's Santa Casa Hospital, after a motorcycle accident, hitting his face on the sidewalk. The patient was conscious, oriented, denying fainting and unconsciousness during the accident, and complaining of pain in the nasal region of the face...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Gavin R McCormack, Taryn M Graham, Hayley Christian, Ann M Toohey, Melanie J Rock
OBJECTIVES: Our study objectives were to: 1) estimate differences in perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment among non-dog-owners, owners who walk their dogs (dog-walkers) and owners who do not walk their dogs (non-dog-walkers), and 2) estimate associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment and dog-walking frequency. METHOD: A random cross-section of Calgary adults completed telephone interviews during August-October 2007 (n = 2,199, response rate = 33...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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