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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229637/a-simple-standard-technique-for-labyrinthectomy-in-the-rat-a-methodical-communication-with-a-detailed-description-of-the-surgical-process
#1
G L Nádasy, G Raffai, E Fehér, G Schaming, E Monos
Aims Labyrinthectomized rats are suitable models to test consequences of vestibular lesion and are widely used to study neural plasticity. We describe a combined microsurgical-chemical technique that can be routinely performed with minimum damage. Methods Caudal leaflet of the parotis is elevated. The tendinous fascia covering the bulla is opened frontally from the sternomastoid muscle's tendon while sparing facial nerve branches. A 4 mm diameter hole is drilled into the bulla's hind lower lateral wall to open the common (in rodents) mastoid-tympanic cavity...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227361/kinect2-respiratory-movement-detection-study
#2
Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad, Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad, Sandy Rihana, Elie Younes, Dimitris Visvikis, Hadi Fayad
Radiotherapy is one of the main cancer treatments. It consists in irradiating tumor cells to destroy them while sparing healthy tissue. The treatment is planned based on Computed Tomography (CT) and is delivered over fractions during several days. One of the main challenges is replacing patient in the same position every day to irradiate the tumor volume while sparing healthy tissues. Many patient positioning techniques are available. They are both invasive and not accurate performed using tattooed marker on the patient's skin aligned with a laser system calibrated in the treatment room or irradiating using X-ray...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215734/clinical-experiences-with-the-use-of-ultrapro-%C3%A2-mesh-in-single-stage-direct-to-implant-immediate-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction-in-102-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
D Pukancsik, P Kelemen, G Gulyás, M Újhelyi, E Kovács, K Éles, N Mészáros, I Kenessey, P Pálházi, T Kovács, M Kásler, Z Mátrai
BACKGROUND: Acellular dermal matrices have been used for direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction (BR), eliminating the load of the lower pole skin envelope. However, the available allograft matrices add considerable health care costs. This study examined the long-term follow-up of synthetic ULTRAPRO(®) mesh as a low-cost potential alternative to biological matrices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed between January 2013 and January 2016, involved 112 early-stage breast cancer and/or BRCA 1/2 patients, and evaluated 189 immediate DTI BRs following skin-, areola- or nipple-sparing mastectomy using ULTRAPRO(®) mesh...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210544/cataracts-and-strabismus-associated-with-hand-rearing-using-artificial-milk-formulas-in-bengal-tiger-panthera-tigris-spp-tigris-cubs
#4
Rogério Ribas Lange, Leandro Lima, Erika Frühvald, Vera Sônia Nunes da Silva, Aparecida Sônia de Souza, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203495/correction-of-polymastia-vera-class-i-with-skin-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-rib-sparing-diep-flap-reconstruction
#5
Dominik Duscher, David Kiesl, Matthias Aitzetmüller, Manfred Schmidt, Georg M Huemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196317/common-skin-conditions-in-children-noninfectious-rashes
#6
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Cutaneous adverse drug reactions are among the most common noninfectious rashes of childhood. Cutaneous adverse drug reactions are classified as morbilliform, urticarial, bullous, pustular, or psoriasiform. Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common inflammatory cutaneous eruptions, and is characterized by pruritus and flexural distribution. Emollients and topical corticosteroids are first-line therapies. Topical calcineurin inhibitors are second-line, steroid-sparing drugs for certain conditions, such as face and eyelid eczema...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191788/full-thickness-skin-mesh-graft-vaginoplasty-a-skin-sparing-technique
#7
Guilherme Lang Motta, Patric Machado Tavares, Gabriel Veber Moisés Silva, Milton Berger, Brasil Silva Neto, Tiago Elias Rosito
INTRODUCTION: The ideal vaginoplasty method should promote good cosmetic and functional results with low morbidity. We describe a new technique for congenital vaginal agenesis using a full-thickness perforated skin graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report an 18 year old patient with vaginal agenesis (Morris syndrome) that undergone a modified version of McIndoe vaginoplasty. Patient is set in a low lithotomy position and lateral traction sutures are placed in labia and a 16Fr urethral catheter inserted...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183576/the-benefits-of-ultrasound-guided-continuous-sensory-nerve-blockade-in-the-setting-of-burn-injury-a-case-report-of-bilateral-continuous-superficial-peroneal-nerve-blockade-in-a-patient-with-severe-sleep-apnea
#8
Vladislav Shick, Evan E Lebovitz, Emerson Conrad
The management of pain after burn injuries is a clinical challenge magnified in patients with significant comorbidities. Presently, burn pain is treated via a wide variety of modalities, including systemic pharmacotherapy and regional analgesia. Although the latter can provide effective pain control in patients with burn injuries, it is relatively underused. Furthermore, the development of ultrasound guidance has allowed for novel approaches and sparing of motor nerve blockade with preference toward sensory-specific analgesia that has not been possible previously...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162950/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-for-the-management-of-recurrent-breast-cancer
#9
Brittany L Murphy, Judy C Boughey, Tina J Hieken
INTRODUCTION: For patients who have an ipsilateral breast cancer recurrence following prior breast-conserving surgery and radiation, total mastectomy generally is recommended. However, little is known about the suitability and outcomes of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate breast reconstruction for the treatment of recurrent breast cancer, prompting this investigation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1008 patients scheduled for NSM for breast cancer treatment at our institution between January 2009 and June 2016, we identified all patients who underwent surgery for ipsilateral recurrent breast cancer...
January 9, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162212/-endoscopic-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-with-skin-lifting-system-followed-by-immediate-breast-reconstruction
#10
S Guan, Y Wang, K T Zhang, X Y Li, J X Wu
Objective: To discuss the surgical treatment and efficacy of endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy with skin lifting system (ENSMSLS) followed by immediate breast reconstruction. Methods: ENSMSLS was conducted on 21 patients followed by immediate breast reconstruction with implant via axillary incision from August 2014 to January 2016 in Oncology Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. These 21 patients were frequency matched with 21 patients, who received nipple-sparing mastectomy via loop periareolar incision from November 2012 to May 2015 in the same center...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160250/thiopurines-and-methotrexate-use-in-ibd-patients-in-a-biologic-era
#11
REVIEW
Gerassimos J Mantzaris
Although we have been living in the era of biologic therapy for several decades, the use of immunomodulators (primarily thiopurines [azathioprine and mercaptopurine] and less so methotrexate) still remains an important component of the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pharmaceutical arsenal. Thiopurines as monotherapy exert corticosteroid-sparing effects and can maintain long-term remission in a considerable proportion of patients who have frequent relapses and are or have become mesalazine and/or corticosteroid intolerant or refractory...
February 3, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160028/one-stage-bilateral-implantation-of-a%C3%A2-calcar-guided-short-stem-in%C3%A2-total-hip-arthroplasty-minimally-invasive-modified-anterolateral-approach-in-supine-position
#12
K P Kutzner, S Donner, M Schneider, J Pfeil, P Rehbein
OBJECTIVE: One-stage bilateral, muscle-preserving, calcar-guided implantation technique through the modified minimally invasive anterolateral approach in supine position. INDICATIONS: Bilateral primary/secondary osteoarthritis of the hip; bilateral femoral head necrosis; ASA I-III. CONTRAINDICATIONS: ASA IV; severe osteoporosis, other factors jeopardizing stable anchorage of cementless, calcar-guided short-stem; infection. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Supine position...
February 3, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154276/the-imaging-diagnosis-of-less-advanced-cases-of-cardiac-amyloidosis-the-relative-apical-sparing-pattern
#13
Koya Ono, Go Ishimaru, Miho Hayashi, Yuan Bae, Takashi Ito, Toshiyuki Izumo, Ken Murata
An early diagnosis is important for improving the prognosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA). We herein describe the utility of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2-D STE) in diagnosing CA at a less advanced stage. A 63-year-old woman with exertional dyspnea was suspected of having CA based on her echocardiographic and electrocardiographic findings. A myocardial biopsy was negative for amyloid deposits, while the relative apical sparing pattern was detected on 2-D STE, which was highly suggestive of CA...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134677/are-there-any-reasons-to-change-our-behavior-in-necrotizing-fasciitis-with-the-advent-of-new-antibiotics
#14
Francesco Menichetti, Simone Giuliano, Simona Fortunato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The treatment of necrotizing fasciitis requires a multifaceted approach, consisting of surgical source control with immediate surgical debridement along with life support, clinical monitoring, and antimicrobial therapy. Many drugs are now available for the treatment of this life-threatening infectious disease, and the purpose of this review is to provide the reader with an updated overview of the newest therapeutic options. RECENT FINDINGS: Because most necrotizing soft tissue infections are polymicrobial, broad-spectrum coverage is advisable...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121852/outcome-evaluation-after-2023-nipple-sparing-mastectomies-our-experience
#15
Roy De Vita, Giovanni Zoccali, Ernesto Maria Buccheri, Maurizio Costantini, Claudio Botti, Marcello Pozzi
BACKGROUND: Although quadrantectomy and lumpectomy help diminish the psychological and physical devastation inflicted, mastectomy is still elected in 20 to 30 percent of breast cancers. Although initially inciting controversy over heightened risk of local recurrences, recent studies maintain that nipple-sparing mastectomy can be used in any patient qualifying for total mastectomy and also improves aesthetic and psychologic outcomes. The manner in which mastectomy influences reconstructive implant outcomes has been documented by several groups...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119943/kaposi-s-sarcoma-of-the-rectum-in-a-homosexual-male-with-hiv-aids
#16
Anand Kumar, Deborah Nautsch
Visceral involvement in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma is common, but it is rarely seen in the absence of cutaneous disease. Most patients with gastrointestinal tract Kaposi's sarcoma remain asymptomatic and are often diagnosed on endoscopy or autopsy. We report a case of a 24-year-old homosexual man who presented with rectal pain and bleeding and was found to have skin-sparing, disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma with rectum, liver, lungs, and lymph node involvement. Despite treatment with highly active anti-retroviral therapy, he developed multiorgan failure resulting in death...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115960/non-melanoma-skin-cancer-treated-with-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-a-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Durim Delishaj, Agata Rembielak, Bruno Manfredi, Stefano Ursino, Francesco Pasqualetti, Concetta Laliscia, Francesca Orlandi, Riccardo Morganti, Maria Grazia Fabrini, Fabiola Paiar
PURPOSE: The incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has been increasing over the past 30 years. There are different treatment options and surgical excision is the most frequent treatment due to its low rates of recurrence. Radiotherapy is an effective alternative of surgery, and brachytherapy (BT) might be a better therapeutic option due to high radiation dose concentration to the tumor with rapid dose fall-off resulting in normal tissues sparing. The aim of this review was to evaluate the local control, toxicity, and cosmetic outcomes in NMSC treated with high-dose-rate BT (HDR-BT)...
December 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112693/laparotomic-vs-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-comparing-the-two-methods-the-ovariectomy-in-the-bitch-in-laparoscopic-era
#18
Giovanni Cassata, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Luca Cicero, Giuseppe Damiano, Antonio Maenza, Aldo Migliazzo, Gioacchino Di Paola, Domenico Vicari, Salvatore Fazzotta, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of ultrasound scalpel during laparoscopic ovariectomy in the bitch. METHODS: Two groups of 10 subjects each, of different races and ages, were compared. In the first group, ovariectomy was performed laparoscopically, using harmonic scalpel to remove ovary. In the second group surgery was performed by means of classical laparotomy. RESULTS: Pre-operative time was similar in both groups...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103903/intraoperative-radiotherapy-iort-as-boost-in-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Felix Sedlmayer, Roland Reitsamer, Frederik Wenz, Elena Sperk, Christoph Fussl, Julia Kaiser, Ingrid Ziegler, Franz Zehentmayr, Heinz Deutschmann, Peter Kopp, Gerd Fastner
The term IORT (intraoperative radiotherapy) is currently used for various techniques that show huge differences in dose delivery and coverage of the tissue at risk. The largest evidence for boost IORT preceding whole breast irradiation (WBI) originates from intraoperative electron treatments (IOERT) with single doses around 10 Gy. At median follow-up periods at 6 years, outstandingly low local recurrence rates of less than 1% are observed. Higher local relapse rates were described for G3 tumors and triple negative breast cancers as well as for IORT following primary systemic treatment for locally advanced tumors...
January 19, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095544/a-split-face-assessment-of-the-synergistic-potential-of-sequential-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-and-1565-nm-fractional-nonablative-laser-treatment-for-facial-rejuvenation-in-fitzpatrick-skin-type-ii-v-patients
#20
Girish Munavalli
Recent appreciation of the multifactorial pathophysiology of skin aging has led to increased use of parallel treatment regimens. This prospective, split-face, randomized study assessed the safety and efficacy of same-day sequential Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and 1565 nm non-ablative fractional laser (SST) facial rejuvenation treatment in comparison to fractional non-ablative laser (NAFL) treatment only. Seventeen patients underwent three treatment sessions, conducted at 4-6-week intervals, in which SST treatment was delivered on a randomly selected side of the face followed by NAFL treatment on the contralateral side immediately thereafter...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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