Read by QxMD icon Read

Platelets calcium

Leonardo A Moraes, Amanda J Unsworth, Sakthivel Vaiyapuri, Marfoua S Ali, Parvathy Sasikumar, Tanya Sage, Gagan D Flora, Alex P Bye, Neline Kriek, Emilie Dorchies, Olivier Molendi-Coste, David Dombrowicz, Bart Staels, David Bishop-Bailey, Jonathan M Gibbins
OBJECTIVE: Although initially seemingly paradoxical because of the lack of nucleus, platelets possess many transcription factors that regulate their function through DNA-independent mechanisms. These include the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a member of the superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, that has been identified as a bile acid receptor. In this study, we show that FXR is present in human platelets and FXR ligands, GW4064 and 6α-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid, modulate platelet activation nongenomically...
October 6, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Paul Owusu Donkor, Ying Chen, Liqin Ding, Feng Qiu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligusticum species (Umbelliferae) have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, Korean folk medicine and Native American medicine for their medicinal and nutritional value. Decoctions of the rhizomes are used in treatment and prophylaxis of migraine, anaemia and cardiovascular conditions including stroke. AIM OF STUDY: This review is intended to fully compile the constituents of locally and traditionally used Ligusticum species, present their bioactivities and highlight potential leads for future drug design, and thus, provide a reference for further research and application of these species...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Jorge Elizondo-Rodriguez, Ricardo Lopez-Cavazos, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Mario Simental-Mendia, Oscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options for plantar fasciitis currently exist, some with great success in pain relief. The objective of our study was to compare the use of intralesional steroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), using pain scales and functional evaluation, in patients with plantar fasciitis who did not respond to conservative treatment. METHODS: A controlled, randomized, blinded clinical assay was performed. Patients were assigned to one of the two groups by selecting a sealed envelope...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Fatemeh Sharifpanah, Sascha Behr, Maria Wartenberg, Heinrich Sauer
OBJECTIVES: Differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells may be regulated by mechanical strain. Herein, signaling molecules underlying mechanical stimulation of vasculogenesis and expression of angiogenesis guidance cues were investigated in ES cell-derived embryoid bodies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment of embryoid bodies with 10% static mechanical strain using a Flexercell strain system significantly increased CD31-positive vascular structures and the angiogenesis guidance molecules plexinB1, ephrin B2, neuropilin1 (NRP1), semaphorin 4D (sem4D) and robo4 as well as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) as evaluated by Western blot and real time RT-PCR...
October 8, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
William J Pearce, Coleen Doan, Desirelys Carreon, Dahlim Kim, Lara M Durrant, Anatol Manaenko, Lauren McCoy, Andre Obenaus, John H Zhang, Jiping Tang
This study explores the hypothesis that intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) promotes release of diffusible factors that can significantly influence the structure and function of cerebral arteries remote from the site of injury, through action on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. Four groups of adult male Sprague Dawley rats were studied (n=8 each): 1) Sham; 2) Sham + 60 mg/kg IP imatinib; 3) ICH (collagenase method); and 4) ICH + 60 mg/kg IP imatinib given 60 min after injury. At 24 hours post-injury, sham artery passive diameters (+3 mM EGTA) averaged 244±7 µm (@60 mmHg)...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Pablo H Cutini, María B Rauschemberger, Marisa J Sandoval, Virginia L Massheimer
In this work we investigate whether, despite the procalcific action of alendronate on bone, the drug would be able to regulate in vitro the main cellular events that take part in atherosclerotic lesion generation. Using endothelial cell cultures we showed that Alendronate (1-50μM) acutely enhances nitric oxide production (10-30min). This stimulatory action of the bisphosphonate involves the participation of MAPK signaling transduction pathway. Under inflammatory stress, the drug reduces monocytes and platelets interactions with endothelial cells induced by lipopolysaccharide...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Michael Glas, Janine Viola Bauer, Hermann Eichler, Thomas Volk
Multiple electrode (impedance) aggregometry (MEA) allows reliable monitoring of platelet function in whole blood. The aims of the present study were to implement MEA for analyzing aggregation in platelet concentrates and to correlate results with storage time and blood gas analysis (BGA). We investigated the influence of platelet counts, calcium concentrations and agonists on platelet aggregation. Samples of apheresis concentrates up to an age of 12 days were investigated by MEA and BGA. For ASPI- and TRAPtest MEA was reproducible for a platelet count of 400 per 10(-9 )L and a calcium concentration of 5 mmol L(-1)...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Levent Cerit, Hatice Kemal, Kamil Gulsen, Barcin Ozcem, Zeynep Cerit, Hamza Duygu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with many diverse cardiovascular disorders, such as hypertension, heart failure, stroke, coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation. The relationship between Vitamin D and the development of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has not been studied. Therefore, we assessed the relationship between Vitamin D and the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after CABG. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent CABG surgery were retrospectively reviewed for the development of atrial fibrillation in the postoperative period...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ingo Sethmann, Gunnar Wendt-Nordahl, Thomas Knoll, Frieder Enzmann, Ludwig Simon, Hans-Joachim Kleebe
Randall's plaques (RP) are preferred sites for the formation of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) kidney stones. However, although processes of interstitial calcium phosphate (CaP) plaque formation are not well understood, the potential of plaque microstructures as indicators of CaP precipitation conditions received only limited attention. We investigated RP-associated COM stones for structural details of the calcified tissues and microstructural features of plaque-stone interfaces as indicators of the initial processes of stone formation...
October 1, 2016: Urolithiasis
Dara L Gottlieb, Jennifer Prittie, Yekaterina Buriko, Kenneth E Lamb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) in dogs and cats following blunt trauma and to relate coagulation variables with injury severity and admission variables. DESIGN: Prospective, single center, observational study from 2013 to 2014. SETTING: Urban private referral hospital. ANIMALS: Eighteen and 19 client-owned dogs and cats, respectively, sustaining blunt trauma within 8 hours of presentation without prior resuscitation; 17 healthy staff and client-owned control cats METHODS: Blood samples were collected upon presentation for measurement of blood gas, lactate, blood glucose, ionized calcium, PCV, total plasma protein, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, platelet count, and thromboelastography...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Joana Feiteiro, Melissa Mariana, Ignacio Verde, Elisa Cairrão
Mifepristone (RU 486) is a compound that is structurally related to steroid hormones, which is derived from the estrane progestins. This compound strongly binds the progesterone and glucocorticoid receptor and, to a lesser extent, the androgen receptor. This compound has its effects through different signaling pathways, related to genomic and nongenomic effects. The genomic effect involves the activation or blockage of nuclear or intracellular receptor, that in this case the progesterone, glucocorticoid, and androgen receptors...
September 27, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Varun Singla, Yatindra K Batra, Neerja Bharti, Vijay G Goni, Neelam Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of steroids to treat sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain, their duration of pain reduction is short. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can potentially enhance tissue healing and may have a longer-lasting effect on pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of PRP compared with methylprednisolone in ultrasound-guided SIJ injection for low back pain. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized open blinded end-point (PROBE) study...
September 27, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Yichen Lu, Mei Yan Lee, Shu Zhu, Talid Sinno, Scott L Diamond
During clotting under flow, platelets bind and activate on collagen and release autocrinic factors such as ADP and thromboxane, while tissue factor (TF) on the damaged wall leads to localized thrombin generation. Towards patient-specific simulation of thrombosis, a multiscale approach was developed to account for: platelet signalling [neural network (NN) trained by pairwise agonist scanning (PAS), PAS-NN], platelet positions (lattice kinetic Monte Carlo, LKMC), wall-generated thrombin and platelet-released ADP/thromboxane convection-diffusion (partial differential equation, PDE) and flow over a growing clot (lattice Boltzmann)...
September 25, 2016: Mathematical Medicine and Biology: a Journal of the IMA
Simone M Schoenwaelder, Roxane Darbousset, Susan L Cranmer, Hayley S Ramshaw, Stephanie L Orive, Sharelle Sturgeon, Yuping Yuan, Yu Yao, James R Krycer, Joanna Woodcock, Jessica Maclean, Stuart Pitson, Zhaohua Zheng, Darren C Henstridge, Dianne van der Wal, Elizabeth E Gardiner, Michael C Berndt, Robert K Andrews, David E James, Angel F Lopez, Shaun P Jackson
The 14-3-3 family of adaptor proteins regulate diverse cellular functions including cell proliferation, metabolism, adhesion and apoptosis. Platelets express numerous 14-3-3 isoforms, including 14-3-3ζ, which has previously been implicated in regulating GPIbα function. Here we show an important role for 14-3-3ζ in regulating arterial thrombosis. Interestingly, this thrombosis defect is not related to alterations in von Willebrand factor (VWF)-GPIb adhesive function or platelet activation, but instead associated with reduced platelet phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure and procoagulant function...
2016: Nature Communications
Dusten Unruh, Steven R Schwarze, Laith Khoury, Cheddhi Thomas, Meijing Wu, Li Chen, Rui Chen, Yinxing Liu, Margaret A Schwartz, Christina Amidei, Priya Kumthekar, Carolina G Benjamin, Kristine Song, Caleb Dawson, Joanne M Rispoli, Girish Fatterpekar, John G Golfinos, Douglas Kondziolka, Matthias Karajannis, Donato Pacione, David Zagzag, Thomas McIntyre, Matija Snuderl, Craig Horbinski
Mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) is common in gliomas, and produces D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG). The full effects of IDH1 mutations on glioma biology and tumor microenvironment are unknown. We analyzed a discovery cohort of 169 World Health Organization (WHO) grade II-IV gliomas, followed by a validation cohort of 148 cases, for IDH1 mutations, intratumoral microthrombi, and venous thromboemboli (VTE). 430 gliomas from The Cancer Genome Atlas were analyzed for mRNAs associated with coagulation, and 95 gliomas in a tissue microarray were assessed for tissue factor (TF) protein...
September 23, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Hisashi Kato, Yozo Nakazawa, Yumi Kurokawa, Hirokazu Kashiwagi, Yoichiro Morikawa, Daisuke Morita, Fumiaki Banno, Shigenori Honda, Yuzuru Kanakura, Yoshiaki Tomiyama
Affinity regulation of integrin αIIbβ3 for fibrinogen by inside-out signaling plays a critical role in hemostasis. Calcium and DAG-regulated guanine nucleotide exchange factor I (CalDAG-GEFI) was identified as a Rap1 activating molecule and its role in inside-out αIIbβ3 activation was established in CalDAG-GEFI deficient mice. However, little information regarding CalDAG-GEFI in human platelets is available. Here, we report a 16-year-old girl with CalDAG-GEFI deficiency who has been suffering from severe bleeding tendency...
September 23, 2016: Blood
M Martinuzzo, L Barrera, D Altuna, F Tisi Baña, J Bieti, Q Amigo, M D'Adamo, M S López, J Oyhamburu, J C Otaso
BACKGROUND: Homozygous or double heterozygous factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is characterized by soft tissue hematomas, intracranial and delayed spontaneous bleeding. Alterations of thromboelastography (TEG) parameters in these patients have been reported. The aim of the study was to show results of TEG, TEG Lysis (Lys 60) induced by subthreshold concentrations of streptokinase (SK), and to compare them to the clot solubility studies results in samples of a 1-year-old girl with homozygous or double heterozygous FXIII deficiency...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Pedro S Babo, Pedro P Carvalho, Vítor E Santo, Susana Faria, Manuela E Gomes, Rui L Reis
Injectable calcium phosphate cements have been used as a valid alternative to autologous bone grafts for bone augmentation with the additional advantage of enabling minimally invasive implantation procedures and for perfectly fitting the tissue defect. Nevertheless, they have low biodegradability and lack adequate biochemical signaling to promote bone healing and remodeling. In previous in vitro studies, we observed that the incorporation of platelet lysate directly into the cement paste or loaded in hyaluronic acid microspheres allowed to modulate the cement degradation and the in vitro expression of osteogenic markers in seeded human adipose derived stem cells...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Armen V Gyulkhandanyan, David J Allen, Sergiy Mykhaylov, Elena Lyubimov, Heyu Ni, John Freedman, Valery Leytin
Availability of universal marker for the diagnosis of platelet apoptosis is an important but currently unresolved goal of platelet physiology investigations. Mitochondrial inner transmembrane potential (ΔΨm) depolarization is frequently used as a marker of apoptosis in nucleated cells and anucleate platelets. Since ΔΨm depolarization in platelets is also frequently associated with concurrent induction of other apoptotic responses, it may appear that ΔΨm depolarization is a good universal marker of platelet apoptosis...
September 16, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Martina Cordella, Claudio Tabolacci, Stefania Rossi, Cinzia Senatore, Angelo M Facchiano, Daniela D'Arcangelo, Antonio Facchiano, Francesco Facchiano
Migration is a key cellular function with important implications in cell physiology. Impairment of such function is observed in angiogenesis, cancer, central nervous system development, and many other physiological and pathological events. Serum is considered among the most potent physiological chemotactic stimuli. Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is involved in most of the mentioned processes, suggesting the hypothesis that TG2 may modulate cell movement and chemotaxis by acting on serum factors. Cell biology and biochemistry studies confirmed this hypothesis, showing that human serum contains potent chemotactic signals significantly impaired by activated TG2...
September 16, 2016: Amino Acids
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"