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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154707/objective-evaluation-of-the-systemic-effects-of-topical-application-of-1-atropine-sulfate-ophthalmic-solution-in-healthy-horses
#1
Rita F Wehrman, Anne J Gemensky-Metzler, Ashley E Zibura, Amelia B Nyhart, Heather L Chandler
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety of topical administration of 1% atropine ophthalmic solution in healthy horses by objectively measuring gastrointestinal transit time. DESIGN Randomized, masked, controlled crossover study. ANIMALS 6 adult geldings. PROCEDURES Horses were randomly assigned (3/group) to first receive topical treatment of the left eye with 1% atropine or artificial tears solution; the right eye was left untreated. After 24 hours of treatment every 6 hours, 200 nontoxic beads were administered to each horse via nasogastric intubation and treatment frequency was decreased to every 12 hours for 4 more days...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135658/muscle-strength-influences-pressor-responses-to-static-handgrip-in-men-and-women
#2
Karambir Notay, Jordan B Lee, Anthony V Incognito, Jeremy D Seed, Adam A Arthurs, Philip J Millar
PURPOSE: Whether differences in absolute muscle strength impact blood pressure (BP) responses to relative intensity static exercise remains controversial but could contribute to known sex-based differences and influence the interpretation of cross-sectional data. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two healthy participants (66 men and 66 women, age: 22±3yrs) underwent continuous seated measurements of BP (Finometer) and heart rate (electrocardiography) during baseline rest and two minutes of static handgrip (30% maximal voluntary contraction [MVC])...
November 10, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111889/the-combined-effects-of-exercise-diet-and-a-multi-ingredient-dietary-supplement-on-body-composition-and-adipokine-changes-in-overweight-adults
#3
Shawn M Arent, Alan J Walker, Joseph K Pellegrino, David J Sanders, Bridget A McFadden, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Hector L Lopez
BACKGROUND: Very few weight and fat loss supplements undergo finished-product research to examine efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week diet and exercise program on body composition, hip and waist girth, and adipokines and evaluate whether a dietary supplement containing raspberry ketone, capsaicin, caffeine, garlic, and Citrus aurantium enhanced outcomes. METHODS: Overweight men and women completed this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110808/how-big-is-too-big-the-girth-of-bestselling-insertive-sex-toys-to-guide-maximal-neophallus-dimensions
#4
Dylan Isaacson, Roxana Aghili, Non Wongwittavas, Maurice Garcia
BACKGROUND: In our practice we have encountered 4 female-to-male transgender patients seeking neophallus revision surgery for girth precluding penetrative vaginal or anal intercourse. Despite this, there is little evidence available to guide transitioning patients in neophallus sizing. In this work we examined the dimensions of bestselling realistic dildos, presuming that the most popular dimensions would reflect population preferences for penetrative toys and phalluses. AIM: To determine a maximal upper limit for girth compatible with penetrative intercourse based on measurements of bestselling realistic dildos and published erect penile dimensions...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106812/whey-protein-hydrolysate-supplementation-accelerates-recovery-from-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-females
#5
Meghan A Brown, Emma J Stevenson, Glyn Howatson
A number of different forms of protein and their analogues have been investigated for their efficacy in ameliorating exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and recovery. Preliminary data regarding whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) supplementation are promising. However, its efficacy beyond acute eccentric/resistance exercise bouts or longer-term training programmes are limited and all investigations have been conducted in male or mixed-sex groups. This study sought to elucidate whether the benefits of WPH previously reported can be demonstrated in females following repeated-sprint exercise...
November 6, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092756/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-comminuted-patellar-fractures-with-headless-compression-screws-and-wiring-technique
#6
Kuen Tak Suh, Jung Dong Suh, Hyung Joon Cho
BACKGROUND: Management of a displaced comminuted patellar fractures is challenging, and various surgical fixation methods have been suggested. However, issues of loss of reduction and breakage of fixatives have not yet been resolved. In the current study, we describe a new technique for exposure and stabilization of comminuted patellar fractures and evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of this new treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patellar fractures with articular comminution, which were treated by headless compression screws with additional separate vertical wiring were enrolled in this study...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071031/the-effect-of-combination-of-red-infrared-and-blue-wavelengths-of-low-level-laser-on-reduction-of-abdominal-girth-a-before-after-case-series
#7
Katayoon Montazeri, Soheila Mokmeli, Maryam Barat
Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a combination of 3 wavelengths (including red, infra-red, and blue) of low-level laser (LLL) as a non-invasive therapeutic method to reduce abdominal girth. To achieve biochemical activity on adipocytes, a red laser was used in our selective laser combination. Near-infrared laser was used to increase depth of penetration. Nitrosyl complexes of hemoglobin (NO-Hb) are sensitive to blue light, thereby leading to increase in release of biologically active nitric oxide (NO), which can affect tissue perfusion...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055543/short-communication-effect-of-age-at-group-housing-on-behavior-cortisol-health-and-leukocyte-differential-counts-of-neonatal-bull-dairy-calves
#8
E M Abdelfattah, M M Karousa, D C Lay, J N Marchant-Forde, S D Eicher
To determine the effect of age at grouping on behavior, health, and production of dairy bull calves, 90 Holstein-Friesian bull calves were housed in individual pens until moved to 1 of 3 treatments. Calves were housed in groups of 3 calves at 3 d old (GH3), 7 d old (GH7), or 14 d old (GH14) until 7 wk of age. Ten groups of 3 calves for each treatment were used, with 5 pens/treatment in each of 2 replications (10 pens/treatment, 3 treatments, 3 calves/treatment; 90 calves total). Direct behavioral observations using instantaneous scan sampling every 10 min were conducted twice per week for 7 wk...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050687/comparison-of-adverse-events-and-postoperative-mobilization-following-knee-extensor-mechanism-rupture-repair-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Joseph Serino, Amin Mohamadi, Sebastian Orman, Brian McCormick, Philip Hanna, Michael J Weaver, Mitchel B Harris, Ara Nazarian, Arvind von Keudell
BACKGROUND: Extensor mechanism rupture (EMR) of the knee is a rare but potentially debilitating injury that often occurs due to trauma. While a wide variety of surgical treatments have been reported, there is currently no consensus on the most successful treatment method. The timing of post-operative joint mobilization is also critical for successful recovery after EMR repair. Despite the traditional method of complete immobilization for 6 weeks, there is an increasing trend towards early post-operative knee mobilization...
October 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042429/both-light-intensity-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-measured-by-accelerometry-are-favorably-associated-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-older-women-the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-health-opach-study
#10
Michael J LaMonte, Cora E Lewis, David M Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, John Bellettiere, Marcia L Stefanick, Charles B Eaton, Barbara V Howard, Chloe Bird, Andrea Z LaCroix
BACKGROUND: The relationship between light intensity physical activity (PA), which is common in older adults, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is unclear. This study examined associations of accelerometer-measured PA intensity with CVD risk factors in older women of different race-ethnicities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted in 4832 women (mean age 78.9 years; 52.5% white, 30.5% black, 17.1% Hispanic) who were without known CVD and wore triaxial accelerometers a minimum of 4 of 7 days with ≥10 hours/d awake wear-time...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037111/head-and-neck-size-and-neck-strength-predict-linear-and-rotational-acceleration-during-purposeful-soccer-heading
#11
Jaclyn B Caccese, Thomas A Buckley, Ryan T Tierney, Kristy B Arbogast, William C Rose, Joseph J Glutting, Thomas W Kaminski
There is increasing societal concern about the long-term effects of repeated impacts from soccer heading, but there is little information about ways to reduce head impact severity. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that contribute to head acceleration during soccer heading. One-hundred soccer players completed 12 controlled soccer headers. Peak linear (PLA) and rotational (PRA) accelerations were measured using a triaxial accelerometer and gyroscope. Head acceleration contributing factors were grouped into 3 categories: size (head mass, neck girth), strength (sternocleidomastoid, upper trapezius) and technique [kinematics (trunk, head-to-trunk range-of-motion), sternocleidomastoid and upper trapezius activity]...
October 16, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031771/a-nonrandomized-controlled-clinical-pilot-trial-on-8%C3%A2-wk-of%C3%A2-intermittent-fasting-24%C3%A2-h-wk
#12
Christian S Kessler, Rainer Stange, Maike Schlenkermann, Michael Jeitler, Andreas Michalsen, Antonia Selle, Franca Raucci, Nico Steckhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether intermittent fasting (IF) is an effective preventive measure, and whether it is feasible for healthy volunteers under every day conditions. METHODS: A nonrandomized controlled clinical trial on IF was performed with healthy volunteers over a period of 8 wk, and a subsequent 4-mo follow-up. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 8 wk, and after 6 mo. Volunteers who were not interested in fasting served as a control group...
August 12, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028050/performance-optimization-of-pm-16qam-transmission-system-enabled-by-real-time-self-adaptive-coding
#13
Zhen Qu, Yao Li, Weiyang Mo, Mingwei Yang, Shengxiang Zhu, Daniel C Kilper, Ivan B Djordjevic
We experimentally demonstrate self-adaptive coded 5×100  Gb/s WDM polarization multiplexed 16 quadrature amplitude modulation transmission over a 100 km fiber link, which is enabled by a real-time control plane. The real-time optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is measured using an optical performance monitoring device. The OSNR measurement is processed and fed back using control plane logic and messaging to the transmitter side for code adaptation, where the binary data are adaptively encoded with three types of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes with code rates of 0...
October 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023015/evaluation-of-growth-performances-of-some-locally-farmed-maize-zea-mays-l-in-cross-river-state-nigeria-under-different-concentrations-of-silicon
#14
M O Ononyume, E A Edu, T Okoh, A P Inegbedion
OBJECTIVE: Growth performances of four maize varieties (91 SUWANI, TZL COMP 4, DT STR Y SYN 2 and IWO SYN C2) were investigated at four levels of silicon concentration (0, 2500, 5000 and 7500 mg, with 0 mg as control). METHODOLOGY: Viable seeds were planted in polythene bags (64 bags) containing soil in a randomized complete block design (a 4×4 factorial experiment) with four replications. Plant height, stem girth, leaf area and leaf number were evaluated at 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks after planting...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992475/nickel-phytoextraction-through-bacterial-inoculation-in-raphanus-sativus
#15
Muhammad Javed Akhtar, Sana Ullah, Iftikhar Ahmad, Abdul Rauf, Sajid Mahmood Nadeem, Muhammad Yahya Khan, Sabir Hussain, Laura Bulgariu
A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) viz. Bacillus sp. CIK-516 and Stenotrophomonas sp. CIK-517Y for improving the growth and Ni uptake of radish (Raphanus sativus) in the presence of four different levels of Ni contamination (0, 50, 100, 150 mg Ni kg(-1) soil). Plant growth, dry biomass, chlorophyll and nitrogen contents were significantly reduced by the exogenous application of Ni, however, bacterial inoculation diluted the negative impacts of Ni stress on radish by improving these parameters...
September 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986234/effects-of-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-training-on-muscular-strength-and-blood-flow-in-older-adults
#16
Jahyun Kim, James A Lang, Neha Pilania, Warren D Franke
BACKGROUND: In young adults, blood flow restricted exercise (BFRE) at relatively low intensities can increase muscle strength as effectively as conventional high intensity training. Ischemic exercise can also increase collateral blood flow in skeletal muscle. However, the effects of chronic BFRE on muscle strength and blood flow in older adults remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 4weeks of BFRE training on skeletal muscle strength and blood flow between young and older subjects and between older adults performing BFRE and conventional high intensity resistance exercise...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974642/an-essential-role-for-igf2-in-cartilage-development-and-glucose-metabolism-during-postnatal-long-bone-growth
#17
Tomoya Uchimura, Judith M Hollander, Daisy S Nakamura, Zhiyi Liu, Clifford J Rosen, Irene Georgakoudi, Li Zeng
Postnatal bone growth involves a dramatic increase in length and girth. Intriguingly, this period of growth is independent of growth hormone and the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Recently, an IGF2 mutation was identified in humans with early postnatal growth restriction. Here, we show that IGF2 is essential for longitudinal and appositional murine postnatal bone development, which involves proper timing of chondrocyte maturation and perichondrial cell differentiation and survival. Importantly, the Igf2 null mouse model does not represent a simple delay of growth but instead uncoordinated growth plate development...
October 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966704/assessment-of-differences-in-the-anthropometric-physiological-and-training-characteristics-of-finishers-and-non-finishers-in-a-tropical-161-km-ultra-marathon
#18
Philip Ls Tan, Frankie Hy Tan, Andrew N Bosch
This study aimed to compare and determine the differences in the physiological, anthropometric and training characteristics of the finishers (FIN) and non-finishers (N-FIN) in a 161-km race. Two groups of runners (FIN; N=12 and N-FIN; N=14) completed a series of anthropometric and physiological measurements over two separate sessions at least three weeks prior to the race. Training sessions starting from six weeks prior to the race were recorded. Sum of 7 skinfolds, arm and calf girths, VO2max and peak treadmill speed (PTS) were taken during session 1 while the lactate threshold (LT) and running economy (RE) were assessed during session 2...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955159/comparison-of-physical-body-growth-and-metabolic-and-reproductive-endocrine-functions-between-north-and-south-climates-of-japan-in-trained-thoroughbred-yearling-horses
#19
Siriwan Tangyuenyong, Fumio Sato, Yasuo Nambo, Harutaka Murase, Yoshiro Endo, Tomomi Tanaka, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe
This study aimed to compare body growth, metabolic, and reproductive hormonal changes in trained Thoroughbred yearling horses under different climate conditions with and without light supplementation (LS). Thoroughbred yearlings raised at research centers of the Japan Racing Association in Hokkaido (north) or Miyazaki (south) were divided into control and LS groups. In the LS groups, 44 colts and 47 fillies from Hokkaido and 11 colts and 11 fillies from Miyazaki were exposed to LS with an extended photoperiod of 14...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952869/chronic-plantarflexor-stretching-during-ankle-immobilization-helps-preserve-calf-girth-plantarflexion-peak-torque-and-ankle-dorsiflexion-motion
#20
Samantha Wilson, Bryan Christensen, Kara Gange, Christopher Todden, Harlene Hatterman-Valenti, Jay M Albrecht
CONTEXT: Chronic plantarflexor (PF) stretching during ankle immobilization helps preserve calf girth, plantarflexion peak torque, and ankle dorsiflexion (DF) motion. Immobilization can lead to decreases in muscle peak torque, muscle size, and joint ROM. Recurrent static stretching during a period of immobilization may reduce the extent of these losses. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of chronic static stretching on PF peak torque, calf girth, and DF range of motion (ROM) after two weeks of ankle immobilization...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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