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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515885/evaluating-morphometric-and-metabolic-markers-of-body-condition-in-a-small-cetacean-the-harbor-porpoise-phocoena-phocoena
#1
Joanna L Kershaw, Meredith Sherrill, Nicholas J Davison, Andrew Brownlow, Ailsa J Hall
Mammalian body condition is an important individual fitness metric as it affects both survival and reproductive success. The ability to accurately measure condition has key implications for predicting individual and population health, and therefore monitoring the population-level effects of changing environments. No consensus currently exists on the best measure to quantitatively estimate body condition in many species, including cetaceans. Here, two measures of body condition were investigated in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498879/nonsurgical-medical-penile-girth-augmentation-experience-based-recommendations
#2
Jayson Oates, Gemma Sharp
Penile augmentation is increasingly sought by men who are dissatisfied with the size and/or appearance of their penis. However, augmentation procedures are still considered to be highly controversial with no standardized recommendations reported in the medical literature and limited outcome data. Nevertheless, these procedures continue to be performed in increasing numbers in private settings. Therefore, there is a need for safe, effective, and minimally invasive procedures to be developed, evaluated, and reported in the research literature...
May 11, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497849/differential-investment-in-body-girths-by-sex-evidence-from-3d-photonic-scanning-in-a-thai-cohort
#3
Meghan K Shirley, Tim J Cole, Supiya Charoensiriwath, Philip Treleaven, Jonathan C K Wells
OBJECTIVES: Life history trade-offs may manifest between competing organs and tissues in the body. Sexual dimorphism in tissue investment is well-established in humans, with sex-associated body shape differences linked to natural and sexual selection. This study uses three-dimensional (3D) photonic scanning to test whether males and females differentially invest energy in various body regions in relation to two independent proxies of growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Body shape data (multiple girths) came from a Thai cohort (n = 11,610; 53% female; age range 21-88 years)...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488837/allometric-associations-between-body-size-shape-and-100-m-butterfly-speed-performance
#4
Senda Sammoud, Alan M Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene, Younés Hachana
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the optimal body size, limb--segment length, and girth or breadth ratios associated with 100--m butterfly speed performance in swimmers. METHODS: One--hundred--sixty-seven swimmers as subjects (male: n=103; female: n=64). Anthropometric measurements comprised height, body--mass, skinfolds, arm-span, upper--limb--length, upper--arm, forearm, hand--lengths, lower--limb--length, thigh--length, leg--length, foot--length, arm--relaxed--girth, forearm--girth, wrist--girth, thigh--girth, calf--girth, ankle--girth, biacromial and biiliocristal--breadths...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478794/inferring-causal-structures-and-comparing-the-causal-effects-among-calving-difficulty-gestation-length-and-calf-size-in-japanese-black-cattle
#5
K Inoue, M Hosono, Y Tanimoto
The objectives of this study were to infer phenotypic causal networks involving gestation length (GL) and calving difficulty (CD) for the primiparity of 1850 Japanese Black heifers, and the birth weight (BWT), withers height (WH) and chest girth (CHG) of their full blood calves, and to compare the causal effects among them. The inductive causation (IC) algorithm was employed to search for causal links among these traits; it was applied to the posterior distribution of the residual (co)variance matrix of a multiple-trait sire-maternal grand sire (MGS) model...
May 8, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466582/in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-postprandial-abdominal-distention-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-intestinal-tone
#6
M Di Stefano, M Bergonzi, E Miceli, C Klersy, E Pagani, G R Corazza
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of abdominal distention in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is still a matter of debate, but the relationship between modifications of intestinal tone and abdominal volume has never been analyzed. METHODS: Eighty-four patients affected by IBS and reporting moderate to severe abdominal distention were enrolled. Thirty-nine presented abdominal distention immediately after and forty-five presented abdominal distention independently of meal intake...
May 3, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462576/world-and-olympic-mountain-bike-champions-anthropometry-body-composition-and-somatotype
#7
Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz, José J Muros, Mikel Zabala
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the anthropometric profile of male Olympic cross country (XCO) mountain bikers. METHODS: Fifty one XCO bikers participated in this study, divided into an elite group who competed in top level international competitions, and a non-elite group who competed at a national level. The elite group was further classified according to whether they had been world or Olympic champion mountain bikers (WOC) or not (NWOC). The anthropometric profiles included the measurements of height, weight, arm span, skinfolds, girths, and breadths...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462570/anthropometric-and-performance-characteristics-of-the-german-rugby-union-7s-team
#8
Erich Hohenauer, Alfred M Rucker, Peter Clarys, Ursula M Küng, Rahel Stoop, Ron Clijsen
BACKGROUND: Somatotyping is advantageous in sports for the optimal development of performance level and injury prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of the German national rugby union 7s team. Seventeen male rugby players, classified as forwards (n=9; 24.2±2.1 years) and backs (n=8; 24.3±5.05 years) were assessed. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements included: body height, weight, height to weight ratio (H/W), five skinfolds, biepicondylar humerus and femur breadth, upper arm- and calf girth, estimated lower body fat percentage and determination of the individual and mean somatotype...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426785/genome-wide-association-studies-identified-multiple-genetic-loci-for-body-size-at-four-growth-stages-in-chinese-holstein-cattle
#9
Xu Zhang, Qin Chu, Gang Guo, Ganghui Dong, Xizhi Li, Qin Zhang, Shengli Zhang, Zhiwu Zhang, Yachun Wang
The growth and maturity of cattle body size affect not only feed efficiency, but also productivity and longevity. Dissecting the genetic architecture of body size is critical for cattle breeding to improve both efficiency and productivity. The volume and weight of body size are indicated by several measurements. Among them, Heart Girth (HG) and Hip Height (HH) are the most important traits. They are widely used as predictors of body weight (BW). Few association studies have been conducted for HG and HH in cattle focusing on single growth stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424498/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-newly-developed-polylactic-acid-microsphere-as-an-injectable-bulking-agent-for-penile-augmentation-18-months-follow-up
#10
D Y Yang, K Ko, S H Lee, D G Moon, J W Kim, W K Lee
Polylactic acid (PLA) fillers are widely used for cosmetic volume augmentation. But, no study has evaluated the use of PLA filler in penile augmentation (PA No. 4). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a newly developed PLA filler for PA during a 18-month follow-up period. A total of 23 healthy adult men were prospectively enrolled between June and November 2012. Penile girth was measured at proximal-, mid- and distal-shaft at baseline, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months following injection. Subjects' satisfaction was assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421372/vascular-development-of-the-grapevine-vitis-vinifera-l-inflorescence-rachis-in-response-to-flower-number-plant-growth-regulators-and-defoliation
#11
Aude M Gourieroux, Bruno P Holzapfel, Margaret E McCully, Geoffrey R Scollary, Suzy Y Rogiers
The grapevine inflorescence is a determinate panicle and as buds emerge, shoot, flower and rachis development occur simultaneously. The growth and architecture of the rachis is determined by genetic and environmental factors but here we examined the role of flower and leaf number as well as hormones on its elongation and vascular development. The consequences of rachis morphology and vascular area on berry size and composition were also assessed. One week prior to anthesis, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon field vines were exposed to manual flower removal, exogenous plant growth regulators or pre-bloom leaf removal...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412332/congenital-aphallia-novel-use-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-during-scrotal-flap-phalloplasty
#12
Rajeev Chaudhry, Katherine M Theisen, Pankaj P Dangle, Francis Schneck
Phallic reconstruction is an important part of management for congenital aphallia. Scrotal flap phalloplasty has been described in pediatric patients to create the appearance of a non-functioning phallus. We describe a modified scrotal flap technique with the addition of an acellular dermal matrix patch (AlloDerm®) to provide additional girth and support to the phallus. The post-operative cosmetic outcome has been satisfactory and there is no documented complication over a 12 month follow-up. Alloderm® dermal matrix can be a safe addition to phallic reconstruction and its overall application needs to be further studied...
April 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409397/the-effect-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-populations
#13
Nicholas G Allen, Samuel M Higham, Amy E Mendham, Tegan E Kastelein, Penelope S Larsen, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT; 30 s sprint, 4-5 min passive recovery) and prolonged intermittent sprint training (PIST; 10 s sprint, 2-3 min moderate exercise) on the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aerobic capacity, and anthropometry in a middle-aged, sedentary population. METHODS: Fifty-five sedentary adults (age 49.2 ± 6.1 years) were randomised into HIIT (n = 20), PIST (n = 21), or a sedentary control group (CTRL n = 14)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407630/characterization-of-the-tree-holes-used-by-lepilemur-ruficaudatus-in-the-dry-deciduous-forest-of-kirindy-mitea-national-park
#14
Elvis J Rakotomalala, Felix Rakotondraparany, Amanda C Perofsky, Rebecca J Lewis
Knowledge of the key resources for a species is critical for developing an effective conservation strategy. Kirindy Mitea National Park is an important refuge for the red-tailed sportive lemur (Lepilemur ruficaudatus), a nocturnal folivorous lemur endemic to the dry deciduous forest of western Madagascar. Because L. ruficaudatus sleeps in tree holes during the day, sleeping trees may be an important resource for this species. Our goal was to characterize the sleeping sites used by L. ruficaudatus at the Ankoatsifaka Research Station in Kirindy Mitea National Park...
April 14, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403830/effectiveness-of-progressive-resistive-exercise-pre-in-the-context-of-hiv-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-using-the-cochrane-collaboration-protocol
#15
REVIEW
Kelly K O'Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A Nixon, Richard H Glazier
BACKGROUND: HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approach that can promote health for people aging with HIV. We examined the safety and effectiveness of progressive resistive exercise (PRE) interventions on immunological, virological, cardiorespiratory, strength, weight, body composition, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV...
April 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397621/performance-of-holstein-calves-receiving-equal-quantities-of-milk-at-fixed-or-variable-amounts-per-day-during-milk-feeding-period
#16
M Khani, F Ahmadi, M Ariana, S Omidian, S Sharifi, M H Ghaffari, H Beiranvand
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding equal quantities of milk during the pre-weaning period through different milk-feeding regimes on calf growth, starter intake and selected blood metabolites. In experiment 1, 44 female Holstein calves (3 days of age and 39.2±4.3 kg of BW) were distributed randomly to one of two milk-feeding programs (1 calf per pen; 22 pens per treatment group): (1) consistent (CONS; 6 l/day of milk from days 3 to 60 and 3 l/day from days 61 to 65 of age) or (2) step-up/step-down (SUSD; 5 l/day of milk from days 3 to 15, 8 l/day from days 16 to 40, 6 l/day from days 41 to 50, 3 l/day from days 51 to 60 and then 2 l/day from days 61 to 65 of age)...
April 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384855/anthropometric-basis-of-vertical-jump-performance-a-study-in-young-indian-national-players
#17
Hanjabam Barun Sharma, Shalini Gandhi, Konthoujam Kosana Meitei, Jyoti Dvivedi, Sanjay Dvivedi
INTRODUCTION: Vertical Jump (VJ) is a good measure of athletic performance and occupational activities. Earlier studies reported conflicting results on anthropometric influence. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between anthropometric characteristics and VJ in national level hockey and cycling players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty four (32 males) national level hockey and cycling players of 11-21 years were the volunteers. Following standard protocols, these variables were measured: VJ, Weight (WT), Height (HT), Trochanterion-Height (TH), Sum of Skinfold Thickness (SSF), Lengths [Acromiale-Stylion (AS) and Midstylion-Dactylion (SD)], Breadths [Biacromial (AB), Biiliocristal (IB), Biepicondylar Humerus (HB) and Biepicondylar Femur (FB)], Girths [Relaxed Arm (AG), Mid Thigh (TG) and Calf (CG)], Lower Back and Hamstring Flexibility (SR), Grip [Left Hand Grip (LHG) and Right Hand Grip (RHG)] and Back Strength (BS)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378316/domino-reconstruction-of-the-portal-vein-using-the-external-iliac-vein-and-an-eptfe-graft-in-pancreatic-surgery
#18
Masato Yoshioka, Hiroshi Uchinami, Go Watanabe, Masatake Iida, Yasuhiko Nakagawa, Hideaki Miyazawa, Makoto Yoshida, Yuzo Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: In the portal vein resection of long distance, an interposition by autologous vein is mandatory. External iliac vein (EIV) has been used, but harvesting the EIV is associated with severe venous congestion of the affected lower extremity. We have reconstructed the EIV using a ringed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) graft. METHODS: Thirteen patients underwent this surgery. The right EIV was used for reconstructing the portal vein, and the retrieved portion of EIV was interposed by the ePTFE graft...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377309/abdominal-girth-vertebral-column-length-and-spread-of-intrathecal-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-in-the-term-parturient
#19
Chang-Na Wei, Yin-Fa Zhang, Feng Xia, Li-Zhong Wang, Qing-He Zhou
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test whether abdominal girth and vertebral column length were predictors of spinal hyperbaric bupivacaine spread in term parturients. METHODS: A total of 128 parturients having elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia were enrolled. Combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia was performed at the L3/4 interspace, confirmed by ultrasonography. Two millilitres of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine was injected intrathecally and spinal spread assessed at three minute intervals...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367363/a-functional-approach-to-the-body-condition-assessment-of-lactating-donkeys-as-a-tool-for-welfare-evaluation
#20
Emanuela Valle, Federica Raspa, Marzia Giribaldi, Raffaella Barbero, Stefania Bergagna, Sara Antoniazzi, Amy K Mc Lean, Michela Minero, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: The breeding of lactating donkeys is increasing in Western Europe; with it the evaluation of body condition is growing in importance since it is considered a key principle for their welfare. However, assessment of body condition is a complex task, since several factors are involved. The aim of the present study is to investigate which animal-based indicators are the most reliable to describe the body condition of lactating donkeys. For this purpose, new animal-based indicators, which are easy to measure in field conditions (including body measurements, fatty neck score (FNS), dental score), are recorded and their relationship with BCS (a proxy measure for overall adiposity) was assessed...
2017: PeerJ
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