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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338034/clonal-growth-strategy-diversity-and-structure-a-spatiotemporal-response-to-sedimentation-in-tropical-cyperus-papyrus-swamps
#1
Addisie Geremew, Iris Stiers, Tim Sierens, Alemayehu Kefalew, Ludwig Triest
Land degradation and soil erosion in the upper catchments of tropical lakes fringed by papyrus vegetation can result in a sediment load gradient from land to lakeward. Understanding the dynamics of clonal modules (ramets and genets) and growth strategies of plants on such a gradient in both space and time is critical for exploring a species adaptation and processes regulating population structure and differentiation. We assessed the spatial and temporal dynamics in clonal growth, diversity, and structure of an emergent macrophyte, Cyperus papyrus (papyrus), in response to two contrasting sedimentation regimes by combining morphological traits and genotype data using 20 microsatellite markers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335249/hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-coprediction-and-time-trajectories
#2
Vasilis Tsimihodimos, Clicerio Gonzalez-Villalpando, James B Meigs, Ele Ferrannini
Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension overlap in the population. In many subjects, development of diabetes mellitus is characterized by a relatively rapid increase in plasma glucose values. Whether a similar phenomenon occurs during the development of hypertension is not known. We analyzed the pattern of blood pressure (BP) changes during the development of hypertension in patients with or without diabetes mellitus using data from the MCDS (Mexico City Diabetes Study; a population-based study of diabetes mellitus in Hispanic whites) and in the FOS (Framingham Offspring Study, a community-based study in non-Hispanic whites) during a 7-year follow-up...
January 15, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321353/identification-and-association-of-novel-lncrna-poumu1-gene-mutations-with-chicken-performance-traits
#3
Tuanhui Ren, Yanting Zhou, Yu Zhou, Weihua Tian, Zhenzhen Gu, Song Zhao, Yadi Chen, Ruili Han, Xiaojun Liu, Xiangtao Kang, Zhuanjian Li
The biological functions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which play an important role in regulating development and gene expression, may be affected by variations in lncRNA gene loci or associated genomic sequences. However, the functions of many lncRNAs remain unknown. To analyse correlations between mutations in pouMU1 with chicken growth and carcass traits, 860 chickens from a Gushi×Anka F2 resource population and 96 Lushi, Xichuan, Changshun and recessive white chickens were used to evaluate the genetic effect of the pouMU1 gene...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316810/differential-human-growth-restudied
#4
Etienne Geraert
BACKGROUND: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation. AIM: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288245/validation-of-a-three-dimensional-body-scanner-for-body-composition-measures
#5
Michelle M Harbin, Alexander Kasak, Joseph D Ostrem, Donald R Dengel
The accuracy of an infrared three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in determining body composition was compared against hydrostatic weighing (HW), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and anthropometry. A total of 265 adults (119 males; age = 22.1 ± 2.5 years; body mass index = 24.5 ± 3.9 kg/m2) had their body fat percent (BF%) estimated from 3D scanning, HW, BIA, skinfolds, and girths. A repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated significant differences among methods (p < 0...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284575/does-weight-reduction-affect-foot-structure-and-the-strength-of-the-muscles-that-move-the-ankle-in-obese-japanese-adults
#6
Xiaoguang Zhao, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Bokun Kim, Yasutomi Katayama, Kazuyuki Ogiso, Mutsumi Takenaka, Kiyoji Tanaka
Obesity is considered a major influential factor of foot structure and function. It has been reported to result in detrimental alterations of foot structure indicators and a decrease in muscle strength, which can lower the quality of life and increase the morbidity of obesity. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of weight reduction on foot structure and the strength of the muscles that move the ankle in obese adults. A total of 33 obese Japanese participants (mean body mass index 28...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275638/the-therapeutic-role-of-motor-imagery-during-the-acute-phase-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-pilot-study
#7
Marcel Moukarzel, Franck Di Rienzo, Jean-Claude Lahoud, Fadi Hoyek, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot, Nady Hoyek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure physical and functional outcomes during the acute postoperative recovery in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Motor imagery has been shown to decrease pain and promote functional recovery after both neurological and peripheral injuries. Yet, whether motor imagery can be included as an adjunct effective method into physical therapy programs following total knee arthroplasty remains a working hypothesis that we aim to test in a pilot study...
December 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275049/the-multiple-slit-technique-must-for-penile-length-and-girth-restoration
#8
Paulo H Egydio, Franklin E Kuehhas
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) and penile size issues, especially seen in Peyronie's disease (PD), are candidates for more invasive penile prosthesis insertion techniques that aim for penile length and girth reconstruction. AIM: To present the feasibility and safety of penile length and girth restoration based on the so-called multiple-slit technique (MUST) for patients with severe ED and significant penile shortening with or without PD...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235054/exploring-the-relationship-between-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-pancreatic-cancer-by-computed-tomographic-survey
#9
Chao-Feng Chang, Yu-Chen Tseng, Hsin-Hung Huang, Yu-Lueng Shih, Tsai-Yuan Hsieh, Hsuan-Hwai Lin
Pancreatic cancer is difficult to diagnose in an early stage, and has the highest mortality of all types of cancer. Obesity, high body mass index, and increased abdominal girth are established risk factors. Some studies have postulated that there is a correlation between organ steatosis and pancreatic cancer. This study aims to explore whether nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor and a prognostic factor for pancreatic cancer. The study enrolled 557 patients (143 with and 414 without pancreatic cancer) who were diagnosed between January 2009 and December 2013...
December 12, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233587/combined-capillary-venous-lymphatic-malformations-without-overgrowth-in-patients-with-klippel-tr%C3%A3-naunay-syndrome
#10
Elisa Brandigi, Giovanni Torino, Mario Messina, Francesco Molinaro, Oscar Mazzei, Tommaso Matucci, Juan Carlos López Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) is described in the literature as a complex syndrome characterized by various combinations of capillary, venous, and lymphatic malformations associated with limb overgrowth. In the first description by Maurice Klippel and Paul Trénaunay, tridimensional bone hypertrophy was believed to be the cause of limb enlargement. The purpose of this study was primarily to assess the presence of real bone hypertrophy as a cause of enlargement of the limb and to underline the rare presence of undergrowth of the affected limb in patients with KTS...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216922/lactic-fermented-egg-white-improves-visceral-fat-obesity-in-japanese-subjects-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Keiko Kamachi, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Akira Tanaka, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: It was reported that egg white protein (EWP) reduced body fat in rats. We developed a lactic-fermented egg white (LE) that facilitates the consumption of egg whites by fermenting them with lactobacillus, and were able to study their intake in humans. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled design, we evaluated the effect of LE on visceral fat area (VFA). METHODS: Participants included 37 adult males and females aged ≥40 years (VFA at navel ≥100 cm2)...
December 8, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187341/single-access-liver-floss-technique-with-antegrade-hepatic-vein-access-and-recanalization-in-budd-chiari-syndrome
#12
John J Weaver, Ethan M Dobrow, Evelyn K Hsu, Eric J Monroe
A 14-year-old boy presented with several months of increasing abdominal girth and fatigue. Imaging confirmed massive ascites and hepatic congestion secondary to central hepatic venous obstruction. Several large intrahepatic collateral veins were seen draining via caudate and emissary veins. After an unsuccessful attempt at retrograde recanalization utilizing intravascular ultrasound, the right hepatic vein was recanalized in an antegrade fashion by way of a prominent caudate collateral vein, and subsequently stented...
November 30, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184368/west-african-donkey-s-liveweight-estimation-using-body-measurements
#13
Pierre Claver Nininahazwe, Adama Sow, Rakiswende Constant Roamba, Miguiri Kalandi, Hachi Dirir Ahmed, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo, Germain Jérôme Sawadogo
Aim: The objective of this study was to determine a formula for estimating the liveweight in West African donkeys. Materials and Methods: Liveweight and a total of 6 body measurements were carried out on 1352 donkeys from Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Senegal. The correlations between liveweight and body measurements were determined, and the most correlated body measurements with liveweight were used to establish regression lines. Results: The average weight of a West African donkey was 126...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180797/outcomes-of-variation-in-technique-and-variation-in-accuracy-of-measurement-in-penile-length-measurement
#14
Mohamad Habous, Gordon Muir, Tarek Soliman, Mohammed Farag, Ben Williamson, Saleh Binsaleh, Waleed Elhadek, Saad Mahmoud, Hussein Ibrahim, Osama Abdelwahab, Ziad Abdelrahman, Mohamed Abdelkader, Lawrence C Jenkins, John P Mulhall
Accurate data regarding the size of the erect penis is of great importance to several disciplines working with male patients, but little data exists on the best technique to measure penile length. While some previous small studies have suggested good correlation between stretched penile length, others have shown significant variability. Penile girth has been less well studied, and little data exist on the possible errors induced by differing observers and different techniques. Much of the published data report penile length measured from the penopubic skin junction-to-glans tip (STT) rather than pubic bone-to-tip (BTT)...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178281/abdominal-girth-and-dorso-sacral-distance-can-be-used-to-estimate-lumbosacral-cerebral-fluid-volume
#15
Q H Zhou, C Shen, G Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients' abdominal girth and vertebral column length are highly correlated with the spread of local anaesthetics after spinal anaesthesia. Lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume is the primary determinant for spinal spread. Thus, we attempted to verify the hypothesis that abdominal girth and dorso-sacral distance are correlated with lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume. METHODS: Forty-five healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study to measure lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume using magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176987/radiocarbon-dating-of-an-olive-tree-cross-section-new-insights-on-growth-patterns-and-implications-for-age-estimation-of-olive-trees
#16
Yael Ehrlich, Lior Regev, Zohar Kerem, Elisabetta Boaretto
The age of living massive olive trees is often assumed to be between hundreds and even thousands of years. These estimations are usually based on the girth of the trunk and an extrapolation based on a theoretical annual growth rate. It is difficult to objectively verify these claims, as a monumental tree may not be cut down for analysis of its cross-section. In addition, the inner and oldest part of the trunk in olive trees usually rots, precluding the possibility of carting out radiocarbon analysis of material from the first years of life of the tree...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154707/objective-evaluation-of-the-systemic-effects-of-topical-application-of-1-atropine-sulfate-ophthalmic-solution-in-healthy-horses
#17
Rita F Wehrman, Anne J Gemensky-Metzler, Ashley E Zibura, Amelia B Nyhart, Heather L Chandler
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety of topical administration of 1% atropine ophthalmic solution in healthy horses by objectively measuring gastrointestinal transit time. DESIGN Randomized, masked, controlled crossover study. ANIMALS 6 adult geldings. PROCEDURES Horses were randomly assigned (3/group) to first receive topical treatment of the left eye with 1% atropine or artificial tears solution; the right eye was left untreated. After 24 hours of treatment every 6 hours, 200 nontoxic beads were administered to each horse via nasogastric intubation and treatment frequency was decreased to every 12 hours for 4 more days...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135658/muscle-strength-influences-pressor-responses-to-static-handgrip-in-men-and-women
#18
Karambir Notay, Jordan B Lee, Anthony V Incognito, Jeremy D Seed, Adam A Arthurs, Philip J Millar
PURPOSE: Whether differences in absolute muscle strength impact blood pressure (BP) responses to relative intensity static exercise remains controversial but could contribute to known sex-based differences and influence the interpretation of cross-sectional data. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two healthy participants (66 men and 66 women, age: 22±3yrs) underwent continuous seated measurements of BP (Finometer) and heart rate (electrocardiography) during baseline rest and two minutes of static handgrip (30% maximal voluntary contraction [MVC])...
November 10, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111889/the-combined-effects-of-exercise-diet-and-a-multi-ingredient-dietary-supplement-on-body-composition-and-adipokine-changes-in-overweight-adults
#19
Shawn M Arent, Alan J Walker, Joseph K Pellegrino, David J Sanders, Bridget A McFadden, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Hector L Lopez
BACKGROUND: Very few weight and fat loss supplements undergo finished-product research to examine efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week diet and exercise program on body composition, hip and waist girth, and adipokines and evaluate whether a dietary supplement containing raspberry ketone, capsaicin, caffeine, garlic, and Citrus aurantium enhanced outcomes. METHODS: Overweight men and women completed this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110808/how-big-is-too-big-the-girth-of-bestselling-insertive-sex-toys-to-guide-maximal-neophallus-dimensions
#20
Dylan Isaacson, Roxana Aghili, Non Wongwittavas, Maurice Garcia
BACKGROUND: In our practice we have encountered 4 female-to-male transgender patients seeking neophallus revision surgery for girth precluding penetrative vaginal or anal intercourse. Despite this, there is little evidence available to guide transitioning patients in neophallus sizing. In this work we examined the dimensions of bestselling realistic dildos, presuming that the most popular dimensions would reflect population preferences for penetrative toys and phalluses. AIM: To determine a maximal upper limit for girth compatible with penetrative intercourse based on measurements of bestselling realistic dildos and published erect penile dimensions...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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