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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#1
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741580/nonsurgical-medical-penile-girth-augmentation-a-retrospective-study-of-psychological-and-psychosexual-outcomes
#2
Gemma Sharp, Jayson Oates
Background: Although interest in penile augmentation procedures is increasing, there is a significant lack of research into the psychological and psychosexual outcomes of these procedures. Objectives: To investigate the psychological and psychosexual outcomes of nonsurgical medical penile girth augmentation. Methods: This retrospective study involved a mixed method approach. Twenty-five men who had undergone a nonsurgical medical penile girth augmentation between 1 and 12 months prior (mean, 6...
May 8, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737806/anthropometry-to-assess-body-fat-in-indonesian-adults
#3
Janatin Hastuti, Masaharu Kagawa, Nuala M Byrne, Andrew P Hills
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anthropometric equations are widely used to estimate body composition however, are only appropriate for use in populations in which they have been developed and validated. The present study developed anthropometric prediction equations for Indonesian adults and cross-validated them with selected equations used in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred Indonesian adults aged between 18- 65 years (292 males and 308 females) were divided equally into development and validation groups...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725076/the-effects-of-testosterone-replacement-on-penile-structure-and-erectile-function-after-long-term-castration-in-adult-male-rats
#4
Jung Sik Huh, Byung Ha Chung, Chang Hee Hong, Ji Kan Ryu, Jang Hwan Kim, Woong Kyu Han, Kyung Kgi Park
Short periods of testosterone suppression have been shown to reduce trabecular smooth muscle content and increase interstitial connective tissue accumulation in animal models. However, the long-term effects of testosterone suppression remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of testosterone suppression on penile structure and erectile function in rats. Subjects were divided into two groups by observation period (short-period group (group I), 12 weeks; long-period group (group II), 20 weeks)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705683/lower-extremity-geometry-in-morbid-obesity-considerations-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Jacob M Elkins, Kevin J Simoens, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with varying adverse outcomes related to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and has long been associated with various mechanical complications. Computational modeling holds promise for investigating biomechanical aberrations related to TKA in obese patients. However, basic anthropometric information regarding the shape of the lower extremity in obese patients is lacking. We, therefore, developed a method to determine lower extremity shape both generally and subject specific as a function of body mass index (BMI) and sex...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687690/anthropometric-characteristics-of-top-class-olympic-race-walkers
#6
Josu Gomez-Ezeiza, Nicholas Tam, Jon Torres-Unda, Cristina Granados, Jordan Santos-Concejero
BACKGROUND: Typical training programmes in elite race walkers involve high training volumes at low and moderate intensities, which have been reported to induce functional and structural adaptations at an anthropometric level. Since anthropometrical variables are closely related to movement efficiency and performance in endurance events, the aim of this study was to describe the anthropometric profile of world-class race walkers. METHODS: Twenty-nine world-class race walkers (21 men & 8 women) participated in this study...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687687/body-composition-and-somatotypes-of-male-zimbabwean-premier-league-football-referees
#7
Morris Banda, Heinrich W Grobbelaar, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes need to optimise their body composition to deliver world class performances and this argument could be extended to elite referees as well. Unfortunately, there is a scarcity of body composition information among football referees. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine and compare the body composition and somatotypes of male football referees and assistant referees who officiated in the 2013 Zimbabwe Premier Football League. METHODS: Forty-one participants (21 referees, 20 assistant referees; 8 FIFA, 33 ZIFA licenced referees) with a mean age of 34...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667364/heritability-of-body-size-in-the-polar-bears-of-western-hudson-bay
#8
René M Malenfant, Corey S Davis, Evan S Richardson, Nicholas J Lunn, David W Coltman
Among polar bears (Ursus maritimus), fitness is dependent on body size through males' abilities to win mates, females' abilities to provide for their young, and all bears' abilities to survive increasingly longer fasting periods caused by climate change. In the Western Hudson Bay subpopulation (near Churchill, Manitoba, Canada), polar bears have declined in body size and condition, but nothing is known about the genetic underpinnings of body size variation, which may be subject to natural selection. Here, we combine a 4449-individual pedigree and an array of 5433 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to provide the first quantitative genetics study of polar bears...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657936/cellular-therapy-for-chronic-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#9
Alok Sharma, Hemangi Sane, Nandini Gokulchandran, Prerna Badhe, Suhasini Pai, Pooja Kulkarni, Jayanti Yadav, Sanket Inamdar
Cellular therapy is being actively pursued as a therapeutic modality in many of the neurological diseases. A variety of stem cells from diverse sources have been studied in detail and have been shown to exhibit angiogenetic and immunomodulatory properties in addition to other neuroprotective effects. Published clinical data have shown bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMNC) injection in neurological disorders is safe and possesses regenerative potential. We illustrate a case of 27-year-old male with traumatic brachial plexus injury, administered with autologous BMMNCs intrathecally and intramuscularly, followed by multidisciplinary rehabilitation...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657807/trophic-specialization-drives-morphological-evolution-in-sea-snakes
#10
Emma Sherratt, Arne R Rasmussen, Kate L Sanders
Viviparous sea snakes are the most rapidly speciating reptiles known, yet the ecological factors underlying this radiation are poorly understood. Here, we reconstructed dated trees for 75% of sea snake species and quantified body shape (forebody relative to hindbody girth), maximum body length and trophic diversity to examine how dietary specialization has influenced morphological diversification in this rapid radiation. We show that sea snake body shape and size are strongly correlated with the proportion of burrowing prey in the diet...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657401/end-threaded-intramedullary-positive-profile-screw-ended-self-tapping-pin-admit-pin-a-cost-effective-novel-implant-for-fixing-canine-long-bone-fractures
#11
Mitin Chanana, Adarsh Kumar, Som Prakash Tyagi, Amit Kumar Singla, Arvind Sharma, Uiase Bin Farooq
Aim: The current study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical efficacy of end-threaded intramedullary pinning for management of various long bone fractures in canines. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in two phases, managing 25 client-owned dogs presented with different fractures. The technique of application of end-threaded intramedullary pinning in long bone fractures was initially standardized in 6 clinical patients presented with long bone fractures...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628523/impact-of-environmental-diversity-of-hunting-complexes-in-the-lublin-region-on-ontogenetic-quality-indicators-in-roe-deer-capreolus-capreolus
#12
Piotr Czyżowski, Leszek Drozd, Mirosław Karpiński, Katarzyna Tajchman, Małgorzata Goleman, Justyna Wojtaś, Damian Zieliński
Populations of game are not confined to single ecosystems but function within higher-order units, e.g. ecological landscape. The basis for the establishment of the hunting complexes was the assumption that the existing game hunting grounds, i.e. the basic units implementing game management, are too small and do not cover the natural areas inhabited by game populations. Roe deer are flexible species and easily adapt to various site conditions, so they inhabit many different habitats, from large forest complexes, through small in-field tree stands and shrubs, to treeless grounds and field monocultures...
2018: Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623750/considerations-in-the-diagnosis-and-accelerated-return-to-sport-of-a-professional-basketball-player-with-a-triceps-surae-injury-a-case-report
#13
Philip A Anloague, Donald S Strack
Study Design Case report. Background Acute injuries of the triceps surae and Achilles tendon are common in sports. Rupture of the plantaris tendon can be challenging to diagnose. There is limited evidence detailing the diagnosis, rehabilitation, and accelerated return to sport of elite professional basketball players who have suffered calf injuries. Case Description A 25-year-old male professional basketball player sustained injury to his calf during a professional basketball game. This case report details the presumptive diagnosis, graduated progression of intervention, and return to play of a professional sports person with a likely isolated plantaris tendon tear...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615832/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-diabetic-retinopathy-among-an-elderly-population-with-diabetes-in-nepal-the-bhaktapur-retina-study
#14
Raba Thapa, Shankha N Twyana, Govinda Paudyal, Shankar Khanal, Ruth van Nispen, Stevie Tan, Suman S Thapa, Ghmb van Rens
Aim: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an emerging cause of blindness in developing countries. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and risk factors of DR in an elderly population in Nepal. Subjects and methods: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study. A total of 1860 subjects at the age 60 years and above participated (response rate 88.6%). A detailed history was obtained, presenting and best-corrected visual acuity were measured, and anterior segment and posterior segment examinations were carried out...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614090/intra-abdominal-pressure-vertebral-column-length-and-spread-of-spinal-anesthesia-in-parturients-undergoing-cesarean-section-an-observational-study
#15
Ting-Ting Ni, Ying Zhou, An-Cui Yong, Lu Wang, Qing-He Zhou
BACKGROUND: In parturients with increased physiologically intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and a short stature, a greater cephalad spread of spinal anesthesia is often observed after a fixed amount of plain bupivacaine is administered. Therefore, we designed this prospective study to test whether IAP and vertebral column length (VCL) were predictors of spinal spread in parturients undergoing a cesarean section. METHODS: A total of 113 parturients, all undergoing elective cesarean sections with single-shot spinal anesthesia, were enrolled...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599558/short-and-long-term-outcomes-after-shoulder-excision-arthroplasty-in-7-small-breed-dogs
#16
Xavier Montasell, Jacques Dupuis, Louis Huneault, Guillaume R Ragetly
This study reports short- and long-term clinical outcomes following excision arthroplasty in 7 small breed dogs with shoulder pathology. Lameness and pain were scored before surgery, and reassessed at short- and long-term follow-ups with measurements of range of motion (ROM), scapulo-humeral angles of extension (EA) and flexion (FA), and muscle girth (MG) of the operated and contralateral limbs. All dogs improved clinically for lameness and pain. Range of motion, EA, and FA of the operated limb were not significantly different compared with the contralateral limb at short-term follow-up, but ROM and EA were significantly decreased at long-term examination...
March 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557889/feasibility-and-effect-of-cervical-resistance-training-on-head-kinematics-in-youth-athletes-a-pilot-study
#17
James T Eckner, Alireza Goshtasbi, Kayla Curtis, Aliaksandra Kapshai, Erik Myyra, Lea M Franco, Michael Favre, Jon A Jacobson, James A Ashton-Miller
Greater neck girth and strength may be associated with a lower risk of sport-related concussion due to mitigation of head accelerations by the neck. However, neck strengthening exercise remains unstudied in youth athletes. Therefore, this pilot study assessed the feasibility and effect of targeted neck strengthening exercises in youth athletes. Seventeen participants were allocated to perform 8-wk manual resistance-based neck strengthening (n = 13) or control resistance exercise (n = 4) programs. Before and after the intervention, participants completed laboratory-based assessments of neck size, strength, and head kinematics during standardized test loading in each plane of motion...
April 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550413/sex-differences-in-common-sports-injuries
#18
REVIEW
Cindy Lin, Ellen Casey, Daniel Herman, Nicole Katz, Adam Tenforde
Common sports injuries include bone stress injuries (BSIs), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, and concussions. Less commonly recognized are the specific sex differences in epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of these conditions by sex. An understanding of these factors can improve their clinical management, from prescribing appropriate prehabilitation to guiding postinjury rehabilitation and return to play. This narrative review summarizes the sex differences in the diagnosis and management of BSIs, ACL injuries, and concussions...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546801/100-m-breaststroke-swimming-performance-in-youth-swimmers-the-predictive-value-of-anthropometrics
#19
Senda Sammoud, Alan Michael Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene, Younés Hachana
This study aimed to estimate the optimal body size, limb segment length, and girth or breadth ratios of 100-m breaststroke performance in youth swimmers. In total, 59 swimmers [male: n = 39, age = 11.5 (1.3) y; female: n = 20, age = 12.0 (1.0) y] participated in this study. To identify size/shape characteristics associated with 100-m breaststroke swimming performance, we computed a multiplicative allometric log-linear regression model, which was refined using backward elimination. Results showed that the 100-m breaststroke performance revealed a significant negative association with fat mass and a significant positive association with the segment length ratio (arm ratio = hand length/forearm length) and limb girth ratio (girth ratio = forearm girth/wrist girth)...
March 16, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546550/phenotypic-characterization-of-beef-cattle-breeds-and-production-practices-in-liberia
#20
Arthur Bob Karnuah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T Wiles, Edmond Greaves, Roland Varkpeh, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Paul Boettcher
Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources (AnGR) involves identification of distinct breed populations, describing their external and production characteristics in a given environment and management, and taking into account the social and economic factors that affect them. A survey involving 346 livestock farmers was conducted in the 15 counties of Liberia to collect data on production practices and phenotypic characteristics of beef cattle. A pre-tested structured questionnaire, focus group discussions, and in-depth interviews were utilized in data collection...
March 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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