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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622087/body-physique-and-proportionality-of-brazilian-female-artistic-gymnasts
#1
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
This study aimed to identify physique characteristics (anthropometry, somatotype, body proportionality) of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts, and to compare them across competitive levels (sub-elite versus non-elite) within competitive age-categories. Two hundred forty-nine female gymnasts (68 sub-elite; 181 non-elite) from 26 Brazilian gymnastics clubs, aged 9-20 years and split into four age-categories, were sampled. Gymnasts were assessed for 16 anthropometric traits (height, weight, lengths, widths, girths, and skinfolds); somatotype was determined according to Heath-Carter method, body fat was estimated by bioimpedance, and proportionality was computed based on the z-phantom strategy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611533/functional-budd-chiari-syndrome-associated-with-severe-polycystic-liver-disease
#2
Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Bruno Eduardo Pedroso Balbo, Elieser Hitoshi Watanabe, Vinicius Rocha-Santos, Wellington Andraus, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque, Luiz Fernando Onuchic
A 50-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease secondary to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was referred to a quaternary care center due to significantly increased abdominal girth. Her physical examination revealed tense ascites and abdominal collateral veins. A 10-L paracentesis improved abdominal discomfort and disclosed a transudate, suggestive of portal hypertension. A computed tomographic scan revealed massive hepatomegaly caused by multiple cysts of variable sizes, distributed throughout all hepatic segments...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609015/wuschel-related-homeobox4-wox4-like-genes-regulate-cambial-cell-division-activity-and-secondary-growth-in-populus-trees
#3
Melis Kucukoglu, Jeanette Nilsson, Bo Zheng, Salma Chaabouni, Ove Nilsson
Plant secondary growth derives from the meristematic activity of the vascular cambium. In Arabidopsis thaliana, cell divisions in the cambium are regulated by the transcription factor WOX4, a key target of the CLAVATA3 (CLV3)/EMBRYO SURROUNDING REGION (ESR)-RELATED 41 (CLE41) signaling pathway. However, function of the WOX4-like genes in plants that are dependent on a much more prolific secondary growth, such as trees, remains unclear. Here, we investigate the role of WOX4 and CLE41 homologs for stem secondary growth in Populus trees...
June 13, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603716/optimizing-nutrition-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-infants-consensus-summary
#4
REVIEW
R Kishore Kumar, Atul Singhal, Umesh Vaidya, Saswata Banerjee, Fahmina Anwar, Shashidhar Rao
Preterm birth survivors are at a higher risk of growth and developmental disabilities compared to their term counterparts. Development of strategies to lower the complications of preterm birth forms the rising need of the hour. Appropriate nutrition is essential for the growth and development of preterm infants. Early administration of optimal nutrition to preterm birth survivors lowers the risk of adverse health outcomes and improves cognition in adulthood. A group of neonatologists, pediatricians, and nutrition experts convened to discuss and frame evidence-based recommendations for optimizing nutrition in preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560838/optimal-climate-for-large-trees-at-high-elevations-drives-patterns-of-biomass-in-remote-forests-of-papua-new-guinea
#5
Michelle Venter, John Dwyer, Wouter Dieleman, Anurag Ramachandra, David Gillieson, Susan Laurance, Lucas A Cernusak, Bruce Beehler, Rigel Jensen, Michael I Bird
Our ability to model global carbon fluxes depends on understanding how terrestrial carbon stocks respond to varying environmental conditions. Tropical forests contain the bulk of the biosphere's carbon. However, there is a lack of consensus as to how gradients in environmental conditions affect tropical forest carbon. Papua New Guinea (PNG) lies within one of the largest areas of contiguous tropical forest and is characterized by environmental gradients driven by altitude; yet, the region has been grossly understudied...
May 31, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549903/effect-of-a-patellar-strap-on-the-joint-position-sense-of-the-symptomatic-knee-in-athletes-with-patellar-tendinopathy
#6
Astrid J de Vries, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Svenja L Haak, Ron L Diercks, Henk van der Worp, Johannes Zwerver
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a patellar strap on the proprioception of the symptomatic leg in PT. Secondary aims were to investigate a possible difference in effectiveness between athletes with high and low proprioceptive acuity, and whether predictors of effectiveness could be found. DESIGN: Randomised cross-over pilot study. METHODS: 24 athletes with PT (age 27.3±9.0, VISA-P 50.6±11.2) performed a joint position sense test with and without a patellar strap...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545825/the-effect-of-anesthetic-drug-choice-on-accuracy-of-high-definition-oscillometry-in-laterally-recumbent-horses
#7
Tanya Duke-Novakovski, Barbara Ambros, Cindy Feng, Anthony P Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of high-definition oscillometry (HDO) for arterial pressure measurement during injectable or inhalation anesthesia in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four horses anesthetized for procedures requiring lateral recumbency. METHODS: Horses were premedicated with xylazine, and anesthesia induced with diazepam-ketamine. Anesthesia was maintained with xylazine-ketamine-guaifenesin combination [TripleDrip (TD; n = 12) or isoflurane (ISO; n = 12)]...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515885/evaluating-morphometric-and-metabolic-markers-of-body-condition-in-a-small-cetacean-the-harbor-porpoise-phocoena-phocoena
#8
Joanna L Kershaw, Meredith Sherrill, Nicholas J Davison, Andrew Brownlow, Ailsa J Hall
Mammalian body condition is an important individual fitness metric as it affects both survival and reproductive success. The ability to accurately measure condition has key implications for predicting individual and population health, and therefore monitoring the population-level effects of changing environments. No consensus currently exists on the best measure to quantitatively estimate body condition in many species, including cetaceans. Here, two measures of body condition were investigated in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498879/nonsurgical-medical-penile-girth-augmentation-experience-based-recommendations
#9
Jayson Oates, Gemma Sharp
Penile augmentation is increasingly sought by men who are dissatisfied with the size and/or appearance of their penis. However, augmentation procedures are still considered to be highly controversial with no standardized recommendations reported in the medical literature and limited outcome data. Nevertheless, these procedures continue to be performed in increasing numbers in private settings. Therefore, there is a need for safe, effective, and minimally invasive procedures to be developed, evaluated, and reported in the research literature...
May 11, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497849/differential-investment-in-body-girths-by-sex-evidence-from-3d-photonic-scanning-in-a-thai-cohort
#10
Meghan K Shirley, Tim J Cole, Supiya Charoensiriwath, Philip Treleaven, Jonathan C K Wells
OBJECTIVES: Life history trade-offs may manifest between competing organs and tissues in the body. Sexual dimorphism in tissue investment is well-established in humans, with sex-associated body shape differences linked to natural and sexual selection. This study uses three-dimensional (3D) photonic scanning to test whether males and females differentially invest energy in various body regions in relation to two independent proxies of growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Body shape data (multiple girths) came from a Thai cohort (n = 11,610; 53% female; age range 21-88 years)...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488837/allometric-associations-between-body-size-shape-and-100-m-butterfly-speed-performance
#11
Senda Sammoud, Alan M Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene, Younés Hachana
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the optimal body size, limb--segment length, and girth or breadth ratios associated with 100--m butterfly speed performance in swimmers. METHODS: One--hundred--sixty-seven swimmers as subjects (male: n=103; female: n=64). Anthropometric measurements comprised height, body--mass, skinfolds, arm-span, upper--limb--length, upper--arm, forearm, hand--lengths, lower--limb--length, thigh--length, leg--length, foot--length, arm--relaxed--girth, forearm--girth, wrist--girth, thigh--girth, calf--girth, ankle--girth, biacromial and biiliocristal--breadths...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478794/inferring-causal-structures-and-comparing-the-causal-effects-among-calving-difficulty-gestation-length-and-calf-size-in-japanese-black-cattle
#12
K Inoue, M Hosono, Y Tanimoto
The objectives of this study were to infer phenotypic causal networks involving gestation length (GL) and calving difficulty (CD) for the primiparity of 1850 Japanese Black heifers, and the birth weight (BWT), withers height (WH) and chest girth (CHG) of their full blood calves, and to compare the causal effects among them. The inductive causation (IC) algorithm was employed to search for causal links among these traits; it was applied to the posterior distribution of the residual (co)variance matrix of a multiple-trait sire-maternal grand sire (MGS) model...
May 8, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466582/in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-postprandial-abdominal-distention-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-intestinal-tone
#13
M Di Stefano, M Bergonzi, E Miceli, C Klersy, E Pagani, G R Corazza
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of abdominal distention in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is still a matter of debate, but the relationship between modifications of intestinal tone and abdominal volume has never been analyzed. METHODS: Eighty-four patients affected by IBS and reporting moderate to severe abdominal distention were enrolled. Thirty-nine presented abdominal distention immediately after and forty-five presented abdominal distention independently of meal intake...
May 3, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462576/world-and-olympic-mountain-bike-champions-anthropometry-body-composition-and-somatotype
#14
Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz, José J Muros, Mikel Zabala
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the anthropometric profile of male Olympic cross country (XCO) mountain bikers. METHODS: Fifty one XCO bikers participated in this study, divided into an elite group who competed in top level international competitions, and a non-elite group who competed at a national level. The elite group was further classified according to whether they had been world or Olympic champion mountain bikers (WOC) or not (NWOC). The anthropometric profiles included the measurements of height, weight, arm span, skinfolds, girths, and breadths...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462570/anthropometric-and-performance-characteristics-of-the-german-rugby-union-7s-team
#15
Erich Hohenauer, Alfred M Rucker, Peter Clarys, Ursula M Küng, Rahel Stoop, Ron Clijsen
BACKGROUND: Somatotyping is advantageous in sports for the optimal development of performance level and injury prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of the German national rugby union 7s team. Seventeen male rugby players, classified as forwards (n=9; 24.2±2.1 years) and backs (n=8; 24.3±5.05 years) were assessed. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements included: body height, weight, height to weight ratio (H/W), five skinfolds, biepicondylar humerus and femur breadth, upper arm- and calf girth, estimated lower body fat percentage and determination of the individual and mean somatotype...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426785/genome-wide-association-studies-identified-multiple-genetic-loci-for-body-size-at-four-growth-stages-in-chinese-holstein-cattle
#16
Xu Zhang, Qin Chu, Gang Guo, Ganghui Dong, Xizhi Li, Qin Zhang, Shengli Zhang, Zhiwu Zhang, Yachun Wang
The growth and maturity of cattle body size affect not only feed efficiency, but also productivity and longevity. Dissecting the genetic architecture of body size is critical for cattle breeding to improve both efficiency and productivity. The volume and weight of body size are indicated by several measurements. Among them, Heart Girth (HG) and Hip Height (HH) are the most important traits. They are widely used as predictors of body weight (BW). Few association studies have been conducted for HG and HH in cattle focusing on single growth stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424498/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-newly-developed-polylactic-acid-microsphere-as-an-injectable-bulking-agent-for-penile-augmentation-18-months-follow-up
#17
D Y Yang, K Ko, S H Lee, D G Moon, J W Kim, W K Lee
Polylactic acid (PLA) fillers are widely used for cosmetic volume augmentation. But, no study has evaluated the use of PLA filler in penile augmentation (PA No. 4). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a newly developed PLA filler for PA during a 18-month follow-up period. A total of 23 healthy adult men were prospectively enrolled between June and November 2012. Penile girth was measured at proximal-, mid- and distal-shaft at baseline, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months following injection. Subjects' satisfaction was assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421372/vascular-development-of-the-grapevine-vitis-vinifera-l-inflorescence-rachis-in-response-to-flower-number-plant-growth-regulators-and-defoliation
#18
Aude M Gourieroux, Bruno P Holzapfel, Margaret E McCully, Geoffrey R Scollary, Suzy Y Rogiers
The grapevine inflorescence is a determinate panicle and as buds emerge, shoot, flower and rachis development occur simultaneously. The growth and architecture of the rachis is determined by genetic and environmental factors but here we examined the role of flower and leaf number as well as hormones on its elongation and vascular development. The consequences of rachis morphology and vascular area on berry size and composition were also assessed. One week prior to anthesis, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon field vines were exposed to manual flower removal, exogenous plant growth regulators or pre-bloom leaf removal...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412332/congenital-aphallia-novel-use-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-during-scrotal-flap-phalloplasty
#19
Rajeev Chaudhry, Katherine M Theisen, Pankaj P Dangle, Francis X Schneck
Phallic reconstruction is an important part of management for congenital aphallia. Scrotal flap phalloplasty has been described in pediatric patients to create the appearance of a nonfunctioning phallus. We describe a modified scrotal flap technique with the addition of an acellular dermal matrix patch (AlloDerm) to provide additional girth and support to the phallus. The postoperative cosmetic outcome has been satisfactory and there is no documented complication over a 12-month follow-up. AlloDerm dermal matrix can be a safe addition to phallic reconstruction and its overall application needs to be further studied...
April 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409397/the-effect-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-populations
#20
Nicholas G Allen, Samuel M Higham, Amy E Mendham, Tegan E Kastelein, Penelope S Larsen, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT; 30 s sprint, 4-5 min passive recovery) and prolonged intermittent sprint training (PIST; 10 s sprint, 2-3 min moderate exercise) on the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aerobic capacity, and anthropometry in a middle-aged, sedentary population. METHODS: Fifty-five sedentary adults (age 49.2 ± 6.1 years) were randomised into HIIT (n = 20), PIST (n = 21), or a sedentary control group (CTRL n = 14)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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