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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920017/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-presenting-beyond-7-days
#1
Nilesh Nagdeve, Mohini Sukhdeve, Tushar Thakre, Suresh Morey
AIM: To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. STUDY SETTING: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898657/radial-plant-growth
#2
Nina Tonn, Thomas Greb
One of the extraordinary features of plants is their growth capacity. Depending on the species and the environment, body forms are manifold and, at the same time, constantly reshaped. An important basis of this plastic variation and life-long accumulation of biomass is radial growth. Here, we use this term to describe the ability to grow in girth by the formation of wood, bast and cork. The more technical term for radial growth is secondary growth, which distinguishes the process from primary growth taking place at the tips of stems and roots during plant elongation...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888607/effect-of-increasing-amounts-of-milk-replacer-powder-added-to-whole-milk-on-postweaning-performance-reproduction-glucose-metabolism-and-mammary-fat-pad-in-dairy-heifers
#3
C F A Lage, R A Azevedo, F S Machado, M M Campos, L G R Pereira, T R Tomich, B C Carvalho, B R C Alves, G B Santos, F Z Brandão, S G Coelho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing the total solids (TS) content of liquid feed, by adding increasing amounts of milk replacer powder to whole milk, on age at puberty and postweaning performance, glucose metabolism, and mammary fat pad of dairy heifers. Crossbreed Holstein × Gyr heifers (n = 58) were distributed into 4 different treatments during the preweaning period. Treatments consisted of liquid feeds with TS content of 12.5 (actual TS = 13.5 ± 0.53%; n = 15), 15.0 (actual TS = 16...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865424/prevalence-pattern-and-risk-factors-of-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-an-elderly-population-in-nepal-the-bhaktapur-retina-study
#4
Raba Thapa, Sanyam Bajimaya, Govinda Paudyal, Shankar Khanal, Stevie Tan, Suman S Thapa, Ger van Rens
BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the prevalence, pattern and risk factors of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in an elderly population of Nepal. METHOD: One thousand eight hundred sixty subjects of age 60 years and above were enrolled in a population-based, cross-sectional study. Detailed history, visual acuity, anterior segment and posterior segment examinations were done. Blood pressure, non-fasting blood sugar, body mass index and abdominal girth were measured...
September 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858081/urachal-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-with-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-a-case-report
#5
Lei Liang, Nan Zhou, Hongbin Xu, Damiao Liu, Yiyan Lu, Fang Li, Jun Guo
RATIONALE: Pseudomyxoma peritonei is an unusual clinical condition, and the appendix and ovaries are reported as the primary sites. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old man who was reported a 3-month history of lower abdominal pain and distention, along with increased abdominal girth, was admitted with a palpable tender mass in the central lower abdomen. DIAGNOSIS: Ultrasonography showed a large well-circumscribed cystic-solid mass with lobulated margin, extending from the anterosuperior dome of the urinary bladder to the anterior abdominal wall...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852338/evaluating-different-clinical-diagnosis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-in-providers-with-different-training-backgrounds
#6
Alexander Cm Chong, Chelsea Whitetree, Michael C Priddy, Parker R Zimmerman, Paul R Haeder, Daniel J Prohaska
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that provider training and the tests performed play a role in the accuracy of diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The specific aim of the current study is to determine the examiner proficiency and accuracy in performing the different proactive tests of ACL rupture before and after the induction of anesthesia prior to a definitive surgical procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series was performed from January of 2015 through July of 2015...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840047/complete-laparoscopic-extirpation-of-a-giant-ovarian-cyst-in-an-adolescent
#7
Saeed Baradwan, Feras Sendy, Sameer Sendy
The giant ovarian serous cystadenoma is a rare finding and often benign. The use of the laparoscopic approach versus open approach for the management of huge ovarian cysts is controversial. We report a case of a 27-year-old woman with a history of increasing abdominal girth over a period of two years along with radiological investigations revealed a large tumor arising from the right ovary treated by complete laparoscopic extirpation of a giant ovarian cyst. The complete laparoscopic approach for huge cyst is a feasible treatment when having a normal tumor marker profile and benign imaging appearance...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835316/plane-of-nutrition-during-the-rearing-phase-for-replacement-ewes-of-four-genotypes-i-effects-on-growth-and-development-and-on-ovulation-rate-at-first-joining
#8
T W J Keady, J P Hanrahan
Plane of nutrition (PN) offered to ewe replacements during the rearing phase (8 to 17 months) affects BW at joining and may affect reproductive performance when joined at ~19 months. The effects of PN offered to ewe replacements during their first winter (winter_1) and second summer (summer_2) were evaluated over 3 consecutive years, using 287 spring-born ewe lambs, representing four genotypes (Belclare (Bel), Charmoise×Scottish Blackface (C×SBF), Bel×SBF (Bel×SBF), Bel×SBF that were heterozygous either FecGH or FecXG mutations that increase ovulation rate (OR) (BelMG×SBF))...
August 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834913/abdominal-girth-and-vertebral-column-length-aid-in-predicting-intrathecal-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-dose-for-elective-cesarean-section
#9
Chang-Na Wei, Qing-He Zhou, Li-Zhong Wang
Currently, there is no consensus on how to determine the optimal dose of intrathecal bupivacaine for an individual undergoing an elective cesarean section. In this study, we developed a regression equation between intrathecal 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine volume and abdominal girth and vertebral column length, to determine a suitable block level (T5) for elective cesarean section patients.In phase I, we analyzed 374 parturients undergoing an elective cesarean section that received a suitable dose of intrathecal 0...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830402/tourniquet-use-in-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
Liang-Tseng Kuo, Pei-An Yu, Chi-Lung Chen, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Ching-Chi Chi
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of tourniquet use in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared surgical outcomes following tourniquet use against non-tourniquet use during ACL reconstruction surgery. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE for relevant RCTs. We used the Cochrane Collaboration's tool to assess the risk of bias of included RCTs, and performed a random-effects meta-analysis in calculating the pooled risk estimates...
August 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828080/morphological-physiological-and-skating-performance-profiles-of-male-age-group-elite-ice-hockey-players
#11
Maxime Allisse, Pierre Sercia, Alain-Steve Comtois, Mario Leone
The purpose of this study was to describe the evolution of morphological, physiological and skating performance profiles of elite age-group ice hockey players based on repeated measures spread over one season. In addition, the results of fitness tests and training programs performed in off-ice conditions and their relationship with skating performance were analyzed. Eighteen high level age-group ice hockey players (13.1 ± 0.6 years) were assessed off and on-ice at the beginning and at the end of the hockey season...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822548/short-communication-verifying-holstein-heifer-heart-girth-to-body-weight-prediction-equations
#12
A J Heinrichs, B S Heinrichs, C M Jones, P S Erickson, K F Kalscheur, T D Nennich, B J Heins, F C Cardoso
The estimation of Holstein heifer body weight (BW) from heart girth measurements is needed, as many farms do not have animal scales to make the management decisions that require BW. The correlation between heart girth and BW is known to vary with differing animal conformation. The previous equation to correlate the 2 measures for Holstein dairy heifers was done 25 yr ago. Data were derived from 6 US experiment stations that are part of Regional Research Project NC-2042: Management Systems to Improve the Economic and Environmental Sustainability of Dairy Enterprises...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822544/performance-strategies-affect-mammary-gland-development-in-prepubertal-heifers
#13
R L Albino, A L Sguizzato, K M Daniels, M S Duarte, M M Lopes, S E F Guimarães, M M D C A Weller, M I Marcondes
In Brazil, the majority of dairy cattle are Holstein × Gyr (H×G). It is unknown whether excessive energy intake negatively affects their mammary development to the same extent as in purebred Holsteins. We hypothesized that mammary development of H×G heifers can be affected by dietary energy supply. We evaluated the effect of different average daily gains (ADG) achieved by feeding different amounts of a standard diet during the growing period on biometric measurements, development of mammary parenchyma (PAR) and mammary fat pad (MFP), and blood hormones...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812471/effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-parenteral-testosterone-undecanoate-a-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#14
Jan Wolf, Dieter Keipert, Heiko Motazedi, Michael Ernst, Joanne Nettleship, Louis Gooren
This observational post-marketing study of parenteral testosterone undecanoate (TU) in a non-selected population aimed to: examine the effectiveness of TU as treatment of hypogonadism; record adverse drug reactions (ADR) quantitatively particularly regarding polycythemia, prostate safety and cardiovascular-related metabolic risk factors; and verify whether recommended injection intervals apply to routine clinical practice. Eight hundred and seventy subjects from 259 outpatient units scheduled to visit the clinic six times were included...
August 16, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811107/local-efficacy-of-periarticular-morphine-injection-in-simultaneous-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-trial
#15
Kentaro Iwakiri, Yoichi Ohta, Akio Kobayashi, Yukihide Minoda, Hiroaki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The periarticular multimodal cocktail injection including morphine is currently commonly used to reduce postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Despite its analgesic effect, it frequently causes nausea, which is an adverse effect of opioids. It is inconclusive whether the intraoperative injection of periarticular morphine is effective peripherally. The aim of this study was to assess whether the addition of morphine to unilateral periarticular knee injections improves postoperative pain, range of motion, and swelling in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKA...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796077/association-of-adiponectin-level-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-prevalence-in-obese-subjects
#16
Fanfang Zeng, Xiang Wang, Wei Hu, Lili Wang
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in obese subjects. Plasma adiponectin level in obese subjects is decreased. Whether reduced adiponectin level is associated with OSA is unknown. Participants without a previous diagnosis of OSA or who have not been treated with continuous positive airway pressure were enrolled and parameters of interest were collected. Polysomnography was performed to evaluate the presence of OSA and the severity of OSA as indexed by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Between-group differences were analyzed...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764148/the-anthropometric-correlates-for-the-physiological-demand-of-strength-and-flexibility-a-study-in-young-indian-field-hockey-players
#17
Hanjabam Barun Sharma, Jyotsna Kailashiya
INTRODUCTION: Optimal strength and flexibility are essential for performance enhancement and injury prevention in hockey, and anthropometry is known to influence these parameters. AIM: To find anthropometric correlates for strength and flexibility score in young Indian field hockey players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen female and 19 male subjects volunteered for the study. Selected anthropometric variables: lengths, breadths, girths and body composition; strength and sit and reach score were measured for each subject...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763490/conformational-risk-factors-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-boas-in-pugs-french-bulldogs-and-bulldogs
#18
Nai-Chieh Liu, Eileen L Troconis, Lajos Kalmar, David J Price, Hattie E Wright, Vicki J Adams, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
Extremely brachycephalic, or short-muzzled, dog breeds such as pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs are prone to the conformation-related respiratory disorder-brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Affected dogs present with a wide range of clinical signs from snoring and exercise intolerance, to life-threatening events such as syncope. In this study, conformational risk factors for BOAS that could potentially aid in breeding away from BOAS were sought. Six hundred and four pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs were included in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751185/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-latex-yield-and-girth-in-amazonian-accessions-of-hevea-brasiliensis-grown-in-a-suboptimal-climate-zone
#19
Vipavee Chanroj, Ratchanee Rattanawong, Thitaporn Phumichai, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Kittipat Ukoskit
Latex yield and growth are the key complex traits in commercial rubber production. The present study is the first to report genome-wide association mapping of latex yield and girth, for 170 Amazonian accessions grown in a suboptimal area characterized by limited rainfall and a lengthy dry season. Targeted sequence enrichment to capture gene transcripts generated 14,155 high quality filtered single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of which 94.3% resided in coding regions. The rapid decay of linkage disequilibrium over physical and genetic distance found in the accessions was comparable to those previously reported for several outcrossing species...
July 24, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742609/the-efficacy-of-dynamic-contract-relax-stretching-on-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-among-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Yanfei Xie, Beibei Feng, Kedi Chen, Lars L Andersen, Phil Page, Yuling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of dynamic contract-relax stretching on delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in the calf muscle of healthy individuals. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Three groups of 16 healthy participants (n = 48) were recruited by convenience sampling. INTERVENTIONS: Three sets of resisted bilateral heel-raising exercises until exhaustion were conducted to initiate DOMS...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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