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Senda Sammoud, Alan Michael Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene, Younés Hachana
This study aimed to estimate the optimal body size, limb segment length, and girth or breadth ratios of 100-m breaststroke performance in youth swimmers. In total, 59 swimmers [male: n = 39, age = 11.5 (1.3) y; female: n = 20, age = 12.0 (1.0) y] participated in this study. To identify size/shape characteristics associated with 100-m breaststroke swimming performance, we computed a multiplicative allometric log-linear regression model, which was refined using backward elimination. Results showed that the 100-m breaststroke performance revealed a significant negative association with fat mass and a significant positive association with the segment length ratio (arm ratio = hand length/forearm length) and limb girth ratio (girth ratio = forearm girth/wrist girth)...
March 16, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Arthur Bob Karnuah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T Wiles, Edmond Greaves, Roland Varkpeh, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Paul Boettcher
Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources (AnGR) involves identification of distinct breed populations, describing their external and production characteristics in a given environment and management, and taking into account the social and economic factors that affect them. A survey involving 346 livestock farmers was conducted in the 15 counties of Liberia to collect data on production practices and phenotypic characteristics of beef cattle. A pre-tested structured questionnaire, focus group discussions, and in-depth interviews were utilized in data collection...
March 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
D Lewczuk, A Bereznowski, M Hecold, M Frąszczak, A Ruść, A Korwin-Kossakowska, J Szyda, S Kamiński
Horses lose potential opportunities because of health problems. Available breeding strategies are not effective enough, probably also because of the different definition used and its genetic usefulness. The aim of the study was to compare the genetic background estimated by the genome-wide association study (GWAS) for osteochondrosis using two different scaling osteochondrosis (OC)/healthy and osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD)/healthy systems for evaluating the disease status of investigated fetlock joints. Two hundred one Warmblood horses trained for performance tests (87 stallions and 114 mares) were phenotyped and genotyped...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
Anushree Algotar, Ala K Shaikhkhalil, Kim Siler-Wurst, Swetha Sitaram, Ish Gulati, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
BACKGROUND: Body composition is an important predictor of long-term outcomes in neonates and may be altered by several factors. Innovative methods like air displacement plethysmography (ADP) can safely and reliably measure body composition, potentially assisting in individualization of nutrition therapy. OBJECTIVES: 1) To characterize patterns of body composition change in convalescing neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and examine factors leading to variation...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
M Uldahl, H M Clayton
BACKGROUND: Information is needed to guide sport administrators in formulating rules for equipment use in competitions. OBJECTIVES: To seek associations between spurs, bits, nosebands and whips with injuries in horses during competitions in four equestrian sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: Post-competition evaluations were performed in 3,143 horse/rider combinations competing in Danish Equestrian Federation competitions in dressage, show jumping, eventing and endurance by trained evaluators who recorded the presence and type of spurs, bits, nosebands, and whips...
March 4, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Andrea Pezzuolo, Marcella Guarino, Luigi Sartori, Francesco Marinello
Frequent checks on livestock's body growth can help reducing problems related to cow infertility or other welfare implications, and recognizing health's anomalies. In the last ten years, optical methods have been proposed to extract information on various parameters while avoiding direct contact with animals' body, generally causes stress. This research aims to evaluate a new monitoring system, which is suitable to frequently check calves and cow's growth through a three-dimensional analysis of their bodies' portions...
February 24, 2018: Sensors
Ramesh Roshnath, Palatty Allesh Sinu
Wetland ecosystems, particularly the mangrove forest, are the primary wild habitat of heronry birds. However, urban ecosystems have become a favorite breeding habitat of these birds. To provide inputs into the habitat management for conservation of these birds, we investigated the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of nesting trees of heronry birds in the urban environment of the North Kerala region of peninsular India. Census on nesting trees was done in 3 major microhabitats of the urban ecosystem: avenues of national highways and towns, nonresidential plots, and residential areas apart from the mangrove islets in the peri-urban locality...
December 2017: Current Zoology
Langston Sun, Mara Getz, Sulaima Daboul, Melanie Jay, Scott Sherman, Erin Rogers, Nicole Aujero, Mary Rosedale, Raymond R Goetz, Judith Weissman, Dolores Malaspina, Samoon Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on metabolic abnormalities in psychotropic-naïve patients with serious mental illness (SMI). Our study examined metabolic conditions in a large, ethnically diverse sample of psychotropic-naïve and non-naïve adults with SMI at an urban public hospital. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 923 subjects, the prevalences of hyperglycemia meeting criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on fasting plasma glucose and obesity defined by BMI and abdominal girth were compared across duration of psychotropic medication exposure...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Kemal Idrizovic, Bahri Gjinovci, Damir Sekulic, Ognjen Uljevic, Paulo Vicente João, Miodrag Spasic, Tine Sattler
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of skill-based and plyometric conditioning (both performed in addition to regular volleyball training twice a week for 12 wk) on fitness parameters in female junior volleyball players. METHODS: The participants [n = 47; age: 16.6 (0.6) y; mass: 59.4 (8.1) kg; height: 175.1 (3.0) cm] were randomized into a plyometric (n = 13), a skill-based (n = 17), and a control (n = 17) groups. The variables included body height, body mass, calf girth, calf skinfold, corrected calf girth, countermovement jump, 20-m-sprint, medicine ball toss, and sit-and-reach test...
February 24, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Ankur Sinha, Ravikaran Patti, Paurush Ambesh, Chukwudi Obiagwu, Namrita Malhan, Kabu Chawla
A 29-year-old female with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) presented with progressive shortness of breath both on rest and on exertion, increased abdominal girth, and swelling in both legs. She was on oral prednisone and was recently started on canakinumab (interleukin-1 antagonist) for joint pain and rash of AOSD. Echocardiogram showed severely dilated right ventricle, dilated pulmonary artery, moderately reduced right ventricular systolic function, but with normal left ventricular systolic function. Computed tomography with contrast ruled out pulmonary embolism...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, Jacobo Ángel Rubio, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro, José María Muyor, Pedro Manonelles
Traditionally, physical and anthropometrical profiles of the most successful kayak athletes have been identified in male kayakers. This study attempted to identify the differences in morphology and fitness level of two performance-based groups of young elite female paddlers. Eighty-six female kayakers, aged 13.62 ± 0.57 years (mean ± SD) were allocated in two groups (Top-10 and Rest) depending on their ranking in the three Olympic distances (200, 500 and 1000 meters). All subjects underwent a battery of anthropometrical (heights, weight, girths and sum of skinfolds), physical fitness (overhead medicine ball throw, countermovement jump, sit-and-reach test and 20-m multistage shuttle run test) and specific performance assessments (200, 500 and 1000 meters)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
M L Plinsinga, B K Coombes, R Mellor, P Nicolson, A Grimaldi, P Hodges, K Bennell, B Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Gluteal tendinopathy is the most common lower limb tendinopathy presenting to general practice. It has a high prevalence among middle-aged females and impacts on daily activities, work participation and quality of life. The aim was to compare physical and psychological characteristics between subgroups of severity of pain and disability. METHODS: A multi-centre cross-sectional cohort of 204 participants (mean age 55 years, 82% female) who had a clinical diagnosis of gluteal tendinopathy with MRI confirmation were assessed...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
H P Gajera, Shila N Gevariya, S V Patel, B A Golakiya
The indigenous black jamun landraces (Syzygium Cumini L.), found in western Gujarat of Gir forest region (India), produced fruits with different size and shape. Fruit morphology like shape, volume, weight, length, girth were examined and black jamun categorized into six landraces viz., BJLR 1 (big fruit, > 11 g); BJLR 2 (medium to big fruit, 8-11 g); BJLR 3 (medium fruit, 6-8 g); BJLR 4 (medium to small fruit, 5-6 g); BJLR 5 (small fruit, 3-5 g) and BJLR 6 (very small fruit, < 3 g fruit weight)...
February 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ken Harada, Hitomi Suzuki, Shun Matsunaga, Tomohiro Onishi, Yoshinori Nishikawa, Hiroshi Funakubo, Kumiko Mamiya, Tomoyuki Nagao, Norihiro Shinoda, Shinichi Sakai, Masataka Kato, Nobuyuki Marui, Hideki Ishii, Tetsuya Amano, Tatsuaki Matsubara, Toyoaki Murohara
AIM: Increased epicardial fat volume (EFV) is an independent risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although EFV increases with body mass index (BMI), some ACS patients have an increased EFV but normal BMI. We here investigated the clinical characteristics of nonobese ACS patients with an increased EFV. METHODS: A total of 197 Japanese patients hospitalized for ACS was evaluated for EFV, abdominal visceral fat area (VFA), and lipid and glucose profiles. Control subjects comprised 141 individuals who were suspected of having ACS but whose coronary computed tomography findings were normal...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
M R Habib, M H Rashid, M A Islam, S Majumder, K M S Islam, S Ahmed, M S Alam, E Vargas-Bello-Pérez
The objective of this study was to monitor the changes in growth, dry matter intake, and blood profiles (nutrition and reproductive hormones) of dairy heifers in response to green grass-based diets. Twelve crossbred heifers were equally divided into group 1: rice straw and concentrate; group 2: rice straw, green grass, and concentrate; group 3: green grass and concentrate; group 4: green grass, soybean hay, and concentrate. Dry matter intake in group 4 was found 6% higher (P < 0.05) than group 1. Negative body weight gain was found in group 1 and group 2 showed 14% higher body weight gain per 30 days compared to groups 3 and 4 (P < 0...
January 26, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Yan Li, Jian Shuai, Kui Xu
Welding quality control is an important parameter for safe operation of oil and gas pipes, especially for high-strength steel pipes. Size control of welding defect is a bottleneck problem for current pipe construction. As a key part of construction procedure for butt-welding of pipes, pore defects in girth weld is difficult to ignore. A three-dimensional non-linear finite element numerical model is established to study applicability of size control indices based on groove shape and softening phenomenon of material in heat-affected zone of practical pipe girth weld...
2018: PloS One
Patrick Sadoghi, Sandro Hasenhütl, Gerald Gruber, Lukas Leitner, Andreas Leithner, Gudrun Rumpold-Seitlinger, Norbert Kastner, Rudolf W Poolman, Mathias Glehr
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, randomised and single blinded study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of a new cryotherapy device in patients undergoing unilateral, primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our hypothesis was that patients administered to the new cryotherapy device would perform better than patients receiving a conventional standard cold therapy regimen. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients were randomised into two groups receiving either the cTreatment® (new cryotherapy device) or the standard cold therapy protocol (including cold pack application for six days after the surgical intervention)...
January 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Addisie Geremew, Iris Stiers, Tim Sierens, Alemayehu Kefalew, Ludwig Triest
Land degradation and soil erosion in the upper catchments of tropical lakes fringed by papyrus vegetation can result in a sediment load gradient from land to lakeward. Understanding the dynamics of clonal modules (ramets and genets) and growth strategies of plants on such a gradient in both space and time is critical for exploring a species adaptation and processes regulating population structure and differentiation. We assessed the spatial and temporal dynamics in clonal growth, diversity, and structure of an emergent macrophyte, Cyperus papyrus (papyrus), in response to two contrasting sedimentation regimes by combining morphological traits and genotype data using 20 microsatellite markers...
2018: PloS One
Vasilis Tsimihodimos, Clicerio Gonzalez-Villalpando, James B Meigs, Ele Ferrannini
Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension overlap in the population. In many subjects, development of diabetes mellitus is characterized by a relatively rapid increase in plasma glucose values. Whether a similar phenomenon occurs during the development of hypertension is not known. We analyzed the pattern of blood pressure (BP) changes during the development of hypertension in patients with or without diabetes mellitus using data from the MCDS (Mexico City Diabetes Study; a population-based study of diabetes mellitus in Hispanic whites) and in the FOS (Framingham Offspring Study, a community-based study in non-Hispanic whites) during a 7-year follow-up...
March 2018: Hypertension
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