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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#1
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212644/assessment-of-educational-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-chronic-hepatitis-patients
#2
Ming-Chuan Chen, Hung-Chang Hung, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Sheng-Shun Yang, Wen-Chen Tsai, Shu-Chuan Chang
BACKGROUND: Patient education is crucial in improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients. At the same, understanding the concerns and needs of patients is essential in providing appropriate education. This study assessed the educational needs and HRQOL experienced by chronic hepatitis patients. METHODS: We developed structured questionnaires with satisfactory validity and reliability to assess the educational needs of patients. HROQL was measured using a generic Short Form 36 (SF-36) and a liver disease-specific Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#3
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#4
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206842/finding-the-balance-uncovering-resilience-in-the-veterinary-literature
#5
Martin A Cake, Michelle M McArthur, Susan M Matthew, Caroline F Mansfield
Resilience is an issue of emerging importance in veterinary education and research, as in other professional contexts. The aim of this study was to perform an appraisal of how resilience is portrayed in the contemporary (1995-present) research and education literature around veterinary mental health, and to attempt a provisional synthesis informing a conception of resilience in the veterinary context. Qualitative analysis of the literature (59 sources included) revealed a dominant emphasis on mental health problems, particularly stress, which outweighs and potentially obscures complementary approaches to well-being and resilience...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206841/stressors-and-protective-factors-among-veterinary-students-in-new-zealand
#6
Jenny F Weston, Dianne Gardner, Polly Yeung
A study was undertaken to investigate the stressors faced by veterinary students and the protective factors against those stressors. The study was conducted as a workshop during which students collaborated with their peers through an iterative process to identify personal and external factors that contributed to or protected against stress as a veterinary student, and then to suggest strategies that would protect their mental health and well-being. Workload and assessment were the most commonly reported stressors...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#7
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#8
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#9
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202137/reconsidering-residential-mobility-differential-effects-on-child-wellbeing-by-race-and-ethnicity
#10
Kristin L Perkins
Residential mobility is a common experience among Americans, especially children. Most previous research finds residential mobility has negative effects on children's educational attainment, delinquency, substance abuse, and physical and mental health. Previous research, however, does not fully explore whether the effect of mobility differs by child race/ethnicity, in part because many of the samples used for these studies were majority white or exclusively non-white or disadvantaged. In addition, previous research rarely fully accounts for factors that predict selection into mobility and that may also be related to the outcome of interest...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198320/new-approach-to-restraint
#12
Elaine Cole
RCN head of education Stephanie Aiken is full of praise for the work of the mental health nurse team at Black Country Partnership NHS Trust. 'They have incredible passion that really stands out,' she says. 'The plans start with the patient and work for them, and you can see that this is what the team is passionate about.'
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197670/prevalence-trends-correlates-and-treatment-of-depression-in-chile-in-2003-to-2010
#13
Niina Markkula, Pedro Zitko, Sebastián Peña, Paula Margozzini, Pedro Retamal C
PURPOSE: There is a need for recent, nationally representative data on the prevalence of mental disorders in Latin America. We aim to assess the prevalence of depression in Chile and possible changes over time. METHODS: In the Chilean National Health Surveys in 2003 (n = 5469) and 2010 (n = 7212), two nationally representative cross-sectional population surveys, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (CIDI-SF) was applied to establish diagnosis of major depressive episode (MDE) using DSM-IV criteria...
February 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196554/impact-of-childhood-and-adulthood-psychological-health-on-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-life
#14
C Clark, M Smuk, D Lain, S A Stansfeld, E Carr, J Head, S Vickerstaff
BACKGROUND: Adulthood psychological health predicts labour force activity but few studies have examined childhood psychological health. We hypothesized that childhood psychological ill-health would be associated with labour force exit at 55 years. METHOD: Data were from the 55-year follow-up of the National Child Development Study (n = 9137). Labour force participation and exit (unemployment, retirement, permanent sickness, homemaking/other) were self-reported at 55 years...
February 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#15
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196182/what-surgeons-need-to-know-about-gender-confirmation-surgery-when-providing-care-for-transgender-individuals-a-review
#16
Jens U Berli, Gail Knudson, Lin Fraser, Vin Tangpricha, Randi Ettner, Frederic M Ettner, Joshua D Safer, Julie Graham, Stan Monstrey, Loren Schechter
Importance: In 2014, the US Department of Health and Human Services decided that its 1981 exclusion of transsexual surgical treatments from Medicare coverage was based on outdated, incomplete, and biased science and did not reflect current evidence or standards of care, and the exclusion was therefore lifted. As a direct result of this decision, surgeons nationwide are seeing an increase in consultations for surgical therapy to help transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals. Although some clinicians may have the technical training for such surgical procedures, in many cases, they may not have a full understanding of the complex and comprehensive care required to provide optimal health care for transgender individuals...
February 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193303/who-pays-the-price-for-high-neuroticism-moderators-of-longitudinal-risks-for-depression-and-anxiety
#17
J R Vittengl
BACKGROUND: High neuroticism is a well-established risk for present and future depression and anxiety, as well as an emerging target for treatment and prevention. The current analyses tested the hypothesis that physical, social and socio-economic disadvantages each amplify risks from high neuroticism for longitudinal increases in depression and anxiety symptoms. METHOD: A national sample of adults (n = 7108) provided structured interview and questionnaire data in the Midlife Development in the United States Survey...
February 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193198/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-abuse-and-associated-factors-among-women-enrolled-into-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-northwestern-tanzania
#18
Saidi Kapiga, Sheila Harvey, Abdul Khalie Muhammad, Heidi Stöckl, Gerry Mshana, Ramadhan Hashim, Christian Hansen, Shelley Lees, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is recognised as an important public health and social problem, with far reaching consequences for women's physical and emotional health and social well-being. Furthermore, controlling behaviour by a partner has a similar impact on women's well-being, yet little is known about the prevalence of this type of behaviour and other related abuses in Tanzania and in other sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the lifetime and past 12-month prevalence of physical and sexual IPV, economic abuse, emotional abuse and controlling behaviour among ever-partnered women in Mwanza, Tanzania...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193197/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-targeted-at-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-and-their-primary-caregivers-in-jordan
#19
Abd Al-HadiHasan, Patrick Callaghan, Joanne S Lymn
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a serious form of mental illness that often requires long term care. Empirical findings indicate that combining a psycho-educational intervention (PEI) with neuroleptic medication to treat schizophrenia is effective. However, there is little information on the therapeutic mechanism of PEIs. METHODS: A qualitative process evaluation was conducted with a purposive sample of people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS, n = 8) and their Primary Caregivers (PCs, n = 9) who had received PEI as a part of an exploratory randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190777/how-have-the-lives-of-pregnant-women-changed-in-the-last-30-years
#20
Ann M Kingsbury, Kristen Gibbons, David McIntyre, Anne Tremellen, Vicki Flenady, Shelley Wilkinson, Abullah Mamun, Jake M Najman
BACKGROUND: To what extent have the characteristics and needs of pregnant women changed over time? This cross-sectional, comparative study describes some socio-demographic, mental health and lifestyle characteristics of two samples of pregnant women assessed 30 years apart. METHODS: We recruited two samples of pregnant women who were attending their first clinic visit at the same large Queensland maternity hospital 30 years apart between 1981 to 1984 (Sample A, N=6753) and 2011-2012 (Sample B, N=2156)...
February 9, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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