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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820663/what-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-peru-want-in-internet-based-sexual-health-information
#1
Luis Menacho
Objectives We aimed to gather information among gay men regarding their preferences for online sexual health information. Methods 1,160 Peruvian MSM, 18 years or older, completed an online survey hosted on www.tunexo.org . Results The mean age was 26.8 years. Around 90% had post-high school education. The self-reported HIV prevalence was 12.3%. The acceptability of sexual health content was greater in the most highly educated group. The highest rated topics and services of interest were those related to improving sexual and mental health...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#2
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#3
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#4
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818121/different-places-different-ideas-reimagining-practice-in-american-psychiatric-nursing-after-world-war-ii
#5
Kylie M Smith
In 1952, Hildegard Peplau published her textbook Interpersonal Relations in Nursing: A Conceptual Frame of Reference for Psychodynamic Nursing. This was the same year the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (1st ed.; DSM-I; APA). These events occurred in the context of a rapidly changing policy and practice environment in the United States after World War II, where the passing of the National Mental Health Act in 1946 released vast amounts of funding for the establishment of the National Institute of Mental Health and the development of advanced educational programs for the mental health professions including nursing...
January 1, 2018: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#6
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#7
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816363/the-suicidal-inmate-a-comparison-of-inmates-who-attempt-versus-complete-suicide
#8
Emily A Boren, Johanna B Folk, Jennifer M Loya, June P Tangney, Sharen E Barboza, John S Wilson
The aim of this study was to identify risk factors distinguishing inmates who attempt suicide from inmates who complete suicide. Compared with attempters, completers tended to be older, male, more educated, and married or separated/divorced; pretrial, committed for a violent crime, incarcerated in jail, housed in an inpatient mental health unit or protective custody setting, living in a single cell, not on suicide precautions, not previously under close observation; and more likely to act during overnight hours and die by hanging/self-strangulation...
August 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815911/rural-health-service-managers-perspectives-on-preparing-rural-health-services-for-climate-change
#9
Rachael Purcell, Joe McGirr
OBJECTIVE: To determine health service managers' (HSMs) recommendations on strengthening the health service response to climate change. DESIGN: Self-administered survey in paper or electronic format. SETTING: Rural south-west of New South Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Health service managers working in rural remote metropolitan areas 3-7. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of respondents identifying preferred strategies for preparation of rural health services for climate change...
August 17, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815761/-my-mentor-didn-t-speak-to-me-for-the-first-four-weeks-perceived-unfairness-experienced-by-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-settings
#10
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, W Edwin Harris, Mark Langan, Neil Barrett, Christopher Wibberley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceived unfairness experienced by student nurses during their undergraduate clinical placements. BACKGROUND: It is important that student nurses feel supported by practice staff during their clinical placement education experiences. However, it has been reported that learners can feel ignored, unsupported and bullied by others in the clinical environment and this has a detrimental effect on their learning. It is important to understand the student nurse perspective and explore ways in which their feelings of belongingness might be enhanced in the clinical area...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815445/identification-and-treatment-optimization-of-comorbid-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Mellissa H Withers, Louella T Gonzalez, George A Karpouzas
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffer from high rates of depression but depression often remains undiagnosed and untreated among RA patients. Because of its high prevalence and its profound impact on functional disability and health-related quality of life, prompt recognition and management of comorbid depression is urgently needed in patients with RA. Rheumatologists face the challenge of addressing depression in their clinical interactions with patients. The purpose of this paper is to present the prevalence of comorbid depression in RA, to delineate the consequences of depression among RA patients, to discuss the barriers to the identification of depression among RA patients, and to outline a set of recommendations to identify and treat comorbid depression that could be implemented within the rheumatology clinic setting...
August 16, 2017: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#12
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814906/psychosocial-challenges-for-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer-interventions-to-improve-well-being
#13
REVIEW
Rebecca H Lehto
As compared to other cancers, lung malignancies are associated with high symptom burden, poorer prognosis, and stigmatization. Such factors increase psychological distress and negatively impact quality of life. Research has documented the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to alleviate psychological distress and promote well-being among patients with cancer. This article summarizes the current literature on psychosocial interventions in lung cancer. Major types of psychosocial interventions in lung cancer include cognitive-behavioral therapies, psycho-education, mind-body, exercise, and supportive or palliative care strategies...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#14
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814099/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-older-chinese-people-in-tianjin-city
#15
Guangming Xu, Gong Chen, Qin Zhou, Ning Li, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Population aging is accelerating across the world, and older people have a higher risk of mental disorders. Most studies focus on one mental disorder, and only report the current prevalence. Besides, these studies use screening scales for symptoms of mental disorders, which may induce biased results. In this study, we used data for diagnoses based on SCID that had been administered by trained psychiatrists to explore the 1-month and lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among a Chinese aged cohort...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813273/adoptive-parenting
#16
REVIEW
Harold D Grotevant, Albert Yh Lo
Challenges in adoptive parenting continue to emerge as adoption policies and practices evolve. We review three areas of research in adoptive parenting that reflect contemporary shifts in adoption. First, we highlight recent findings concerning openness in adoption contact arrangements, or contact between a child's families of birth and rearing. Second, we examine research regarding racial and cultural socialization in transracial and international adoptions. Finally, we review investigations of parenting experiences of lesbian and gay adoptive parents...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812372/factors-associated-with-depression-detection-in-a-new-hampshire-mental-health-outreach-program
#17
Angela R Ghesquiere, Renee Pepin, Jennifer Kinsey, Stephen J Bartels, Martha L Bruce
OBJECTIVES: For mental health outreach programs for older adults, accurately detecting depression is key to quality service provision. Multiple factors, including gender, cognitive impairment, or recent bereavement may affect depression detection, but this is under-studied. Therefore, we sought to both establish rates of depressive symptom detection and to examine factors associated with inaccuracies of detecting depression among participants in a mental health outreach program serving older adults...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#18
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811918/shared-decision-making-in-medication-management-development-of-a-training-intervention
#19
Ute Stead, Nicola Morant, Shulamit Ramon
Shared decision-making is a collaborative process in which clinicians and patients make treatment decisions together. Although it is considered essential to patient-centred care, the adoption of shared decision-making into routine clinical practice has been slow, and there is a need to increase implementation. This paper describes the development and delivery of a training intervention to promote shared decision-making in medication management in mental health as part of the Shared Involvement in Medication Management Education (ShIMME) project...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811747/what-establishes-an-excellent-nurse-a-focus-group-and-delphi-panel-approach
#20
Wolter Paans, Patricia Robbe, Inge Wijkamp, Marca V C Wolfensberger
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the complexity of the health care system in which nurses are required to practice has increased considerably, magnifying the need for excellent professionals with a specific set of knowledge, skills and attitudes. However, the characteristics that distinguish an excellent nurse have not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' perspectives regarding characteristics associated with an excellent nurse in order to elicit a conceptual profile...
2017: BMC Nursing
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