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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#1
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943829/perceptions-and-receptivity-of-non-spousal-family-support-a-mixed-methods-study-of-psychological-distress-among-older-church-going-african-american-men
#2
Daphne C Watkins, Tracy Wharton, Jamie A Mitchell, Niki Matusko, Helen Kales
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of non-spousal family support on mental health among older, church-going African American men. The mixed methods objective was to employ a design that used existing qualitative and quantitative data to explore the interpretive context within which social and cultural experiences occur. Qualitative data (n=21) were used to build a conceptual model that was tested using quantitative data (n= 401). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an inverse association between non-spousal family support and distress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942343/public-green-spaces-and-positive-mental-health-investigating-the-relationship-between-access-quantity-and-types-of-parks-and-mental-wellbeing
#4
Lisa Wood, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster, Fiona Bull
Associations between parks and mental health have typically been investigated in relation to the presence or absence of mental illness. This study uses a validated measure of positive mental health and data from RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) Project to investigate the association between the presence, amount and attributes of public green space in new greenfield neighbourhood developments and the mental health of local residents (n = 492). Both the overall number and total area of public green spaces were significantly associated with greater mental wellbeing, and findings support a dose-response relationship...
September 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942289/polysubstance-use-by-psychiatry-inpatients-with-co-occurring-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#5
Christine Timko, Mark Ilgen, Marie Haverfield, Alexandra Shelley, Jessica Y Breland
BACKGROUND: Polysubstance use, the consumption of more than one substance over a defined period, is common and associated with psychiatric problems and poor treatment adherence and outcomes. This study examined past-month polysubstance use at intake among psychiatry inpatients with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, and outcomes 3 months later. METHODS: Participants (n=406 psychiatry inpatients with documented mental health and substance use disorders) completed a baseline and a 3-month follow-up (84%) interview...
September 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941787/impact-of-active-concealment-of-stigmatized-identities-on-physical-and-psychological-quality-of-life
#6
Diane M Quinn, Bradley M Weisz, Elizabeth K Lawner
Despite theoretical support for the relationship between disclosure (or "outness") and positive health outcomes for people with concealable stigmatized identities, research using outness to predict health elicits weak to inconsistent relationships. In the current research we argue that it is the need to frequently conceal that predicts negative health consequences, rather than outness. A sample of adults recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk reported on mental illness, chronic physical illness, or minority sexual orientation (N = 288) concealment...
September 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941542/end-of-life-and-bereavement-care-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#7
REVIEW
Markita L Suttle, Tammara L Jenkins, Robert F Tamburro
Most childhood deaths in the United States occur in hospitals. Pediatric intensive care clinicians must anticipate and effectively treat dying children's pain and suffering and support the psychosocial and spiritual needs of families. These actions may help family members adjust to their loss, particularly bereaved parents who often experience reduced mental and physical health. Candid and compassionate communication is paramount to successful end-of-life (EOL) care as is creating an environment that fosters meaningful family interaction...
October 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941113/the-efficacy-of-smartphone-based-mental-health-interventions-for-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Joseph Firth, John Torous, Jennifer Nicholas, Rebekah Carney, Abhishek Pratap, Simon Rosenbaum, Jerome Sarris
The rapid advances and adoption of smartphone technology presents a novel opportunity for delivering mental health interventions on a population scale. Despite multi-sector investment along with wide-scale advertising and availability to the general population, the evidence supporting the use of smartphone apps in the treatment of depression has not been empirically evaluated. Thus, we conducted the first meta-analysis of smartphone apps for depressive symptoms. An electronic database search in May 2017 identified 18 eligible randomized controlled trials of 22 smartphone apps, with outcome data from 3,414 participants...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941105/mental-health-internet-support-groups-just-a-lot-of-talk-or-a-valuable-intervention
#9
EDITORIAL
Kathleen M Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940936/screening-and-support-for-emotional-burdens-of-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-strategies-for-diabetes-care-providers
#10
Marisa E Hilliard, Maartje De Wit, Rachel M Wasserman, Ashley M Butler, Meredyth Evans, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Barbara J Anderson
Multiple sources of burden for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) impact key outcomes including quality of life, self-management, and glycemic control. Professional diabetes organizations recommend diabetes care providers screen for psychosocial and behavioral challenges and implement strategies to support youth with T1D. The purpose of this article is to review the literature and recommend practical strategies medical providers can use for screening and behavioral support for youth with diabetes and their families...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940462/social-security-disability-insurance-enrollment-and-health-care-employment
#11
Lawrence C Pellegrini, Kimberley H Geissler
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) enrollment and health care employment. DATA SOURCES: State-year level data from government and other publicly available sources for all states (2000-2014). STUDY DESIGN: Population-weighted linear regression analyses model associations between each health care employment measure and each SSDI enrollment measure (i.e., SSDI overall, physical, or mental health enrollment rates), controlling for factors associated with health care employment, state fixed effects, and secular time trends...
September 21, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939573/does-psychedelic-drug-use-reduce-risk-of-suicidality-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-community-based-cohort-of-marginalised-women-in-a-canadian-setting
#12
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Kenneth Tupper, Melissa Braschel, Evan Wood, Kate Shannon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to longitudinally investigate whether ever having used a psychedelic drug can have a protective effect on incidence of suicidality among marginalised women. DESIGN: Longitudinal community-based cohort study. SETTING: Data were drawn from a prospective, community-based cohort of marginalised women in Metro Vancouver, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 766 women completed the baseline questionnaire between January 2010 and August 2014...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#13
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937004/suicide-in-india-part-perceptions-partial-insights-and-inadequate-solutions
#14
K S Jacob
Suicide is a complex phenomenon, often linked to environment. Despite the identification of many social, cultural, economic and political correlates and risk factors, psychiatry continues to argue for curative solutions based on the reductionistic biomedical model, rather than support public health measures to manage the larger sociocultural, economic and political context. While psychiatry and curative medicine help many people, survival of the human body is best explained by the materialist explanation that locates the variation in health and longevity to tangible resources...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936370/military-families-perceptions-of-neighborhood-characteristics-affecting-reintegration-development-of-an-aggregate-measure
#15
Sarah Beehler, Jennifer Ahern, Brandi Balmer, Jennifer Kuhlman
This pilot study evaluated the validity and reliability of an Experience of Neighborhood (EON) measure developed to assess neighborhood characteristics that shape reintegration opportunities for returning service members and their families. A total of 91 post-9/11 veterans and spouses completed a survey administered at the Minnesota State Fair. Participants self-reported on their reintegration status (veterans), social functioning (spouses), social support, and mental health. EON factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and validity (discriminant, content, criterion) were analyzed...
2017: Military Behavioral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935661/relationships-between-anti-stigma-programme-awareness-disclosure-comfort-and-intended-help-seeking-regarding-a-mental-health-problem
#16
Claire Henderson, Emily Robinson, Sara Evans-Lacko, Graham Thornicroft
BackgroundAnti-stigma programmes should aim to increase disclosure to those who can support someone with a mental health problem and appropriate professional help-seeking.AimsWe investigated associations among public awareness of England's Time to Change anti-stigma campaign and: (a) comfort envisaged in disclosing a mental health problem to family and friends; (b) comfort in disclosing to an employer; and (c) intended professional help-seeking from a general practitioner, i.e. a physician working in primary care...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#17
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#18
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#19
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932652/psychosocial-treatment-options-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#20
Brenna N Renn, Patricia A Areán
Late-life depression (LLD) is a public health concern with deleterious effects on overall health, cognition, quality of life, and mortality. Although LLD is relatively common, it is not a normal part of aging and is often under-recognized in older adults. However, psychotherapy is an effective treatment for LLD that aligns with many patients' preferences and can improve health and functioning. This review synthesized the current literature on evidence-based psychotherapies for the treatment of depression in older adults...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
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