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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346678/case-study-of-an-adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#1
Maria M Quiñones, Judy Lombard-Newell, Daryl Sharp, Valerie Way, Wendi Cross
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed to decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss in individuals at risk for diabetes. Individuals with serious mental illness have a greater risk for developing diabetes compared with the general population. In this article, the authors provide a detailed description of the adaptation process of the DPP for individuals with serious mental illness (DPP-SMI). The adaptation process was based on a cultural adaptation framework for modifying evidence-based interventions...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346557/peer-supporters-experiences-on-an-australian-perinatal-mental-health-helpline
#2
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Perinatal mental health is an important public health issue, and peer support is a potentially important strategy for emotional well-being in the perinatal period. PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia provides support to individuals impacted by perinatal mental health issues via the National Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Helpline. Callers receive peer support from volunteers and counselling from paid professional staff. The views and experiences of PANDA peer support volunteers have not previously been studied...
January 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#3
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345480/psychometric-evaluation-of-depression-measures-with-northern-plains-indians
#4
Jacqueline S Gray, Julio Brionez, Thomas Petros, Kevin T Gonzaga
Numerous psychometric measurements are used to assess for mental health problems in Native American and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) populations; however, few studies have been carried out to assess their validity and reliability within these populations. This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of numerous measures among the Northern Plains Indians. This article is a partial report, focused on the psychometric measures directed at detecting depression, namely the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) II, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, the Tri-Ethnic Depression Scale (TEDS), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R)...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345477/an-exploratory-study-of-stress-and-coping-among-black-college-men
#5
Janelle R Goodwill, Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson, Julie Ober Allen
Research on coping mechanisms among Black Americans is robust, yet there is a dearth of studies that use qualitative approaches to examine coping specifically among young Black men. The current and historical landscape of race relations in the United States calls for additional concern and exploration of this topic. To fill gaps in this area, this study uncovered the ways Black college men cope with various stressors that impact their mental health. Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with 18- to 25-year-old Black men enrolled at a college in the Midwest who participated in the Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345416/a-qualitative-study-experiences-of-stigma-by-people-with-mental-health-problems
#6
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#7
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344082/implementing-guidelines-on-physical-health-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting-a-quality-improvement-approach
#8
Stuart Green, Ed Beveridge, Liz Evans, Jenny Trite, Sandra Jayacodi, Rachel Evered, Caroline Parker, Luca Polledri, Emily Tabb, John Green, Anton Manickam, Joanna Williams, Rebecca Deere, Bill Tiplady
Background: In the UK, life expectancy for people living with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, is reduced by 15-20 years compared with the general population. In recent years, evidence based guidelines/policies designed to improve their physical health have been published, yet a gap remains between recommendations and practice. This case study describes how guidelines to support physical health were implemented using a quality improvement approach...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#9
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343874/-mental-health-recovery-star-features-and-validation-study-of-the-italian-version
#10
Anna Placentino, Fabio Lucchi, Gianpaolo Scarsato, Giuseppe Fazzari
AIM: Mental Health Recovery Star (MHRS) is an instrument that helps to assess recovery processes of mental health patients through a collaborative approach. The aim of the study is to describe the features of the instrument and to report the results of the Italian validation study. METHODS: The study involved 117 users which were evaluated in two phases. Besides MRHS, HoNOS, WHOQoL-brief, GAF were used. Acceptability for users and key-workers of the instruments and its main psychometric properties, as test-retes (ICC) and concurrent validity (Pearson's correlation coefficient), were evaluated...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343246/influence-of-preoperative-life-satisfaction-on-recovery-and-outcomes-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#11
B Romain, O Rohmer, S Schimchowitsch, M Hübner, J B Delhorme, C Brigand, S Rohr, D Guenot
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery has an important impact on a patient's quality of life, and postoperative rehabilitation shows large variations. To enhance the understanding of recovery after colorectal cancer, health-related quality of life has become a standard outcome measurement for clinical care and research. Therefore, we aimed to correlate the influence of preoperative global life satisfaction on subjective feelings of well-being with clinical outcomes after colorectal surgery. METHODS: In this pilot study of consecutive colorectal surgery patients, various dimensions of feelings of preoperative life satisfaction were assessed using a self-rated scale, which was validated in French...
January 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343233/alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-due-to-all-causes-and-mental-or-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-nationally-representative-study
#12
Leena Kaila-Kangas, Aki Koskinen, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Marianna Virtanen, Tommi Härkänen, Tea Lallukka
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not distinguished between different alcohol-use histories, which could have contributed to the current inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between alcohol use and subsequent sickness absence. We thus examined alcohol use and subsequent diagnosis-specific sickness absence in groups with different levels of alcohol use, as well as in lifelong abstainers, former drinkers, and people with clinical alcohol use disorders. METHODS: The data of the population-based Health 2000 Survey (BRIF8901) of 3666 Finns aged 30-55 were linked with national registers on medically certified sickness absences lasting for > 10 working days (long-term) for all causes (2000 - 2010) and for mental or musculoskeletal disorders (2004-2010), as well as with registers on pensions and death (2000-2010)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#13
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338675/an-exploration-into-best-practices-in-peer-support-for-bereaved-survivors
#14
Paul T Bartone, Jocelyn V Bartone, Zaneta Gileno, John M Violanti
This exploratory, qualitative study addresses the question: what are the important elements in effective peer support programs for bereaved survivors? Interviews with ten highly experienced experts were analyzed to identify recurrent themes and elements. Findings indicate that effective peer support programs for the bereaved should be: easily accessible; confidential; provide a safe environment; employ peer supporters with similar shared experiences to clients; select peer supporters carefully; partner with professional mental health providers; train peer supporters thoroughly; and provide care and monitoring for peer supporters...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338328/avoidance-meaning-and-grief-psychosocial-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care
#15
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
January 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337888/depression-symptom-patterns-and-social-correlates-among-chinese-americans
#16
Lin Zhu
The aim of this study is to examine and compare the depression symptoms pattern and social correlates in three groups: foreign-born Chinese Americans, US-born Chinese Americans, and non-Hispanic whites. This study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES). The study sample consists of 599 Chinese Americans (468 for the foreign-born and 121 for the US-born) and 4032 non-Hispanic whites. Factor analysis was used to examine the depression symptom patterns by each subgroup. Four depression symptoms dimensions were examined: negative affect, somatic symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and suicidality...
January 16, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#17
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335663/improving-mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-military-veterans-examining-the-effects-of-perceived-need-for-care-and-social-support
#18
Robert Graziano, Eric B Elbogen
Objective: Many veterans with mental health problems do not adequately utilize needed care. Research has focused on identifying barriers to mental health care in veterans. Method: The current study adds to existing literature by examining whether perceived need for treatment and social support affect treatment utilization in a national longitudinal survey of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans (n = 1090). Results: The Health Beliefs Model (HBM) postulates that a key reason why patients fail to obtain needed care is their belief "it's up to me to handle my own problems...
September 2017: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335472/provided-support-caregiver-burden-and-well-being-in-partners-of-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-5-years-after-discharge-from-first-inpatient-rehabilitation
#19
Eline W M Scholten, Anneroos Kieftenbelt, Chantal F Hillebregt, Sonja de Groot, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe type and regularity of support given by partners for individuals with paraplegia versus tetraplegia 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation; to describe perceived caregiver burden, mental health and life satisfaction among partners; and to analyse determinants of perceived burden and the partner's mental health and life satisfaction. SETTING: The Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were partners of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation (N = 67)...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#20
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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