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Fetal ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329576/spontaneous-prematurity-in-fetuses-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-about-prenatal-predictive-factors
#1
Bruna Maria Lopes Barbosa, Agatha S Rodrigues, Mario Henrique Burlacchini Carvalho, Roberto Eduardo Bittar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Lisandra Stein Bernardes
BACKGROUND: To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria were presence of CDH; absence of fetoscopy; absence of karyotype abnormality; maximum of one major malformation associated with diaphragmatic hernia; ultrasound monitoring at the Obstetrics Clinic of Clinicas Hospital at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, from January 2001 to October 2014...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329527/emotional-and-cognitive-experiences-during-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-decision-making-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-males-presented-with-congenital-heart-defect-in-the-fetus-carried-by-their-pregnant-partner
#2
Tommy Carlsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce concerning their experiences and needs for support. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the emotional and cognitive experiences, during the time of diagnosis and decision-making, among males presented with congenital heart defect in the fetus carried by their pregnant partner...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327352/ultrasound-findings-provide-clues-to-investigate-founder-mutations-expressed-as-runs-of-homozygosity-in-chromosomal-microarray-studies
#3
Hagit Daum, Israela Lerer, Ayala Frumkin, Daniel Rosenak, Nili Yanai, Shay Porat, Simcha Yagel, Vardiella Meiner
OBJECTIVES: Chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis is effectively applied prenatally to detect copy number changes. SNP probes included in the microarray platform can detect regions of excessive homozygosity (ROH) and identical-by-descent genomic stretches. The utility of the latter as part of prenatal diagnosis is not well established. Recessive founder mutations are well recognized within distinct ethnic groups. Combining these data with prenatal sonography provides accurate focused molecular diagnoses quickly...
January 11, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325265/-clinical-analysis-of-105-intrauterine-fetal-deaths-in-17-years
#4
S Wang, H X Yang
Objective: To study the cause of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) in 17 years. Methods: From June 1(st), 2000 to May 31(st), 2017, 65 621 women delivered in Peking University First Hospital. Clinical data of 105 cases of IUFD (including 82 singleton pregnancies and 23 twin pregnancies) during the 17 years were analyzed retrospectively. Results: (1) In singleton pregnancies, the leading cause of IUFD was maternal complications, including severe pre-eclampsia (36/82, 43.9%) and diabetes mellitus (6/82, 7.3%). The second reason was umbilical cord factors (13/82, 15...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324912/diuresis-renography-and-ultrasonography-in-children-with-antenatally-detected-hydronephrosis-can-support-diagnoses-and-suggest-related-surgery-treatment
#5
M Radulović, S Beatović, M Janković, Dragana Šobić-Šaranović, Vera Artiko, Boris Ajdinović
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal ultrasound (US) screening detects the hydronephrosis (HN)-dilatation of fetal renal collecting system in 1%-5% of all pregnancies. In most children, HN is detected by prenatal US screening between 18-20 gestational week. Pelvi- ureteric junction (PUJ) stenosis is the most common etiological factor of prenatal HN and requires postnatal follow-up. Diuresis renography plays important role in the follow-up by complementing morphological information obtained by US with the data about differential renal function (DRF) and drainage...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320802/effect-of-maternal-body-mass-index-and-amniotic-fluid-index-on-the-accuracy-of-sonographic-estimation-of-fetal-weight-in-late-gestation
#6
Matthew J Blitz, Burton Rochelson, Leah B Stork, Stephanie Augustine, Meir Greenberg, Cristina P Sison, Nidhi Vohra
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to determine the effect, if any, of maternal body mass index (BMI) and amniotic fluid index (AFI) on the accuracy of sonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 40 to 42 weeks' gestation. METHODS:  This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations with ultrasound performed at 40 to 42 weeks from 2010 to 2013. In this study, patients with documented BMI and sonographic EFW and AFI, concurrently, within 7 days of delivery were included...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319590/ultrasound-findings-associated-with-antepartum-viral-infection
#7
Jude P Crino, Rita W Driggers
This article reviews the sonographic manifestations of fetal infection and the role of ultrasound in the evaluation of the fetus at risk for congenital infection. Several ultrasound findings have been associated with in utero fetal infections. For the patient with a known or suspected fetal infection, sonographic identification of characteristic abnormalities can provide useful information for counseling and perinatal management. Demonstration of such findings in the low-risk patient may serve to identify the fetus with a previously unsuspected infection...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#8
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316359/whole-exome-sequencing-diagnoses-the-first-fetal-case-of-bainbridge-ropers-syndrome-presenting-as-pontocerebellar-hypoplasia-type-1
#9
Séverine Bacrot, Charlotte Mechler, Naima Talhi, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Philippe Roth, Caroline Michot, Amale Ichkou, Olivier Alibeu, Patrick Nitschke, Sophie Thomas, Michel Vekemans, Férechté Razavi, Lucile Boutaud, Tania Attie-Bitach
BACKGROUND: Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome (BRPS) is a recently identified severe disorder characterized by failure to thrive, facial dysmorphism, and severe developmental delay, caused by de novo dominant loss of function mutation in the ASXL3 gene. CASE: We report here the first case of prenatal BRPS in a fetus presenting with arthrogryposis on ultrasound and for pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1) following neuropathological examination. The diagnosis was done by whole exome sequencing that identified a novel de novo ASXL3 mutation...
January 8, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313307/prenatal-and-postnatal-diagnosis-of-rhabdomyomas-and-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-by-ultrafast-and-standard-mri
#10
Ying Zhou, Su-Zhen Dong, Yu-Min Zhong, Ai-Min Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine the features of cardiac rhabdomyomas and tuberous sclerosis in fetuses and infants using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to determine whether MRI is an effective tool to facilitate early detection of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). METHODS: Fifteen patients with TSC were evaluated by ultrafast or standard MRI between June 2005 and September 2016. Fifteen patients were divided into two groups. Group A included five cases in utero and followed in infancy with gestational ages from 26 + 1 to 38 + 2 wk...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306968/the-impact-of-third-trimester-genetic-counseling
#11
Reuven Sharony, Offra Engel, Shira Litz-Philipsborn, Rivka Sukenik-Halevy, Tal Biron-Shental, Mark I Evans
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of genetic counseling (GC) during the third trimester by analyzing changes in pregnancy management and the correlation with postnatal findings. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Pregnancy course and neonatal follow-up were analyzed according to the reason for referral and implementation of recommendations. RESULTS: The records of neonates born to 181 women were retrieved. Fifty-two women (group 1-29%) qualified for pregnancy termination under Israeli guidelines and laws, and 129 (group 2-71%) were not at the time they were referred...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306932/clinical-study-of-fetal-neurobehavior-by-the-kanet-test
#12
REVIEW
Raul Moreira Neto, Selma Porovic
Fetal neurology is evolving as an area of great interest in prenatal diagnosis and fetal medicine. The identification and diagnosis of brain damage prenatally has been a great challenge in obstetrics for many years. Investigations of fetal behavior in comparison with morphological studies led to the conclusion that fetal behavioral patterns directly reflect developmental and maturational processes of the fetal central nervous system (CNS). Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound has greatly improved the assessment of the quality of the fetal spontaneous movements, and enabled a better evaluation of fetal behavior...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305249/sonographic-large-fetal-head-circumference-and-risk-of-cesarean-delivery
#13
Michal Lipschuetz, Sarah M Cohen, Ariel Israel, Joel Baron, Shay Porat, Dan V Valsky, Oren Yagel, Doron Kabiri, Yinon Gilboa, Eyal Sivan, Ron Unger, Eyal Schiff, Reli Hershkovitz, Simcha Yagel
BACKGROUND: Persistently high rates of cesarean deliveries are cause for concern for physicians, patients, and health systems. Prelabor assessment might be refined by identifying factors that help predict an individual patient's risk of cesarean delivery. Such factors may contribute to patient safety and satisfaction as well as health system planning and resource allocation. In an earlier study, neonatal head circumference was shown to be more strongly associated with delivery mode and other outcome measures, than neonatal birth weight...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302808/a-comparison-of-pregnancy-outcome-of-modified-transvaginal-cervicoisthmic-cerclage-performed-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy
#14
Minling Wei, Xiaoying Jin, T C Li, Cuiyu Yang, Dong Huang, Songying Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcome of the modified transvaginal cerclage performed preconception and during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective trial was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital in Zhejiang, China. A total of 604 women with cervical incompetence underwent the cerclage, and the time of the operation was decided by the patients or depended on when the patient presented. Main outcome measures were the gestational age and the fetal outcome...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301452/ultrasound-characteristics-and-outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-fetal-cholelithiasis
#15
Assaad Kesrouani, Nadine Nassif, Bernard Nasr, Elie Choueiry, M D Gihad Chalouhi
We report a small case series of prenatally diagnosed fetal cholelithiasis. After a review of the literature, we discuss ultrasound features, workup and prognosis of prenatally diagnosed fetal gallstones.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299974/do-pregnant-women-want-to-know-the-sex-of-the-expected-child-at-routine-ultrasound-and-are-they-interested-in-sex-selection
#16
Margareta Larsson, Minna Berglund, Emelie Jarl, Tanja Tydén
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate if expecting parents wanted to know the sex of the fetus during ultrasound examination and if they had discussed it with the midwife. Another aim was to explore any interest in sex selection. METHODS: A longitudinal survey in early and late pregnancy among 2393 women in Sweden. RESULTS: Almost all (95.8%, n = 2289) women had discussed sex determination with the partner before the ultrasound scan, and 57% (n = 1356) of women and their partners wanted to find out the fetal sex...
January 4, 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297658/current-perspectives-on-the-use-of-fetal-fibronectin-testing-in-preterm-labor-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Michael S Ruma, Katie C Bittner, Clara B Soh
One in 10 infants in the United States is delivered preterm (ie, before the 37th week of pregnancy), contributing to the significant burden on the national healthcare system. Nevertheless, a lack of agreement continues among obstetric professional societies on guidelines for standardization of the approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL). This disparity in consensus has likely resulted in poor identification of women at an increased risk for preterm birth (PTB)...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297615/re-fetal-cardiac-remodeling-in-twin-pregnancy-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technology-b-valenzuela-alcaraz-m-cruz-lemini-m-rodriguez-lopez-a-gonce-l-garcia-otero-h-ayuso-m-sitges-b-bijnens-j-balasch-e-gratacos-and-f-crispi-ultrasound-obstet-gynecol-2018
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295639/the-influence-of-fetal-sex-on-the-antenatal-diagnosis-of-small-for-gestational-age
#19
Grazia Volpe, Christos Ioannou, Angelo Cavallaro, Silvia Vannuccini, Sara Ruiz-Martinez, Lawrence Impey
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the influence of fetal sex on the antenatal diagnosis and detection of small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: The cohort consisted of unselected singleton pregnancies, undergoing routine biometry and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) assessment at 36 weeks. Locally fitted equations for centiles and Z scores were used. "Ultrasound SGA" was defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 10th centile, "SGA at birth" as birthweight (BW) < 10th centile adjusted for sex...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290632/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-diagnosed-during-first-trimester-ultrasound-scan
#20
Georges A Markou, Georgios Dafereras, Christophe Poncelet
BACKGROUND Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is mostly reported from the second trimester of pregnancy. We report a case of a microcystic type of CCAM that was suggested by routine ultrasound examination at a gestational age of 12 weeks. CASE REPORT First-trimester ultrasound screening revealed the presence of a hyperechoic image that occupied the whole of the right lung, without no other any associated complications. The cardiac and aorta deviations with diaphragmatic eversion associated with a poly-hydramnios had subsequently appeared...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
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