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Intermolecular quantum coherence

Ioana Fugariu, Wolfgang Bermel, Daniel Lane, Ronald Soong, Andre J Simpson
Although current NMR techniques allow organisms to be studied in vivo, magnetic susceptibility distortions, which arise from inhomogeneous distributions of chemical moieties, prevent the acquisition of high-resolution NMR spectra. Intermolecular single quantum coherence (iSQC) is a technique that breaks the sample's spatial isotropy to form long range dipolar couplings, which can be exploited to extract chemical shift information free of perturbations. While this approach holds vast potential, present practical limitations include radiation damping, relaxation losses, and non-phase sensitive data...
April 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Yang Zhang, Yang Luo, Yao Zhang, Yun-Jie Yu, Yan-Min Kuang, Li Zhang, Qiu-Shi Meng, Yi Luo, Jin-Long Yang, Zhen-Chao Dong, J G Hou
Many important energy-transfer and optical processes, in both biological and artificial systems, depend crucially on excitonic coupling that spans several chromophores. Such coupling can in principle be described in a straightforward manner by considering the coherent intermolecular dipole-dipole interactions involved. However, in practice, it is challenging to directly observe in real space the coherent dipole coupling and the related exciton delocalizations, owing to the diffraction limit in conventional optics...
March 31, 2016: Nature
Yuqing Huang, Yung-Ya Lin, Shuhui Cai, Yu Yang, Huijun Sun, Yanqin Lin, Zhong Chen
High spectral resolution in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a prerequisite for achieving accurate information relevant to molecular structures and composition assignments. The continuous development of superconducting magnets guarantees strong and homogeneous static magnetic fields for satisfactory spectral resolution. However, there exist circumstances, such as measurements on biological tissues and heterogeneous chemical samples, where the field homogeneity is degraded and spectral line broadening seems inevitable...
March 14, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Alberto Ghirri, Alessandro Chiesa, Stefano Carretta, Filippo Troiani, Johan van Tol, Stephen Hill, Inigo Vitorica-Yrezabal, Grigore A Timco, Richard E P Winpenny, Marco Affronte
Controlling and understanding transitions between molecular spin states allows selection of the most suitable ones for qubit encoding. Here we present a detailed investigation of single crystals of a polynuclear Cr8Zn molecular wheel using 241 GHz electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in high magnetic field. Continuous wave spectra are well reproduced by spin Hamiltonian calculations, which evidence that transitions in correspondence to a well-defined anticrossing involve mixed states with different total spin...
December 17, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Guoxing Lin
Inter-molecular multiple quantum coherence (iMQC) has important applications in NMR and MRI. However, the current theoretical methods still have some difficulties in analyzing the behavior of iMQC signal attenuation of pulsed field gradient diffusion experiments. In this paper, the iMQC diffusion experiments were analyzed by an effective phase shift diffusion equation (EPSDE) method, which is based on the idea that the accumulating phase shift (APS) can be viewed as the result of a diffusion process in virtual phase space (VPS) with effective diffusion coefficient K(2)(t) D (rad(2)/s) where K(t)=∫0 (t)γg(t')dt' is a wavenumber and D is the physical diffusion coefficient of the spin carrier in the real space...
October 28, 2015: Journal of Chemical Physics
Thomas Stangl, Philipp Wilhelm, Klaas Remmerssen, Sigurd Höger, Jan Vogelsang, John M Lupton
An appealing definition of the term "molecule" arises from consideration of the nature of fluorescence, with discrete molecular entities emitting a stream of single photons. We address the question of how large a molecular object may become by growing deterministic aggregates from single conjugated polymer chains. Even particles containing dozens of individual chains still behave as single quantum emitters due to efficient excitation energy transfer, whereas the brightness is raised due to the increased absorption cross-section of the suprastructure...
October 13, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Hiroyuki Tamura, Miquel Huix-Rotllant, Irene Burghardt, Yoann Olivier, David Beljonne
Singlet excitons in π-stacked molecular crystals can split into two triplet excitons in a process called singlet fission that opens a route to carrier multiplication in photovoltaics. To resolve controversies about the mechanism of singlet fission, we have developed a first principles nonadiabatic quantum dynamical model that reveals the critical role of molecular stacking symmetry and provides a unified picture of coherent versus thermally activated singlet fission mechanisms in different acenes. The slip-stacked equilibrium packing structure of pentacene derivatives is found to enhance ultrafast singlet fission mediated by a coherent superexchange mechanism via higher-lying charge transfer states...
September 4, 2015: Physical Review Letters
Jianfeng Bao, Xiaohong Cui, Yuqing Huang, Jianhui Zhong, Zhong Chen
High-resolution (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is generally inaccessible in red bone marrow (RBM) tissues using conventional MRS techniques. This is because signal from these tissues suffers from severe inhomogeneity in the main static B0 field originated from the intrinsic honeycomb structures in trabecular bone. One way to reduce effects of B0 field inhomogeneity is by using the intermolecular double quantum coherence (iDQC) technique, which has been shown in other systems to obtain signals insensitive to B0 field inhomogeneity...
August 21, 2015: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Chunhua Tan, Shuhui Cai, Yuqing Huang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) constitutes a mainstream technique for characterizing biological samples. Benefiting from the separation of chemical shifts and J couplings, spatially localized two-dimensional (2D) J-resolved spectroscopy (JPRESS) shows better identification of complex metabolite resonances than one-dimensional MRS does and facilitates the extraction of J coupling information. However, due to variations of macroscopic magnetic susceptibility in biological samples, conventional JPRESS spectra generally suffer from the influence of field inhomogeneity...
2015: PloS One
Ryan M Davis, Zijian Zhou, Hyunkoo Chung, Warren S Warren
PURPOSE: Intermolecular multiple quantum coherences (iMQCs) are a source of MR contrast with applications including temperature imaging, anisotropy mapping, and brown fat imaging. Because all applications are limited by signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), we developed a pulse sequence that detects intermolecular zero quantum coherences with improved SNR. METHODS: A previously developed pulse sequence that detects iMQCs, HOMOGENIZED with off resonance transfer (HOT), was modified with a multi-spin echo spatial encoding scheme (MSE-HOT)...
May 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Geoffrey S Payne, Nandita M deSouza, Christina Messiou, Martin O Leach
Measurement of tissue lactate using (1) H MRS is often confounded by overlap with intense lipid signals at 1.3 ppm. Single-voxel localization using PRESS is also compromised by the large chemical shift displacement between voxels for the 4.1 ppm (-CH) resonance and the 1.3 ppm -CH3 resonance, leading to subvoxels with signals of opposite phase and hence partial signal cancellation. To reduce the chemical shift displacement to negligible proportions, a modified semi-LASER sequence was written ("FOCI-LASER", abbreviated as fLASER) using FOCI pulses to permit high RF bandwidth even with the limited RF amplitude characteristic of clinical MRI scanners...
April 2015: NMR in Biomedicine
Yusuke Morisawa, Manaka Yasunaga, Harumi Sato, Ryoichi Fukuda, Masahiro Ehara, Yukihiro Ozaki
Attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet (ATR-FUV) spectra in the 145-260 nm region were measured for surfaces (thickness 50-200 nm) of various kinds of nylons in cast films to explore their electronic transitions in the FUV region. ATR-FUV spectra show two major bands near 150 and 200 nm in the surface condensed phase of nylons. Transmittance (Tr) spectra were also observed in particular for the analysis of valence excitations. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT/CAM-B3LYP) calculations were carried out using the model systems to provide the definitive assignments of their absorption spectra and to elucidate their peak shifts in several nylons, in particular, focusing on their crystal alignment structures and intermolecular hydrogen bondings...
October 9, 2014: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Ryan M Davis, Warren S Warren
PURPOSE: Red bone marrow metastases are common in breast and prostate cancer patients, but those metastases are currently incurable. Recent developments show that hyperthermia could be a successful treatment for bone metastasis, but thermometry remains difficult or inaccurate in red marrow. METHOD: The technique evaluated in this study measures the evolution frequency of intermolecular zero quantum coherences (iZQCs) between fat and water. The iZQC evolution frequency was mapped linearly to temperature...
July 18, 2014: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Yuqing Huang, Shuhui Cai, Zhiyong Zhang, Zhong Chen
NMR spectroscopy is a principal tool in metabolomic studies and can, in theory, yield atom-level information critical for understanding biological systems. Nevertheless, NMR investigations on biological tissues generally have to contend with field inhomogeneities originating from variations in macroscopic magnetic susceptibility; these field inhomogeneities broaden spectral lines and thereby obscure metabolite signals. The congestion in one-dimensional NMR spectra of biological tissues often leads to ambiguities in metabolite identification and quantification...
May 6, 2014: Biophysical Journal
Aleksey Korobenko, Alexander A Milner, Valery Milner
Extremely fast rotating molecules whose rotational energy is comparable with the molecular bond strength are known as "superrotors." It has been speculated that superrotors may exhibit a number of unique properties, yet only indirect evidence of these molecular objects has been reported to date. Here we demonstrate the first direct observation of molecular superrotors by detecting coherent unidirectional molecular rotation with extreme frequencies exceeding 10 THz. The technique of an "optical centrifuge" is used to control the degree of rotational excitation in an ultrabroad range of rotational quantum numbers, reaching as high as N = 95 in oxygen and N = 60 in nitrogen...
March 21, 2014: Physical Review Letters
Jianhua Lu, Congbo Cai, Shuhui Cai, Zhong Chen, Jinyuan Zhou
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) provides a new type of image contrast in MRI. Due to the intrinsically low CEST effect, new and improved experimental techniques are required to achieve reliable and quantitative CEST images. In the present work, we proposed a novel and more sensitive CEST acquisition approach, based on the intermolecular double-quantum coherence with a module of multiple refocusing pulses (iDQC-MRP). Experiments were performed on creatine and egg white phantoms using a Varian 7T animal MRI scanner...
July 2014: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Honghao Cai, Yushan Chen, Xiaohong Cui, Shuhui Cai, Zhong Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has become an important technique for tissue studies. Since tissues are in semisolid-state, their high-resolution (HR) spectra cannot be obtained by conventional NMR spectroscopy. Because of this restriction, extraction and high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR MAS) are widely applied for HR NMR spectra of tissues. However, both of the methods are subject to limitations. In this study, the feasibility of HR (1)H NMR spectroscopy based on intermolecular multiple-quantum coherence (iMQC) technique is explored using fish muscle, fish eggs, and a whole fish as examples...
2014: PloS One
M V Basilevsky, A V Odinokov, S V Titov, E A Mitina
The algorithm for a theoretical calculation of transfer reaction rates for light quantum particles (i.e., the electron and H-atom transfers) in non-polar solid matrices is formulated and justified. The mechanism postulated involves a local mode (an either intra- or inter-molecular one) serving as a mediator which accomplishes the energy exchange between the reacting high-frequency quantum mode and the phonon modes belonging to the environment. This approach uses as a background the Fermi golden rule beyond the usually applied spin-boson approximation...
December 21, 2013: Journal of Chemical Physics
Rosa T Branca, Le Zhang, Warren S Warren, Edward Auerbach, Arjun Khanna, Simone Degan, Kamil Ugurbil, Robert Maronpot
The recent discovery of active Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT) in adult humans has opened new avenues for obesity research and treatment, as reduced BAT activity seem to be implicated in human energy imbalance, diabetes, and hypertension. However, clinical applications are currently limited by the lack of non-invasive tools for measuring mass and function of this tissue in humans. Here we present a new magnetic resonance imaging method based on the normally invisible intermolecular multiple-quantum coherence (1)H MR signal...
2013: PloS One
Jianfeng Bao, Xiaohong Cui, Shuhui Cai, Jianhui Zhong, Congbo Cai, Zhong Chen
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a promising therapeutic target in obesity studies. Recently, MRI has been proposed for the mapping of BAT. However, because of the limitation of spatial resolution, similar to the existing positron emission tomography and computed tomography techniques for BAT detection, it fails to distinguish BAT cells when they are mixed with other cells. In this work, a new MRI method is proposed, combining intermolecular double-quantum coherence and the chemical shift-encoded Dixon method...
December 2013: NMR in Biomedicine
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