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Skin tear

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515032/bilateral-painless-testicular-mass-acute-uveitis-and-annular-cutaneous-lesions-an-unusual-presentation-of-sarcoidosis-and-literature-review
#1
Enver Şimşek, Tülay Şimşek, Meliha Demiral, Funda Canaz, M Fuat Açıkalın
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by non-caseating epitheloid granulomas; whereas it usually involves the lungs and lymph nodes, genitourinary involvement is extremely rare. For this reason, no consensus regarding the diagnostic and management options for testicular sarcoidosis has been reached. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report was to describe an unusual clinical presentation of sarcoidosis. An 8-year-old boy presented with a 6-month history of painless scrotal enlargement and a 2-month history of photophobia, blurred vision, and pain in both eyes...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507862/eyelid-reconstruction-using-oral-mucosa-and-ear-cartilage-strips-as-sandwich-grafting
#2
Naoto Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Ogi, Satoshi Yanagibayashi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Megumi Takikawa, Akio Nishijima, Tomoharu Kiyosawa
BACKGROUND: The eyelid structure can be divided into an inner layer and an outer layer. Reconstruction of a full-thickness eyelid defect is accomplished by full-thickness composite tissue transfer or combined layered reconstruction. We present a new technique for inner layer reconstruction using ear cartilage and oral mucosa. METHODS: The oral mucosa graft is harvested from the inner side of the lower lip to fit the defect size and shape. The ear cartilage graft is harvested as a rectangular strip...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477150/the-optimal-angle-of-the-mediolateral-episiotomy-at-crowning-of-the-head-during-labor
#3
Shimon Ginath, Osnat Elyashiv, Eran Weiner, Ron Sagiv, Jacob Bar, Joseph Menczer, Michal Kovo, Alexander Condrea
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the mediolateral episiotomy incision is to increase the diameter of the soft tissue of the vaginal outlet to facilitate birth and to prevent vaginal tears. Episiotomy angles that are too narrow and close to the midline increase the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries. In order to determine the optimal angle of the episiotomy, we assessed the changes in the angles of episiotomy lines marked during the first stage of labor and measured at the time of crowning of the head...
May 5, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470564/-refixation-of-the-biceps-tendon-onto-the-radial-tuberosity-using-two-suture-anchors
#4
C Konrads, K Rueckl, T Barthel, M Walcher, M Rudert, P Plumhoff
OBJECTIVE: Reinsertion of the distal biceps tendon onto the radial tuberosity restoring full force of flexion and supination. INDICATIONS: Distal biceps tendon avulsion from the radial tuberosity. Acute and chronic tears with a tendon stump, which can be mobilized and reduced to the radial tuberosity in flexion and supination. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Tears of the musculotendinous junction. Chronic distal biceps tendon tears with wide retraction and the need for tendon graft augmentation...
May 3, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453313/medical-adhesive-related-skin-injuries-associated-with-vascular-access
#5
Jan Hitchcock, Louise Savine
Establishing vascular access and preventing infection, both at insertion and during ongoing care is generally the top priority; the maintenance of optimal skin integrity is often a distant secondary consideration. Skin can react to different types of dressings or adhesives, or problems can arise relating to the securement of lines or the development of sensitivities to cleaning solutions. Clearly, these scenarios are not limited to the securement of vascular access devices; however, a patient with a long-term vascular access device may not have other options for vascular access, which makes this a very important and yet largely unrecognised area...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452281/assessment-prevention-and-management-of-skin-tears
#6
Maureen Benbow
Skin tears are common in older people. They are acute wounds that are at high risk of becoming complex, chronic wounds due to the interplay between the physiological changes in the skin and trauma from the external environment. Skin tears have been reported to have prevalence rates equal to, or greater than, those for pressure ulcers. A comprehensive risk assessment should include assessment of the individual's general health (chronic/critical disease, polypharmacy and cognitive, sensory and nutritional status); mobility (history of falls, impaired mobility, dependent activities of daily living, and mechanical trauma); and skin (extremes of age, fragile skin and previous skin tears)...
April 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423443/-the-extended-percutaneous-needle-fasciotomy-technique-pnf-for-dupuytren-s-contracture
#7
Wolfgang Paul Lenze
The extended percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF+) is a minimal invasive technique especially suitable for treating severe Dupuytren's contractures and recurrences. The familiar needle fasciotomy is complemented by a spontaneous tearing of the skin and a full-thickness graft to cover the defect. Skin tears in fingers and palm are not a complication, but an integral part of the PNF+. The neurovascular bundles remain intact. This surgical procedure may be repeated as often as required.
February 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422804/a-review-of-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease
#8
Saleha Z Munir, James Aylward
: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication that occurs following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which is a potential curative therapy used in a variety of malignant or benign hematological diseases. Graft-versus-host disease primarily occurs in many organs, but most notably in the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, liver, eyes, mucosa, and musculoskeletal system. Ocular manifestations of GVHD may precede other systemic GVHD findings, and it may be a poor prognosis for mortality...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397327/comparison-of-self-reported-signs-of-facial-ageing-among-caucasian-women-in-australia-versus-those-in-the-usa-the-uk-and-canada
#9
Greg J Goodman, Katherine S Armour, Julia K Kolodziejczyk, Samantha Santangelo, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Australians are more exposed to higher solar UV radiation levels that accelerate signs of facial ageing than individuals who live in temperate northern countries. The severity and course of self-reported facial ageing among fair-skinned Australian women were compared with those living in Canada, the UK and the USA. METHODS: Women voluntarily recruited into a proprietary opt-in survey panel completed an internet-based questionnaire about their facial ageing...
April 10, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389490/diagnosis-and-repair-of-perineal-injuries-knowledge-before-and-after-expert-training-a-multicentre-observational-study-among-palestinian-physicians-and-midwives
#10
Kaled Zimmo, Katariina Laine, Åse Vikanes, Erik Fosse, Mohammed Zimmo, Hadil Ali, Ranee Thakar, Abdul H Sultan, Sahar Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a 2 days training with experts teaching on diagnosis and repair of perineal injuries among Palestinian midwives and physicians could change their level of knowledge towards the correct diagnosis and treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre observational study. SETTING: Obstetric departments in 6 government Palestinian hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: All physicians and midwives who attended the training...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389081/the-use-of-residual-collagenase-for-single-digits-with-multiple-joint-dupuytren-contractures
#11
Louis C Grandizio, Anil Akoon, Janice Heimbach, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
PURPOSE: Standard 0.58 mg (0.25 mL) collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) preparations result in unused CCH that is often discarded. Our purpose was to assess the results on Dupuytren contractures affecting both the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints in the same digit utilizing an injection containing the maximum CCH volume that can be withdrawn from a single vial. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with MCP and PIP cords in the same digit received a single treatment with 2 injections totaling 0...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359131/-sports-injuries-and-illnesses-of-the-german-national-team-during-the-2016-olympic-summer-games-in-rio-de-janeiro
#12
Casper Grim, Thilo Hotfiel, Martin Engelhardt, Syndey Plewinski, Olav Spahl, Bernd Wolfarth
Background This article aims to survey and describe the injuries and illnesses of the German Team during the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. Methods Through an electronic documentation system, injuries and illnesses requiring treatment were recorded and evaluated. An injury or illness was defined as any physical symptom that required medical attention and impaired participation in training and/or competition. The classification distinguished between type of injury (acute or overload), region and type of illness (infections, skin, allergy, etc...
January 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345628/tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-in-the-human-conjunctiva-and-immune-signatures-in-human-dry-eye-disease
#13
Tanima Bose, Ryan Lee, Aihua Hou, Louis Tong, K George Chandy
Non-recirculating resident memory (TRM) and recirculating T cells mount vigorous immune responses to both self and foreign antigens in barrier tissues like the skin, lung and gastrointestinal tract. Using impression cytology followed by flow cytometry we identified two TRM subsets and four recirculating T-subsets in the healthy human ocular surface. In dry eye disease, principal component analysis (PCA) revealed two clusters of patients with distinct T-cell signatures. Increased conjunctival central memory and naïve T cells characterized Cluster-1 patients, and increased CD8(+) TRMs and CD4(+) recirculating memory T cells characterized Cluster-2 patients...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316577/is-sadness-only-one-emotion-psychological-and-physiological-responses-to-sadness-induced-by-two-different-situations-loss-of-someone-and-failure-to-achieve-a-goal
#14
Mariko Shirai, Naoto Suzuki
We investigated whether sadness elicited by two different situations-loss of someone (loss) and failure to achieve a goal (failure)-had different physiological responses. Seventy-four participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (loss, failure, and neutral). Physiological responses were recorded during an imagery task that was designed to evoke sadness. The results of characteristics in the subjective ratings indicated that loss-evoked sadness was only associated with expressive words relating to tears...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300625/potential-prevention-by-oral-dhea-of-superficial-tears-in-elderly-atrophy-skin
#15
Harry W Daniell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292574/effect-of-lipid-based-dry-eye-supplements-on-the-tear-film-in-wearers-of-eye-cosmetics
#16
Michael T M Wang, Irene Sung Hee Cho, Soo Hee Jung, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the effects on tear film parameters and contamination in cosmetic eyeliner wearers, after single application of two lipid-based dry eye treatments: a lipid-containing lubricant eye drop and a phospholipid liposomal spray. METHODS: Fifty participants were enrolled in a prospective, randomised, paired-eye, investigator-masked trial. Pencil eyeliner (Body Shop(®) Crayon Eye Definer) was applied to the upper eyelid periocular skin of both eyes, anterior to the lash line...
March 11, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267128/medical-adhesive-related-skin-injury-following-emergent-appendectomy-a-case-study-of-marsi-and-missed-opportunities-in-nursing-care
#17
Sylvia E Britt, Karen M Coles, Shannon S Polson
BACKGROUND: The potential for skin damage from adhesive products is documented in the literature. Nevertheless, health care providers continue to lack understanding of the impact and seriousness of skin injury associated with use of tapes or other adhesive devices when applied to a patient with a history or hypersensitivity or allergy to adhesives. CASE: A 67-year-old woman with a history of tape allergy underwent emergency appendectomy. Initial removal of an adhesive bandage placed over the surgical incision revealed medical adhesive-related skin injury (MARSI)...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255289/an-update-on-lower-lid-blepharoplasty
#18
REVIEW
Michael Murri, Eric B Hamill, Matthew J Hauck, Douglas P Marx
Aging changes to the lower eyelids and midface include pseudoherniated orbital fat, tear trough deformity, lid laxity, and dermatochalasis. Surgical repair often aims at treating redundant skin or orbital fat malposition with a lower eyelid blepharoplasty. Either a transcutaneous or transconjunctival approach may be used, though recent trends have favored the transconjunctival technique if procedures require more than simple skin excision. In manipulating the inferior orbital fat pads, a surgeon has many options including excision, repositioning, or augmentation with synthetic dermal filler, autologous fat grafts, or acellular dermal allografts...
February 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250773/meretoja-s-syndrome-lattice-corneal-dystrophy-gelsolin-type
#19
I Casal, S Monteiro, C Abreu, M Neves, L Oliveira, M Beirão
Lattice corneal dystrophy gelsolin type was first described in 1969 by Jouko Meretoja, a Finnish ophthalmologist. It is caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in gelsolin gene resulting in unstable protein fragments and amyloid deposition in various organs. The age of onset is usually after the third decade of life and typical diagnostic triad includes progressive bilateral facial paralysis, loose skin, and lattice corneal dystrophy. We report a case of a 53-year-old female patient referred to our Department of Ophthalmology by severe dry eye and incomplete eyelid closure...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248124/-multiple-firearm-injury-caused-with-a%C3%A2-blank-pistol
#20
Eva Nevická, Rastislav Rozboril, Boris Ťažký, Ivan Závodný, Martin Zdarílek, Jozef Šidlo
The authors present a case of a complex suicide of a 60-year-old woman found dead on her bed. A blank pistol Umarex caliber 9-mm, several blank cartridges and a lot of drug packages were discovered near the body. The woman suffered from a psychiatric depression. There were three gunshot wounds on the body: in the right temporal region, on the palatum of the mouth and on the left chest wall. The gunshot wounds in the right temporal region and in the mouth had central circle defects with the margins of stellate or star-like appearance and blackening...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
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