keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Longitudinal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743174/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-intervention-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Catarina Ramos, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Tânia Rudnicki, Ana Lúcia Marôco, Isabel Leal, Raquel Guimarães, José Luís Fougo, Richard G Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study tested the effectiveness of a group intervention designed to facilitate Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). The effects of group participation on components of the PTG model were also explored. METHODS: Sample consisted of 205 women diagnosed with non-metastatic breast cancer who were either assigned to an intervention group (n = 58) or to a control group (n = 147). PTG, challenge to core beliefs, and rumination (intrusive and deliberate) were assessed at baseline (T1), at 6 months (T2) and at 12 months after baseline (T3)...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743111/sleep-and-olfaction-among-older-adults
#2
V Eloesa McSorley, Jayant Pinto, L Philip Schumm, Kristen Wroblewski, David Kern, Martha McClintock, Diane S Lauderdale
BACKGROUND: Sleep and olfaction are both critical physiological processes that tend to worsen with age. Decline in olfaction can be an early indicator of neurodegenerative diseases, whereas poor sleep quality is associated with reduced physical and mental health. Given associations with aging-related health declines, we explored whether variations in sleep were associated with olfactory function among older adults. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between sleep characteristics and olfaction among 354 community-dwelling older adults...
July 26, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743054/continuity-for-children-after-guardianship-versus-adoption-with-kin-approximating-the-right-counterfactual
#3
Nancy Rolock, Kevin R White
Over the past two decades there has been a rapid increase in the number of children and youth living in guardianship and adoptive homes who were previously in foster care. Further, previous studies compared outcomes for children in guardianship homes to those for children in adoptive homes, despite the fact that many factors likely affect the selection of foster youth into different types of permanent placements. This study examined two counterfactuals for guardianship as a permanent placement type: adoption only and adoption or long-term-fostercare (A+LTFC)...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742930/information-about-first-trimester-screening-and-self-reported-distress-among-pregnant-women-and-partners-comparing-two-methods-of-information-giving-in-sweden
#5
Peter Lindgren, Magdalena Stadin, Inger Blomberg, Karin Nordin, Hanna Sahlgren, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren
INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress...
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742807/association-of-coping-strategies-with-mortality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-japan-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study
#6
Kakuya Niihata, Shingo Fukuma, Tadao Akizawa, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to disease- and treatment-related stresses, and use various coping strategies to deal with these stresses. Although some studies have reported the association of coping strategies with mortality or health-related quality of life (QOL) in some populations, the effect of coping strategies on clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients remains unclear. We investigated the association in a longitudinal design among Japanese hemodialysis patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742757/concurrent-validity-and-responsiveness-of-promis-health-domains-among-patients-presenting-for-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#7
Taylor E Purvis, Elena Andreou, Brian J Neuman, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity and responsiveness of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS health domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, physical function, satisfaction with participation in social roles, sleep disturbance) may measure quality of care and determine minimal important differences (MIDs) after spine surgery...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742687/the-allosteric-hemoglobin-effector-itpp-inhibits-metastatic-colon-cancer-in-mice
#8
Perparim Limani, Michael Linecker, Marcel A Schneider, Philipp Kron, Christoph Tschuor, Ekaterina Kachaylo, Udo Ungethuem, Claude Nicolau, Jean-Marie Lehn, Rolf Graf, Bostjan Humar, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of enhanced intracellular oxygen contents on the metastatic potential of colon cancer. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the commonest gastrointestinal carcinoma. Distant metastases occur in half of patients and are responsible for most cancer-related deaths. Tumor hypoxia is central to the pathogenesis of metastases. Myo-Inositoltrispyrophosphate (ITPP), a nontoxic, antihypoxic compound, has recently shown significant benefits in experimental cancer, particularly when combined with standard chemotherapy...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742633/stable-longitudinal-performance-of-adult-cochlear-implant-users-for-more-than-10-years
#9
Kristen Rak, Sebastian P Schraven, Philipp Schendzielorz, Anja Kurz, Wafaa Shehata-Dieler, Rudolf Hagen, Andreas Radeloff
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term performance of cochlear implant patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center with a large cochlear implant program. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Speech perception scores in quiet and in background noise in the short-term (1.12 ± 0.15 yr) and long-term (12.61 ± 2.34 yr) after implantation. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight implanted ears from 55 patients with a mean age of 51...
July 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742520/growth-and-pubertal-patterns-in-young-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#10
Sarah Elitzur, Revital Houri-Shtrecher, Michal Yackobovitz-Gavan, Galia Avrahami, Shlomit Barzilai, Gil Gilad, Yael Lebenthal, Moshe Phillip, Batia Stark, Isaac Yaniv, Shlomit Shalitin
BACKGROUND: Survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may experience endocrine dysfunction. This study evaluated growth and pubertal patterns in survivors of childhood ALL. METHODS: Longitudinal assessment of anthropometric measurements and pubertal status was performed in a retrospective cohort of survivors (n=183). Median age at last endocrine visit was 16.1 years (range 8.2-27.6); median follow-up time was 8.7 years (range 3-21.4). RESULTS: Treatment with chemotherapy+prophylactic cranial radiation (pCRT, n=29) was associated with lower mean height standard deviation score (SDS) than chemotherapy alone (n=154) (p=0...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742412/post-high-school-changes-in-tobacco-and-cannabis-use-in-the-united-states
#11
Fearghal O'brien, Bruce Simons-Morton, Ashok Chaurasia, Jeremy Luk, Denise Haynie, Danping Liu
BACKGROUND: The transition from high school into young adulthood is a critical developmental period with many young people going to college, moving residence, and entering the work force for the first time. The NEXT Generation Health Study (NEXT) is a nationally representative longitudinal study of adolescent health behaviors. Previous NEXT research has found that the post-high school environment is associated with changes in alcohol use. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the impact of school status, residential status, and work status on cannabis and cigarette use among post-high school participants...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742411/is-major-depression-linked-to-alcohol-impaired-driving
#12
Ye Z Pogue, Jahn K Hakes, Frank A Sloan
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-impaired driving causes a substantial proportion of motor vehicle accidents. Depression is a prevalent psychiatric disorder among drinker-drivers. Few previous studies have investigated the relationship between major depression and alcohol-impaired driving. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether depression has a positive relationship with the probability of alcohol-impaired driving after controlling for the co-occurrence of binge drinking and alcohol dependence...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742292/effects-of-a-course-of-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-venlafaxine-on-insomnia-symptoms-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#13
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medications have a variety of effects on sleep, apart from their antidepressant effects. It is unknown whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has effects on perceived sleep in depressed patients. This secondary analysis examines the effects of ECT on perceived sleep, separate from its antidepressant effects. METHODS: Elderly patients with major depressive disorder, as defined by DSM-IV, received open-label high-dose, right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with venlafaxine, as part of participating in phase 1 of the National Institute of Mental Health-supported study Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742272/longitudinal-associations-between-exercise-identity-and-exercise-motivation-a-multilevel-growth-curve-model-approach
#14
Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Symeon Vlachopoulos, Magnus Lindwall, Daniel F Gucciardi, Christos Tsakonitis
OBJECTIVES: Past work linking exercise identity and exercise motivation has been cross-sectional. This is the first study to model the relations between different types of exercise identity and exercise motivation longitudinally. Understanding the dynamic associations between these sets of variables has implications for theory development and applied research. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey study. METHODS: Participants were 180 exercisers (79 men, 101 women) from Greece, who were recruited from fitness centres and were asked to complete questionnaires assessing exercise identity (exercise beliefs and role identity) and exercise motivation (intrinsic, identified, introjected, external motivation, and amotivation) three times within a six month period...
July 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742162/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-during-pregnancy
#15
K Oliver Schubert, Tracy Air, Scott R Clark, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Edward Miller, Gustaaf A Dekker, Bernhard T Baune, Vicki L Clifton
Anxiety and health related Quality of Life (HRQoL) have emerged as important mental health measures in obstetric care. Few studies have systematically examined the longitudinal trajectories of anxiety and HRQoL in pregnancy. Using a linear growth modeling strategy, we analyzed the course of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)- and Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) scores between the 12th and the 36th week of gestation, in a sample of 355 women. We additionally analyzed the impact of depressive symptoms and a chronic medical condition (asthma), on STAI and SF-36 trajectory curves...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742080/emergent-remitted-and-persistent-psychosis-spectrum-symptoms-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#16
S X Tang, T M Moore, M E Calkins, J J Yi, D M McDonald-McGinn, E H Zackai, B S Emanuel, R C Gur, R E Gur
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at markedly elevated risk for schizophrenia-related disorders. Stability, emergence, remission and persistence of psychosis-spectrum symptoms were investigated longitudinally. Demographic, clinical and cognitive predictors of psychosis were assessed. Prospective follow-up over 2.8 years was undertaken in 75 individuals with 22q11DS aged 8-35 years. Mood, anxiety, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders and psychosis-spectrum symptoms were assessed with the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia and Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS)...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742078/longitudinal-changes-in-glucocorticoid-receptor-exon-1f-methylation-and-psychopathology-after-military-deployment
#17
R R Schür, M P Boks, B P F Rutten, N P Daskalakis, L de Nijs, M van Zuiden, A Kavelaars, C J Heijnen, M Joëls, R S Kahn, E Geuze, E Vermetten, C H Vinkers
Several cross-sectional studies have demonstrated the relevance of DNA methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor exon 1F region (GR-1F) for trauma-related psychopathology. We conducted a longitudinal study to examine GR-1F methylation changes over time in relation to trauma exposure and the development of post-deployment psychopathology. GR-1F methylation (52 loci) was quantified using pyrosequencing in whole blood of 92 military men 1 month before and 6 months after a 4-month deployment period to Afghanistan...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742075/are-individuals-with-higher-psychopathic-traits-better-learners-at-lying-behavioural-and-neural-evidence
#18
R Shao, T M C Lee
High psychopathy is characterized by untruthfulness and manipulativeness. However, existing evidence on higher propensity or capacity to lie among non-incarcerated high-psychopathic individuals is equivocal. Of particular importance, no research has investigated whether greater psychopathic tendency is associated with better 'trainability' of lying. An understanding of whether the neurobehavioral processes of lying are modifiable through practice offers significant theoretical and practical implications. By employing a longitudinal design involving university students with varying degrees of psychopathic traits, we successfully demonstrate that the performance speed of lying about face familiarity significantly improved following two sessions of practice, which occurred only among those with higher, but not lower, levels of psychopathic traits...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742023/genome-wide-identification-of-lineage-and-locus-specific-variation-associated-with-pneumococcal-carriage-duration
#19
John A Lees, Nicholas J Croucher, David Goldblatt, François Nosten, Julian Parkhill, Claudia Turner, Paul Turner, Stephen D Bentley
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of invasive disease in infants, especially in low-income settings. Asymptomatic carriage in the nasopharynx is a prerequisite for disease, but variability in its duration is currently only understood at the serotype level. Here we developed a model to calculate the duration of carriage episodes from longitudinal swab data, and combined these results with whole genome sequence data. We estimated that pneumococcal genomic variation accounted for 63% of the phenotype variation, whereas the host traits considered here (age and previous carriage) accounted for less than 5%...
July 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741982/multimodal-mr-imaging-signatures-of-cognitive-impairment-in-active-professional-fighters
#20
Virendra R Mishra, Xiaowei Zhuang, Karthik R Sreenivasan, Sarah J Banks, Zhengshi Yang, Charles Bernick, Dietmar Cordes
Purpose To investigate whether combining multiple magnetic resonance (MR) imaging modalities such as T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted MR imaging could reveal imaging biomarkers associated with cognition in active professional fighters. Materials and Methods Active professional fighters (n = 297; 24 women and 273 men) were recruited at one center. Sixty-two fighters (six women and 56 men) returned for a follow-up examination. Only men were included in the main analysis of the study. On the basis of computerized testing, fighters were separated into the cognitively impaired and nonimpaired groups on the basis of computerized testing...
July 25, 2017: Radiology
keyword
keyword
32158
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"