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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329001/experimental-demonstration-of-the-possible-role-of-acanthamoeba-polyphaga-in-the-infection-and-disease-progression-in-buruli-ulcer-bu-using-icr-mice
#1
Bright K Azumah, Phyllis G Addo, Alfred Dodoo, Gordon Awandare, Lydia Mosi, Daniel A Boakye, Michael D Wilson
The transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU), caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU), remains puzzling although a number of hypothesis including through bites of infected aquatic insects have been proposed. We report the results of experiments using ICR mice that give credence to our hypothesis that Acanthamoeba species may play a role in BU transmission. We cocultured MU N2 and MU 1615 which expresses red fluorescent protein (RFP) and Acanthamoeba polyphaga (AP), and confirmed infected AP by Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326764/on-the-utility-of-higher-harmonics-in-electrospray-ionization-fourier-transform-electrostatic-linear-ion-trap-mass-spectrometry
#2
Eric T Dziekonski, Joshua T Johnson, Scott A McLuckey
The mass resolution (M/ΔM FWHM) is observed to linearly increase with harmonic order in a Fourier transform electrostatic linear ion trap mass spectrometer (FT-ELIT-MS). This behavior was predicted by Grosshans and Marshall for frequency-multiple detection in a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR-MS) only for situations when the prominent mechanism for signal decay is ion ejection from the trap. As the analyzer pressure in our ELIT chamber is relatively high, such that collisional scattering and collision-induced dissociation are expected to underlie much of the ion loss, we sought to explore the relationship between harmonic order and mass resolution...
March 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321051/chronotoxicity-of-bromobenzene-induced-hepatic-injury-in-mice
#3
Hiroki Yoshioka, Tsunemasa Nonogaki, Nobuyuki Fukuishi, Yasuro Shinohara, Gi-Wook Hwang, Katsumi Ohtani, Nobuhiko Miura
The aim of the present study is to investigate whether or not bromobenzene (BB) toxicity varies with circadian periodicity. Seven-week-old male ICR mice were injected with 900 mg/kg (5.73 mmol/kg) BB intraperitoneally at 4 different time points of a day (zeitgeber time [ZT]: ZT0, ZT6, ZT12, and ZT18). Mortality was then monitored for 7 days after injection. Interestingly, mice were sensitive to BB acute toxicity at ZT6 while tolerant at ZT18. Moreover, in mice that were given a non-lethal dose of BB (540 mg (3...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319418/autologous-cartilage-chip-transplantation-improves-repair-tissue-composition-compared-with-marrow-stimulation
#4
Bjørn Borsøe Christensen, Morten Lykke Olesen, Martin Lind, Casper Bindzus Foldager
BACKGROUND: Repair of chondral injuries by use of cartilage chips has recently demonstrated clinical feasibility. PURPOSE: To investigate in vivo cartilage repair outcome of autologous cartilage chips compared with marrow stimulation in full-thickness cartilage defects in a minipig model. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Six Göttingen minipigs received two 6-mm chondral defects in the medial and lateral trochlea of each knee...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317895/upregulation-of-skeletal-muscle-pgc-1%C3%AE-through-the-elevation-of-cyclic-amp-levels-by-cyanidin-3-glucoside-enhances-exercise-performance
#5
Toshiya Matsukawa, Hideko Motojima, Yuki Sato, Shinya Takahashi, Myra O Villareal, Hiroko Isoda
Regular exercise and physical training enhance physiological capacity and improve metabolic diseases. Skeletal muscles require peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in the process of their adaptation to exercise owing to PGC-1α's ability to regulate mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis, and oxidative metabolism. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy3G) is a natural polyphenol and a nutraceutical factor, which has several beneficial effects on human health. Here, the effect of Cy3G on exercise performance and the underlying mechanisms involved were investigated...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317866/cyclooxygenase-2-facilitates-dengue-virus-replication-and-serves-as-a-potential-target-for-developing-antiviral-agents
#6
Chun-Kuang Lin, Chin-Kai Tseng, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Chuang Liaw, Chun-Yu Lin, Chung-Hao Huang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Jin-Ching Lee
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is one of the important mediators of inflammation in response to viral infection, and it contributes to viral replication, for example, cytomegalovirus or hepatitis C virus replication. The role of COX-2 in dengue virus (DENV) replication remains unclear. In the present study, we observed an increased level of COX-2 in patients with dengue fever compared with healthy donors. Consistent with the clinical data, an elevated level of COX-2 expression was also observed in DENV-infected ICR suckling mice...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315023/external-noise-and-external-signal-induced-transition-of-gene-switch-and-coherence-resonance-in-the-genetic-regulatory-system
#7
Jian-Cheng Shi, Min Luo, Tao Dong, Chu-Sheng Huang
The transition of gene switch induced by external noises (multiplicative external noise and additive external noise) and external signals is investigated in the genetic regulatory system. Results show that the state-to-state transition of gene switch as well as resonant behaviors, such as the explicit coherence resonance (ECR), implicit coherence resonance (ICR) and control parameter coherence biresonance (CPCBR), can appear when noises are injected into the genetic regulatory system. The ECR is increased with the increase of the control parameter value when starting from the supercritical Hopf bifurcation parameter point, and there exists a critical control parameter value for the occurrence of ECR...
March 17, 2017: Acta Biotheoretica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302318/regional-differences-of-tibial-and-femoral-cartilage-in-the-chondrocyte-gene-expression-immunhistochemistry-and-composite-in-different-stages-of-osteoarthritis
#8
A Lahm, D Dabravolski, H Spank, H Merk, J Esser, R Kasch
The function of articular cartilage as an avascular tissue is mainly served by collagen type II and proteoglycan molecules. Within this matrix homeostasis between production and breakdown of the matrix is exceptionally sensitive. The current study was conducted to identify regional differences in specific alterations in cartilage composition during the osteoarthritic process of the human knee joint. Therefor the changes in the expression of the key molecules of the extracellular matrix were measured in dependence of the anatomical side (femoral vs tibial) and associated with immunohistochemistry and quantitative measurement...
February 24, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300665/grape-seed-extract-ameliorates-bleomycin-induced-mouse-pulmonary-fibrosis
#9
Qi Liu, Jun-Xia Jiang, Ya-Nan Liu, Yan Guan, Wei Zhao, Yong-Liang Jia, Xin-Wei Dong, Yun Sun, Qiang-Min Xie
Pulmonary fibrosis is common in a variety of inflammatory lung diseases, such as interstitial pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and silicosis. There is currently no effective clinical drug treatment. It has been reported that grape seed extracts (GSE) has extensive pharmacological effects with minimal toxicity. Although it has been found that GSE can improve the lung collagen deposition and fibrosis pathology induced by bleomycin in rat, its effects on pulmonary function, inflammation, growth factors, matrix metalloproteinases and epithelial-mesenchymal transition remain to be researched...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299850/ethanol-extract-of-pinus-koraiensis-leaf-ameliorates-alcoholic-fatty-liver-via-the-activation-of-lkb1-ampk-signaling-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Sang-Hyuk Hong, Hyemin Lee, Hyo-Jung Lee, Bonglee Kim, Min-Ho Nam, Bum-Sang Shim, Sung-Hoon Kim
Although Pinus koraiensis leaf (PKL) was reported for its anti-diabetes, anti-obesity and anticancer effects as a folk remedy, the inhibitory effect of PKL on alcoholic fatty liver has never been elucidated yet. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms of PKL on alcoholic fatty liver in HepG2 cells, Sprague Dawley (SD) rats and Imprinting Control Region (ICR) mice. Pinus koraiensis leaf increased phosphorylation of liver kinase B1 (LKB1)/AMP-activated protein kinase signaling, low-density lipoprotein receptor and decreased fatty acid biosynthesis-related proteins such as sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c, fatty acid synthase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase in HepG2 cells...
March 16, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294371/icariin-improves-the-sexual-function-of-male-mice-through-the-pi3k-akt-enos-no-signalling-pathway
#11
J Ding, Y Tang, Z Tang, X Zu, L Qi, X Zhang, G Wang
We aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of icariin on male sexual function. Forty-eight Crl:CD1(ICR) male mice were randomly divided into control, low-, medium- and high-dose icariin group (intragastric administration of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/d for 21 days). Mating experiment was then performed at a ratio of 1: 3 (male: female). The mating behaviours of male mice were recorded. The genital indexes and serum testosterone, nitric oxide (NO), hypothalamic dopamine (DA) and 5- hydroxy tryptophan (5-HT) concentrations were measured...
March 15, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291500/comparative-susceptibility-of-different-mouse-strains-to-liver-stage-infection-with-plasmodium-berghei-sporozoites-assessed-using-in-vivo-imaging
#12
Qigui Li, Lisa Xie, Diana Caridha, Norma Roncal, Qiang Zeng, Jing Zhang, Ping Zhang, Mark Hickman, Lisa Read
BACKGROUND: The liver stages of Plasmodium parasites are important targets for the discovery and development of prophylactic drugs. METHODS: A real-time in vivo imaging system was used to determine the level of luminescence measured from firefly luciferase expression by sporozoites developing in hepatocytes in different strains of mice. RESULTS: The luminescence values (photon counts/sec) measured from the anatomical liver location in the untreated mice infected with 10,000 Plasmodium berghei sporozoites were 8...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288692/does-cimicifuga-racemosa-have-the-effects-like-estrogen-on-the-sublingual-gland-in-ovariectomized-rats
#13
Yun-Meng Da, Kai-Yu Niu, Shu-Ya Liu, Ke Wang, Wen-Juan Wang, Jing Jia, Li-Hua Qin, Wen-Pei Bai
BACKGROUND: Cimicifuga racemosa is one of the herbs used for the treatment of climacteric syndrome, and it has been cited as an alternative therapy to estrogen. Apart from hectic fevers, dyspareunia and so on, dry mouth also increase significantly after menopause. It has not yet been reported whether C. racemosa has any impact on the sublingual gland, which may relate to dry mouth. In an attempt to determine this, we have compared the effects of estrogen and C. racemosa on the sublingual gland of ovariectomized rats...
March 14, 2017: Biological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287592/chemical-analysis-of-water-accommodated-fractions-of-crude-oil-spills-using-tims-ft-icr-ms
#14
Paolo Benigni, Rebecca Marin, Kathia Sandoval, Piero Gardinali, Francisco Fernandez-Lima
Multiple chemical processes control how crude oil is incorporated into seawater and also the chemical reactions that occur overtime. Studying this system requires the careful preparation of the sample in order to accurately replicate the natural formation of the water-accommodated fraction that occurs in nature. Low-energy water-accommodated fractions (LEWAF) are carefully prepared by mixing crude oil and water at a set ratio. Aspirator bottles are then irradiated, and at set time points, the water is sampled and extracted using standard techniques...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284430/antioxidant-and-cardioprotective-effects-of-ilex-cornuta-on-myocardial-ischemia-injury
#15
Yan Yuan, Shu Pan, Shi-Lin Yang, Yan-Li Liu, Qiong-Ming Xu
Previous studies have indicated that the Ilex genus exhibits antioxidant, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the pharmacologic action and mechanisms of Ilex cornuta against cardiac diseases have not yet been explored. The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant and cardioprotective effects of Ilex cornuta root with in vitro and in vivo models. The anti-oxidative effects of the extract of Ilex cornuta root (ICR) were measured by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free-radical scavenging and MTT assays as well as immunoassay...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283716/electrochemistry-coupled-online-to-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-for-fast-simulation-of-biotransformation-reactions-of-the-insecticide-chlorpyrifos
#16
Tessema F Mekonnen, Ulrich Panne, Matthias Koch
An automated method is presented for fast simulation of (bio)transformation products (TPs) of the organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) based on electrochemistry coupled online to liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (EC-LC-MS). Oxidative TPs were produced by a boron doped diamond (BDD) electrode, separated by reversed phase HPLC and online detected by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Furthermore, EC oxidative TPs were investigated by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and FT-ICR high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and compared to in vitro assay metabolites (rat and human liver microsomes)...
March 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282221/collagen-augmentation-improves-the-quality-of-cartilage-repair-after-microfracture-in-patients-undergoing-high-tibial-osteotomy
#17
Man Soo Kim, In Jun Koh, Young Jun Choi, Kyu Hyung Pak, Yong In
BACKGROUND: The quality of cartilage repair after marrow stimulation is unpredictable. To overcome the shortcomings of the microfracture technique, various augmentation techniques have been developed. However, their efficacies remain unclear. HYPOTHESIS: The quality of cartilage repair and clinical outcomes would be superior in patients undergoing high tibial osteotomy (HTO) with microfracture and collagen augmentation compared to those undergoing HTO with microfracture alone without collagen augmentation for the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280419/inhibition-of-k-outward-currents-by-linopirdine-in-the-cochlear-outer-hair-cells-of-circling-mice-within-the-first-postnatal-week
#18
Shin Wook Kang, Ji Woong Ahn, Seung Cheol Ahn
Inhibition of K(+) outward currents by linopirdine in the outer hair cells (OHCs) of circling mice (homozygous (cir/cir) mice), an animal model for human deafness (DFNB6 type), was investigated using a whole cell patch clamp technique. Littermate heterozygous (+/cir) and ICR mice of the same age (postnatal day (P) 0 -P6) were used as controls. Voltage steps from -100 mV to 40 mV elicited small inward currents (-100 mV~-70 mV) and slow rising K(+) outward currents (-60 mV ~40 mV) which activated near -50 mV in all OHCs tested...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279662/in%C3%A2-vivo-interactions-between-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-and-nuclear-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-implication-for-nicotine-dependence
#19
Asti Jackson, Deniz Bagdas, Pretal P Muldoon, Aron H Lichtman, F Ivy Carroll, Mark Greenwald, Michael F Miles, M Imad Damaj
Chronic tobacco use dramatically increases health burdens and financial costs. Limitations of current smoking cessation therapies indicate the need for improved molecular targets. The main addictive component of tobacco, nicotine, exerts its dependency effects via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Activation of the homomeric α7 nAChR reduces nicotine's rewarding properties in conditioned place preference (CPP) test and i.v. self-administration models, but the mechanism underlying these effects is unknown...
March 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279065/proteomic-biomarkers-for-bisphenol-a-early-exposure-and-women-s-thyroid-cancer
#20
Ho-Sun Lee, Yunkyeong Kang, Kyung Tae, Gyu-Un Bae, Jong Y Park, Yoon Hee Cho, Mihi Yang
Purpose: For the target treatment and prevention of women's increased thyroid cancer, we focused on risks of environmental exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, particularly bisphenol A (BPA), and its high susceptible exposure- timing, particularly early exposure in lives. Materials and Methods: Female ICR mice were exposed to BPA in utero and in early life (15, 75 and 300 mg/L of drinking water via pregnant mice and lactation). We identified BPA-responsive proteins in mice thyroid by 2D-PAGE, image analyses, and ESI-Q-TOF MS...
March 8, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
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