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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339494/facility-type-and-primary-care-performance-in-sub-district-health-promotion-hospitals-in-northern-thailand
#1
Nithra Kitreerawutiwong, Sue Jordan, David Hughes
BACKGROUND: Poor and middle-income Thai people rely heavily on primary care health services. These are staffed by a range of professionals. However, it is unknown whether the performance of primary care varies according to the staffing and organization of local service delivery units. Tambon (sub-district) health promotion hospitals (THPHs) were introduced in 2009 to upgrade the services offered by the previous health centres, but were faced with continuing shortages of doctors and nurses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335444/hiv-education-and-welfare-services-in-primary-care-an-empirical-model-of-integration-in-brazil-s-unified-health-system
#2
Rahbel Rahman, Rogério M Pinto, Melanie M Wall
Integration of health education and welfare services in primary care systems is a key strategy to solve the multiple determinants of chronic diseases, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). However, there is a scarcity of conceptual models from which to build integration strategies. We provide a model based on cross-sectional data from 168 Community Health Agents, 62 nurses, and 32 physicians in two municipalities in Brazil's Unified Health System (UHS)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334584/delayed-workup-of-rectal-bleeding-in-adult-primary-care-examining-process-of-care-failures
#3
Saul N Weingart, Elena M Stoffel, Daniel C Chung, Thomas D Sequist, Ruth I Lederman, Stephen R Pelletier, Helen M Shields
BACKGROUND: Although delayed colorectal cancer diagnoses figure prominently in medical malpractice claims, little is known about the quality of primary care clinicians' workup of rectal bleeding. METHODS: In this study, 438 patients were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for rectal bleeding, hemorrhoids, and blood in the stool at 10 Boston adult primary care practices. Following nurse chart abstraction, physician reviewers assessed the overall quality of care and key care processes...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#4
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316553/community-hospitals-in-selected-high-income-countries-a-scoping-review-of-approaches-and-models
#5
Eleanor M Winpenny, Jennie Corbett, Celine Miani, Sarah King, Emma Pitchforth, Tom Ling, Edwin van Teijlingen, Ellen Nolte
BACKGROUND: There is no single definition of a community hospital in the UK, despite its long history. We sought to understand the nature and scope of service provision in community hospitals, within the UK and other high-income countries. METHODS: We undertook a scoping review of literature on community hospitals published from 2005 to 2014. Data were extracted on features of the hospital model and the services provided, with results presented as a narrative synthesis...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306609/when-peers-count-the-effects-on-integrated-type-ii-diabetes-care-of-communication-within-general-practitioner-only-subgroups-in-interprofessional-primary-care-teams
#6
Amelia Compagni, Patrizio Armeni, Stefano Tasselli
BACKGROUND: Primary care teams (hereafter referred to as primary care units [PCUs]) composed of general practitioners (GPs), nurses, and specialist doctors have recently been established in the Italian context, with the main aim of improving integrated care for chronic diseases. PURPOSES: The aim of the study was to assess whether the increased professional diversity of PCUs has resulted in an improvement in the integrated care of type II diabetes and to identify a potential mechanism mediating this effect...
March 16, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302637/protocol-for-determining-primary-healthcare-practice-characteristics-models-of-practice-and-patient-accessibility-using-an-exploratory-census-survey-with-linkage-to-administrative-data-in-nova-scotia-canada
#7
Emily Gard Marshall, Richard J Gibson, Beverley Lawson, Frederick Burge
INTRODUCTION: There is little evidence on how primary care providers (PCPs) model their practices in Nova Scotia (NS), Canada, what services they offer or what accessibility is like for the average patient. This study will create a database of all family physicians and primary healthcare nurse practitioners in NS, including information about accessibility and the model of care in which they practice, and will link the survey data to administrative health databases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 3 census surveys of all family physicians, primary care nurse practitioners (ie, PCPs) and their practices in NS will be conducted...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299815/effects-of-substituting-nurse-practitioners-physician-assistants-or-nurses-for-physicians-concerning-healthcare-for-the-aging-population-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Marleen H Lovink, Anke Persoon, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Anneke J A H Van Vught, Lisette Schoonhoven, Miranda G H Laurant
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of substituting nurse practitioners, physician assistants or nurses for physicians in long-term care facilities and primary healthcare for the aging population (primary aim) and to describe what influences the implementation (secondary aim). BACKGROUND: Healthcare for the aging population is undergoing major changes and physicians face heavy workloads. A solution to guarantee quality and contain costs might be to substitute nurse practitioners, physician assistants or nurses for physicians...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294293/current-barriers-and-potential-strategies-to-increase-the-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-larc-to-reduce-the-rate-of-unintended-pregnancies-in-australia-an-expert-roundtable-discussion
#9
Danielle Mazza, Deborah Bateson, Meredith Frearson, Philip Goldstone, Gab Kovacs, Rod Baber
BACKGROUND: Australia's abortion rates are among the highest in the developed world. Efficacy of the most commonly used form of contraception (oral contraceptives and condoms) relies on regular user compliance. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) virtually eradicates contraceptive failure as it is not user-dependent; however, its uptake has been low. AIM: To provide an overview of barriers to LARC use in Australia and potential strategies to overcome these barriers...
March 10, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287020/exploring-informal-workplace-learning-in-primary-healthcare-for-continuous-professional-development
#10
Viktoria Joynes, Micky Kerr, Tamsin Treasure-Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: All health and social care professionals learn on the job through both formal and informal learning processes, which contributes to continuous professional development (CPD). This study explored workplace learning in General Practices, specifically looking at the role of informal learning and the workplace practices that appear to support or restrict that learning, as well as how technology was integrated into these learning processes. METHODS: Three focus groups with general practitioners, practice nurses, managerial and administrative staff were conducted followed by twelve individual semi-structured interviews with participants drawn from the focus groups...
March 12, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286331/stems-pilot-trial-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-addition-of-patient-direct-access-to-physiotherapy-to-usual-gp-led-primary-care-for-adults-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#11
Annette Bishop, Reuben O Ogollah, Sue Jowett, Jesse Kigozi, Stephanie Tooth, Joanne Protheroe, Elaine M Hay, Chris Salisbury, Nadine E Foster
INTRODUCTION: Around 17% of general practitioner (GP) consultations are for musculoskeletal conditions, which will rise as the population ages. Patient direct access to physiotherapy provides one solution, yet adoption in the National Health Service (NHS) has been slow. SETTING: A pilot, pragmatic, non-inferiority, cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in general practice and physiotherapy services in the UK. OBJECTIVES: Investigate feasibility of a main RCT...
March 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271389/talking-about-your-prostate-perspectives-from-providers-and-community-members
#12
Seul Ki Choi, Jessica S Seel, Susan E Steck, Johnny Payne, Douglas McCormick, Courtney S Schrock, Daniela B Friedman
Prostate cancer (PrCA) screening is controversial, especially for African-American (AA) men who have higher PrCA incidence and mortality than other racial/ethnic groups. Patient-provider communication is important for the PrCA screening decision process. The study purpose was to better understand the current dialogue between primary care providers (PCPs-physicians and nurse practitioners) and AA men about PrCA prevention and screening. An online survey with 46 PCPs, education sessions (including pre/post surveys) with 56 AA men, and a forum with 5 panelists and 38 AA men for open dialogue were held to examine both provider and community perspectives on PrCA communication needs and practices...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267788/dementia-incidence-trend-over-1992-2014-in-the-netherlands-analysis-of-primary-care-data
#13
Emma F van Bussel, Edo Richard, Derk L Arts, Astrid C J Nooyens, Preciosa M Coloma, Margot W M de Waal, Marjan van den Akker, Marion C J Biermans, Markus M J Nielen, Kees van Boven, Hugo Smeets, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, Wim B Busschers, Willem A van Gool, Eric P Moll van Charante
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested declining age-specific incidence rates of dementia in high-income countries over time. Improved education and cardiovascular health in early age have been suggested to be bringing about this effect. The aim of this study was to estimate the age-specific dementia incidence trend in primary care records from a large population in the Netherlands. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A dynamic cohort representative of the Dutch population was composed using primary care records from general practice registration networks (GPRNs) across the country...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262085/the-jordanian-primary-healthcare-practitioner-in-cancer-control
#14
Nour A Obeidat, Feras I Hawari, Malek A Habashneh, Rawan A Shihab
Aim To measure the knowledge, perceptions, and practices of Jordanian primary healthcare practitioners (PHCPs) (physicians, nurses, midwives, and nurse aids) employed in Jordanian Ministry of Health (MoH) primary health clinics with respect to counseling on cancer (cancer screening, the signs and symptoms of cancer, and referral for specialized care). BACKGROUND: Integration of oncology services within primary care is a means of enhancing cancer early detection, and requires involvement of skilled...
March 6, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261891/telehealth-misconceptions-and-experiences-of-healthcare-professionals-in-england
#15
Reem Kayyali, Iman Hesso, Alyaa Mahdi, Omowumi Hamzat, Albert Adu, Shereen Nabhani Gebara
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to look at telehealth awareness and experiences among healthcare professionals (HCPs) from different disciplines, in addition to factors impeding its adoption in healthcare delivery. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 36 HCPs from different disciplines such as pharmacists, nurses and doctors in South London. A convenience sampling technique was used whereby HCPs working in local trusts, community pharmacies and general practitioners surgeries were approached for participation...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256999/characteristics-of-primary-care-physicians-in-patient-centered-medical-home-practices-united-states-2013
#16
Esther Hing, Ellen Kurtzman, Denys T Lau, Caroline Taplin, Andrew B Bindman
Objective-This report describes the characteristics of primary care physicians in patient-centered medical home (PCMH) practices and compares these characteristics with those of primary care physicians in non-PCMH practices. Methods-The data presented in this report were collected during the induction interview for the 2013 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, a national probability sample survey of nonfederal physicians who see patients in office settings in the United States. Analyses exclude anesthesiologists, radiologists, pathologists, and physicians in community health centers...
February 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255069/sexual-well-being-in-cancer-and-palliative-care-an-assessment-of-healthcare-professionals-current-practice-and-training-needs
#17
Aoife Gleeson, Emily Hazell
: Sexual well-being is often significantly affected by cancer and its treatments. Previous research shows that a patient's sexual well-being is often overlooked in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were twofold. First, to determine the current practice of healthcare professionals (HCPs) working with cancer and palliative care patients in primary and secondary care settings in relation to sexual well-being. Second, to determine the education requirements of HCPs regarding the management of sexual well-being concerns of cancer/palliative care patients...
March 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251754/clinicians-guide-for-cue-based-transition-to-oral-feeding-in-preterm-infants-an-easy-to-use-clinical-guide
#18
Welma Lubbe
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This article aims to provide evidence to guide multidisciplinary clinical practitioners towards successful initiation and long-term maintenance of oral feeding in preterm infants, directed by the individual infant maturity. METHOD: A comprehensive review of primary research, explorative work, existing guidelines, and evidence-based opinions regarding the transition to oral feeding in preterm infants was studied to compile this document...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251070/knee-osteoarthritis-therapeutic-alternatives-in-primary-care
#19
Allison L Evaniew, Nathan Evaniew
AIM: To discusses pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives for managing knee osteoarthritis in primary care by primary health care nurse practitioners. METHODS: A case example is presented, the evidence-based guideline recommendations of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons are reviewed, and a plan of care is developed. RESULTS: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis seen in primary care, and it is a major public health issue because the aging population and widespread obesity have drastically increased incidence...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244949/cross-disciplinary-perceptions-of-structured-interprofessional-rounds-in-promoting-teamwork-within-an-academic-tertiary-care-obstetric-unit
#20
Anthony Chau, Mary A Vijjeswarapu, Margaret Hickey, David Acker, Chuan-Chin Huang, Lawrence C Tsen
BACKGROUND: In 2005, physician and nursing leaders at Brigham and Women's Hospital initiated structured interprofessional rounds (SIPRs) on the labor and delivery (L&D) suite to improve team communication. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of providers' perceptions of SIPRs and their effectiveness in improving teamwork. We hypothesized that on average, providers would perceive SIPRs as being effective in promoting teamwork, but ratings would differ among professional groups. METHODS: After a factor analysis and internal consistency assessment, a 19-item paper-based questionnaire was used to evaluate providers' perceptions using a 5-point Likert scale...
February 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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