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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645980/association-between-human-herpesvirus-infections-and-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Harriet Forbes, Judith Breuer, Andrew C Hayward, Angelique Mavrodaris, Basil H Ridha, Martin Rossor, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth
INTRODUCTION: Persisting neurotropic viruses are proposed to increase the risk of dementia, but evidence of association from robust, adequately powered population studies is lacking. This is essential to inform clinical trials of targeted preventive interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a comprehensive systematic review of published and grey literature of the association between infection with, reactivation of, vaccination against or treatment of any of the eight human herpesviruses and dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642578/human-endothelial-cells-secrete-neurotropic-factors-to-direct-axonal-growth-of-peripheral-nerves
#2
Jonathan M Grasman, David L Kaplan
Understanding how nerves spontaneously innervate tissues or regenerate small injuries is critical to enhance material-based interventions to regenerate large scale, traumatic injuries. During embryogenesis, neural and vascular tissues form interconnected, complex networks as a result of signaling between these tissue types. Here, we report that human endothelial cells (HUVECs) secrete brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which significantly stimulated axonal growth from chicken or rat dorsal root ganglia (DRGs)...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639081/clinical-impact-of-non-congenital-zika-virus-infection-in-infants-and-children
#3
REVIEW
Stefan H F Hagmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While the Zika virus (ZIKV) has been noted for its distinct neurotropism and identified as a significant cause for a congenital infection syndrome, there has been increased recognition of the importance to better understand the clinical impact of non-congenital ZIKV infection in infants and children. This article reviews reports of perinatal and breast milk transmission of ZIKV and summarizes current clinical outcome data of pediatric non-congenital ZIKV infection. RECENT FINDINGS: Perinatal transmission and presence of infective ZIKV particles in breast milk have been reported...
June 21, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636958/protective-and-pathological-immunity-during-central-nervous-system-infections
#4
REVIEW
Robyn S Klein, Christopher A Hunter
The concept of immune privilege of the central nervous system (CNS) has dominated the study of inflammatory processes in the brain. However, clinically relevant models have highlighted that innate pathways limit pathogen invasion of the CNS and adaptive immunity mediates control of many neural infections. As protective responses can result in bystander damage, there are regulatory mechanisms that balance protective and pathological inflammation, but these mechanisms might also allow microbial persistence. The focus of this review is to consider the host-pathogen interactions that influence neurotropic infections and to highlight advances in our understanding of innate and adaptive mechanisms of resistance as key determinants of the outcome of CNS infection...
June 20, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#5
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634871/rabies-virus-co-localizes-with-early-rab5-and-late-rab7-endosomal-proteins-in-neuronal-and-sh-sy5y-cells
#6
Waqas Ahmad, Yingying Li, Yidi Guo, Xinyu Wang, Ming Duan, Zhenhong Guan, Zengshan Liu, Maolin Zhang
Rabies virus (RABV) is a highly neurotropic virus that follows clathrin-mediated endocytosis and pH-dependent pathway for trafficking and invasion into endothelial cells. Early (Rab5, EEA1) and late (Rab7, LAMP1) endosomal proteins play critical roles in endosomal sorting, maturity and targeting various molecular cargoes, but their precise functions in the early stage of RABV neuronal infection remain elusive. In this study, the relationship between enigmatic entry of RABV with these endosomal proteins into neuronal and SH-SY5Y cells was investigated...
June 16, 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632511/zika-virus-a-cause-of-concern-in-transplantation
#7
Marilyn E Levi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Worldwide, the number of countries reporting Zika virus (ZKV) infection continues to increase. Although 80% of cases are asymptomatic, ZKV has been identified as a neurotropic virus associated with congenital microcephaly, Guillain-Barre' syndrome, and meningoencephalitis. Until recently, infection in transplant recipients has not been identified. This study will review the existing literature on ZKV infection, laboratory testing, and management in transplant recipients...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630327/virus-induced-inflammasome-activation-is-suppressed-by-prostaglandin-d2-dp1-signaling
#8
Rahul Vijay, Anthony R Fehr, Ann M Janowski, Jeremiah Athmer, Dorthea L Wheeler, Matthew Grunewald, Ramakrishna Sompallae, Samarchith P Kurup, David K Meyerholz, Fayyaz S Sutterwala, Shuh Narumiya, Stanley Perlman
Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), an eicosanoid with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties, is the most abundantly expressed prostaglandin in the brain. Here we show that PGD2 signaling through the D-prostanoid receptor 1 (DP1) receptor is necessary for optimal microglia/macrophage activation and IFN expression after infection with a neurotropic coronavirus. Genome-wide expression analyses indicated that PGD2/DP1 signaling is required for up-regulation of a putative inflammasome inhibitor, PYDC3, in CD11b(+) cells in the CNS of infected mice...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619150/alpha-beta-interferon-receptor-deficiency-in-mice-significantly-enhances-susceptibility-of-the-animals-to-pseudorabies-virus-infection
#9
Jingyun Wei, Yanmei Ma, Long Wang, Xiaojuan Chi, Ruoxiang Yan, Song Wang, Xinxin Li, Xiaoyong Chen, Wenhan Shao, Ji-Long Chen
Pseudorabies virus, one of the neurotropic viruses, can infect numerous mammals. In particular, pseudorabies virus infection of swine occurs worldwide, and is a major threat to swine industry. However, the mechanism underlying the interaction between pseudorabies virus and host innate immune system is not fully understood. Here, we investigated the involvement of interferon α/β (IFN-α/β) receptor (IFNAR) in the pathogenesis of pseudorabies virus in a mouse model. The results showed that IFNAR-deficient (IFNAR(-/-)) mice were highly susceptible to the virus infection, as evidenced by markedly reduced survival rate of infected animals and increased viral replication...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616635/angiostrongylus-cantonensis-an-optimized-cultivation-of-this-parasitic-nematode-under-laboratory-conditions
#10
Hui Xie, Dongjuan Yuan, Shiqi Luo, Xingda Zeng, Xin Zeng, Ping He, Zhiyue Lv, Zhongdao Wu
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis), a parasitic nematode, is the important neurotropic pathogen which causes human angiostrongyliasis. It has a complex life-cycle and severe parasite-host interaction in contrast to free-living nematode. Establishment of a well-suited life-cycle and in vitro cultivation of A. cantonensis in the laboratory will be one of the key techniques to elucidate the mechanism of parasite-host interaction. However, the low survival and growth rate of worms is still to be the problem...
June 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614607/anatomical-and-functional-implications-of-crh-neurons-in-a-septal-nucleus-of-the-avian-brain-an-emphasis-on-glial-neuronal-interaction-via-v1a-receptors-in-vitro
#11
Gurueswar Nagarajan, Alexander Jurkevich, Seong W Kang, Wayne J Kuenzel
Previously, we showed that corticotropin releasing hormone immunoreactive (CRH-ir) neurons in a septal structure are associated with stress and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis in birds. In this study, we focused upon CRH-ir neurons located within the septal structure called the nucleus of the hippocampal commissure (NHpC). Immunocytochemical and gene expression analyses were used to identify the anatomical and functional characteristics of cells within the NHpC. A comparative morphometry analysis showed that CRH-ir neurons in the NHpC were significantly larger than CRH-ir parvocellular neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) and lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607390/west-nile-virus-infectious-replicon-particles-generated-using-a-packaging-restricted-cell-line-is-a-safe-reporter-system
#12
Wei Li, Le Ma, Li-Ping Guo, Xiao-Lei Wang, Jing-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Gao Bu, Rong-Hong Hua
West Nile virus (WNV) is a neurotropic pathogen which causes zoonotic disease in humans. Recently, there have been an increasing number of infected cases and there are no clinically approved vaccines or effective drugs to treat WNV infections in humans. The purpose of this study was to facilitate vaccine and antiviral drug discovery by developing a packaging cell line-restricted WNV infectious replicon particle system. We constructed a DNA-based WNV replicon lacking the C-prM-E coding region and replaced it with a GFP coding sequence...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606780/sexual-dimorphic-expression-of-trkb-trkb-t1-and-bdnf-in-the-medial-preoptic-area-of-the-syrian-hamster
#13
Joe C Brague, Jennifer M Swann
Neurotrophins regulate many aspects of neuronal function and activity. Specifically, the binding of Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to Tyrosine receptor kinase-B (TrkB) or its truncated version, TrkB-T1, can cause growth and differentiation or dominant inhibition of receptor signaling, respectively. There is evidence that these neurotropic effects on nervous tissue, in both the central and peripheral nervous system, behave differently between the sexes. This study used western blots to examine the expression of these neurotrophins in the medial preoptic area (MPOA), a sexually dimorphic region of the hamster brain that controls male sex behavior...
June 9, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603494/yxqn-reduces-alzheimer-s-disease-like-pathology-and-cognitive-decline-in-appsweps1de9-transgenic-mice
#14
Xiaowan Wang, Runmin Song, Wenliang Lu, Ziyu Liu, Lichun Wang, Xiaojuan Zhu, Yanjun Liu, Zijie Sun, Jiang Li, Xiaomeng Li
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the world's most common form of dementia, in which aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) is the hallmark. Unfortunately, few medicines have succeeded to completely cure AD. Yangxue Qingnao (YXQN) is a Chinese traditional medicine, and its pharmacological effect is improving cerebral blood flow. In this study, we firstly demonstrated that YXQN reduced AD-like pathology and cognitive impairment in APPswePS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice with 2 months administration. Our data showed that YXQN substantially ameliorated behavioral defects in 10-month old APP/PS1 mice using Morris Water Maze and Y-maze tests, in which the cognitive ability of YXQN high-dose group approaches to wild type mice...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602836/parkinson-s-disease-and-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-sero-molecular-assess-the-possible-link-among-patients
#15
Shirzad Fallahi, Ali Rostami, Mehdi Birjandi, Nozhat Zebardast, Farnaz Kheirandish, Adel Spotin
We investigated the possible association between Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and Toxoplasma gondii infection, the most common neurotropic protozoan parasitic infection, using serological and molecular techniques. One hundred and fifteen patients with confirmed PD and 115 healthy subjects in the same age and sex distribution were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were taken from each participant and the sera was screened for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies (IgG and IgM)...
June 9, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597818/enhanced-pathogenicity-and-neurotropism-of-mouse-adapted-h10n7-influenza-virus-are-mediated-by-novel-pb2-and-na-mutations
#16
Xuxiao Zhang, Guanlong Xu, Chenxi Wang, Ming Jiang, Weihua Gao, Mingyang Wang, Honglei Sun, Yipeng Sun, Kin-Chow Chang, Jinhua Liu, Juan Pu
The H10 subtype of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) circulates globally in wild birds and poultry, and this subtype has been shown to be increasingly prevalent in China. Among the various H10 viruses, H10N7 AIVs have caused repeated mammal and human infections. To investigate their genetic adaptation in mammals, we generated a mouse-adapted avian H10N7 variant (A/mallard/Beijing/27/2011-MA; BJ27-MA) which exhibited increased virulence in mice compared to wild-type virus and acquired neurotropism. Sequencing showed the absence of the widely recognized mammalian adaptation markers of E627K and D701N in PB2 in the mouse-adapted strain; instead, five amino acid mutations were identified: E158G and M631L in PB2; G218E in haemagglutinin (H3 numbering); and K110E and S453I in neuraminidase (NA)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591777/mir-582-5p-inhibits-invasion-and-migration-of-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-cells-by-targeting-foxc1
#17
Wei-Wei Wang, Bin Chen, Cheng-Bin Lei, Guo-Xin Liu, Ye-Gang Wang, Chen Yi, You-Yuan Wang, Shan-Yi Zhang
Objective: Neurotropism of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and pulmonary metastasis may lead to in treatment failure. miR-582-5p plays important roles in tumorigenesis, invasion and migration. Here, we aim to determine the effect of miR-582-5p and its role in SACC invasion and metastasis. Methods: Six primary human SACC samples and matching adjacent normal tissues were analyzed by microarray analysis. Next, quantitative real-time PCR was carried out to evaluate miR-582-5p expression in 16 primary human SACC samples and matching adjacent normal tissues...
June 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589140/brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-1998-dongting-lake-flood-in-china
#18
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Xin Wu, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Junxia Yan, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Aizhong Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study mainly aimed to explore the association between brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among flood survivors in China. METHODS: Individuals who experienced the 1998 Dongting Lake flood in Southeast Huarong, China, were enrolled in this study. Qualified health personnel carried out face-to-face interviews with participants. PTSD was identified using PTSD Checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588335/identification-of-bovine-astrovirus-in-cases-of-bovine-non-suppurative-encephalitis-in-eastern-canada
#19
Maria T Spinato, Andrew Vince, Hugh Cai, Davor Ojkic
Bovine astrovirus (BoAstV) was identified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction on brain tissue of 2 feedlot cattle that died of non-suppurative encephalitis. Sequencing demonstrated a high degree of identity with neurotropic US and Swiss BoAstV strains. To our knowledge, this is the first confirmed report of BoAstV-associated encephalitis in cattle residing in eastern Canada.
June 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587964/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-alpha-1-nachr%C3%AE-1-subunit-peptides-as-potential-antiviral-agents-against-rabies-virus
#20
Basavaraj Sajjanar, Kalyani Dhusia, Shikha Saxena, Vinay Joshi, Deepika Bisht, Dimpal Thakuria, Gundallahalli B Manjunathareddy, Pramod W Ramteke, Satish Kumar
Rabies virus (RABV) is neurotropic and infects all warm-blooded animals. The binding of the virus with host cell receptor components is critical for infection. The present study reports the interaction of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 1 (nAChRα1) peptides with the rabies virus glycoprotein (RABVG) to design potential anti-rabies agents. The nAChRα1peptide sequences from different species (bovine, human and electric fish/torpedo) were synthesized and their secondary structures were characterized using CD spectroscopy...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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