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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231677/-a-systematic-review-of-worldwide-natural-history-models-of-colorectal-cancer-classification-transition-rate-and-a-recommendation-for-developing-chinese-population-specific-model
#1
Z F Li, H Y Huang, J F Shi, C G Guo, S M Zou, C C Liu, Y Wang, L Wang, S L Zhu, S L Wu, M Dai
Objective: To review the worldwide studies on natural history models among colorectal cancer (CRC), and to inform building a Chinese population-specific CRC model and developing a platform for further evaluation of CRC screening and other interventions in population in China. Methods: A structured literature search process was conducted in PubMed and the target publication dates were from January 1995 to December 2014. Information about classification systems on both colorectal cancer and precancer on corresponding transition rate, were extracted and summarized...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231653/implantless-fixation-of-a-large-osteocartilaginous-fracture-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-in-a-child
#2
Jitendra Maheshwari, Vikram Mhaskar, Parul Maheshwari Mhaskar
We describe for the first time a case of lateral femoral condyle fracture following a fall in a 13-year-old child that was reduced arthroscopically using a probe. It was definitively fixed with 0 vicryl sutures in a cruciate pattern after being initially stabilised with 1.5-mm Kirschner wires. Four beath pins carrying sutures were drilled at four opposing quadrants through the reduced fragment into the femur. The sutures were then tied on the lateral cortex of the femur. After fixation, the child was kept non-weight bearing for 6 weeks, partial weight bearing from 6 weeks to 12 weeks and then full weight bearing thereafter...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231651/radiographic-measurement-of-joint-space-width-using-the-fixed-flexion-view-in-1-102-knees-of-japanese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-with-the-standing-extended-view
#3
Hiroyuki Kan, Yuji Arai, Masashi Kobayashi, Shuji Nakagawa, Hiroaki Inoue, Manabu Hino, Shintaro Komaki, Kazuya Ikoma, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Purpose: The fixed flexion view (FFV) of the knee is considered useful for evaluating the joint space when assessing the severity of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. To clarify the usefulness of FFV for evaluation of the joint space and severity of knee OA, this study evaluated changes in the joint space on the FFV and standing extended view (SEV) in patients with knee OA. Materials and Methods: The SEV and FFV images were acquired in 567 patients (1,102 knees) who visited the hospital with a chief complaint of knee joint pain...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231645/the-effect-of-different-sagittal-angles-of-the-tibial-guide-on-aperture-widening-of-the-tibial-tunnel-during-modified-transtibial-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-randomized-in-vivo-study
#4
Young Chan Kim, Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Hyeong Hwa Woon, Ji Woong Yum, Myung Jin Shin, Rodolfo S Bravo, Kyung Wook Nha
Purpose: The effect of sagittal plane angle of the tibial tunnel on the severity of tibial intra-articular aperture expansion caused by iatrogenic re-reaming in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a modified transtibial technique is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the severity of intra-articular aperture widening at different angles (40°, 45°, and 50°) of the tibial guide (TG). Materials and Methods: Ninety-seven patients who underwent modified transtibial ACL reconstruction were randomly allocated to TG 40°, 45°, and 50° groups...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231644/mid-term-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-far-anteromedial-portal-technique
#5
Yoon Sang Jeon, Sung Wook Choi, Ju Hyun Park, Jae Sik Yoon, Jung Sub Shin, Myung Ku Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using two anteromedial (AM) portals by comparing with short-term follow-up results. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients who were treated by ACL reconstruction using a two AM portal technique were evaluated retrospectively. The follow-up period was at least 5 years. The mean follow-up period was 68.5±13.9 months. The mid-term clinical outcomes were compared with short-term (≥12 months) results...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231638/comparison-of-the-shock-absorption-capacities-of-different-mouthguards
#6
Melina Simonetta Bochnig, Min-Jung Oh, Theresa Nagel, Fred Ziegler, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this in vitro study the protective qualities of different mouthguard types were examined during small hard object collisions. The aim was to investigate inconclusive aspects of hard inserts, nylon nets and air spaces as reinforcements in the anterior region and the protection qualities of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different mouthguards with a labial thickness between 2 mm and 11 mm made of materials of varying stiffness were investigated...
February 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231517/measurements-of-x-ray-doses-and-spectra-produced-by-picosecond-laser-irradiated-solid-targets
#7
Bo Yang, Rui Qiu, Minghai Yu, Jinlong Jiao, Wei Lu, Yonghong Yan, Bo Zhang, Zhimeng Zhang, Weimin Zhou, Junli Li, Hui Zhang
Experiments have shown that high-intensity laser interaction with a solid target can generate significant X-ray doses. This study was conducted to determine the X-ray doses and spectra produced for picosecond laser-irradiated solid targets. The photon doses and X-ray spectra in the laser forward and side directions were measured using an XG III ps 300 TW laser system. For laser intensities of 7×10(18)-4×10(19)W/cm(2), the maximum photon dose was 16.8 mSv at 50cm with a laser energy of ~153J on a 1-mm Ta target...
February 9, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231430/combined-high-stretchability-and-gas-barrier-in-hydrogen-bonded-multilayer-nanobrick-wall-thin-films
#8
Shuang Qin, Yixuan Song, Michael Floto, Jaime C Grunlan
Hydrogen-bonded multilayer thin films are very stretchable, but their gas barrier properties are modest compared to more traditional ionically-bonded assemblies. In an effort to improve the gas barrier of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) - poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) multilayer films, without sacrificing stretchability, montmorillonite (MMT) clay platelets were combined with PAA and alternately deposited with PEO. A ten bilayer PEO/PAA+MMT film (432 nm thick), deposited on a 1 mm PU substrate, resulted in a 54X reduction in oxygen transmission rate after exposure to a 20% strain...
February 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231390/intraoperative-assessment-of-laryngeal-pathologies-with-optical-coherence-tomography-integrated-into-a-surgical-microscope
#9
Anna S Englhard, Tom Betz, Veronika Volgger, Eva Lankenau, Georg J Ledderose, Herbert Stepp, Christian Homann, Christian S Betz
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic examination followed by tissue biopsy is the gold standard in the evaluation of lesions of the upper aerodigestive tract. However, it can be difficult to distinguish between healthy mucosa, dysplasia, and invasive carcinoma. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive technique which acquires high-resolution, cross-sectional images of tissue in vivo. Integrated into a surgical microscope, it allows the intraoperative evaluation of lesions simultaneously with microscopic visualization...
February 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231348/association-between-bone-graft-volume-and-maxillary-sinus-membrane-elevation-height
#10
Tetsuya Sonoda, Takehiro Harada, Nobuyuki Yamamichi, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Maxillary sinus augmentation via crestal approach has been advocated as an alternative approach for sinus membrane elevation. Presently, no study has examined the relationship between the amount of bone grafting material placed and the final sinus membrane elevation height. Therefore, the present study was aimed at investigating the extent of sinus membrane elevation height depending on the amount of bone grafting material inserted as well as three-dimensionally assessing the likelihood of membrane perforation during membrane elevation...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231344/evaluation-of-stress-distribution-on-implant-retained-auricular-prostheses-the-finite-element-method
#11
Ahmed A Abbas, Peerapong Santiwong, Amornrat Wonglamsam, Theerathavaj Srithavaj, Teeranoot Chanthasopeephan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate stress distribution around two craniofacial implants in an auricular prosthesis according to the removal forces. Three attachment combinations were used to evaluate the stress distribution under removal forces of 45 and 90 degrees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three attachment designs were examined: (1) a Hader bar with three clips; (2) a Hader bar with one clip and two extracoronal resilient attachments (ERAs); and (3) a Hader bar with one clip and two Locators...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231337/4d-dose-simulation-in-volumetric-arc-therapy-accuracy-and-affecting-parameters
#12
Thilo Sothmann, Tobias Gauer, René Werner
Radiotherapy of lung and liver lesions has changed from normofractioned 3D-CRT to stereotactic treatment in a single or few fractions, often employing volumetric arc therapy (VMAT)-based techniques. Potential unintended interference of respiratory target motion and dynamically changing beam parameters during VMAT dose delivery motivates establishing 4D quality assurance (4D QA) procedures to assess appropriateness of generated VMAT treatment plans when taking into account patient-specific motion characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231276/alterations-in-cellular-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-elvitegravir-in-response-to-ethanol-exposure-in-hiv-1-infected-monocytic-u1-cells
#13
Narasimha M Midde, Namita Sinha, Pradeep B Lukka, Bernd Meibohm, Santosh Kumar
Ethanol consumption is negatively associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and general health in HIV positive individuals. Previously, we demonstrated ethanol-mediated alterations to metabolism of elvitegravir (EVG) in human liver microsomes. In the current study, we investigated ethanol influence on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of EVG in HIV infected monocytic (U1) cells. U1 cells were treated with 5 μM EVG, 2 μM Cobicistat (COBI), a booster drug, and 20 mM ethanol for up to 24 hours...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231168/quality-evaluation-of-biscuits-supplemented-with-alfalfa-seed-flour
#14
Fahim Ullah, Sajjad Ahmad, Said Wahab, Alam Zeb, Mansoor Khan Khattak, Saleem Khan, Min Kang
The effect of alfalfa seed flour supplementation on the quality characteristics of refined wheat flour-based biscuits was studied. The proximate composition of refined wheat flour and alfalfa seed flour was determined. Refined wheat flour contained 12.43% moisture, 11.52% crude protein, 1.61% crude fat, 0.71% crude fiber, 1.43% ash and 70.83% nitrogen free extract, while alfalfa seed flour contained 5.79%, 29.49%, 12.71%, 5.53%, 4.80% and 41.73% moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, ash and nitrogen free extract correspondingly...
October 31, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231167/antibacterial-activity-of-fructus-forsythia-essential-oil-and-the-application-of-eo-loaded-nanoparticles-to-food-borne-pathogens
#15
Na Guo, Qing-Yan Gai, Jiao Jiao, Wei Wang, Yuan-Gang Zu, Yu-Jie Fu
Fructus forsythia essential oil (FEO) with excellent antibacterial activity was rarely reported. The objective of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity and the antibacterial mechanism of FEO against two food-borne pathogenic bacteria, Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in vitro. When treated FEO, the zones of inhibition (ZOI) of E. coli (20.5 ± 0.25 mm) and S. aureus (24.3 ± 0.21 mm) were much larger than control (p < 0.05). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of FEO were 3...
October 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#16
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231119/distinct-characteristics-of-rye-and-wheat-breads-impact-on-their-in-vitro-gastric-disintegration-and-in-vivo-glucose-and-insulin-responses
#17
Emilia Nordlund, Kati Katina, Hannu Mykkänen, Kaisa Poutanen
Disintegration of rye and wheat breads during in vitro gastric digestion and its relation to the postprandial glucose and insulin responses of the breads was studied. Breads with distinct composition and texture characteristics were prepared with refined or wholegrain wheat and rye flour by using either straight dough or sourdough process. After chewing and gastric digestion in vitro, 100% wholemeal and refined rye breads prepared by sourdough method were disintegrated to a much lower extent than the wheat breads, having more bread digesta particles with size over 2 or 3 mm...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231113/chemical-composition-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-essential-oils-from-organic-fennel-parsley-and-lavender-from-spain
#18
Irene Marín, Estrella Sayas-Barberá, Manuel Viuda-Martos, Casilda Navarro, Esther Sendra
The aim of this work was to (i) determine the chemical composition of the essential oils of three spices widely cultivated in Spain from organic growth: Foeniculum vulgare, Petroselium crispum, and Lavandula officinalis; (ii) determine the total phenolic content; (iii) determine the antioxidant activity of the essentials oils by means of three different antioxidant tests and (iv) determine the effectiveness of these essentials oils on the inhibition of Listeria innocua CECT 910 and Pseudomonas fluorescens CECT 844...
March 4, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231095/optimization-of-fat-reduced-puff-pastry-using-response-surface-methodology
#19
Christoph Silow, Emanuele Zannini, Claudia Axel, Markus C E Belz, Elke K Arendt
Puff pastry is a high-fat bakery product with fat playing a key role, both during the production process and in the final pastry. In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was successfully used to evaluate puff pastry quality for the development of a fat-reduced version. The technological parameters modified included the level of roll-in fat, the number of fat layers (50-200) and the final thickness (1.0-3.5 mm) of the laminated dough. Quality characteristics of puff pastry were measured using the Texture Analyzer with an attached Extended Craft Knife (ECK) and Multiple Puncture Probe (MPP), the VolScan and the C-Cell imaging system...
February 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231031/different-serological-profiles-to-cooccurring-pathogenic-and-nonpathogenic-caliciviruses-in-wild-european-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-across-australia
#20
Tanya E Cox, June Liu, Remy van de Ven, Tanja Strive
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) was released in Australia as a biocontrol agent for wild European rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) in 1995-96; however, its effects were variable across Australia with the greatest population reductions seen in lower annual rainfall areas (<400 mm). There is speculation that the reduced effectiveness observed at higher annual rainfall sites is at least partially due to the presence of a nonpathogenic calicivirus (RCV-A1). The RCV-A1 is related to RHDV and confers partial and transient protection against lethal RHDV infection in laboratory tests...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
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