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3 dimension print

Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani
The operation frequency (f) has been a key parameter in optimizing wireless power transmission links for biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions. This paper studies the feasibility of using printed spiral coils (PSCs) for powering mm-sized implants with high power transmission efficiency (PTE) at different fps. Compared to wire-wound coils (WWCs), using a PSC in the implant side allows batch fabrication on rigid or flexible substrates, which can also be used as a platform for integrating implant components...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Andre V Pigatto, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Andre V Pigatto, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Andre V Pigatto
This report describes the development of a force platform based on instrumented load cells with built-in conditioning circuit and strain gages to measure and acquire the components of the force that is applied to the bike crank arm during pedaling in real conditions, and save them on a SD Card. To accomplish that, a complete new crank arm 3D solid model was developed in the SolidWorks, with dimensions equivalent to a commercial crank set and compatible with a conventional road bike, but with a compartment to support all the electronics necessary to measure 3 components of the force applied to the pedal during pedaling...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Raquel Orozco, Linus Amarikwa, Stephanie Parker, Scott Godfrey, Lindsay Hernandez, Chinenye Wachuku, Ben Mai, Brian Song, Shashidhar Hoskatti, Jinkeng Asong, Marcus Fiadeiro, Parviz Shamlou, Cameron Bardliving, Jon Coffman
We designed, built or 3D printed, and screened tubular reactors that minimize axial dispersion to serve as incubation chambers for continuous virus inactivation of biological products. Empirical residence time distribution data were used to derive each tubular design's volume equivalent to a theoretical plate (VETP) values at a various process flow rates. One design, the Jig In a Box (JIB), yielded the lowest VETP, indicating optimal radial mixing and minimal axial dispersion. A minimum residence time (MRT) approach was employed, where the MRT is the minimum time the product spends in the tubular reactor...
February 11, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
Muhammad Shafiq-Ul-Hassan, Geoffrey G Zhang, Kujtim Latifi, Ghanim Ullah, Dylan C Hunt, Yoganand Balagurunathan, Mahmoud Abrahem Abdalah, Matthew B Schabath, Dmitry G Goldgof, Dennis Mackin, Laurence Edward Court, Robert James Gillies, Eduardo Gerardo Moros
PURPOSE: Many radiomics features were originally developed for non-medical imaging applications and therefore original assumptions may need to be reexamined. In this study, we investigated the impact of slice thickness and pixel spacing (or pixel size) on radiomics features extracted from Computed Tomography (CT) phantom images acquired with different scanners as well as different acquisition and reconstruction parameters. The dependence of CT texture features on gray level discretization was also evaluated...
January 23, 2017: Medical Physics
Martha Knight, Rodrigo Lazo-Portugal, Saeyoung Nate Ahn, Steingrimur Stefansson
Over the last decade man-made carbon nanostructures have shown great promise in electronic applications, but they are produced as very heterogeneous mixtures with different properties so the achievement of a significant commercial application has been elusive. The dimensions of single-wall carbon nanotubes are generally a nanometer wide, up to hundreds of microns long and the carbon nanotubes have anisotropic structures. They are processed to have shorter lengths but they need to be sorted by diameter and chirality...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
S Shanmugam
PURPOSE: In this innovative work we have developed Gynecological Brachytherapy shielding & Non Shielding Applicators and compared with the commercially available applicators by using the indigenously developed 3D Printing machine. METHODS: We have successfully indigenously developed the 3D printing machine. Which contain the 3 dimensional motion platform, Heater unit, base plate, ect… To fabricate the Gynecological Brachytherapy shielding & non shielding applicators the 3D design were developed in the computer as virtual design...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Yusnilawati Yusoff, Noor Azizi Mardi
INTRODUCTION: Rapid prototyping models can be reconstructed from stereolithographic digital study model data to produce hard-copy casts. In this study, we aimed to compare agreement and accuracy of measurements made with rapid prototyping and stone models for different degrees of crowding. METHODS: The Z Printer 450 (3D Systems, Rock Hill, SC) reprinted 10 sets of models for each category of crowding (mild, moderate, and severe) scanned using a structured-light scanner (Maestro 3D, AGE Solutions, Pisa, Italy)...
January 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Phong Phan, David Highton, Jonathan Lai, Martin Smith, Clare Elwell, Ilias Tachtsidis
We present a multi-channel, multi-distance broadband near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system with the capability of measuring changes in haemoglobin concentrations (Δ[HbO2], Δ[HHb]), oxidation state of cytochrome-c-oxidase (Δ[oxCCO]) and tissue oxygen saturation (TOI) in the adult human brain. The main components of the instrument are two customized spectrographs and two light sources. Each spectrograph is lens-based to improve light throughput, has a grating enhanced to optimise reflection in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and uses a front illuminated cooled CCD camera (-70° C) with a square chip dimension of 12...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Steven Michiels, Antoine D'Hollander, Nicolas Lammens, Mathias Kersemans, Guozhi Zhang, Jean-Marc Denis, Kenneth Poels, Edmond Sterpin, Sandra Nuyts, Karin Haustermans, Tom Depuydt
PURPOSE: 3D printing technology is investigated for the purpose of patient immobilization during proton therapy. It potentially enables a merge of patient immobilization, bolus range shifting, and other functions into one single patient-specific structure. In this first step, a set of 3D printed materials is characterized in detail, in terms of structural and radiological properties, elemental composition, directional dependence, and structural changes induced by radiation damage. These data will serve as inputs for the design of 3D printed immobilization structure prototypes...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Shruti Digholkar, V N V Madhav, Jayant Palaskar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength and microhardness of provisional restorative materials fabricated utilizing rapid prototyping (RP), Computer Assisted Designing and Computer Assisted Milling (CAD-CAM) and conventional method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty specimens of dimensions 25 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm (ADA-ANSI specification #27) were fabricated each using: (1) Three dimensional (3D) printed light-cured micro-hybrid filled composite by RP resin group, (2) a milled polymethyl methacrylate (CH) using CAD-CAM (CC resin group), and (3) a conventionally fabricated heat activated polymerized CH resin group...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Shawkat Ali, Arshad Hassan, Jinho Bae, Chong Hyun Lee, Juho Kim
Because printed resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) are affected by tension and compression of metallic patterns on flexible or curved surfaces, a significant temperature-sensing error occurs in general. Hence, we propose a differential temperature sensor (DTS) to compensate the bending effect of the printed RTDs, which is composed of two serially connected similar meander patterns fabricated back-to-back on a polyimide polyethylene terephthalate substrate through a Dimatix DMP-3000 inkjet printer using silver nanoparticles...
November 8, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Miao Meng, Mehdi Kiani
Ultrasound has been recently proposed as an alternative modality for efficient wireless power transmission (WPT) to biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions. This paper presents the theory and design methodology of ultrasonic WPT links that involve mm-sized receivers (Rx). For given load (RL) and powering distance (d), the optimal geometries of transmitter (Tx) and Rx ultrasonic transducers, including their diameter and thickness, as well as the optimal operation frequency (fc) are found through a recursive design procedure to maximize the power transmission efficiency (PTE)...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Jun Yeon Won, Guen Bae Ko, Jae Sung Lee
In this paper, we propose a fully time-based multiplexing and readout method that uses the principle of the global positioning system. Time-based multiplexing allows simplifying the multiplexing circuits where the only innate traces that connect the signal pins of the silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) channels to the readout channels are used as the multiplexing circuit. Every SiPM channel is connected to the delay grid that consists of the traces on a printed circuit board, and the inherent transit times from each SiPM channel to the readout channels encode the position information uniquely...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Fazel Zare Bidoky, C Daniel Frisbie
Printed, low-voltage poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) electrolyte-gated transistors (EGTs) have favorable quasi-static characteristics, including sub 2 V operation, carrier mobility (μ) of 1 cm(2)/(V s), ON/OFF current ratio of 10(6), and static leakage current density of 10(-6) A/cm(2). Here we study the dynamic performance of P3HT EGTs in which the semiconductor, dielectric, and gate electrode were deposited using aerosol-jet printing; the source and drain electrodes were patterned by conventional microlithography...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Markus Troeltzsch, Matthias Troeltzsch, Philipp Kauffmann, Rudolph Gruber, Phillipp Brockmeyer, Norman Moser, Anna Rau, Henning Schliephake
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of grafting materials in lateral and vertical ridge augmentations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on the clinical use of grafting materials of the years 1995 to April 2015 was conducted using electronic search of PubMed and Cochrane libraries and hand search of eight print journals. A total of 184 papers were included, comprising 6182 patients. Parameters evaluated were observation period [months], bone formation [histologic area%], defect fill [%], horizontal and vertical gain [mm], loss of augmented volume [mm], complication rate [%], and implant survival rate [%]...
October 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Patrina S P Poh, Mohit P Chhaya, Felix M Wunner, Elena M De-Juan-Pardo, Arndt F Schilling, Jan-Thorsten Schantz, Martijn van Griensven, Dietmar W Hutmacher
New advanced manufacturing technologies under the alias of additive biomanufacturing allow the design and fabrication of a range of products from pre-operative models, cutting guides and medical devices to scaffolds. The process of printing in 3 dimensions of cells, extracellular matrix (ECM) and biomaterials (bioinks, powders, etc.) to generate in vitro and/or in vivo tissue analogue structures has been termed bioprinting. To further advance in additive biomanufacturing, there are many aspects that we can learn from the wider additive manufacturing (AM) industry, which have progressed tremendously since its introduction into the manufacturing sector...
December 15, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Giovanni Anthony, Ju-Ahng Lee
Recent development in 3D printing technology has opened an exciting possibility for manufacturing 3D devices on one's desktop. We used 3D modeling programs to design 3D models of a tissue-handling system and these models were "printed" in a stereolithography (SLA) 3D printer to create precision histology devices that are particularly useful to handle multiple samples with small dimensions in parallel. Our system has been successfully tested for in situ hybridization of zebrafish embryos. Some of the notable features include: (1) A conveniently transferrable chamber with 6 mesh-bottomed wells, each of which can hold dozens of zebrafish embryos...
2016: PloS One
Xiaoming Liu, Carlos Carbonell, Adam B Braunschweig
Biointerfaces direct some of the most complex biological events, including cell differentiation, hierarchical organization, and disease progression, or are responsible for the remarkable optical, electronic, and biological behavior of natural materials. Chemical information encoded within the 4D nanostructure of biointerfaces - comprised of the three Cartesian coordinates (x, y, z), and chemical composition of each molecule within a given volume - dominates their interfacial properties. As such, there is a strong interest in creating printing platforms that can emulate the 4D nanostructure - including both the chemical composition and architectural complexity - of biointerfaces...
July 27, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Sarah K Anciaux, Matthew Geiger, Michael T Bowser
The cost, time, and restrictions on creative flexibility associated with current fabrication methods present significant challenges in the development and application of microfluidic devices. Additive manufacturing, also referred to as three-dimensional (3D) printing, provides many advantages over existing methods. With 3D printing, devices can be made in a cost-effective manner with the ability to rapidly prototype new designs. We have fabricated a micro free-flow electrophoresis (μFFE) device using a low-cost, consumer-grade 3D printer...
August 2, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Lorenzo Costigliola, Thomas B Schrøder, Jeppe C Dyre
The recent theoretical prediction by Maimbourg and Kurchan [e-print arXiv:1603.05023 (2016)] that for regular pair-potential systems the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases towards unity as the dimension d goes to infinity is investigated for the standard 12-6 Lennard-Jones fluid. This is done by computer simulations for d = 2, 3, 4 going from the critical point along the critical isotherm/isochore to higher density/temperature. In both cases the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases significantly...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
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