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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905390/validation-of-the-gatortail-method-for-accurate-sizing-of-pulmonary-vessels-from-3d-medical-images
#1
Walter G O'Dell, Anne K Gormaley, David A Prida
PURPOSE: Detailed characterization of changes in vessel size is crucial for the diagnosis and management of a variety of vascular diseases. Because clinical measurement of vessel size is typically dependent on the radiologist's subjective interpretation of the vessel borders, it is often prone to high inter- and intra-user variability. Automatic methods of vessel sizing have been developed for two-dimensional images but a fully three-dimensional (3D) method suitable for vessel sizing from volumetric X-ray computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging has heretofore not been demonstrated and validated robustly...
September 14, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741361/three-dimensional-printed-shape-memory-objects-based-on-an-olefin-ionomer-of-zinc-neutralized-poly-ethylene-co-methacrylic-acid
#2
Zhiyang Zhao, Fang Peng, Kevin A Cavicchi, Mukerrem Cakmak, R A Weiss, Bryan D Vogt
Three-dimensional printing enables the net shape manufacturing of objects with minimal material waste and low tooling costs, but the functionality is generally limited by available materials, especially for extrusion-based printing, such as fused deposition modeling (FDM). Here, we demonstrate shape memory behavior of 3D printed objects with FDM using a commercially available olefin ionomer, Surlyn 9520, which is zinc-neutralized poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid). The initial fixity for 3D printed and compression-molded samples was similar, but the initial recovery was much lower for the 3D printed sample (R = 58%) than that for the compression-molded sample (R = 83%)...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738005/accuracy-and-repeatability-of-long-bone-replicas-of-small-animals-fabricated-by-use-of-low-end-and-high-end-commercial-three-dimensional-printers
#3
Jamie A Cone, Thomas M Martin, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Ola L A Harrysson, Emily H Griffith
OBJECTIVE To assess the repeatability and accuracy of polymer replicas of small, medium, and large long bones of small animals fabricated by use of 2 low-end and 2 high-end 3-D printers. SAMPLE Polymer replicas of a cat femur, dog radius, and dog tibia were fabricated in triplicate by use of each of four 3-D printing methods. PROCEDURES 3-D renderings of the 3 bones reconstructed from CT images were prepared, and length, width of the proximal aspect, and width of the distal aspect of each CT image were measured in triplicate...
August 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686415/high-resolution-transfer-printing-of-graphene-lines-for-fully-printed-flexible-electronics
#4
Donghoon Song, Ankit Mahajan, Ethan B Secor, Mark C Hersam, Lorraine F Francis, C Daniel Frisbie
Pristine graphene inks show great promise for flexible printed electronics due to their high electrical conductivity and robust mechanical, chemical, and environmental stability. While traditional liquid-phase printing methods can produce graphene patterns with a resolution of ∼30 μm, more precise techniques are required for improved device performance and integration density. A high-resolution transfer printing method is developed here capable of printing conductive graphene patterns on plastic with line width and spacing as small as 3...
July 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648046/a-printed-equilibrium-dialysis-device-with-integrated-membranes-for-improved-binding-affinity-measurements
#5
Cody W Pinger, Andrew A Heller, Dana M Spence
Equilibrium dialysis is a simple and effective technique used for investigating the binding of small molecules and ions to proteins. A three-dimensional (3D) printer was used to create a device capable of measuring binding constants between a protein and a small ion based on equilibrium dialysis. Specifically, the technology described here enables the user to customize an equilibrium dialysis device to fit their own experiments by choosing membranes of various material and molecular-weight cutoff values. The device has dimensions similar to that of a standard 96-well plate, thus being amenable to automated sample handlers and multichannel pipettes...
July 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637730/the-relationship-between-physician-burnout-and-quality-of-healthcare-in-terms-of-safety-and-acceptability-a-systematic-review
#6
Carolyn S Dewa, Desmond Loong, Sarah Bonato, Lucy Trojanowski
OBJECTIVES: This study reviews the current state of the published peer-reviewed literature related to physician burnout and two quality of care dimensions. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to address the question, 'How does physician burnout affect the quality of healthcare related to the dimensions of acceptability and safety?' DESIGN: Using a multiphase screening process, this systematic literature review is based on publically available peer-reviewed studies published between 2002 and 2017...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598001/3d-printing-technology-in-planning-thumb-reconstructions-with-second-toe-transplant
#7
Cheng-Wu Zang, Jian-Lei Zhang, Ze-Zu Meng, Lin-Feng Liu, Wen-Zhi Zhang, Yong-Xiang Chen, Rui Cong
OBJECTIVE: To report preoperative planning using 3D printing to plan thumb reconstructions with second toe transplant. METHODS: Between December 2013 and October 2015, the thumbs of five patients with grade 3 thumb defects were reconstructed using a wrap-around flap and second toe transplant aided by 3D printing technology. CT scans of hands and feet were analyzed using Boholo surgical simulator software (www.boholo.com). This allowed for the creation of a mirror image of the healthy thumb using the uninjured thumb...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584469/pattern-self-repetition-of-fingerprints-lip-prints-and-palatal-rugae-among-three-generations-of-family-a-forensic-approach-to-identify-family-hierarchy
#8
Sankeerti Mala, Vanita Rathod, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit
CONTEXT: The unique pattern and structural diversity of fingerprints, lip prints, palatal rugae, and their occurrence in different patterns among individuals make it questionable whether they are completely unique even in a family hierarchy? Do they have any repetition of the patterns among the generations? Or is this a mere chaos theory? AIMS: The present study aims to assess the pattern self-repetition of fingerprints, lip prints, and palatal rugae among three generations of ten different families...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554463/accuracy-of-printed-dental-models-made-with-2-prototype-technologies-and-different-designs-of-model-bases
#9
Leonardo Tavares Camardella, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos Vilella, Hero Breuning
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of printed models from intraoral scans with different designs of model bases, using 2 types of 3-dimensional printing techniques. METHODS: Three types of model base design were created: regular base, horseshoe-shaped base, and horseshoe-shaped base with a bar connecting the posterior region. The digital models were printed with the 3-dimensional printers using different techniques: stereolithography and triple jetting technology (polyjet)...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441229/preliminary-model-for-the-design-of-a-custom-middle-ear-prosthesis
#10
Brandon Kamrava, Jonathan A Gerstenhaber, Mamta Amin, Yah-El Har-El, Pamela C Roehm
HYPOTHESIS: Custom prostheses could be used to recreate the ossicular chain and improve hearing. BACKGROUND: Ossicular discontinuity or fixation occurs in 55% of cases of conductive hearing loss, with most cases involving the incus. Reconstruction has been achieved by a variety of methods; however, there has been little improvement in hearing outcomes in decades. METHODS: Precise measurements of anatomic dimensions, weight, and center of gravity were taken from 19 cadaveric incudes...
July 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366210/3d-printed-led-based-on-capillary-detector-housing-with-integrated-slit
#11
Farhan Cecil, Min Zhang, Rosanne M Guijt, Alan Henderson, Pavel N Nesterenko, Brett Paull, Michael C Breadmore, Mirek Macka
A 3D printed photometric detector body with integrated slit was fabricated to position a LED and photodiode either side of capillary tubing using a fused deposition modelling (FDM) printer. To make this approach suitable for capillaries down to 50 μm i.d. the dimension of the in-built slit is the critical element of the printed housing. The spatial orientation of the model for printing was found to significantly impact on the resolution of the structures and voids that can be printed. By designing a housing with a slit positioned in the XY plane in parallel with the print direction, the narrowest void (slit) that could be printed was 70 μm...
May 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362934/three-dimensional-printed-modeling-of-diffuse-low-grade-gliomas-and-associated-white-matter-tract-anatomy
#12
Jayesh P Thawani, Nickpreet Singh, Jared M Pisapia, Kalil G Abdullah, Drew Parker, Bryan A Pukenas, Eric L Zager, Ragini Verma, Steven Brem
BACKGROUND: Diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGGs) represent several pathological entities that infiltrate and invade cortical and subcortical structures in the brain. OBJECTIVE: To describe methods for rapid prototyping of DLGGs and surgically relevant anatomy. METHODS: Using high-definition imaging data and rapid prototyping technologies, we were able to generate 3 patient DLGGs to scale and represent the associated white matter tracts in 3 dimensions using advanced diffusion tensor imaging techniques...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299927/supramolecular-hydrogels-based-on-dna-self-assembly
#13
Yu Shao, Haoyang Jia, Tianyang Cao, Dongsheng Liu
Extracellular matrix (ECM) provides essential supports three dimensionally to the cells in living organs, including mechanical support and signal, nutrition, oxygen, and waste transportation. Thus, using hydrogels to mimic its function has attracted much attention in recent years, especially in tissue engineering, cell biology, and drug screening. However, a hydrogel system that can merit all parameters of the natural ECM is still a challenge. In the past decade, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) has arisen as an outstanding building material for the hydrogels, as it has unique properties compared to most synthetic or natural polymers, such as sequence designability, precise recognition, structural rigidity, and minimal toxicity...
March 16, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292595/microguided-endodontics-accuracy-of-a-miniaturized-technique-for-apically-extended-access-cavity-preparation-in-anterior-teeth
#14
Thomas Connert, Marc S Zehnder, Roland Weiger, Sebastian Kühl, Gabriel Krastl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of guided endodontics in mandibular anterior teeth by using miniaturized instruments. This technique is designed to treat teeth with pulp canal calcifications and narrow roots by using a printed template that guides a bur to the calcified root canal. METHODS: Sixty sound mandibular anterior teeth were used in 10 mandibular models. Preoperative surface and cone-beam computed tomography scans were matched by using the coDiagnostix software...
May 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274121/dynamics-of-capillary-driven-flow-in-3d-printed-open-microchannels
#15
Robert K Lade, Erik J Hippchen, Christopher W Macosko, Lorraine F Francis
Microchannels have applications in microfluidic devices, patterns for micromolding, and even flexible electronic devices. Three-dimensional (3D) printing presents a promising alternative manufacturing route for these microchannels due to the technology's relative speed and the design freedom it affords its users. However, the roughness of 3D printed surfaces can significantly influence flow dynamics inside of a microchannel. In this work, open microchannels are fabricated using four different 3D printing techniques: fused deposition modeling (FDM), stereolithography (SLA), selective laser sintering, and multi jet modeling...
March 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269344/inductive-power-transmission-to-millimeter-sized-biomedical-implants-using-printed-spiral-coils
#16
Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani
The operation frequency (f) has been a key parameter in optimizing wireless power transmission links for biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions. This paper studies the feasibility of using printed spiral coils (PSCs) for powering mm-sized implants with high power transmission efficiency (PTE) at different fps. Compared to wire-wound coils (WWCs), using a PSC in the implant side allows batch fabrication on rigid or flexible substrates, which can also be used as a platform for integrating implant components...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268718/a-new-crank-arm-based-load-cell-with-built-in-conditioning-circuit-and-strain-gages-to-measure-the-components-of-the-force-applied-by-a-cyclist
#17
Andre V Pigatto, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot
This report describes the development of a force platform based on instrumented load cells with built-in conditioning circuit and strain gages to measure and acquire the components of the force that is applied to the bike crank arm during pedaling in real conditions, and save them on a SD Card. To accomplish that, a complete new crank arm 3D solid model was developed in the SolidWorks, with dimensions equivalent to a commercial crank set and compatible with a conventional road bike, but with a compartment to support all the electronics necessary to measure 3 components of the force applied to the pedal during pedaling...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227586/inductive-power-transmission-to-millimeter-sized-biomedical-implants-using-printed-spiral-coils
#18
Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani
The operation frequency (f) has been a key parameter in optimizing wireless power transmission links for biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions. This paper studies the feasibility of using printed spiral coils (PSCs) for powering mm-sized implants with high power transmission efficiency (PTE) at different fps. Compared to wire-wound coils (WWCs), using a PSC in the implant side allows batch fabrication on rigid or flexible substrates, which can also be used as a platform for integrating implant components...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226906/a-new-crank-arm-based-load-cell-with-built-in-conditioning-circuit-and-strain-gages-to-measure-the-components-of-the-force-applied-by-a-cyclist
#19
Andre V Pigatto, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Andre V Pigatto, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Karina O A Moura, Gabriela W Favieiro, Alexandre Balbinot, Andre V Pigatto
This report describes the development of a force platform based on instrumented load cells with built-in conditioning circuit and strain gages to measure and acquire the components of the force that is applied to the bike crank arm during pedaling in real conditions, and save them on a SD Card. To accomplish that, a complete new crank arm 3D solid model was developed in the SolidWorks, with dimensions equivalent to a commercial crank set and compatible with a conventional road bike, but with a compartment to support all the electronics necessary to measure 3 components of the force applied to the pedal during pedaling...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188705/design-construction-and-optimization-of-a-novel-modular-and-scalable-incubation-chamber-for-continuous-viral-inactivation
#20
Raquel Orozco, Scott Godfrey, Jon Coffman, Linus Amarikwa, Stephanie Parker, Lindsay Hernandez, Chinenye Wachuku, Ben Mai, Brian Song, Shashidhar Hoskatti, Jinkeng Asong, Parviz Shamlou, Cameron Bardliving, Marcus Fiadeiro
We designed, built or 3D printed, and screened tubular reactors that minimize axial dispersion to serve as incubation chambers for continuous virus inactivation of biological products. Empirical residence time distribution data were used to derive each tubular design's volume equivalent to a theoretical plate (VETP) values at a various process flow rates. One design, the Jig in a Box (JIB), yielded the lowest VETP, indicating optimal radial mixing and minimal axial dispersion. A minimum residence time (MRT) approach was employed, where the MRT is the minimum time the product spends in the tubular reactor...
July 2017: Biotechnology Progress
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