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Myopus schisticolor

R Jiménez, F J Barrionuevo, M Burgos
Gonads are the only organs with 2 possible developmental pathways, testis or ovary. A consequence of this unique feature is that mutations in genes controlling gonad development give rise not only to gonadal malformation or dysfunction but also to frequent cases of sex reversal, including XY females, XX males and intersexes. Most of our current knowledge on mammalian sex determination, the genetic process by which the gonadal primordia are committed to differentiate as either testes or ovaries, has derived mainly from the study of sex-reversed mice obtained by direct genetic manipulation...
2013: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
Arseny A Makarikov, Vytautas L Kontrimavichus
Arostrilepis beringiensis (Kontrimavichus et Smirnova, 1991) is redescribed on the basis of its type specimens from Lemmus trimucronatus (Richardson) and material from the collections of the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Novosibirsk from the lemmings Myopus schisticolor (Lilljeborg) and Lemmus sibiricus (Kerr) from the Asian part of Russia. Specimens previously identified as Arostrilepis horrida (Linstow, 1901) from voles are revised and newly collected materials are addressed. Two new species of the genus Arostrilepis Mas-Coma et Tenora, 1997, A...
November 2011: Folia Parasitologica
V B Fedorov, A V Goropashnaya, G G Boeskorov, J A Cook
The association between demographic history, genealogy and geographical distribution of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b haplotypes was studied in the wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor), a species that is closely associated with the boreal forest of the Eurasian taiga zone from Scandinavia to the Pacific coast. Except for a major phylogeographic discontinuity (0.9% nucleotide divergence) in southeastern Siberia, only shallow regional genetic structure was detected across northern Eurasia. Genetic signs of demographic expansions imply that successive range contractions and expansions on different spatial scales represented the primary historical events that shaped geographical patterns of genetic variation...
January 2008: Molecular Ecology
A Gropp, H Winking, F Frank, G Noack, K Fredga
The wood lemming displays certain peculiar features: (1) The sex ratio shows a prevalence of females (FRANK, 1966; KALELA and OKSALA, 1966), and some females produce only female offspring (KALELA and OKSALA, 1966). (2) In a considerable proportion (in the present material, slightly less than half) of the females, an XY chromosome complement is found in the somatic tissues, but the Y is absent in the germ line of those studied (Fredga et al., 1976). Therefore, (3) a mechanism of double nondisjunction in early fetal life of XY females has to be postulated, which replaces the Y in the germ line by duplication of the X...
1976: Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics
J A Vuorinen, O Eskelinen
Wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor) populations are characterized by female biased sex ratios and cyclic variations in population size. Both of these characteristics are assumed to reduce genetic variation and thus affect the evolutionary adaptation of the species. We addressed these questions by studying the genetic structure of a wood lemming population from eastern Finland by isozyme markers during a 21-year period, which corresponds to 40-50 generations. Contingency tests showed that genotypic proportions conformed to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in each of the four sampling years...
April 2005: Heredity
V D Guliaev, A V Krivolapov
A new species of anoplocephalid cestode, Paranoplocephala gubanovi sp. n. (Cyclophyllidea, Anoplocephalidae), from wood lemmings of Eastern Siberia (Myopus schisticolor) is described. The new species differs from other known species of Paranoplocephala associated with Holarctic lemmings by having unique combination of characters as follows: a few-segmented strobila, superficial suckers sticking out of the scolex, ovary covering practically the whole middle part of the segment, relatively little number of testicles situated in the aporal part of the segment, cirrus bursa crossing the poral excretory vessels, and subspherical spermatheca situated in the middle part of the segment...
November 2003: Parazitologiia
W S Liu, K Nordqvist, Y F Lau, K Fredga
The wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor) harbors two types of X chromosome, a normal X and a variant X, designated X*. The X* chromosome contains a mutation that causes XY sex reversal. We have previously demonstrated that the Xp21-23 region is deleted from X* and is associated with XY sex reversal. To further analyze the deleted region, we have constructed and characterized seven X chromosome- and region-specific recombinant DNA libraries. Further, we have screened mouse fetal gonad cDNA libraries with the microdissected Xp21-23 DNA as a probe in an attempt to identify homologous and expressed sequences from the deletion...
November 1, 2001: Journal of Experimental Zoology
M Akhverdyan, K Fredga
The chromosomes were studied throughout meiotic prophase by electron microscopy of surface-spread oocytes from one XX, four X*X, and three X*Y female wood lemmings, Myopus schisticolor. The X* chromosome had originated from X by a deletion and an inversion in the short arm. The deletion was confirmed in pachytene cells from X*X females; a D-loop was present in the sex bivalent in 16.8% of the cells, and asynapsis of unequal ends was seen in 9.1% of other cells. At late pachytene the D-loop underwent synaptic adjustment...
September 15, 2001: Journal of Experimental Zoology
K Fredga, L Setterfield, U Mittwoch
A quantitative histological analysis of ovaries from 8- to 10-day-old wood lemmings revealed significant differences between females with X*Y and X*X sex chromosome constitutions. The ovarian volume of X*Y females was on average 57% of X*X, and the number of oocytes was less than half in X*Y compared to X*X. However, the frequency of growing oocytes in relation to the total number was 6.5% for X*Y compared to 3.0% for X*X. Oogenesis in X*Y wood lemmings resembles in many respects that of mice heterozygous for certain translocations and with tertiary trisomy (Ts31H), and those with X0 monosomy...
2000: Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics
W S Liu, K Fredga
The distribution of the (TTAGGG)n telomeric sequence was studied in chromosomes of the wood lemming, Myopus schisticolor, by fluorescence in-situ hybridization. As expected, the hybridization signals were observed at telomeres of all chromosomes. However, quite a number of interstitial telomeric sites were present in the pericentric heterochromatic regions. Consistent strong hybridization signals were also seen at one terminus of chromosomes 5, 7 and 12--15. By post-hybridization G-banding and silver-staining, the large blocks of the telomeric sequences on chromosomes 5 and 12 were localized to nucleolus organizer regions (NORs)...
1999: Chromosome Research
W S Liu, L Eriksson, K Fredga
In the wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor), XY sex reversal occurs naturally because of the presence of an X chromosome variant designated X*. The two types of X chromosome, X and X*, can be distinguished by G-banding, and analyses have demonstrated complex rearrangements of the short arm of X*. Here, chromosomal microdissection, degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase chain reaction (DOP-PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques have been used to generate and map DNA probes for different parts of the X and X* chromosomes...
August 1998: Chromosome Research
S Saarela, R Hissa
Wood lemmings (Myopus schisticolor) were captured during their autumnal migration in September and October. The animals were maintained at 12 degrees C and under 12L:12D photoperiod. Basal metabolic rate and thermogenic capacity of the wood lemming were studied. Basal metabolic rate was 3.54 ml O2.g-1.h-1, which is 215-238% of the expected value. The high basal metabolic rate seems to be typical of rodents living in high latitudes. The body temperature of the wood lemming was high (38.0-38.8 degrees C), and did not fluctuate much during the 24-h recording...
1993: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
V B Fedorov, R Fredriksson, K Fredga
To investigate genetic differentiation among populations of the wood lemming Myopus schisticolor (Muridae, Rodentia) isozyme variation in 10 populations from three regions, Fennoscandia, Western and Eastern Siberia, was examined. From 20 loci examined, the two most polymorphic ones, Idh-1 and Pgi-1, were used in the complete survey. The results of hierarchical F-statistics analysis showed significant differentiation among all populations; single locus FPT values agreed well (Idh-1, FPT = 0.20; Pgi-1, FPT = 0...
March 1995: Heredity
U Wiberg, A Mayerová, U Müller, K Fredga, U Wolf
H-Y antigen was investigated in 18 specimens representing six different sex chromosome constitutions of the wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor). The control range of H-Y antigen was defined by the sex difference between normal XX females (H-Y negative per definitionem) and normal XY males (H-Y positive, full titer). H-Y antigen titers of the X*Y and X*0 females were in the male control range, while in the X*X and X0 females the titers were intermediary. Data were obtained with two different H-Y antigen assays: the Raji cell cytotoxicity test and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method...
1982: Human Genetics
B K Vig
The late metaphase-early anaphase cells from various tissues of male Mus musculus, M. poschiavinus, M. spretus, M. castaneus, female and male Bos taurus (cattle) and female Myopus schisticolor (wood lemming) were analyzed for centromeres that showed separation into two daughter centromeres and those that did not show such separation. In all strains and species of mouse the Y chromosome is the first one to separate, as is the X or Y in the cattle. These sex chromosomes are devoid of constitutive heterochromatin, whereas all autosomes in these species carry detectable quantities...
December 1982: Genetics
K Fredga
There are a number of mammalian species with complicated or unknown mechanisms for sex determination. The literature is reviewed with special reference to the origin and evolution of the sex chromosome mechanisms in three species of monotremes and in the following species of rodents: the creeping vole (Microtus oregoni), the mole vole (Ellobius lutescens), the Amami spinous country rat (Tokudaia osimensis), the wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor), the varying lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus), South American field mice (Akodon sp...
1983: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
U H Wiberg, K Fredga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1985: Immunogenetics
K W Wolf, H Winking, K Fredga
Electron microscopy of ultrathin serial sections has been used to study the origin and fate of a mass of fibrillar material (FM) during spermatogenesis in the wood lemming Myopus schisticolor. In the course of early pachytene, one of the two nucleoli completely disappears. The remaining nucleolus loses its granular portion and acquires a "round body" encased by the fibrillar moiety, and the restructuring is accompanied by the appearance of FM in the close vicinity of this nucleolus. During diakinesis, the FM increases in volume and density and selectively infiltrates the chromatin of the XY pair...
1987: Biology of the Cell
K Fredga
Both mouse and man have the common XX/XY sex chromosome mechanism. The X chromosome is of original size (5-6% of female haploid set) and the Y is one of the smallest chromosomes of the complement. But there are species, belonging to a variety of orders, with composite sex chromosomes and multiple sex chromosome systems: XX/XY1Y2 and X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y. The original X or the Y, respectively, have been translocated on to an autosome. The sex chromosomes of these species segregate regularly at meiosis; two kinds of sperm and one kind of egg are produced and the sex ratio is the normal 1:1...
December 1, 1988: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
A J Solari, M B Espinosa, A D Vitullo, M S Merani
The meiotic behavior of sex chromosomes has been investigated in variant females of Akodon azarae, both in pachytene oocytes and metaphase I. In somatic cells, these females have a heteromorphic sex pair, in which the minor chromosome has been previously interpreted as a major deletion of the long arm of the X chromosome (dX). After microspreading for synaptonemal complex analysis, pachytene oocytes show two axes of very different lengths (100:17.1), which correspond to the sex chromosomes X and dX. True synapsis is abnormally restricted (43...
1989: Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics
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