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ICD programming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157049/small-for-gestational-age-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-long-term-pediatric-gastrointestinal-morbidity-of-the-offspring
#1
N Steiner, T Wainstock, E Sheiner, I Segal, D Landau, A Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: The concept of neonatal programing has begun to emerge as an important component of adult health. Scarce data exist regarding perinatal risk factors for long-term gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity of the offspring. We aimed to evaluate the association between birthweight (BW) at term and long-term pediatric GI morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed, comparing the risk of long-term GI morbidity (up to the age of 18 years) in children delivered at term according to their BW...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155988/opioid-prescribing-patterns-and-patient-outcomes-by-prescriber-type-in-the-oregon-prescription-drug-monitoring-program
#2
Patrick B Fink, Richard A Deyo, Sara E Hallvik, Christi Hildebran
Objective: Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) were created to facilitate responsible use of controlled substances. In Oregon, physicians, physician's assistants (MDs/DOs/PAs), dentists, nurse practitioners (NPs), and naturopathic physicians (NDs) may prescribe opioids, but differences in prescribing practices, patient mix, and patient outcomes among prescriber types have not been characterized. Methods: De-identified Oregon PDMP data from October 2011 through October 2014 were linked with vital records and a statewide hospital discharge registry...
November 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#3
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144886/comparative-effectiveness-of-proactive-tobacco-treatment-among-smokers-with-and-without-chronic-lower-respiratory-disease
#4
Anne C Melzer, Barbara Clothier, Sandra J Japuntich, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patrick Hammett, Diana J Burgess, Anne M Joseph, Steven S Fu
RATIONALE: Adults with chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) differ in their barriers to smoking cessation, but also suffer from tobacco related health concerns, which may motivate quit attempts. Few studies have examined differences in tobacco treatment response between smokers with and without CLRD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of a proactive outreach program for cessation among smokers with and without CLRD. METHODS: Subgroup analysis of the Veterans VICTORY Over Tobacco Study, a pragmatic randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the effectiveness of proactive outreach and the choice of tobacco treatments compared to usual care...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141084/association-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-objective-indicators-of-educational-attainment-a-nationwide-register-based-sibling-control-study
#5
Ana Pérez-Vigil, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Gustaf Brander, Kayoko Isomura, Andreas Jangmo, Inna Feldman, Eva Hesselmark, Eva Serlachius, Luisa Lázaro, Christian Rück, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: To our knowledge, the association of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and academic performance has not been objectively quantified. Objective: To investigate the association of OCD with objectively measured educational outcomes in a nationwide cohort, adjusting for covariates and unmeasured factors shared between siblings. Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included 2 115 554 individuals who were born in Sweden between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1998, and followed up through December 31, 2013...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140246/an-eya1-notch-axis-specifies-bipotential-epibranchial-differentiation-in-mammalian-craniofacial-morphogenesis
#6
Haoran Zhang, Li Wang, Elaine Yee Man Wong, Sze Lan Tsang, Pin-Xian Xu, Urban Lendahl, Mai Har Sham
Craniofacial morphogenesis requires proper development of pharyngeal arches and epibranchial placodes. We show that the epibranchial placodes, in addition to giving rise to cranial sensory neurons, generate a novel lineage-related non-neuronal cell population for mouse pharyngeal arch development. Eya1 is essential for the development of epibranchial placodes and proximal pharyngeal arches. We identify an Eya1-Notch regulatory axis that specifies both the neuronal and non-neuronal commitment of the epibranchial placode, where Notch acts downstream of Eya1 and promotes the non-neuronal cell fate...
November 15, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134819/web-based-intervention-to-improve-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-patients-shock-related-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Tuğba Yardımcı, Hatice Mert
In spite of its effectiveness, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients face psychological problems such as shock-related anxiety due to device shocks. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a web-based intervention program for ICD patients would reduce shock-related anxiety and improve quality of life compared with usual care. This was a randomized controlled trial study including a total of 76 patients. Data were collected using Turkish versions of the Florida Shock Anxiety Scale and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) at 0 (baseline), 3, and 6 months...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127734/population-representation-among-anatomical-donors-and-the-implication-for-medical-student-education
#8
Amanda J Collins, Whitney Smith, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Elizabeth Orvek, Peter Lazar, Jan K Carney, Anne M Gilroy, Max P Rosen
INTRODUCTION: Dissection provides a unique opportunity to integrate anatomical and clinical education. Commonly, cadavers are randomly assigned to courses, which may result in skewed representation of patient populations. The primary aim of this study was to determine if the anatomical donors studied by students at Medical School (MS) accurately represent the disease burden of the local patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared Medical Center patient claims data and body donation data from the Anatomical Gift Program (AGP)...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111168/standardized-programming-to-reduce-the-burden-of-inappropriate-therapies-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-single-centre-follow-up-results
#9
U Boles, E Gul, L Fitzgerald, F Sadiq Ali, Christine Nolan, K Aldworth-Gaumond, D R Redfearn, A Baranchuk, B Glover, C Simpson, H Abdollah, K A Michael
BACKGROUND: Current algorithms and device morphology templates have been proposed in current Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) to minimize inappropriate therapies (ITS), but this has not been completely successful. AIM: Assess the impact of a deliberate strategy of using an atrial lead implant with standardized parameters; based on all current ICD discriminators and technologies, on the burden of ITS. METHOD: A retrospective single-centre analysis of 250 patients with either dual chamber (DR) ICDs or biventricular ICDs (CRTDs) over a (41...
October 27, 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097318/systematic-review-for-the-2017-aha-acc-hrs-guideline-for-management-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#10
Fred M Kusumoto, Kent R Bailey, Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Sandeep Gautam, Robert J Kim, Daniel B Kramer, Litsa K Lambrakos, Naseer H Nasser, Dan Sorajja
BACKGROUND: Although large randomized clinical trials have found that primary prevention use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure symptoms, patients who receive ICDs in practice are often older and have more comorbidities than patients who were enrolled in the clinical trials. In addition, there is a debate among clinicians on the usefulness of electrophysiological study for risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome...
October 25, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097297/systematic-review-for-the-2017-aha-acc-hrs-guideline-for-management-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#11
Fred M Kusumoto, Kent R Bailey, Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Sandeep Gautam, Robert J Kim, Daniel B Kramer, Litsa K Lambrakos, Naseer H Nasser, Dan Sorajja
BACKGROUND: Although large randomized clinical trials have found that primary prevention use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure symptoms, patients who receive ICDs in practice are often older and have more comorbidities than patients who were enrolled in the clinical trials. In addition, there is a debate among clinicians on the usefulness of electrophysiological study for risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078777/barriers-or-gaps-in-implementation-of-misoprostol-use-for-post-abortion-care-and-post-partum-hemorrhage-prevention-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Amir Ali Barket Ali Samnani, Narjis Rizvi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Farina Abrejo
BACKGROUND: Around 303,000 maternal deaths occur every year; most of these are preventable (World Health Organization), ICD-10: International classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision. Volume 2: Instruction manual, 2010). Ninety-nine percent of these maternal deaths occur in developing countries. PPH contributed 35 % (35%) of total maternal. Several interventions being done to reduce the number of maternal deaths. It has been noted that a simple low cost intervention of providing misoprostol timely could prevent these deaths...
October 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071496/a-matched-comparison-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-patients-with-liver-disease-using-propensity-score-matching
#13
K Y Pei, F Liu, Y Zhang
PURPOSE: Patients with liver cirrhosis may require inguinal hernia repair. It is unknown if surgical approach, laparoscopic or open, affects outcomes in this high-risk patient population. This study compares complications, deaths, and length of stay between open and laparoscopic inguinal hernias in patients with liver disease. METHODS: All patients (N = 145,780) who were diagnosed with inguinal hernia (ICD-9-codes: 550.00, 550.02, 550.10, 550.12, 550.90, and 550...
October 25, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069315/the-impact-of-pneumococcal-vaccination-on-bacterial-and-viral-pneumonia-in-western-australian-children-record-linkage-cohort-study-of-469-589-births-1996-2012
#14
Parveen Fathima, Christopher C Blyth, Deborah Lehmann, Faye J Lim, Tasnim Abdalla, Nicholas de Klerk, Hannah C Moore
Background: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was included in Australia's National Immunisation Program for all children from 2005. We assessed the impact of PCV on all-cause and pathogen-specific pneumonia hospitalisations in Western Australian (WA) children aged ≤16 years. Methods: All hospitalisations with pneumonia-related ICD-10AM diagnosis codes occurring in WA-born children (1996-2012) were linked to pathology records. Age-specific incidence rate ratios and temporal trends for all-cause and pathogen-specific pneumonia hospitalisations were calculated pre- and post-PCV introduction...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057243/smoking-depression-and-hospital-costs-of-respiratory-cancers-examining-race-and-sex-variation
#15
Baqar Husaini, Robert Levine, Phillip Lammers, Pam Hull, Meggan Novotny, Majaz Moonis
OBJECTIVE: The role of smoking and depression relative to hospital cost for lung cancer (LC) remains unknown. METHODS: We extracted data on depression, smoking history, demographics, and hospital charges on patients with respiratory cancers (ICD-9 codes 161-163,165) from the 2008 Tennessee Hospital Discharge Data System. The sample (n=6,665) was mostly white (86%) and male (57). Age-adjusted rates were developed per CDC methodology, and hospital costs were compared for LC with vs...
2017: Fam Med Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052236/heart-failure-severity-inappropriate-icd-therapy-and-novel-icd-programming-a-madit-rit-sub-study
#16
Usama A Daimee, Katherine Vermilye, Spencer Rosero, Claudio D Schuger, James P Daubert, Wojciech Zareba, Scott McNitt, Bronislava Polonsky, Arthur J Moss, Valentina Kutyifa
BACKGROUND: The effects of heart failure (HF) severity on risk of inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy have not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to study the association between HF severity and inappropriate ICD therapy in MADIT-RIT. METHODS: MADIT-RIT randomized 1500 patients to three ICD programming arms: conventional (Arm A), high-rate cut-off (Arm B: ≥200 bpm), and delayed therapy (Arm C: 60-second delay for ≥170 bpm)...
October 20, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049278/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#17
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030379/right-ventricular-pacing-increases-risk-of-appropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-shocks-asymmetrically-an-analysis-of-the-altitude-database
#18
Edmond M Cronin, Paul Jones, Milan C Seth, Niraj Varma
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular pacing (RVP) increases risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), but ventricular proarrhythmia is less clear. We analyzed a large remote monitoring database to assess this question. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with single- or dual-chamber ICDs, engaged in remote monitoring for at least 6 months and with unchanged tachycardia programming, were included. %RVP was derived for each weekly transmission...
October 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027893/hospital-acquired-conditions-predictors-and-implications-for-outcomes-following-spine-tumor-resection
#19
Nikita Lakomkin, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis
OBJECTIVE Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) significantly compromise patient safety, and have been identified by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as events that will be associated with penalties for surgeons. The mitigation of HACs must be an important consideration during the postoperative management of patients undergoing spine tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for HACs and to characterize the relationship between HACs and other postoperative adverse events following spine tumor resection...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027218/cell-death-and-immunity-in-cancer-from-danger-signals-to-mimicry-of-pathogen-defense-responses
#20
REVIEW
Abhishek D Garg, Patrizia Agostinis
The immunogenicity of cancer cells is an emerging determinant of anti-cancer immunotherapy. Beyond developing immunostimulatory regimens like dendritic cell-based vaccines, immune-checkpoint blockers, and adoptive T-cell transfer, investigators are beginning to focus on the immunobiology of dying cancer cells and its relevance for the success of anticancer immunotherapies. It is currently accepted that cancer cells may die in response to anti-cancer therapies through regulated cell death programs, which may either repress or increase their immunogenic potential...
November 2017: Immunological Reviews
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