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grape seed extract

Xingting Liu, Xin Lin, Yuling Mi, Jian Li, Caiqiao Zhang
Oxidative stress is an important inducement in ovarian aging which results in fecundity decline in human and diverse animals. As a potent antioxidant, grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) was investigated to ameliorate chicken ovarian aging in this study. Firstly, ovarian antioxidant capacity of hens at different ages (90, 150, 280, and 580 days old) was compared to elucidate its age-related changes. Subsequently, a D-gal-induced (2.5 mg/mL) aging ovarian model was established and the cultured ovarian tissues were treated with GSPE at 5  μ g/mL for 72 h to evaluate the putative attenuating effects of GSPE on ovarian aging...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
N A Hasona
This study scrutinised the ameliorative properties of grape seed extract (GSE) in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced testicular and thyroid dysfunction associated with oxidative stress in male albino rats. Thirty-two healthy adult male albino rats were divided into four groups of eight animals each: normal, DEX control, DEX + GSE (200 mg/kg body weight) group and DEX + GSE (400 mg/kg body weight) group. The body weight gain and testes weight were assessed. Plasma testosterone and thyroid profile were determined...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Takwa Bedhiafi, Kamel Charradi, Mouna Ben Azaiz, Mohamed Mahmoudi, Issam Msakni, Khawla Jebari, Ammar Bouziani, Ferid Limam, Ezzedine Aouani
Spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and obesity is related to an elevated risk of immunity dysfunction and the mechanism whereby fat adversely affects the spleen is poorly understood. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of grape seed and skin extract (GSSE) and orlistat (Xenical, Xe) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced spleen lipotoxicity. Obese rats were treated either with GSSE (4 g/kg bw) or Xe (2 mg/kg bw) or GSSE + Xe and monitored for weight loss during 3 months. Animals were then sacrificed and their spleen used for the evaluation of lipotoxicity-induced oxidative stress and inflammation as well as the putative protection afforded by GSSE and Xe treatment...
March 7, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Daqian Yang, Huijie Jiang, Jingjing Lu, Yueying Lv, Ruiqi Baiyun, Siyu Li, Biying Liu, Zhanjun Lv, Zhigang Zhang
Lead, a pervasive environmental hazard worldwide, causes a wide range of physiological and biochemical destruction, including metabolic dysfunction. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) is a natural production with potential metabolic regulation in liver. This study was performed to investigate the protective role of GSPE against lead-induced metabolic dysfunction in liver and elucidate the potential molecular mechanism of this event. Wistar rats received GSPE (200 mg/kg) daily with or without lead acetate (PbA, 0...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Àngela Casanova-Martí, Joan Serrano, Kevin J Portune, Yolanda Sanz, M Teresa Blay, Ximena Terra, Anna Ardévol, Montserrat Pinent
Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) modulates several parameters involved in metabolic syndrome. GSPE is a mixture of compounds, some which are rapidly absorbed, while others remain in the lumen where they might have effects that are translated to the whole organism. Our aim was to decipher if the 8-day treatment of GSPE, previously shown to reduce food intake, induces changes in the microbiota and enterohormone secretion. The ratio of Firmicutes : Bacteroidetes was lower in the microbiota of GSPE-treated rats compared to controls, and differences in several taxonomic families and genera were observed...
February 23, 2018: Food & Function
Adelaida Esteban-Fernández, Irene Zorraquín-Peña, Maria D Ferrer, Alex Mira, Begoña Bartolomé, Dolores González de Llano, M Victoria Moreno-Arribas
Several benefits have been described for red wine polyphenols and probiotic strains in the promotion of colonic metabolism and health. On the contrary, knowledge about their role in the management of oral health is still scarce. In this work, the antiadhesive capacity of selected red wine polyphenols and oenological extracts against the oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Streptococcus mutans in an in vitro model of human gingival fibroblasts has been explored as well as their complementary action with the candidate oral probiotic Streptococcus dentisani...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Constanza Mellado, Toribio Figueroa, Ricardo Baez, Rosario Castillo, Manuel Francisco Melendrez, Berta Schulz, Katherina Fernandez
The graphene aerogels' potential for use as both a hemostatic agent and dermal delivery system has scarcely been investigated. In this study, we used a sol-gel process for generating dry and stable composite aerogels based on graphene oxide (GO) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Furthermore, we incorporated natural extract of País grape seed (SD) and skin (SK), rich in Proanthocyanidins (PAs or condensed tannins). The effect of the incorporation of the grape extracts was investigated in relation to the aerogels' structure, coagulation performance and the release of the extracts...
February 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
H Toker, H Balci Yuce, A Lektemur Alpan, F Gevrek, M Elmastas
OBJECTIVE: Grape seed proanthocyanidine extract (GSPE) is a strong antioxidant derived from the grape seeds (Vitis vinifera, Terral J.F.) and has a polyphenolic structure with a wide range of biological activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of GSPE on alveolar bone loss and histopathological changes in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty rats were divided into 6 study groups. Control (C, 6 rats) group, periodontitis (P, 6 rats) group, diabetes (D, 6 rats) group, diabetes and periodontitis (D+P, 6 rats) group, diabetes, periodontitis and 100 mg/kg/day GSPE (GSPE-100, 8 rats), and diabetes, periodontitis and 200 mg/kg/day GSPE (GSPE-200, 8 rats) group...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Ketaki Dinkar Jawale, Sharad Basavraj Kamat, Jayakumar Appasaheb Patil, Girish Shankar Nanjannawar, Rutuja Vijay Chopade
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine remineralizing potential of grape seed extract (GSE) compared to casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) through pH-cycling model and subsequent evaluation using polarized light microscope (PLM). Subjects and Methods: Twenty sound human teeth fragments of ten teeth were obtained from the cervical portion of the roots and were stored in demineralizing solution for 96 h at 37°C to induce artificial root carious lesion...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
C Mannozzi, U Tylewicz, F Chinnici, L Siroli, P Rocculi, M Dalla Rosa, S Romani
The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative edible coating, based on chitosan from mushrooms enriched with procyanidins extracted from grape seeds, on fresh blueberry quality maintenance, (weight loss, pH, dry matter, colour, firmness and antioxidant activity) and microbial growth, during 14 days of storage at 4 °C. For weight loss, pH and dry matter no relevant differences were detected among the control and the differently coated samples at each considered storage time. Chitosan and chitosan + procyanidins coatings promoted a slight decrease of luminosity and an increase of blue hue colour of blueberry samples during the whole storage period...
June 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
M Witzig, M Zeder, M Rodehutscord
This study examined whether the methane-decreasing effect of monensin (∼21%) and different hydrolysable tannins (24%-65%) during in vitro fermentation of grass silage was accompanied by changes in abundances of cellulolytics and methanogens. Samples of liquid (LAM) and solid (SAM) associated microbes were obtained from two rumen simulation technique experiments in which grass silage was either tested in combination with monensin (0, 2 or 4 mg d-1) or with different tannin extracts from chestnut, valonea, sumac and grape seed (0 or 1...
January 30, 2018: Anaerobe
Bing Zhang, Zhaocun Zhang, Hong Ji, Hui Shi, Shouzhen Chen, Dongliang Yan, Xuewen Jiang, Benkang Shi
Oxidative stress is closely associated with the onset of diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic urethropathy is one of the most common complications of DM, but few studies have been conducted to investigate the role of oxidative stress in diabetic urethropathy. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) has been previously reported to reduce oxidative injury. The present study aimed to investigate the role of oxidative stress and the protective effects of GSPE on urethral dysfunction using a streptozotocin-induced DM rat model...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Doglas Cecchin, Ana Paula Farina, Ana Karina Bedran-Russo
Aim: To evaluate the effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine (CHX), and two naturally derived reducing agents on the bond strength of epoxy resin-based sealer to root dentin. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 single-rooted human teeth were prepared using ProTaper (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Johnson City, TN, USA) and an irrigation protocol including 5% NaOCl or 2% CHX gel, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), for smear layer removal...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Amany Ahmed Mohamed Abd-Allah, Nasr Abdelwahab Mohamed Nasr El-Deen, Wafaa Abdou Mohamed Mohamed, Fatma Mohamed Naguib
Objectives: Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-produced oxidative disorders were involved at the pathophysiology of many inflammatory processes via the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant defense system suppression. Although herbal antioxidants as mono-therapy relief many inflammatory diseases including, autoimmunity rheumatoid arthritis, but as combination therapy with other proven anti-inflammatory drugs in order to decreasing their toxic impacts has not yet been studied clearly, especially against chemical substances that's induced local inflammation with characteristic edema...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Thien Ho, Audra Harris, Asimina Katsiani, Archana Khadgi, Annemiek Schilder, Ioannis E Tzanetakis
Peach rosette mosaic disease was first described in the 1940s affecting peach and plum. It was later determined that peach rosette mosaic virus (PRMV) is the causal agent of the disease. PRMV, a member of the genus Nepovirus, infects several perennial crops including stone fruit, grape and blueberry as well as several weed species found in orchards around the world. The molecular characterization of the virus is limited to partial genome sequences making it difficult to develop reliable and sensitive molecular detection tests; the reason that detection is routinely performed using ELISA with antibodies risen against a single virus isolate...
April 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Berna Özalp Özen, Ayla Soyer
The effects of different plant extracts [green tea extract (GTE), grape seed extract (GSE), and pomegranate rind extract (PRE)] at a level of 100 ppm equivalent phenolics and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the changes in quality of fish (Scomber scombrus) mince during 6 months frozen storage at -18 ± 1 °C were investigated. During storage, significant oxidative reactions in both the lipids and proteins were observed with the increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and carbonyls and decrease in sulphydryl groups and protein solubility...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Tijana Milićević, Mira Aničić Urošević, Dubravka Relić, Gordana Vuković, Sandra Škrivanj, Aleksandar Popović
Monitoring of potentially toxic elements in agricultural soil represents the first measure of caution regarding food safety, while research into element bioavailability should be a step forward in understanding the element transportation chain. This study was conducted in the grapevine growing area ("Oplenac Wine Route") for investigating element bioavailability in the soil-grapevine system accompanied by an assessment of the ecological implications and human health risk. Single extraction procedures (CH3COOH, Na2EDTA, CaCl2, NH4NO3 and deionised H2O) and digestion were performed to estimate the bioavailability of 22 elements (Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sr, V and Zn) from the topsoil (0-30 cm) and subsoil (30-60 cm) to the grapevine parts (leaf, skin, pulp and seed) and wine...
January 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Alaaeldin Ahmed Hamza, Gehan Hussein Heeba, Hanan Mohamed Elwy, Chandraprabha Murali, Raafat El-Awady, Amr Amin
The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer property of grape seed extract (GSE) during early stages of developing liver cancer using a two-stage carcinogenic model combining diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and 2-Acetyl Aminofluorene (2-AAF). Administration of GSE at doses 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg per day started at the beginning of promotion periods and continued for 14 weeks. GSE dramatically inhibited pre-neoplastic foci formation as well as significantly decreased the number and the area of placental glutathione-S-transferase in livers of DEN-2AAF-treated rats by approximately 4 & 10 fold deductions, respectively...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Rayyan, Tammam Terkawi, Hajer Abdo, Dalia Abdel Azim, Aseel Khalaf, Zenab AlKhouli, Maha Meziad, Marwa Alshamma'a, Horiyah Abu Naim
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of applying grape seed extract (GSE) gel in periodontal pockets for the treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Eighty-six sites with pocket depth (PD) >4 mm were selected from five systemically-healthy patients in whom scaling, and root planing were performed, and oral instructions were given, a week earlier. PD, gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were measured, and sites were then divided into the control group (N = 38) and GSE group (N = 48)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Sarfraz, Verda Farida, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Azubuike P Ebokaiwe, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
Modern food processing results in considerable amounts of side-products, such as grape seeds, walnut shells, spent coffee grounds, and harvested tomato plants. These materials are still rich in valuable and biologically active substances and therefore of interest from the perspective of waste management and "up-cycling". In contrast to traditional, often time consuming and low-value uses, such as vermicomposting and anaerobic digestion, the complete conversion into nanosuspensions unlocks considerable potentials of and new applications for such already spent organic materials without the need of extraction and without producing any additional waste...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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