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nutrition in congestive heart failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359367/nutritional-regulation-of-coupling-factor-6-a-novel-vasoactive-and-proatherogenic-peptide
#1
REVIEW
Tomohiro Osanai, Kasumi Mikami, Maiko Kitajima, Mayumi Urushizaka, Kumiko Kawasaki, Toshiko Tomisawa, Chieko Itaki, Yuka Noto, Koji Magota, Hirofumi Tomita
High sodium, high glucose, and obesity are important risk factors for age-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVDs), stroke, and cancer. Coupling factor 6 (CF6) is released from vascular endothelial cells and functions as a circulating peptide that inhibits prostacyclin and nitric oxide generation by intracellular acidosis. High glucose elevates CF6 by activation of protein kinase C and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, whereas CF6 causes type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in a high glucose vicious cycle...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299612/dietary-self-management-in-heart-failure-high-tech-or-high-touch
#2
REVIEW
Eloisa Colin-Ramirez, JoAnne Arcand, Justin A Ezekowitz
Dietary management of heart failure (HF) has largely been focused on sodium and fluid restrictions. Although safety and efficacy of these interventions in HF remain unclear, a daily sodium intake between 2000 and 3000 mg/day appears to be safe in these patients. Ongoing clinical research will inform on the safety and efficacy of a more restrictive sodium intake to less than 1500 mg/day. Data shows that routine fluid restriction in HF regardless of symptoms may be unnecessary; however, in patients with signs of congestion, fluid restriction to 2...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295468/the-protective-effects-of-a-novel-fitness-fatness-index-on-all-cause-mortality-among-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the specific association between a fitness-fatness index (FFI) and all-cause mortality among a national sample of US adults with coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction. This FFI has recently emerged in the literature as a novel index of health. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that FFI will be inversely associated with mortality risk. METHODS: The FFI was calculated as cardiorespiratory fitness divided by waist-to-height ratio...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242402/hypoalbuminemia-predicts-perioperative-morbidity-and-mortality-after-infrainguinal-lower-extremity-bypass-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#4
Matthew R Peacock, Alik Farber, Mohammad H Eslami, Jeffrey A Kalish, Denis Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Nishant K Shah, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVES: Poor nutritional status has been associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality in general surgery patients, however outcomes in vascular surgery patients are unclear. Our goal was to determine the effect of poor nutritional status on perioperative morbidity and mortality after lower extremity bypass (LEB). METHODS: The 2005-2012 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was analyzed to determine associated complications, mortality, length of stay (LOS), and readmissions for patients with hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <3...
February 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241985/cardiogenic-shock-caused-by-a-left-midventricular-obstruction-during-refeeding-in-a-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Yoko Sakamoto, Hidetaka Kioka, Ryota Hashimoto, Saori Takeda, Kota Momose, Tomohito Ohtani, Osamu Yamaguchi, Masafumi Wasa, Satoshi Nakatani, Yasushi Sakata
OBJECTIVE: Refeeding syndrome occurs when reinstating nutrition to severely malnourished patients. It can sometimes be fatal, particularly as a result of cardiac involvement such as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to report a case of cardiogenic shock that occurred during refeeding in a patient with anorexia nervosa (AN). The cardiogenic shock was due to a previously unrecognized mechanism, namely a transient left midventricular obstruction that completely disappeared after treatment...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#6
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
April 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063129/rates-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-in-patients-with-established-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-from-nhanes-2009-2010
#7
Gregory Castelli, Ashley Petrone, Jun Xiang, Carl Shrader, Dana King
PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever in the USA. Unfortunately, NSAIDs have been associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events, especially among NSAID users with established cardiovascular disease (CVD). In 2005, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released an initial warning regarding NSAID use and CVD risk, and recently, in July 2015, released an updated statement strengthening this initial warning...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#8
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
February 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994905/dilated-cardiomyopathy-induced-by-chronic-starvation-and-selenium-deficiency
#9
Soham Dasgupta, Ashraf M Aly
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) has been rarely documented as a cause of cardiovascular abnormalities, including dilated cardiomyopathy. Selenium is responsible for antioxidant defense mechanisms in cardiomyocytes, and its deficiency in the setting of PEM and disease related malnutrition (DRM) may lead to exacerbation of the dilated cardiomyopathy. We report a rare case of a fourteen-year-old boy who presented with symptoms of congestive heart failure due to DRM and PEM (secondary to chronic starvation) along with severe selenium deficiency...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898735/cognitive-dysfunction-and-malnutrition-are-independent-predictor-of-dysphagia-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-congestive-heart-failure
#10
Junichi Yokota, Yoshiko Ogawa, Shinsuke Yamanaka, Yoshimi Takahashi, Hiroshi Fujita, Nobuhiro Yamaguchi, Noriko Onoue, Takeshi Ishizuka, Tsuyoshi Shinozaki, Masahiro Kohzuki
Early detection and intervention for dysphagia is important in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, previous studies have focused on how many patients with dysphagia develop CHF. Studies focusing on the comorbidity of dysphagia in patients with CHF are rare. Additionally, risk factors for dysphagia in patients with CHF are unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to clarify risk factors for dysphagia in patients with acute exacerbation of CHF. A total of 105 patients, who were admitted with acute exacerbation of CHF, were enrolled...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754287/br-07-2-the-linking-in-the-human-observational-and-clinical-study
#11
Peter Nilsson
A number of chronic disease conditions tend to cluster in families with an increased risk in first-degree relatives, but also an increased risk in second-degree relatives. This fact is most often referred to as the heritability (heredity) of these diseases and explained by the influence of genetic factors, or shared environment, even if the more specific details or mechanism leading to disease are not known. New methods have to be explored in screening studies and register linkage studies to define and measure consequences of a positive family history of disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690014/new-treatment-strategies-for-alcohol-induced-heart-damage
#12
REVIEW
Joaquim Fernández-Solà, Ana Planavila Porta
High-dose alcohol misuse induces multiple noxious cardiac effects, including myocyte hypertrophy and necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, decreased ventricular contraction and ventricle enlargement. These effects produce diastolic and systolic ventricular dysfunction leading to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and an increased death rate. There are multiple, dose-dependent, synchronic and synergistic mechanisms of alcohol-induced cardiac damage. Ethanol alters membrane permeability and composition, interferes with receptors and intracellular transients, induces oxidative, metabolic and energy damage, decreases protein synthesis, excitation-contraction coupling and increases cell apoptosis...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643285/br-07-2-the-linking-in-the-human-observational-and-clinical-study
#13
Peter Nilsson
A number of chronic disease conditions tend to cluster in families with an increased risk in first-degree relatives, but also an increased risk in second-degree relatives. This fact is most often referred to as the heritability (heredity) of these diseases and explained by the influence of genetic factors, or shared environment, even if the more specific details or mechanism leading to disease are not known. New methods have to be explored in screening studies and register linkage studies to define and measure consequences of a positive family history of disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404689/echocardiography-and-nafld-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Francesca M Trovato, Giuseppe F Martines, Daniela Catalano, Giuseppe Musumeci, Clara Pirri, Guglielmo M Trovato
UNLABELLED: Non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease (NAFLD) is associated with atherosclerosis, increased cardiovascular risks and mortality. We investigated if, independently of insulin resistance, diet, physical activity and obesity, fatty liver involvement has any relationship with echocardiographic measurements in NAFLD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 660 NAFLD and 791 non-NAFLD subjects, referred to the same out-patients medical unit for lifestyle-nutritional prescription, were studied...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396316/relationships-between-urinary-antimony-levels-and-both-mortalities-and-prevalence-of-cancers-and-heart-diseases-in-general-us-population-nhanes-1999-2010
#15
Jing Guo, Liling Su, Xinyuan Zhao, Zhengping Xu, Guangdi Chen
The effects of antimony (Sb) exposure on mortalities, cancers and cardiovascular diseases were controversial in occupational workers, and the evidence from the general population is limited. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationships between Sb exposure and specific health events in the general population. Totally, 7781 participants aged ≥20years were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010 and were followed for an average of 6.04years. The Cox and logistic regression models were applied to evaluate the effects of urinary Sb (U-Sb) levels on the risks of all-cause and cause-specific mortalities, and the likelihoods of self-reported cancers and heart diseases, respectively...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392908/vitamin-d-nutritional-status-and-vitamin-d-regulated-antimicrobial-peptides-in-serum-and-pleural-fluid-of-patients-with-infectious-and-noninfectious-pleural-effusions
#16
Carlos A Amado, María T García-Unzueta, M Carmen Fariñas, Francisca Santos, María Ortiz, Pedro Muñoz-Cacho, José A Amado
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D and vitamin D dependent antimicrobial peptides such as Cathelicidin (LL-37) and β-defensin 2 have an important role in innate and adaptative immunity, but their role in pleural effusions has not been studied before. METHODS: Serum and pleural fluid samples from 152 patients with pleural effusion were collected, corresponding to 45 transudates and 107 exudates, 51 infectious effusions (14 complicated and 37 non-complicated), 44 congestive heart failure effusions and 38 malignant effusions...
July 8, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390980/sedentary-behavior-health-related-quality-of-life-among-congestive-heart-failure-patients
#17
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrates that participation in light-intensity physical activity (LIPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are favorably associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Emerging work demonstrates that sedentary behavior (SB) is detrimentally associated with various cardiometabolic biomarkers, with few studies exploring the association of SB on HRQOL, and no studies examining this among congestive heart failure patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the potential independent associations of SB on HRQOL among congestive heart failure patients...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380222/physiological-and-functional-failure-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-congestive-heart-failure-and-cancer-a-debilitating-intersection-of-sarcopenia-cachexia-and-breathlessness
#18
Deborah Dudgeon, Vickie E Baracos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Loss of skeletal muscle mass and cachexia are important manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and have been associated with breathlessness, functional limitation and poor prognosis. A number of other life-limiting illnesses, including cancer and chronic heart failure as well as acute conditions seen in ICU such as sepsis, are characteristically associated with cachexia and sarcopenia. These conditions may have respiratory muscle atrophy of sufficient magnitude to contribute to the development of breathlessness and associated functional limitation...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289509/the-effectiveness-of-the-low-energy-diet-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Beata Całyniuk, Elżbieta Grochowska-Niedworok, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń, Ewa Nowakowska-Zajdel, Marcin Osowski
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight is one of the most common health and economic problems of the contemporary world. According to the assessments of the World Health Organization (WHO), almost billion adults are overweight and at least 300 million were diagnosed with clinical obesity. Health consequences of overweight are: ischemic heart disease, congestive cardiac failure, hypertension, arteriosclerotic vascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, tumours, degenerative joint disease and many more...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060265/physical-activity-weight-status-and-mortality-among-congestive-heart-failure-patients
#20
Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Although obesity contributes to increased heart failure risk, and in alignment with the "obesity paradox", studies demonstrate that overweight/obese patients with established heart failure have better clinical outcomes when compared to their normal weight counterparts. To address this, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the fat-but-fit paradigm among those with congestive heart failure. METHODS: Participant data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were utilized, with follow-up through 2011...
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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