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Maryam Mobini
BACKGROUND: Alendronate is a bisphosphonate that is approved to reduce bone loss in glucocorticoid treated patients. In this paper, we present a case of femoral fracture following the use of Alendronate. CASE PRESENTATION: A- 46 year old woman who was a known case of hemolytic anemia has been treated by prednisolone (with different doses from 7.5 to 75 mg/day), calcium-D 500 mg/day and alendronate 70 mg/week for 3 years. Despite improvement of bone density, she experienced a low truama femoral shaft fracture...
2014: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Lesley A Smith, Natalia Price, Vanessa Simonite, Ethel E Burns
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to describe the range of perineal trauma in women with a singleton vaginal birth and estimate the effect of maternal and obstetric characteristics on the incidence of perineal tears. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study on all women with a planned singleton vaginal delivery between May and September 2006 in one obstetric unit, three freestanding midwifery-led units and home settings in South East England. Data on maternal and obstetric characteristics were collected prospectively and analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression...
2013: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
A N Kalehua, J E Nagel, L M Whelchel, J J Gides, R S Pyle, R J Smith, J W Kusiak, D D Taub
Intrahippocamal injections of kainic acid (KA) significantly increase the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in the ipsilateral hippocampus at 2-4 h and 21-45 days post-administration, suggesting the possible involvement of these chemokines in both neurodegenerative and regenerative processes. To examine the possible role of these chemokines on neuronal cell death, hippocampal neurons were incubated with either MCP-1 or MIP-2 in vitro and examined to assess the effects on neuronal cell viability...
July 1, 2004: Experimental Cell Research
F E Eckhauser, W E Strodel, N W Thompson, J G Turcotte
Surgical procedures designed to decompress the portal venous system in patients with cirrhosis and bleeing esophageal varices may be complicated by anatomic variations in the extrahepatic arterial circulation. Anomalous right hepatic arteries which arise from the superior mesenteric artery may be encountered in 18 to 20 per cent of the normal population. Replaced arteries are not accessory vessels but rather provide the sole arteries circulation to well defined segments of the liver. Unfortunate injury may result in severe ischemic truama of the liver...
October 1980: Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics
J D Hardy, S Raju, W A Neely, D W Berry
Three hundred sixty arterial injuries in 353 patients are reviewed. They covered a wide spectrum of injuries and included 36 aortic injuries and 19 cases of carotid truama. The mortality rate of 12% was in large part due to aortic injuries. Shock was the predominant cause of death. Infection was the most frequent non-fatal complication. Pulmonary complications were surprisingly uncommon. With methods and techniques discussed in the paper, 90% satisfactory end results were achieved. The amputation rate was 6% where extremity injuries were involved...
May 1975: Annals of Surgery
M Haertel
The radiological and angiographic changes resulting from abdominal aortic trauma after blunt injuries are described in four patients. These include intimal damage as well as perforation.
July 1976: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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