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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944323/the-effects-of-bariatric-surgical-procedures-on-the-improvement-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-comparison-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Mehmet Ertuğrul Kafalı, Mustafa Şahin, İlhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Hüseyin Yılmaz, Hüsnü Alptekin, Leyla Ateş
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in terms of weight loss, metabolic parameters, and postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with a diagnosis of morbid obesity between January 2012 and June 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were compared in terms of age, sex, body mass index, duration of operation, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, perioperative complications, length of hospital stay, and long term follow-up results...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943177/the-association-between-performance-parameters-of-physical-fitness-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-an-evaluation-of-care-data
#2
A F J M Heldens, B C Bongers, A F Lenssen, L P S Stassen, W F Buhre, N L U van Meeteren
BACKGROUND: Preoperative cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by cardiopulmonary testing or estimated using the less sophisticated incremental shuttle walk test, timed up-and-go test or stair climb test is known to be associated with postoperative outcome. This study aimed to evaluate whether parameters of physical fitness are associated with postoperative outcome in patients with colorectal cancer scheduled for elective resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perioperative data of patients who underwent colorectal resection at Maastricht University Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942855/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-factors-for-delirium-in-vascular-surgical-patients
#3
REVIEW
Christopher Oldroyd, Anna F M Scholz, Robert J Hinchliffe, Kathryn McCarthy, Jonathan Hewitt, Terrence J Quinn
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common syndrome responsible for a large burden of morbidity and mortality. In surgical settings, research into risk factors for postoperative delirium has largely focused on elective orthopedic patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the evidence surrounding risk factors for delirium in vascular surgical populations. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched five databases (MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO) from January 1987 to December 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942541/surgical-site-infections-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery-at-tamale-teaching-hospital-ghana
#4
Stephen Tabiri, Edwin Yenli, Martin Kyere, Theophilus T K Anyomih
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) result in delayed wound healing, increased use of antibiotics and increased length of hospital stay, putting remarkable physical and financial burden on patients, their relatives and the healthcare facilities. Patient-related factors, such as pre-existing colonization with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and clinical-related factors, such as adherence to sterile techniques, contribute to the development of SSIs. The objective of this study, therefore, was to determine the SSI rate and risk factors for emergency abdominal surgeries at Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana...
September 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941946/increased-shoulder-arthroscopy-time-is-associated-with-overnight-hospital-stay-and-surgical-site-infection
#5
Venkat Boddapati, Michael C Fu, William W Schairer, Anil S Ranawat, David M Dines, Samuel A Taylor, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the rates of short-term postoperative complications, readmissions, and overnight hospital stays as a function of shoulder arthroscopy procedure time. A secondary aim of this current study was to identify baseline patient risk factors for adverse outcomes. METHODS: This study used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry from 2012 to 2015. Shoulder arthroscopy cases were categorized based on operative time, either <45 minutes, between 45 and 90 minutes, or >90 minutes...
September 20, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940868/effects-of-esketamine-sedation-compared-to-morphine-analgesia-on-hydrostatic-reduction-of-intussusception-a-case-cohort-comparison-study
#6
Jascha A van de Bunt, Esther S Veldhoen, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Caroline C C Hulsker, Antonius N J Schouten, Maud Y A van Herwaarden
BACKGROUND: Hydrostatic or pneumatic reduction of intussusception is an invasive procedure that is stressful and may be painful for a child. Resistance of the child may increase the duration of the procedure and decrease success rate of reduction. Analgesia can help to reduce pain, but not necessarily resistance. General anesthesia increases success rate of reduction. However, it requires the presence of an anesthesiologist, and may lead to anesthesia-related complications. Procedural sedation with esketamine could be a safe alternative...
September 20, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939306/training-surgeons-and-anesthesiologists-to-facilitate-end-of-life-conversations-with-patients-and-families-a-systematic-review-of-existing-educational-models
#7
Katherine E Bakke, Stephen P Miranda, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Christy E Cauley, Elizabeth J Lilley, Rachelle Bernacki, Angela M Bader, Richard D Urman, Zara Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Despite caring for patients near the end-of-life (EOL), surgeons and anesthesiologists report low confidence in their ability to facilitate EOL conversations. This discrepancy exists despite competency requirements and professional medical society recommendations. The objective of this systematic review is to identify articles describing EOL communication training available to surgeons and anesthesiologists, and to assess their methodological rigor to inform future curricular design and evaluation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938975/factors-predicting-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-in-surgical-patients
#8
Namhee Lim, Haesang Yoon
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to identify the factors predicting catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) in the postanesthesia care unit, to assess the level of CRBD and urinary catheter-related pain for the first 24 hours postoperatively, and to compare UCRP with the postoperative pain in the surgical site. BACKGROUND: About 20% of hospitalized patients receive an indwelling urinary catheter, and more than half of these patients complain of CRBD or urinary catheter-related pain...
October 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938303/optimizing-education-in-difficult-airway-management-meeting-the-challenge
#9
Sheila N Myatra, Rupali S Kalkundre, Jigeeshu V Divatia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last 2 decades have seen a vast change in the science and technology of airway management. As a result, there is an increasing need to equip anesthesiologists with the new knowledge and skills for the safe management of a difficult airway. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to knowledge and expertise, human factors and nontechnical skills (NTS), including situational awareness, communication and team work, play an important role during difficult airway management and contribute to the outcome...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938299/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-endoscopic-procedures
#10
Stephan Knigge, Klaus Hahnenkamp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to take a look on some practical aspects of anesthetic care in the endoscopy suite, concerning the general approach, safety, and monitoring issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Concerning propofol popularity for sedation during endoscopic procedures new studies create doubt in the safety of higher doses of propofol used for sedation. Careful titration of propofol, addition of synergistic supplements like ketamine and dexmedetomidine, and monitoring of anesthetic depth may limit the dose of propofol given to the patients...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938234/is-early-total-care-a-safe-and-effective-alternative-to-staged-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-schatzker-iv-vi-tibial-plateau-fractures-in-patients-older-than-50-years
#11
Amrut Borade, Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Jove Graham, Michael Suk, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: To compare "Early Total Care" (ETC) with "Staged Protocol" (SP) for the treatment of Schatzker IV-VI tibial plateau fractures in patients older than 50 years regarding safety and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: An academic level 1 US trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-one patients older than 50 years with Schatzker grade IV-VI tibial plateau fractures were included. INTERVENTION: Fifty-three patients were treated under SP with immediate external fixation followed by definitive internal fixation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937887/characteristics-and-associated-comorbidities-of-pediatric-dental-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#12
Alexandra Delfiner, Aaron Myers, Christie Lumsden, Steve Chussid, Richard Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and identify common comorbidities of children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical records of all children that received dental treatment under general anesthesia through the Division of Pediatric Dentistry from 2012-2014 were reviewed. Data describing patient characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance carrier, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system), medical history, and justification for treatment were collected...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937533/chronic-poststernotomy-pain-incidence-risk-factors-treatment-prevention-and-the-anesthesiologist-s-role
#13
Amanda M Kleiman, Daniel T Sanders, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
Chronic pain following median sternotomy is common after cardiac surgery. If left untreated, chronic sternal pain can reduce quality of life, affecting sleep, mood, activity level, and overall satisfaction. This has a significant societal effect given the large number of cardiac surgeries annually. Although a number of pathophysiologic processes and risk factors are assumed to contribute, the exact cause and major risk factors remain unknown. Moreover, the treatment of chronic poststernotomy pain is often inadequate, relying on opioids and other medications that provide minimal benefit to the patient and have significant adverse effects...
September 20, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937424/a-case-report-of-incidental-hepatic-cysts-found-on-ultrasound-imaging-implications-for-the-anesthesiologist
#14
Aysha Hasan, Walid Alrayashi, David Waisel, Karen Boretsky
Point-of-care ultrasound imaging is increasingly used by anesthesiologists to facilitate rapid clinical diagnosis and treatment in the perioperative period. With its growing popularity, inevitably, unfamiliar structures will be observed. We present a case of cystic liver lesions in a healthy model during a point-of-care workshop. We address the clinical, ethical, and legal implications of incidental findings in anesthesiology. We offer recommendations and an algorithmic approach to these occurrences.
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936589/anesthesiologists-it-s-time-to-get-social
#15
EDITORIAL
Ronald B George, M James Lozada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936072/alleviating-stress-response-to-tracheal-extubation-in-neurosurgical-patients-a-comparative-study-of-two-infusion-doses-of-dexmedetomidine
#16
Ankur Luthra, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Girija Prasad Rath
BACKGROUND: Tracheal extubation is almost always associated with increase in sympathoadrenal activity may result in hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmias. Attempts have been made to oppose the pressor response by the use of various drugs. Dexmedetomidine decreases norepinephrine which reduces the blood pressure and the heart rate (HR). We hypothesize that the infusion of dexmedetomidine may produce more stable hemodynamics during extubation as compared to boluses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety adult patients aged 18-65 years, the American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I-II undergoing intracranial surgeries for various neurologic problem at All India Institute of Medical Sciences were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932941/single-center-ventral-hernia-repair-with-porcine-dermis-collagen-implant
#17
M Boules, A T Strong, R Corcelles, I N Haskins, R Ilie, C Wathen, D Froylich, G Sharma, J Rodriguez, S Rosenblatt, K El-Hayek, M Kroh
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the outcomes and utilization of porcine acellular dermal collagen implant (PADCI) during VHR at a large tertiary referral center. METHODS: Records of 5485 patients who underwent VIHR from June 1995 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients >18 years of age who had VIHR with PADCI reinforcement. Use of multiple mesh reinforcement products, inguinal hernias, and hiatal hernias were exclusion criteria...
September 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930850/evaluation-of-acute-normovolemic-hemodilution-in-patients-undergoing-intracranial-meningioma-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#18
Lei Yang, Hui-Hui Wang, Fu-Sheng Wei, Long-Xian Ma
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) for patients undergoing intracranial meningioma resection.Eighty patients (aged 48-65 years) with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II undergoing intracranial meningioma resection were included in this prospective observational study. The patients were randomly divided into group A (ANH group), which underwent a combination of ANH and intraoperative cell salvage (ICS), and group B (control group), which underwent ICS alone...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929036/factors-affecting-length-of-stay-following-elective-anterior-and-posterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#19
Frank J Yuk, Akbar Y Maniya, Jonathan J Rasouli, Alexa M Dessy, Patrick J McCormick, Tanvir F Choudhri
Background Disease of the cervical spine is widely prevalent, most commonly secondary to degenerative disc changes and spondylosis. Objective The goal of the paper was to identify a possible discrepancy regarding the length of stay (LOS) between the anterior and posterior approaches to elective cervical spine surgery and identify contributing factors. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 587 patients (341 anterior, 246 posterior) that underwent elective cervical spinal surgery between October 2001 and March 2014...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928593/a-complication-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-anesthesia-mumps
#20
Ezgi Erkiliç, Elvin Kesimci, Aysun Yüngül, Ferit Alaybeyoğlu, Mustafa Aksoy
Some surgical procedures performed under moderate and sometimes extreme positions expose patients to nonphysiological changes. Especially, the manipulations of a patient in prone and lateral decubitus position might increase complications. Anesthesia mumps has been reported as one of these complications. It has been found to be rare but known entity associated with patients of all age groups and all surgical positions. We herein describe an early noticed acute case of unilateral anesthesia mumps that developed after endotracheal intubation in prone position in a 54-year-old female...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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