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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431443/-surgical-and-interventional-therapy-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation
#1
Wolfgang Schillinger, Miriam Puls, Bernhard C Danner
Depending from the etiology of mitral valve pathology and surgical risk, mitral valve surgery is the therapy of choice for most degenerative mitral valve diseases. In isolated secondary mitral valve regurgitation, the indication for interventional or conservative therapy becomes more important. In severe left ventricular dysfunction heart transplantation has to be taken into consideration. If relevant coronary artery disease is present and bypass surgery is indicated, mitral valve surgery is mandatory in severe regurgitation and is subject to a benefit-risk evaluation in moderate regurgitation...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#2
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431064/is-mortality-a-useful-parameter-for-public-reporting-in-pacemaker-implantation-results-of-an-obligatory-external-quality-control-programme
#3
Bernd Nowak, Björn Misselwitz, Oliver Przibille, Rajendra H Mehta
Aims: To evaluate if public reporting of pacemaker implantation-associated mortality is meaningful in a large contemporary patient cohort. Methods and Results: The database of the obligatory external quality control programme in the Federal State of Hessen, Germany, of patients undergoing permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation was evaluated retrospectively. We compared the baseline features of patients who died compared with those who did not during hospitalization after PPM...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429198/managing-the-perioperative-patient-on-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#4
Jordan Leitch, Janet van Vlymen
PURPOSE: Patients are increasingly treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for the prevention of stroke due to non-valvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of venous thromboembolism. When these patients present for urgent or emergent surgical procedures, they present a challenge to the anesthesiologist who must manage perioperative risk due to anticoagulation. The purpose of this module is to review the literature surrounding the perioperative management of DOACs. Timing, laboratory monitoring, and availability of reversal agents are important considerations to optimize patients being treated with DOACs who require emergent surgery...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428112/experiences-and-unmet-needs-of-women-with-physical-disabilities-for-pain-relief-during-labor-and-delivery
#5
Linda Long-Bellil, Monika Mitra, Lisa I Iezzoni, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Lauren D Smith
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is widely acknowledged as one of the most painful experiences most women will undergo in their lifetimes. Alleviating labor and delivery pain for women with physical disabilities can involve an additional level of complexity beyond that experienced by most women, but little research has explored their experiences. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women with physical disabilities with respect to pain relief during labor and delivery with the goal of informing their care...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427985/ureter-injury-as-a-complication-of-oblique-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-case-report
#6
Hyeong-Jin Lee, Jin-Sung Kim, Kyeong-Sik Ryu, Choon Keun Park
BACKGROUND: Oblique lumbar interbody fusion is a commonly used surgical method of achieving lumbar interbody fusion. There have been some reports about complications of oblique lumbar interbody fusion at the L2-3 level. But to our knowledge, there have been no reports about ureter injury during oblique lumbar interbody fusion. We report a case of ureter injury during oblique lumbar interbody fusion to share our experience. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 78-year-old male patient presented with a history of lower back pain and neurogenic intermittent claudication...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427873/risk-factors-for-hospital-admission-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#7
Steven L Bokshan, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
PURPOSE: To determine patient and surgical risk factors for admission after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: All instances of ACLR from 2005 to 2014 from the ACS NSQIP prospective database were analyzed. Both univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were performed to determine which patient demographics and medical comorbidities were associated with admission after surgery...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426579/the-plain-truth-caring-for-the-amish-what-every-anesthesiologist-should-know
#8
Richard C Prielipp, Joyce A Wahr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424537/awake-craniotomy-anesthetic-management-using-dexmedetomidine-propofol-and-remifentanil
#9
Andrea Prontera, Stefano Baroni, Andrea Marudi, Franco Valzania, Alberto Feletti, Francesca Benuzzi, Elisabetta Bertellini, Giacomo Pavesi
INTRODUCTION: Awake craniotomy allows continuous monitoring of patients' neurological functions during open surgery. Anesthesiologists have to sedate patients in a way so that they are compliant throughout the whole surgical procedure, nevertheless maintaining adequate analgesia and anxiolysis. Currently, the use of α2-receptor agonist dexmedetomidine as the primary hypnotic-sedative medication is increasing. METHODS: Nine patients undergoing awake craniotomy were treated with refined monitored anesthesia care (MAC) protocol consisting of a combination of local anesthesia without scalp block, low-dose infusion of dexmedetomidine, propofol, and remifentanil, without the need of airways management...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424131/postoperative-complications-predict-30-day-readmission-in-geriatric-general-surgery-patients
#10
James D Dieterich, Celia M Divino
The Affordable Care Act has placed unplanned patient readmissions under more scrutiny than ever. Geriatric patients, in particular, suffer a disproportionate amount of complications from any kind of hospitalization, including readmissions. This study seeks to identify risk factors in this population that predispose them to an unplanned readmission within 30 days after index surgery. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to select patients 65 years and older, who underwent general surgery procedures in 2012...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421470/adrenalectomy-indications-and-options-for-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Alemanno Giovanni, Bergamini Carlo, Prosperi Paolo, Valeri Andrea
The history of adrenal surgery is longstanding. Firstly described in 1889 by Thornton, the open adrenalectomy has been for decades the only surgical approach to adrenal diseases. Nowadays, instead, several approaches to adrenal glands have been described in the literature, such as laparoscopic adrenalectomy, robotic-assisted procedure and single-incision technique. Actually, laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered as the gold standard treatment for adrenal lesions. In fact, all functional tumors, including pheochromocytoma, are candidates for a laparoscopic approach in the absence of other contraindications...
April 18, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421262/transanal-endoscopic-operation-versus-conventional-transanal-excision-for-rectal-tumors-case-matched-study-with-propensity-score-matching
#12
Jeonghee Han, Gyoung Tae Noh, Chinock Cheong, Min Soo Cho, Hyuk Hur, Byung Soh Min, Kang Young Lee, Nam Kyu Kim
BACKGROUNDS: Although transanal endoscopic surgery is practiced worldwide, there is no consensus on comparative outcomes between transanal endoscopic operation (TEO) and transanal excision (TAE). In this study, we reviewed our experiences with these techniques and compared patients who underwent TEO and TAE using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: A total of 207 patients underwent local rectal tumor excision between January 2008 and November 2015. To overcome selection bias, we used PSM to achieve a one-to-one TEO: TAE ratio...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420300/epinephrine-induced-pulmonary-edema-during-hip-arthroscopy-a-report-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Nicole S Belkin, Ryan M Degen, Gregory A Liguori, Bryan T Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Hip arthroscopy utilization has significantly increased in recent years. While it is a relatively safe procedure, it is not without risk. Life-threatening complications, albeit rare, can potentially occur and must be appropriately recognized and treated. We describe 2 cases in which patients' undergoing hip arthroscopy developed pulmonary edema and their respective courses of treatment. METHODS: Both patients were being treated for symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), with labral tears, requiring operative management after a failed trial of conservative management...
April 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419616/the-provision-of-pediatric-cardiac-anesthesia-services-in-germany-current-status-of-structural-and-personnel-organization
#14
Torsten Baehner, Oliver Dewald, Ingo Heinze, Matthias Mueller, Ehrenfried Schindler, Uwe Schirmer, Georg Baumgarten, Andreas Hoeft, Richard K Ellerkmann
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia for pediatric cardiac surgery requires a high level of expert knowledge. There are currently no recommendations and standards for anesthetic management for congenital cardiac surgery in Germany. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the current status of structural and personnel anesthetic standards at pediatric cardiac surgery centers in Germany. METHOD: All cardiac surgical centers in Germany were reviewed for an active program for congenital heart surgery...
April 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419046/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-the-regional-anesthesiologist-and-pain-specialist-a-series-introduction
#15
Stephen C Haskins, Jan Boublik, Christopher L Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417661/corrective-nasal-surgery-after-maxillomandibular-advancement-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-experience-from-379-cases
#16
Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Pi-Jung Lee, Michael Awad, Robert W Riley, Soroush Zaghi
Objective Efficacy of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with degree of maxillary advancement. Large maxillary advancement leads to profound changes of the nasolabial region. We present the incidence and indications of post-MMA corrective nasal surgery in a large cohort. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting University medical center. Subjects and Methods A total of 379 subjects with OSA underwent MMA at Stanford Hospital (surgeons: S...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416992/sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-for-relieving-postdural-puncture-headache-technique-and-mechanism-of-action-of-block-with-a-narrative-review-of-efficacy
#17
REVIEW
Abhijit S Nair, Basanth Kumar Rayani
The sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) is a parasympathetic ganglion, located in the pterygopalatine fossa. The SPG block has been used for a long time for treating headaches of varying etiologies. For anesthesiologists, treating postdural puncture headaches (PDPH) has always been challenging. The epidural block patch (EBP) was the only option until researchers explored the role of the SPG block as a relatively simple and effective way to treat PDPH. Also, since the existing evidence proving the efficacy of the SPG block in PDPH is scarce, the block cannot be offered to all patients...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416928/comparison-of-anesthetic-administration-according-to-method-of-hip-surgery
#18
Aysin Ersoy Esenyel, Cem Zeki Esenyel, Zekeriya Ervatan, Nuri Yakar, Mensure Cakirgoz, Ismail Kalkar, Metin Seyran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare total hip prosthesis (THP), partial hip prosthesis (PHP), and proximal femoral nail (PFN) patients in terms of the chosen anesthetic method. METHODS: A total of 850 patients who underwent hip surgery were divided into 3 groups according to the operation type: PHP (n=281), PFN (n=393), and THP (n=176). The type of anesthesia administered, interventions during anesthesia, and complications were retrospectively evaluated...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416830/-analysis-on-the-causes-of-unscheduled-suspensions-of-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Y Li, Z J Li, K Zhang, H Tian, Y Q Liu, H Cai, F Li, M W Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and summarize the causes of unscheduled suspension of knee and hip arthroplasty and to provide the method for optimizing the patient's preoperative management and improving the efficiency of medical resources as well as the patient's satisfaction. METHODS: The data for this report was retrospectively collected from September 2013 to August 2014 in our hospital, from cases of knee and hip arthroplasty that were suspended before the scheduled operation time...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416746/different-long-term-oncologic-outcomes-after-radical-surgical-resection-for-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-and-adenocarcinoma-of-the-stomach
#20
Jian-Wei Xie, Jun Lu, Jian-Xian Lin, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jia-Bin Wang, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Chang-Ming Huang
PURPOSE: To explore differences in long-term outcomes between gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (GNEC) and gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). METHODS: One hundred GNEC patients and 3089 GAC patients were enrolled. Differences in long-term outcomes between the groups were analyzed by 1:2 propensity score matching. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences between the groups were noted in terms of gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, tumor size, T stage, N stage, TNM stage and surgical approach...
February 18, 2017: Oncotarget
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