Read by QxMD icon Read

Chief residency

Mary Ellen J Goldhamer, Keith Baker, Amy P Cohen, Debra F Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Multi-source evaluation has demonstrated value for trainees, but is not generally provided to residency or fellowship program directors (PDs). OBJECTIVE: To develop, implement, and evaluate a PD multi-source evaluation process. METHODS: Tools were developed for PD evaluation by trainees, department chairs, and graduate medical education (GME) leadership. Evaluation questions were based on PD responsibilities, including Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Yana Puckett, Benedicto C Baronia
With the recent advances in eye tracking technology, it is now possible to track surgeons' eye movements while engaged in a surgical task or when surgical residents practice their surgical skills. Several studies have compared eye movements of surgical experts and novices and developed techniques to assess surgical skill on the basis of eye movement utilizing simulators and live surgery. None have evaluated simultaneous visual tracking between an expert and a novice during live surgery. Here, we describe a successful simultaneous deployment of visual tracking of an expert and a novice during live laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
September 20, 2016: Curēus
Tae Gwan Oh, Won Chul Cha, Ik Joon Jo, Mun Ju Kang, Dong Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to summarize the therapeutic hypothermia (TH) protocols used in emergency departments (EDs) in Korea and to investigate the differences between level 1 and 2 centers. METHODS: The chief residents from 56 EDs were given a structured survey containing questions on the indications for TH, methods for TH induction, maintaining, and finalizing TH treatments. The participants were divided into 2 groups based on their work place (level 1 vs. level 2 centers)...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Carlo Maria Rosati, Nakul P Valsangkar, Mario Gaudino, David Blitzer, Panos N Vardas, Leonard N Girardi, Mark W Turrentine, John W Brown, Leonidas G Koniaris
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the impact of taking dedicated time for research (DTR) during training and/or getting a PhD on subsequent career achievements of US academic cardiothoracic surgeons. METHODS: Online resources (institutional Web sites, CTSNet, Scopus, NIH RePORTER) were queried to collect training information (timing of medical school/residency/fellowship graduation, DTR, PhD) and academic metrics (publications, citations, research funding) for 694 academic cardiothoracic surgeons practicing at 56 premiere US institutions...
October 12, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Carol F Farver, Susan Smalling, James K Stoller
OBJECTIVES: Challenges in healthcare demand great leadership. In response, leadership training programs have been developed within academic medical centers, business schools, and healthcare organizations; however, we are unaware of any well-developed programs for physicians-in-training. METHODS: To address this gap, we developed a two-day leadership development course for chief residents (CRs) at the Cleveland Clinic, framed around the concept of emotional intelligence...
October 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Jason W Kempenich, Ross E Willis, Robert J Blue, Mohammed J Al Fayyadh, Robert M Cromer, Paul J Schenarts, Kent R Van Sickle, Daniel L Dent
OBJECTIVE: To decipher if patient attitudes toward resident participation in their surgical care can be improved with patient education regarding resident roles, education, and responsibilities. DESIGN: An anonymous questionnaire was created and distributed in outpatient surgery clinics that had residents involved with patient care. In total, 3 groups of patients were surveyed, a control group and 2 intervention groups. Each intervention group was given an informational pamphlet explaining the role, education, and responsibilities of residents...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Padma Kandadai, Samantha Mcvay, Jean-Robert Larrieux, Katharine OʼDell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine factors associated with perceived comfort with pessary management among obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residents in the United States. METHODS: A 31-item anonymous electronic survey regarding experience with, attitudes toward, and comfort with pessary management was distributed to US OB/GYN residents in all postgraduate years (PGYs). Demographic and program-specific data on pessary education were collected. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed...
September 21, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Yuan-Hao Lee, Clayton Chi-Chang Chen, San-Kan Lee, Cheng-Yu Chen, Yung-Liang Wan, Wan-Yuo Guo, Amy Cheng, Wing P Chan
OBJECTIVES: Variations in radiological examination procedures and patient load lead to variations in standards of care related to patient safety and healthcare quality. To understand the status of safety measures to protect patients undergoing radiological examinations at residency training hospitals in Taiwan, a follow-up survey evaluating the full spectrum of diagnostic radiology procedures was conducted. DESIGN: Questionnaires covering 12 patient safety-related themes throughout the examination procedures were mailed to the departments of diagnostic radiology with residency training programmes in 19 medical centres (with >500 beds) and 17 smaller local institutions in Taiwan...
2016: BMJ Open
Fareen Zaver, Michael Hansen, Evan Leibner, Andrew Little, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: By critically appraising open access, educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) using an objective scoring instrument, this installment of the ALiEM (Academic Life in Emergency Medicine) Blog and Podcast Watch series curated and scored relevant posts in the specific areas of pediatric EM. METHODS: The Approved Instructional Resources - Professional (AIR-Pro) series is a continuously building curriculum covering a new subject area every two months...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
William S Ragalie, Paula M Termuhlen, Alex G Little
BACKGROUND: Although exposure to thoracic surgery is mandated in general surgery residency, little is known about the mix of cases that residents use to meet this requirement and how this has changed over time. We report the experience of general thoracic surgery among general surgery residents using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) database. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the prospectively maintained ACGME resident case log database from 2003 to 2013...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Minh-Bao Mundschenk, Emily M Krauss, Louis H Poppler, Jessica M Hasak, Mary E Klingensmith, Susan E Mackinnon, Marissa M Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: Perceptions of residents regarding pregnancy during training were compared over time and across surgical, internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, and anesthesia specialties. METHODS: A single-institution survey was distributed to female residents in 2008 and to female and male residents in 2015. Nonparametric comparisons of Likert scale response distributions were performed on the supportiveness for pregnancy of the residency program and childbearing influences of female residents in 2008 and 2015, between specialties for each survey year, and between male and female residents in 2015...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Camille Berriochoa, Michael Weller, Danielle Berry, Chandana A Reddy, Shlomo Koyfman, Rahul Tendulkar
PURPOSE: Our goals were toexamine the educational approachesused at radiation oncology residency programs nationwide andto evaluate program director(PD) and chief resident (CR) perceptions of their educational environment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We distributed a survey regarding curricular structure via email toall identified US radiation oncology residency PDs and CRs. Pearson χ(2) test was used toevaluate whether differences existed between answers provided by the 2 study populations...
June 4, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Paul S Pagel
OBJECTIVE: The American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) has been responsible for certification of anesthesiologists since 1938. Selected ABA diplomates provide their expertise to write the ABA's written and oral examinations and to administer the oral examination required for primary certification. The demographics, administrative and educational duties, and scholarly productivity of ABA volunteers and their dependence on subspecialty certification, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) credentials, and grant funding are unknown...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Steven C Kim, Jeremy G Fisher, Keith A Delman, Johanna M Hinman, Jahnavi K Srinivasan
OBJECTIVE: Surgical simulation is an important adjunct in surgical education. The majority of operative procedures can be simplified to core components. This study aimed to quantify a cadaver-based simulation course utility in improving exposure to fundamental maneuvers, resident and attending confidence in trainee capability, and if this led to earlier operative independence. DESIGN: A list of fundamental surgical procedures was established by a faculty panel. Residents were assigned to a group led by a chief resident...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Becca L Gas, EeeLN H Buckarma, Monali Mohan, T K Pandian, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Surgical training programs often lack objective assessment strategies. Complicated scheduling characteristics frequently make it difficult for surgical residents to undergo formal assessment; actually having the time and opportunity to remediate poor performance is an even greater problem. We developed a novel methodology of assessment for residents and created an efficient remediation system using a combination of simulation, online learning, and self-assessment options. DESIGN: Postgraduate year (PGY) 2 to 5 general surgery (GS) residents were tested in a 5 station, objective structured clinical examination style event called the Surgical X-Games...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Steven Swift, Autumn L Edenfield, Dyanna Clark
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the construct and predictive validity of a task-specific checklist for cystoscopy in the operating room. METHODS: This study is a prospective observational study evaluating the validity of a task-specific checklist for cystoscopic proficiency on residents performing cystoscopy in the operating room over a 4-year period. Residents were scored on 2 task-specific checklists: (1) assembly and (2) performance of a diagnostic cystoscopy...
July 25, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Leah J Martin, Cindy Im, Huiru Dong, Bonita E Lee, James Talbot, David P Meurer, Shamir N Mukhi, Steven J Drews, Yutaka Yasui
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) visit volumes can be especially high during the Christmas-New Year holidays, a period occurring during the influenza season in Canada. METHODS: Using daily data, we examined the relationship between ED visits for the chief complaint "cough" (for Edmonton, Alberta residents) and laboratory detections for influenza A and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (for Edmonton and surrounding areas), lagged 0-5 days ahead, for non-pandemic years (2004-2008 and 2010-2014) using multivariable linear regression adjusting for temporal variables...
July 21, 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Robin W Lindsay, Ryan George, Matthew E Herberg, Paula Jackson, Scott Brietzke
Importance: Nasal obstruction is a common chief concern; however, a comprehensive standardized worksheet for evaluating nasal obstruction has not been developed. Objective: To evaluate the interrater reliability between staff surgeons and otolaryngology residents using a worksheet-based standardized nasal examination and to identify specific examination findings correlated with the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation quality-of-life score. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted from June to July 2012 involved 50 adults presenting to an otolaryngology clinic at a tertiary care hospital...
July 14, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Aleksey Tentler, Mirela Feurdean, Steven Keller, Neil Kothari
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement (QI) is essential in clinical practice, requiring effective teaching in residency. Barriers include lack of structure, mentorship, and time. OBJECTIVE: To develop a longitudinal QI curriculum for an internal medicine residency program with limited faculty resources and evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: All medicine residents were provided with dedicated research time every 8 weeks during their ambulatory blocks...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"